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Full text of "Scotland for ever [microform] : a gift-book of the Scottish regiments"

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^ APPLIED irvMGE 



SCOTLAND 
fOR:EVER. 




1 



f ALL PROFITS ON SALE 
GIVEN TO THE SCOTTISH BRANCH OF THE 
BRITISH RED CROSS SOCIETY 



S GOTLAND 
FOR.- EVER^ 



<^23^355> 




A GIFT-BOOK OF THE 
SCOTTISH REGI\fENT5 

"With a preface, by Tlie 

EARL of RDSEBERY,KiG 



PUBLISHED FOriHEGLASGCW HERALD" gw2 
BY HODDER AND STOUGHTON 
LONDON, NEW YORK. &D TORONTO 



PREFACE 

BY THE EARL OF ROSEBERY 

K.G., K.T. 

THERE could scarcely be a more opportune 
publication for Scotsmen than a record of 
the valour of their historical regiments. This war 
has revealed and developed the strong and undying 
soul which animates them, and maintains through 
generations and even centuries a corporate and 
jealous pride. Whether in the kilt or the trews, or 
on the ' beautiful grey horses ' admired by Napoleon, 
they appeal irresistibly even to the most pacific 
natures in Scotland, and that is half the secret of 
the unmatched recruiting returns from the ancient 
kingdom during the present war. United as clans, 
proudly conscious of the battles on their colours, 
holding their traditional reputation as a sacred trust, 
they are a brotherhood of honour on which the 
country confidently relies in peace and in war. 

The spirit, the name, and the tradition are wholly 
Scottish. But it must be remembered that the men 
are not all of that race. Many come from all parts 



'^ SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

give them the succession and the prestirre of 
those heroes who have gone before. ^ ^ ^ 

ways The'sc'f "'"'""" '^^^-^ '" ^" ^^ "^ 
with fe J tel: 7"' r'' """'^^' ^"'^ -d-nturous, 
with few temptations at home to a mihtary career 

became permanently British. Anothe! famou 're" 
mosses, i he Covenanters in their t„rn i, i_ 

»ry or pciWe ,„ Jemil. ' " "" ^^- 

The details will be mven in .!.„ 
S.i«ly i, i, well when we f,. r ''^ ™"- 

"::trei7~""™-"-^ 

ancestors conquering nobler enemies. This is 



PREFACE y 

not to say that the Prussian soldier is not, as regards 
valour, a brave combatant. But he is directed by 
men who have placed themselves outside the pale of 
humanity, and shares their responsibility. Let us 
hope that once more, and soon, it may be given to 
a Scottish regiment to storm, as in Aytoun's spirited 
verses, an island on the Rhine. 

I will indulge myself with only one significant 
extract; >t regards the Scots in Belgium during the 
Waterloo campaign. The natives admired the English 
but always returned to the Scots with, ' But the Scots' 
they are good and kind as well as brave ; they are 
the only soldiers who become members of the family 
in the houses in which they are billeted ; they even 
carry about the children, and do the domestic work.' 
The favourite proverbial form of compliment was 
Lions in the field and lambs in the house.' That 
.s exquisite praise. The unhappy Netherlands can 
now compare these Scottish soldiers with the wild 
beasts who have desolated their country and ravaged 
their homes. ° 

I am heartily grateful for this stimulating book. 

ROSEBERY. 



CONTENTS 
CHAPTER I 

PACK. 

Seventeenth Century Wars, 1634-1697 . . . , i 

CHAPTER H 
Campaigns in Flanders and Germany, 1691-1745 , , j. 

CHAPTER HI 
The Wars in Canada, America, and the West Indies, 1757-1809 30 



CHAPTER IV 
Napoleon in Egypt, 1801-1807 . 



54 



CHAPITR V 
The Peninsular Campaigns, 1808-1814 . 



72 



CHAPTER VI 
Quatre Bras and Waterloo, 1815 



104 



CHAPTER VII 



The Crimean War, 1854 



. 118 



^"' SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

CHAPTER VIII 
The Indian Mutiny, 1857-59 



127 



CHAPTER IX 

FBONTIER Campaigns in l>n,iA. and NAxmi Wa«s m Africa 

AND EgVPT, 1852-1898 



'43 



CHAPTER X 



South Africa, 1881-1901 



165 



ILLUSTRATIONS 

•SCOTLAND FOR EVER !' C,...c. or .,. S.o.s C.v,.. w„.».oo />„„,;„, 

•tflir thifaiMing iy Lajj liuikr. 
PRIVATE, ROYAL SCOTS FUSILIERS, .742 
OFFICER, KING'S OWN SCOTTISH BORDERERS, ,8.. 
PRIVATE, CAMERONIANS, ,8.5 
THE BATTLE OF FONTENOV . Thh F.a»c„ ..„ ,„, a..,h, cov- 

FRONTING EACH OTHER 

OFFICER, ROYAL SCOTS GREYS, ,844 

OFFICER, SCOTS GUARDS, 1830 . 

OFFICER, ROYAL SCOTS, 1792 . 

OFFICER, BLACK WATCH, 1835 . 

OFFICER, SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS, 184, 

PRIVATE, HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY, ,787 

THE BATTLE OF ALEXANDRIA o. th. .,st D.v 0. March .8o, 

.l/ler t.':tp^Mlr.s h V. T. ^, Lluthn-harg, j?..y. 

OFFICER, CAMERON HIGHLANDERS, i8aS 

OFFICER, GORDON HIGHLANDERS, 1S54 . 

OFFICER, ARGYLL AND SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS, ,85. . 



24 
24 
24 
40 
40 
40 
56 

72 
72 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



THE BATTLE OF WATFRrnn ,- 

ALMA: 'Forward, 4JND I" 

•ffi" thi paMni h, Rilir, G'M, R.S.A. 

THE T„m RED LINE. ,3«o H.oh.a™.., „ Ba.ac.ava 

^W /</ /W./,-,f i, Rtiirl GM. R.S.yl, 

"'°B™r°'°' "^^''"^ '^^^"^ ^•" •-- March „ 
Cast.., p.,v,ou, to t„.„ ^av.ko Enola™ por Ik„,a 
««.*■/>, ,t, D,.l R„J. ,r li.rs„„ 4,1,, ,M. 



104 



'3' 



THE RELIEF OF LUCKNOW 

•^Mthltaintmsb, TkvaiJ. B^rl„r. 

KANDAHAR. T„. ,„„ „„„,,,„,„ ^^.„ ^^^ 
Gandi Mullah Sahibdad 

■^fi"- 'ti HMng h, R. Cm, ir„Jt;iU. 
TEL-EL-KEBIR 

•V"r tb, piunthg bj A. D, KinHk. 
^/"r'i'Jrawi,gt,lf'.Si,„/,Cummns. ' ' ' ' ''' 



1 40 



'44 



i6o 



EDITOR'S NOTE 

Oct. thank, are due to the author, and publishers who have kindly permittol 
us to reprint many of the tale, and extracts in this volume-to Messrs. Virtue 
& Co. for the extracts from Her Maj,,,,/, Army, by Walter Hieh„rds, „„ p„ge^ 
10, 109. and 111-12; to Jlr. Neil Munro for TU Silier Drum ■ to Sir A T 
Q.ullcr-Coueh and Mr. John Murray for Ticmderoga; to Me,srs. Macmillan f„r 
the extracts from W. Forbes MitcheH's ReminiKencs of the Gre-U Mulinj 
l\ Parkman's Monl-alm and Wolfe. Lonl Itol^rts's 1\ riyone Year, ,n India. 
i.n,l G. L. Goffs Historical Record of the 91sl II ighla.ldcr., : t,. Messrs. Bhiekwo<Hl 
fur the extracts from Kinglakc's Invasion of ,he Crimea, and to them and 
Mr. J. D. Pinker ,or the extracts from G. W. Steevciis's Will, Kitchener lo 
Khartum and Iron, Capetown to Ladyrmith ; lo the De Li More Press for the 
extracts from Edward Almack's History of the S„d Dragoons ; to Me.s.srs. Ciissell 
for the extracts from Archibald Forbes's Tlu Black Watch, an.l D. C. Parry's 
V.C. and Britain s Roll of Glory; to Messrs. Chapman Si Hall for the extract 
from Captain n. T. Iliggins's Record of the King's Own Borderers ; to .Messrs. 
Wamc & Co. for the extracts from II. H. Clinton's Famous British Battles 
and The War in the Peninsula; to Mr. T. F. G. Contes for the extracts from his 
Life of Hector Macdonald ; to Sir. Eneas JIaekay for the extracts from J. Cron.b's 
The Highland Brigade ; to Messrs. Constable f,.r the extract from Viscount 
Wolsclcy's Story of a Soldier's Life; to Messrs. Hedderwick & Sons for the 
extract from Trooper A. S. Orr's Scottish Yeomanry in South Africa ; to Mes.srs. 
Smith Elder for the extracts from W. II. Fitehetfs Tales of the Itulian Mutiny, 
and Sir A. Conan Doyle's Great Boer War ; to Mr. Charles G. D. Roberts for the 
sonnet on Khartoum ; to .Mr. Theodore Gi«dridge Roberts and Dr. Wilfred 
Campbell for the poems of Dargai Ridge and Scotland: The World Mother. 

Mr. Archibald V rasden has bem so kind as to allow us he free use of 
'The Thin Red Line' and 'Alma.' We have to thank Mrs. MaePhcrson of 
Corrimony for generously allowing us to reproduce Mr. Skcoch Cumming's South 
Af-ican picture; Sir WiUiam L.^ram, Bart., for Mr. Caton Woodvillc's picture 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



xii 

i..ii.f or U..L.. yu^2^z^:: r™ ': "" ""'"-^ -^ ■ "-' 

v«lu„l>lc. a»,i»tan.c Tl,. . . , ' "'"' ''"'"'"•••' "" '"-'t 

son. .... „. j„„„.,: ,. ;;,:::^ ;:^r::^::~ ""-'■ "=- ^'™" * 

^^^ arc s|.,cmlly inilcblcd to Jlis., June T Sl,«l,J„rt .n i ii t. 



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CHAPTER 1 

Seventeenth Century Wars 

io.'ii-io'.ir 



THE ROYAI. SCOTS 

The Story oj the Lothian Regiment 

Tbe lluynl Sfut.s takes pr- le of pljicc us the ulclt-st line legimcut hi liif llrilisii 
Army. It is rumoureil to be a lhn.ul ili-scciidiiTit iif the- iKKlypiunl i.f Ihc iincioMl 
kin(!i of Scotliiml, nnd, as some si.rt of Iriliulc to its iiiiiloiilikxl iililiqiiily, hin 
received ihc quuint ni.kiinme of ' I'onlliis PiUle's ItiHlyuiianl.' Soolti.h t'nir>ps, 
as renders of Huetttin Puncitid will reiiu-iiihcr, ucre to tic foiiiul li;;htiiit; 
gallantly, as soldiers of fortune, under the Frei • li II nr mi the Middle Ajies. Ahuut 
1682, Daniel Defoe's And.ow Nrvporl, In Tke Memnira of a Caviilur. . .,u:e >;pon 
u regiment of Seots rn ir Leip-i.-, liuhtinR will, the S\^edi^h aniiv of (;M,tavils 
Adolphns njrainst the l.crmans : " I met with ^rvl■ral (rentlenicnln the Kin;;'s 
army,' I'.e wiys, ' who spoke En,'- h very well, be--ides that there were three 
regiments of Seots in the an ly, the eolonels whereof 1 founil ivrrc extraorilinarily 
esteemed by the kuiR, iis the Lord Uea, Colonel Lnnisikjl, unil Sir John llcpbnni!' 
The companies known as " l!cpbnrn's Sei.ts Itrit-ade ' were eanipaij.oiiii|,' willi 
the Swedes for nine years j then, in l(«:l, after the death of Gustavos Adolphns, 
Hepburn went home to his own ecamlry. aiul presently raised fresh reeroils. 
und transferred his nlleRiancc to France.' For some fortv-five years tliis rej;!- 
ment remained in the service of the French. After Ihe liestoration it retnrned 
from its wanderincs, and, under its new c<ilonel. the Earl of Dumbarton, entered 
the British Army as 'Dumbarton's Recirnciit.' Later, it followed James II. 
into exile for a while, and, eonmianih'd by Lord Dundee, fought ag.iin '' r France, 
and ftKain afrainst tlie (Germans, 

From these gallant, indomitable companies of soldier-adventurers the Royal 
Scots regiment evolved. The title of the Uoyal Kegiment of FcK)t was con- 
ferred upon the famous corps in recognition of its splendid share in the victory 
over the Jliors at Tangier in 1083, when it captured a .MiKirish standard. In 
1731 its title was changed to The 1st, or the Koyal Uegiment of Foot ; later it 
became Tbe 1st, or tbe Uoyal Scots Uegiment of Fool ; then, in 1871, The 1st, 
the RoyaJ Scots ,• and since 1881 it has been known as the Hoyal Seots (Li>thian 
Regiment). 

The colours of the Royal Scots are richly emblazoned with honours, and the 
splendid valour of its men has been proved in many triumphant campaigns and 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

battlefields, only tlie chief of which are included in the 



Cunailn, 1757-60. 

L(iiiisU>urg. 1738. 

Ticonderoga, 1738. 

(iuaduIou|)e, 1759. 

Doniinicii, K(il, 

Murliniquc, 1762. 

Ilavannuh, 176'J. 

Toulon, 1793. 

Corsica, 1791. 
Hvkkr. 1799. 
EfjnnniL-i»p.Zoo, 1709. 
E;,'ypt, 1801. 
Alxmkir, 1801. 
Miindora, 1801. 
Alexandria. 1801. 
St. I/icia, 1803. 
Pciiitisul.t, 1809-14. 
I'nrmma, 1809. 
Mushing, 1809. 
Guadaloupi'. 1810. 
Busaco, 1810. 
Siilamanca, 1812. 
Vittoria. 1813. 
St. Sebastian, 1813. 



NV-thcrlands, 1814-15. 
Hayonnc, 1814. 
Niagara. 1814. 
Ucrgrji-op-Zuom, 1814. 
Qiiatn? Bras, 1815. 
>VatcTloo, 1815. 
India, 1817-19. 
Nagporc. 1817. 
Mahcidpore, 1817. 
AssL'crgnur, 1819. 
Burma, 1824-0. 
Ava, 1826. 
Canada, 1838-9. 
Crimea, 1854-6. 
Alma, 1854. 
Inkerman, 1854. 
Sevastopol, 1855. 
China, 18G0. 
Taku, 18G0. 
Ptkin, 1860. 

South Africa, 1890-1902. 
Dordrecht, 1900. 
Paardeplatz, 1900. 
Mauchbcrg, 1900. 



on many hard-fought 
following list ; — 

Macstricht, 1673. 
^lorocco, 1680-3. 
Tangier, 1683, 
Scdgt-nioor, 1085. 
Flandi-rs, 1689-07. 
Walcourt, 1689. 
Stcenkirk. 1G02. 
Landcn, 1093. 
Xamur, 1695. 
(rt-many, 1701-11. 
Vcnioo, 1702. 
SrhtllcnbtTi;, I70t. 
Blenheim, 1704. 
Hainilies, 1706. 
Oudcnarde, 170s. 
VVyncndale, 170S. 
Lisle, 1708. 
Ghent, 1708. 
Tournay, 1709. 
Malplaquet, 1709. 
Douav, 1710. 
Flanders, 1743-9. 
Fontcnoy, 1745. 
Culloden, 1746. 

II 

HOW THE Highlanders used to charge 

They advanced with rapi.l.ty, discharged their pieces wlicn v ;Miin musket length 
of the enemy, then throwing them down, drew their swords, and holding a dirk 
1 their left hand with their target, they darted with fury on the enemy, through 
the smoke of their own fire. W hen within reach of the enemy's bayonets, bend- 
ing their left knee they, by their attitude, covered their bodies withtheir targets, 
and received the thrust of the bayonets, which they contrived to parr . while at 
Uie same time they raised their sword-arm. and struck at their au er-aries 
Having got once withm their bayonets, and into the ranks of the enemy the 
soldiers had no longer any means of defending themselves, the fate of the bkttle 
was decided m an instant, and the carnage followed ; the Highlanders bringing down 
two men at a time, one with a dirk in the left hand, and another with a sword. 

From The Book of.fi-ottuh Anecdole. 

THE SCOTTISH GUARDS IN FRANCE 
ByJ.H. Stocqueler 

Even so far back as the twelfth century, Scotsmen protected the French kinRS, 
and for hrce or fonr centlines later the ■ Scottish Guard ' was alwavs fan.ed li 
Its devot„>n It continued to be a feature of the French Court, defendin.. the 
sovereigns w,th great valour at Liige, at Prola, and elsewhere, and at IcnMh^me 
over tol.nfrland,an<l under ,U leader. Hepburn, adopted the Hoyal cause in the 
troubles which ultimately brought the head of Charles I. t(, the block. Loyal to 
the last, the bcots then returned to France and resumed their position as part of 



lY^MtJ^rihLi^^^ffl 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WARS .i 

the guard of Louis xiv. • The Scotch.' says Ilcniy Torrens, ' Imve ever held .1 
high military reputation throughout Europe.' Frtjissart. who, with his usuai 
aceumcy, describes the habits of their border troops, spealis of them ns bold, 
haidy, and much inured to w.-.r in a national sense. They became individually 
esteemed as soldiers by their early practice of leaving their native land to seek 
service and fortune on the Continent of Europe. F;urn the dnvs of Louis xi. of 
France to the Thirty Years' War (1G17 to 1648). the valour, coolness, and probity 
of the Scottish s,>IUier continued to rise to higher and higher estimation in everx 
land in which he took service ; and it is remarkiible that, in spite of the alleged 
national acquisitiveness, he has. by his honourable conduct, entirelv escajied the 
reproach (Poiiil d argent, point it Sui.Ke) which has attached ilse'lf to another 
celebrated free nation whose mercenaries have cut each other's throats hereditarily 
in every army in Europe for the last five centuries. Sir Waller Scott, who has 
so admirably but satirically sketched, in the novels of Quenlin Durward and The 
legend of Montrose, the character of his countrymen at these several periods, is. 
I think, hardly just in his reflections ns to the result of this habit : ' The contempt 
of commerce entertained by young men having sonic pretence to gentility, the 
poverty of the country of Scotland, the national dispositicm to wandering and to 
adventure, all conduced to lead the Scots abroiid into the military service of 
coimtries that were at war with each other. They were distinguishid on the 
Continent by their Imivery. hut in adopting the trade of uiercennrv soldiers they 
necessarily injured their national character.' I nnist own I have yet In learn 
that they did so ; for until it can be proved that they so conducted themselves 
as to earn the light opinion of those they sci-ved. or fought against, it will be well 
to let them continue in the estimation which foreigners to this dav nitneh to 
soldiers of their nation. 

i'nim r/,f llrUUt, Sjf'/in-. 

IV 

SCOTTISH TROOPS IN 1633 
By Daniel Defoe 

I OBSERVED that these parties had always some foot with them, and yet if the horse 
guiloped, or pushed on ever sfi forward, the foot was as forwart' as they, which 
was an extraordinary advantage. Guslavus Adolphus, that king of soldiers. 
was the first that ever I observed, who found the advantage of mixing small 
bodies of musquetters among his horse, and had lie had such nimble strong fellows 
as these, he could have proved them above all the rest of his mcTi. 'I'hese were 
those they call Highlanders : they would run on foot with their arms, and all 

their accoutrements, and keep very good order t iiiid yet keep pace with the 

horses, let them go at what rate they would. ... I confess the soldiers made a 
very uncouth figure, es|)eeially the Highlanders, the oddness and barharily of 
their arms seemed to have in it something i-cmarkable. They were generally tall 
swinging fellows ; their swords were extravagantly, and I think insignificanth 
broad, and they carried great wooden targets, large enough to cover the upper 
parts of their bodies. Their dress was as antique as the rest ; a cap on their 
heads, called by them a bonnet, long hanging sleeves behind, a'ld their doublets, 
breeches, and stockings of a stuff they call plaid, stri|)ed across red and yellow, 
with sliort cloaks of the same. There were three or four thousand of these in 
the Scots army, armed only with swords and targets ; and in their belts some of 
them had a pistol, but no muskets at that time amongst them. 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



• FRANCE AND SCOTLAND FOR EVER 1 ' 



GUARD AGAINST THE GEHMANS IN 



HIE CHARGE OK THE SCOTTISH 
ALSACE (1634) 

By James Grant 

We came in sight „r Bitche ni, the morning of the 25th Miirch, which «.is still ill 
that year (1(134) ,V™ Fear s Day m Kngland ; though the governments of ScotJaud 
and of France altered that festival t<. tlio 1st of January in 1599, durinc the reigna 
ol James VI. and Charles IX. '' 

We were with the advanced guard of cavalry, which consisted of the dragoons 
of Marshal Brissae and the light horse of the Guard, two hundred Navarrese 
chevaliers, the pride of Henry the Great ; and as the Marquis de Gordon, who 
commanded the whole, .mderstood that a. strong force lay in Bitche, he halted 
reconnoitred, anil bivoi jkcd us the night had set in and our main body had not 
yet come up. ^ 

We slept overnight in our cloaks, under a chill dew, at the heads of our horses 
which remained fully accoutred, unbittcd and ready for action at a moment's 
notice— a fortunate precaution, for with the first pale streak of dawn, when 
all were weary, cold, and shivering, I was ixnised bv the bracing cry of— 

'Aux armesi i eheval ! ' ;ind to horse! blew all our trumpets, while the 
lung roll ol the Scottish maieh,' beaten sharply on the drum, rang along the 
far-cxtended lines of Hepburn, Lesly. and Ramsay. And now a bodv of Imperial 
cavalry, the old-whiskered reitres, and German lanzkncchts of 'the Empire 
accoutred in black iron and buff leather, with lance, arquebusc. and espadone 
appeared in dark masses and in s,.lid squ;idron, about a thousand strunK, on the 
narrow road that lay direct to Bitche. 

The latter, a little town on Ihe Alsatian frontier, which gave the title of Count 
to a gentleman of the house of Lorraine, stands upon a rock, and was deemed im- 
pregnable. Beyond It rose the sombre masses of the Vosges mountains, around 
the peaks of which the morning mist was wreathing and curling upwaid-golden 
white, and purple in tlie rising sun ; and on the highest towers of the old and 
dun-coloured citadel waved the white flag, bearing the black eagle of the Empire, 
and the yellow banner with the three blue wings of Lorraine 

As the artillery had not yet come up, the cavalry were to open a passage for 
the infantry through these Imperialists ; and to us was reserved the honour of 
attacking the enemy s cav.ilry it our comrades failed, for it has been a maxim 
in war since the days of Julius Caisar to keep the best troops in reserve. 

VVlth loud shouts of ' Navarre ! Navarre I ' the glittering light horse of the 
Guard swept forward to the attack, in two heavv squadrons of fifty chevaliers 
abreast with the royal standai-d, three fleur-de-lis or in a field aoire, advanced 
above their bright helmets, their swords uplifted, and their while ostrich plumw 
streaming behind them. There was a lowering of lances along the German line • 
a flashing of pistols ; a fierce shock, and rolling of men and horses upon the green 
turf or dusty road! and. with a shout of rage and defiance, the chevaliers of 
XMavarre recoilea before the enemy, leaving thirty of their number dead or writh- 
ing on the ground, while the heavy dragoons of Brissae, led by Roger de Lacv 
the Rallant Due de Bellegarde, advanced by double troops in dense order from 
a trot to full speed, and with the olil rri dr guerre— 

' Montjoie and St. Denis for France I ' us all their brandished sword-blades 
ILished agamst the mommg sun. 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WARS s 

A dreadful punflict took place, fur Urissac's dra^fuons were heavy men, accus- 
tomed to fi<iht on tout or on horseback ; mid in the n\&\6c we beheld with fierce 
impatience how liclmets were clovt-n, butt euuts pierced and hhred, while heads 
and weapons, men, standards, and horses swayed nnd went down into that armed 
and Uving sen which strug^'lcd in the mountain ^{irgc — went down to rise no 
more I 

Bellegarde wus wimnded by a splendidly accoutred young Imperial colonel, 
who wore a cout of steel lined with scarlet velvet, with crimson hose, a black 
plume in his helmet, and the eagle on his breast ; and who, throughout this 
conflict on which the morning sun shone with nnrlouded brilliance, was con- 
spicuous alike by the glitter of his equipment and the rashness of his courage. 
Yells, shrieks, groans, the clashing of .swords and the sharp ringing report of 
pistols echoed between the hills. Men were crawling out from the press covered 
with bruises, blood, and dust ; wounded horses were hopping about on three legs, 
and others, in the throes of death, rolled madly from side to side, kicking furi- 
tmsly all who came near them. Tills roused all our iirc ; and, with something 
like a shout of fierce joy luul anger mingled, we saw the dark dragoons of Marshal 
Brissac give way at lust before the solid German ranks. 

* Now gentlemen, it is our /urn!' exclaimed the handsome young Marquis 
— the heir of Huntly — as he brandished his sword, and his dark eyes flashed with 
the fixe of his nature, while he spurred to the front with a giove in his helmet 
— the gift of I^-idy Anne Campbell, of Argyle, whom he afterwards married. 
* Montjoie and Saint Denis ! France — France and Scotland for ever I trot — 
gallop — comrades — les G;.r(lcs Ecossnis, follow me — ClIAUGE ! ' 

Every lip was set ; every cheek was flushed ; every eye wus sparkling as I 
gazed along the nmks of the chosen hundred cuirassiers, when the voice of our 
leader and the shrill twang of the trumpet bade us move, and when the con- 
tiigious artlour ran froni man to man and heart to heart along the Scottish line 
— Scottish in name and blood, and heart and soul — second to none in pride of 
race and chivalry. 

On, on we progressed frcm ■ *:rot to a gallop, and the ranks grew denser, 
holster to holster, and btwl to b-.ot, as the horses closed upon each other; and 
like a stream of lightning, the hundred guardsmen poured forward in all their 
bnlliant trappings, with uplifted swords and St. Andrew's cross waving on the 
wind, .T^ Sir Archibald Douglas, of Heriotinuir, held it aloft in hi"! stirrup. On, 
on we t, and though iht-y were eight to one, the dark ranks of the reitres and 
Inncers .jdailed and wavered before us ! 

Headlong we n»de at them, and plunged into the vapour made by the smoke 
of firearms mingled with the morning mist. This murky cloud seemed full of 
helmeted heads, of gauntletcd hands, the bright points of levelled pikes, of 
brandished swords and waving standards ; while the air was laden with cries, 
tumultuous sounds, and the heavy odour of gunpowder. 

Now — now we are within an arm's length of them- 

There was a mighty shock as rearing horses and shrieking men went down 
on all sides of us, but we burst right through the heart of the foe, breaking their 
close array of horses' heads and cuirassed breasts ; the dead and the dying 
marking our track as on right and left we hewed them down. 

Raynold Cbeyne, Scott of Tushielaw, Dundrennan, and the Chevalier were 
all fighting like the peers of Charlemagne, and each performed many acts of 
heroism. The Master of St. Monanee, son of James Sandilands, Lord Aber- 
crombie of Abercrombie, was struck on the breast by a shell, while riding next 
to me. It was thrown from the citadel, and in exploding blew his jaw off, but, 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



and we never saw him any n"^c ^* * ''" """''' '"''"" " ^^P ™»""- 

the^S,^.r.:za;,il^";;;;l'!^?i'r''''^rr^T"''™"«-'' 

oa earth or in upper air » rrc at warHr. I i'"'"' "''"" ^ """'' "''^"■" 

blow on my hehnet rce^^ ed m^eLraL will ^JT" r"' ."1'' ?/■""'' ""^'"R 
and I found myself thrust somewh.t out nfh '""!.""' "' '''If-preservation, 

totheyou„geoLel_hei„"«Unfs^retvelverX^^^ V'f t" ''"'' 

for sonic time, and in whom I n^tT^ ■j..'' "''""■■ "''''"•' '''«"ve<l 

Place de la Grivc of he CMteard"* l^^"'''''* T?' ^""'■'""' «<-q"'-""'"n<'e of the 
at Sezannc-M™,e°JncurSe Prinze fv^ and latterly the abhi .,f the tavern 

Foramoment,;^:on^:f-„^™r/J:^l3t;7'''^™ 

lr:-e-^-i^^-"--'^s«^--^^ 

in.;|rKKr^;^i^™ ^---Hc^of a .py, ^^ '• <-■ 

Bwonis into tte nX tin ,« Z„'7^- "'"?'" ^ ""'"y ""■" ''■'''"^™" ■"« 
.eparuled. ' " ''" °''"™' '""""•■i'tcly, and perhaps furtunatelv. 

BWori from his hand and Culut to slaJT. V'"u'"^ '"""l'"' "''"'^ ""^ 
his blade and dashedTXrt ahno^t .n' I \ . ">''' "'.""• ■"'"=■'! drove up 
Imperialist was a flnishccl ™™d.m„ , . ''""' '*''''' •"■'"'=<'" ""="'• The 

solved to force hkma^ ^tZllZ ''"T™* ,•>"" '"= ™'' "■'»■•>• ' ^<- 
me, so pressing forS I struck the fort ,?„""' '""f » ™ «•« »ide opposed to 
.hus succeeded in giv™ Aim a cut ™ th ■ K T'''^ /"""usly on his blade, and 
to receive his swoS as it came foVwn^f "^^ *'"''''f ' "'"^ "''"'^ '"^'"^ '^-'■^ 
through the body, and w™" cd r„v'the ZZ^'rlf "iZ^f'' ' '"." *•'"' 
my glove and pommel as he fell fnmi his s!,d-<i~ „„ l S' '''""^ P"'"'^'' ''^'■■" 

Lorrainer, for the lime at leist ' '' *''™ "°'' "" ^^ "^ ■">• !«<'■• 

his lordship's Jibs proved s" "7,sZ ^ ""^ """"^ """ ""^ '™8<= through 
by tl'ri^^^fo^VaXrr^h'S^' '"^ ""'' "•"«' "^ '-™'™' '"»' »- •»">' 
suc^ot' ard''i:o"d 'setlce" l"a^S!,'"'.d'"«''' ' ' *"""'' ''"'■■ '<" 'hat timelv 

lle<l at full spied ffoadT.,„ «„H "'e enemy's envnlry was general, and the? 

N.v.„se jfh— l;^ ?hr^— i^^s^f^i-rEf^- - 



SEVENTEEN'TH CENTURY WARS r 

capturing ut every step of the ivay, lliuugli tlie vuliant young I'rince uf 
Vaudemont made ni less thiiii nine attempts to rnllv them and repulse us. 

' Well, my Lonl Dundrennan,' said thi M;ir(piis,'iis they gulhiptd side liy side, 
how felt you in your lirst cluuije tn-ihiy 1 ' 

' A glorious disrepird alike of death and fear ! ' was the proud n;ply • ' and I 
am sure that such was the feeling of us all.' 

The rout of so superior a body of horse was entirely attributed, by the Due de 
Lavalette, to the skill and fury with which we advanced ; for eavalrj-, when 
diarging, should always trot gently for about a hundred paces, and thereafter 
mcreasc their speed until they attain a full ami furious gallo]), closing to the croup 
when within twenty paces of the enemy j but siich was the celerity wil'i which 
our hundred cuirassiers advanced, that we charged fully two thousand paces, 
boot to boot, without breakuig; and it may fairly be admitted that when horse- 
men have achieved this point of perfection thcv would ride through a stone 
rampart— they are nt for anything. 

The field, or rather the roadway, where this skirmish look place was strewed 
with dead nm\ wounded. After the former were stripped and the baggage 
plundered, one could get luiy article of attire for a twentieth part of its value : 

A Parmese dagger, for a frane, 

A velvet coat laced with gold, tor five francs. 

A sword, a hat and feathers, for a pot of struh wine. 

Our petatdiers blew up the barrier gates of Hitchc. which were feebly defended 
by the town guard and a few old soldiers armed with partizans. The castle was 
stormed by the light horse, who were dismounted fur that service ; and who, in 
their anxiety to wipe out the disgrace of their late repulse, acted with great 
cruelty, ' sparing,' as the JIarquis de Toneins told us, ' none but the ugly and 



the poor.' We blew up the magazines, .spiked the gun 
lire ; and as the old song sey*;. 



and set the town on 



• When chiirflics and Iiouses blazed all in a flame. 
With a ln»-lit-m rii. away we all came ' ' 



Arthur Hlanr. 



DUiMBARTON'S DRUMS 

THE REGIMENTAL MARCH OF THE ROYAL SCOTS 

Dt'MDAKTON's dninis beat Ixmiiy O, 

When they mind me of my dear Johnny, O, 

How happy nm I 

AViien my stildier is by, 
While he kisses and blesses liis Annie, O I 
'Tis a soldier alone can dehglit me, O, 
For his graceful looks do invite me, O ; 

While guarded in his arms, 

1 'II iCar no war's alarms, 
N< ithcr dunf,'er nor death sliall e'er fright me, 0. 

Jly love is a hnndsome laddie, O, 
tJenfeel, but ne'er foppish nor gaudy, O, 
Though commissions are dear, 
Yet I 'II buy him one this year, 
For he shall serve no longer a cadie, O, 



"■GOTLAND FOR EVER 

A soldier has lionour and bruvery O * 
Unacquainted with rogues and their knavery, O 

He minds no other thing 

But the ladies or the King, 
For every other care is liut s! ivery, O. 

Then I 'II be the captain's iaily, O 
FarcweJI all my friends and my daddy, O • 

I 11 wait no more at home, ' 

But I 'II follow with the drum, 
And whene'er thai beats I '11 be ready, O 
Uumbarton's drums sound boiuiy, O 
rhcy are sprightly like my dear Johnny, O • 

How happy shall I be 

When on my s.ildier's knee. 
And he kisses :ind blesses his Annie, O I 

►'rom rfc Tni-IMr Mi.dh,,,,, , c„Mr.li,.u „f„|,| 
St'ots siinifH edttuil Ity Allaa lUmsay in 17:;4. 



A LEADER OF THE ROYAL SCOTS 
By John Mackay o] Ruckfield 

to gratify i,is favourite p" , ty^ l^"^'^! "'f ""= l"^ " '" '''^ P°"" 
ensign m Uouglas's or Uuml .^t 7^ *' "' ""v,"''^*"''""''". ''^en appointed an 
the I)rit,.sl, linf The r..inl " .s' """ "'rf "?"' ""'S™'^-'. <" '''■■st Foot of 
the French king, in virtue of a tr™, r" tr'"'' '?' ^^ ''"'"'''"^ "'= Second to 
and young MaefL'aJc^rpa^ni^litt^Fra',:"""^^ '"■■'"•^^" '"' '™ ^°^"^'"- ^ 

of jtii'ibojJushr^r::™ rir ^T? "t''"- """""■^^ '"^ «^-' """^ 

his death. In 10U9 he was e m.l w' , ^ m "'""""^ correspondence to the day of 
the followin, ocx'asion; The fel;;i"i'f,^""^^°'■'''^Ve"ctiann^ 
of the Island of Candia for fivl 1 ' , '"'.""« "'Joycd quiet possession 

attacked by the Tu k fn the mi? ""f ""r'' " "■"■' "■"'^' a.d. 1643, suddenly 
sanguinaryeon est wer^nl V « f,- P"'^?""'' P™"^"-' ""i- ""^ » '""g and 

ful armauK-nt to hSrastt r m it tr- "" "'""I /°u"'^ '='^- ='"* " P"""' 
Admirnl of France siv„avo T "'%=°'n';'^"'l °f the Uuke of Beaufort, 
volunt.ere,! thdr Service o,t,.e?v^'?""- ^^% "°"" "^ "'= ^"^'"'^ n°l"hty 
a hundred reduced onieer" a c^'^^'i""'"'- ^''^l^T '«^'^<""P''"i<=J ^y a corps of 
glory of humbling the Ott;.,u n nolr *t1" ■"''"^^>7^P"''>"^'^. a"J ^here the 
the island, on the^Oth Ju c ml on thV J^ T^ "'■""■''■'" Candia, the capital of 
besiegers, but were repuYsed w th 1, i h T * ^^^^^^^^^^^ 
One of the reduced „IIieers-.M ' u "''""■•■''' """"• ''^'"''''■' •>«"<? ^l"'"- 

this and other bCy "ag nTemrSuJi^'H '? ^"■''"•' J^'^g-^'-ed hi.'nself in 
upon the island, tha he'rSeS fmm h? '" n° "'°""'.%">e French remained 
due aeknowledgmen* of Is services Tie d?n r", ""'.;'?' "' S^^-t value, as a 
tioned, followed in 160s Iv tharof his tl , . If '""'"• "^ "''"''"'y '»™- 
soldier the succession of e f "nily esta J »Sh ^^ ''"^' ?""'^ '" ™' >"""'« 
to revisit after .t became h.s ti p^^X^t "^^^ LTm"tX"In 







mmm 



mmm 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WARS q 

Dumbarton's regiment, which was still in the s.-tvice of France, and employed 
in the unprincipled expedition of Louis against the United Provinces. 

The horrors of this short but desolating campaign, of which Mackay wqs thui 
a spectator, if not an actor, made such a deep impression on his mind, as led him 
to entertain serious thoughts cif retiring from the service of both sovereigns, and 
returning to his native counti /. While deliberating on this measure, Providence 
so ordered events as to remove from his mind all doubts with respect to the 
course he ought to follow. His rtgimcnt, fonning part of that division of the 
army which, under the orders of Turenne, took the town of Bonimel, in Gutlder- 
land, it was his lot to be billeted on the house of a respectable widow lady, whose 
husband, the Chevalier Arnold de Bie, hod been burgomaster of the town. Here 
the grave and serious deportment of Captain Mackay, so different from that of 
most of his brother ofilccrs, whether French or English, attracted the notice of 
Madame de Bie and her family, and gained their esteem. She had several 
daughters, of whom the three youngest, being unmarried, were sent, on the first 
rumour of invasion, to Dort as a place of safety, and out of the way of the French 
cavaliers. Louis having, however, issued a proclamation ordering all who had 
fled from their habitations to return forthwith, under severe penalties, Madame 
de Bie recalled her daughters from Dort, as her family now enjoyed the protection 
of a respectable Scottish officer, their inmate. Mackay hfid by this time become 
so domesticated in the family as to participate in all their recreations : with 
Madame de Bie he played her favourite game of chess, and read with her daughters. 
Under such circumstances it was not Ukely that the young ladies and their i)ro- 
tector should long remain indifferent to each other ; and in fact Clara, the eldest 
unmarried daughter, soon made an impression on his heart. After some furtl-.er 
acquaintance he made his proposal in form. Madame de Bie, unwilling to give 
her daughter to a man who served the enemy of her country, at first opposed his 
addresses, but yielded when she found he was inclined to resign his present 
service and enter that of the republic. Such a change, from one service to the 
other, was at that time unusual, and attended with difficulties ; but these being 
at length overcome, Mackay was transferred, with his rank of captain, from 
Dumbarton's regiment to the Scottish Brigade, in the service of the States- 
General. The only obstacle in the way of his marriage being thus happily re- 
moved, he was speedily united to Clara de Bie, the object of his affection, whose 
country he appears from this date to have adopti'd ns his own. 

From /-(/> nf Lieuleniiitt-flem'fiil Iliiyh Mmkiiii of !knvrii. 



THE C.4MER0NIANS OR 26TH REGIMENT 

The Convention of States, after the abdication of James vii., voted to raise some 
regular forces, whereof two battalions of the Cameronians were formed into a 
regiment, which afterwards, to their great honour, distinguished themselves upon 
several occasions, particularly at Dunkeld, where they stood the shock of a 
superiornumber of that Highland army which, but a few days before, beat nearly 
four thousand English and Dutch forces, under the command of General Mackay. 
* Lest the reader should suspect me (says the writer of this) of partiality in favour 
<T these brave people, it will not be impertinency to give such a part of their 
character as may enable them to account for their surmounting the utmost 
difBculties and even seeming impossibilities. 

' The Cameronians are strictly religious, and ever act upon that principle ; 
making the Mar a part of their religion, and converting state policy into points of 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



10 

conicienc ■. Thty Dghl aa thfy pray, and pray a. thry Hght, making tvery battle 
> new rx,.rc,s« of the.r faith, and btli.v. that in inch a ca.e they aVe, a. it w"e 
under th, banner of Christ ; if they fall in battle, they die in their ealling, ai 
martyrs lo the good cause, and believe that in thus .bedding their blood thry 
flnuh I., work of their salvation. From such maxims and articles of faith the 
v.ameron,n,>. may be sli-in, never conquered. Great numbers of them have lost 
their lives, hut few or none ever yielded. On the contrarv, whenever they believe 
their duty or religion calls them to it, they are alwnyi unanimous and ready, 
with un.launtcd spirits, and great vivacity of mind, to encounter hardships, 
attempt great enterprises despise danger, and bravely rush on to death or victory. 
A foreign war immediately ensuing on King William's accession to the crown, 
most part of the forces in Scotland were ordered to Flanders, whereof the 
tameronmn regiment wns a pnrt.' 

I'mni Thr llooli'i/'Senlih/i ,lnm/.7.'. 
IX 

THE FIRST FIGHT OF THE CAMERONIANS 
By W. Richards 

whonfl'l' '■"' ''°'Tl '?■ 'T '?"" ■""""«'' ""'« ''""''^ "f ^"^™ Covenanters 
whom relgious predilection, had attracted to the cause of Wihinm and Mary. 

of^e l,'^//, " rf' "" "^"^'l' ^"«"'- ""'" ^'PP^ently only eli-hleen yeaJs 
of age, and the conditions on which the men enlisted were curiously (Ikinicteristic 

^, W s'uhrHir."'^'"'- ?" ""'''" "'^ '° ^ ""■'■ •""" ' ■" '" "'"science thev 
could submit to ; a captain was appointed to the regiment, and an ' elder ' to 
eachcompany ; in each man's haversick was to be found a Bible 

was fnr"i„nf .hr?h^'"""r ™' "' P""''^''' "*'*'''• "•■"' "'"■• K""""' ■''f'-" 
Th.^ » . T* . "■" "' r"'',™' ^'"'^- ■r'"^y "■"« '"<^'ve hundred, whilst 

rie«n.™f • 7'\ "'""l^"-"" f™^ '™es as many ; for four hours they fought 
wPZ^ M,'" f "1..°",'' '.!"'."''•• ^y """ ""<' market-place ; when ammunitL 
fell short they tore the lead from the roofs and converted it into slugs. At last 
^1t """"'""« '"'^ ^"'^ " '■ declaring that they ■ could flght men but not devils,' 
and the Can.eronians remained victors, having killed three hundred of the enemy 
and wounded a vast number, while their own loss was under fifty. A Jacobite 
Se enln^? Per.od, quoted by Grant in his account of the siege, is higher praise tlum 
the compliments of troops of friends. Addressing the Camcronians, the poet says : 

' For murders too, as snldiers true, 
Von were ajvarictil well, boys ; 
Tor yoii fi.ii^lit like devils, your only riialx. 
When yun were (it Dnnkeld, hoys.' 

I'l-om Iffr .Viii^ntg't A rmi/. 
X C,v (hrniiMnioii of JilnMn. Virtue 4 Co., Londoa. 

THE ISLAND OF THE SCOTS 

A BALLAD OF THE SCOTS REGIMENT THAT FOUGHT WITH THE FRENCH 
AGAINST THE GERMANS IN 1 697 

By William Edmondstotwe Aytmm 

'^°Th?'''r ^"'"',''"8 '•"!' "'"' '■'■■'■ tor not alone the river's sweep 
'Nowifth. 'f'"'nT^ , Might make a brave man quail: 

Now ,s there one of all the h..4 The foe arc on the farther side, 
W .11 dare to venture o'er .' Their shot comes fast as hail. 



Ni 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WARS 



God help ua, ir the tnklclle i'^lc 
We miiy not hope tt> win ! 

Now, is there any uf the host 
Will dure to veitturt' in t 



* The forcl is deep, the bunks ore steep, 

The island -Nhore lies wide : 
Nur man nor horse could stem its force 

Or reach the farther side. 
See there I iiiitidst the willow boughs 

The serried Iwiyonets gleam ; 
Tliey 've flung their bridge — they 've 
won the isle ; 

The foe have cnjssed the stream I 
Their volley fltshes sharp and strong — 

By all the saints, I trow, 
There never yet was s<)ldier born 

Could force that passage new I ' 

3 

So spoke the bold Freneh Marcschal 

With him who led the van, 
Wliilst rough ami red before their v'ew 

The turbid river run. 
Nor bridge, nor boat had they to cross 

The wild and swollen Uhine, 
And thundering on the other bank 

Far stretched the German line. 
Hard by there stood a swarthy man 

Was leaning on his swoni, 
And a saddened smile lit up his face 

As he heard the Captain's word. 

* X 've seen a %vilder stream ere now 

Than that which rushes there ; 
I *ve stemmed a heavier torrent yet 

And never thought to dare. 
If German steel be sharp and keen, 

Is ours not strong and true ? 
There may be danger in the deed. 

But there is honour too.* 



And J have seen ye in the fight 

Do ull that mortal may : 
If honour is the Ixxm ye svck 

It may b« won this d:iy. 
The prize is in the middle isle. 

There lies the venturous way : 
The armies twain are on the plain, 

The daring deed to sec — 
Now ask thy gallant compiny 

If they will follow tl-ce ? ' 



Right gladsonte looked the Captain then. 

Aiid nothing did he say. 
But he turned him to his little l>and — 

Oh few, I ween, were they I 
The relics of the bravest force 

Tliat ever fought in .".-ay. 
No one of all the conipany 

But bt)re a gentle name. 
Not one whose fathers had not stood 

In Scotland's fields of fame. 
All they had marched with great Dundee 

To where he fought and fell. 
And in the deadly battle-stril'e 

Had venged their leader well ; 
And they had bent their knee to earth 

When every eye was dim. 
And o'er their hero's b\iried corpse 

They sang the funeral hymn ; 
And they had trod the I'ass once more. 

And stooped on cither side 
To pluck the heather from the spot 

Where he had dropped und died ; 
And they had bound it nc.Kt their hearts, 

And ta'en a last farewell 
Of Scottish earth and Scntti*ih sky. 

Where Scotland's glory fell. 
Then went they forth to foreign lands 

Like bent and broken men, 
Who leave their dearest hope behind, 

And may not turn again I 



The old lord in his saddle turned, 

And hastily he said — 
' Hath bold Duguesclin's fiery heart 

Awakened from the dead ? 
Thou art the leader of the Scots — 

Now well and sure I know. 
That gentle blood in dangerous hour 

Ne'er yet ran cold nor slow, 



' The stream,' he said, ' is broad and deep. 

And stubborn is the foe — 
Yon island-strength is guarded well — 

Say, brothers, will ye go ? 
From home and kin for many a year 

Our steps have wandered wide. 
And never may our bones be laid 

Our fathers' graves beside. 






12 



S;,uten hive we to lament, 
No wive, to wail our foil J 

The traitor • and the ipoiler'. hand 
llnvc reft our h«.rthVof„ll. 

lint we hove heart,, and we hove amit, 
A. tlnmg to will and dare 

\v,i" ""J ""''"" •»""" ""» 
"ithin the northern air. 

l..me b«,iher,lletmenonie..pel| 

siioll muse your louls acain. 
And .«nd the old bl,«d bounding f« 

t„M ^",?^u'"'>'' ""'' ••""«• -nd vein I 

tall bock the day, of bygone years- 

Ue young and strong once more ; 

i'od''" ""■"" "" ""•'' ""< 

1, one we Ve crossed before. 
R.»e,^hdl^„„d glcnl rise. crag. „d 

Rise up on either bond— 
Agoui upon the Corry's bonks 

On Scottish soil we stand I 
Again I sec the tartans wave 
Agiiin the ti-umpets ring : 
Again I hear our leader's call- 
Upon them, for the King I " 
Mnyed wc behind that glorious day 

For roaring flood or linn ? 
The soul of Graeme is with us still- 
Now, brothers, will ye in f ' 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



Yet onwards pushed the Cavalier, 

AJl stem and undismayed. 
With thouwnd arm(d foe, before 

And none behind to aW. 

So strong the torrent swept, 
^ *"j~ «•»' '">>« and living wall, 

1 lieir dangerous footing kept. 
1 hen rose a warning cry behind, 
• Ti, '">''"" ■'•""' before : 
ThelT"' '" """'K-'he way i. long- 
They II never reach the Jiore I 
See, see I they stagger in the midst, 
Ihey waver in their line I 
"L7 ^i'"^"'" I break their ranks. 
And whehn them in the Rhine I ' 



i hey grasped each other's hand, 

Thfc*u '"i".""' ""8^ flood, 
that bold and dauntless band. 

HiKh flew the spray above their heads 
Yet onward still they bore, 

Malst^cheer, and shout, and answering 

And shot and cannon roar 
-Now by the Holy Cross I swear. 
Since earth and sea began 
"as never such a daring deed 
l-.ssaycd by mortal man I ' 

8 

Tluck blew the snioke across the stream. 

And faster flashed the flame . • 
The water plashed in hissing jets 

As ball and bullet came. 



Have you seen the bill trees swaying 

A J .!" "" ''''"'' '" I'i|''"(! shrill, 

Aijd the whirlwind riel, h, fury 

Down the gorge, of the hill J 

Mnving with the tempest's shock • 
tieavmg firmly to the rock ? 
\',",T ""^ Scottish warriors 
TU l '.u'" ""'" "K"'""' ">e river ; 
Though the water flashed areund then,. 

Though ..„ .hot fle,v .hn4 and deadly 
"oi a . .„ relaxed his hold : 

\V thTh^^'^J'".'''* ""d "^'"ing 

nn. .i ""«'">' ""oughts of old. 

One word was spoke among them, 
. J^d 'hrough the ranks it spread- 

W ""Iwl™/ ''""' Claverhouse I ' 

Was all the Captain said. 
Then, sternly bending forwaid, 
TI ",«y »'™8gl«l on awhile. 
Until they cleared the heavy stream. 

They rushed towaids the isle. 

10 
The German heart is strong and true, 
i-i. A *'"™=n ""TO is strong j 
1 he German foot goes seldom back 

HTiere armM foemen throng. 
Unt never had they faced in field 

So stern a charge before, 

"^,T'", ^ ""'y '•'>*■ ">' sweep 
f 1 Scotland's broad claymore. 



SEVENTEENTH CENTURY WARS 



18 



Not flerccr poun thi; avalanche 

Adown the itecp incline, 
That riif ■: o'er the (urcnt-springi 

or lou^ii and rapid Hhine— 
Scarce iwifter shoots the bolt Irom 
heaven 

Than came the Scottish band, 
Right up against the guarded trench, 

And o'er it, sword in hand. 
In vain their leaden forwanl press — 

They meet the deadly brand I 
O lonely island of the Rhine, 

Where seed was never sown, 
What harvest loy upon thy sands, 

By those strong reapers thrown 1 
What saw the winter moon that night. 

As, struggling through the rain. 
She poured a wan and fitful light 

On marsh, and stream, and plain ? 
A dreary spot with corpses strewn. 

And bayonets glistening round ; 
A broken bridge, a stranded bout, 

A bare and battered mound ; 
And one huge watch-fire's kindled pile. 

That sent its quivering glare 
To tell the leaders of the hosts 

The conquering Scots were there. 

II 

And did they twine the laurel-wreath 

For those who fought so well t 
And did they honour those who lived. 

And weep for those who fell ? 
What meed of thanks was given to 
them 
Let aged a'„.als tell. 
Why should they twine the laurcl- 
WTeath, — 
Why crown the cup with wine ? 
It was not Frenchmen's blood tliat 
flowed 
So freely on the Rhine— 



A stranger tund of beggared men 

Had done the venturous dceil ; 
The ghiry wos to France alone. 

The danger was their meed. 
And what cured they for idle thanks 

From foreign prince and peer ? 
What virtue had such honeyetl wo^U 

The exiles' hearts to cheer 1 
What mattered it that men should 
vnunt 

And loud and fondly swear, 
That higher feat of chivalry 

Was never wrought elsewhere 1 
They bore within their brcnslH the grief 

That fame can never heul — 
rhe deep, unutterable woe 

Which none save exiles feel. 
Their hearts were yearning for the land 

They ne'er might see again — 
For Se4itland's high and hcuthered 
hills. 

For mountain, loch, and glcn — 
For those who hoply lay at rest 

Beyond the distant sen, 
Bereath the green and daisied turf 

Where they would gladly be ! 

VI 
Long years wei,' by. The lonely isle 

In Rhine's impetuous flood 
Has ta'en another name from those 

Who Imught it with their blood : 
And though the legend does not live. 

For legends lightly die. 
The peasant, as he sees the stream 

In winter rolling by. 
And foaming o'er its channel-bed 

Between him and the spot 
Won by the worriors of the sword. 
Still calls that deep and dangerous ford 

The passage of the Scot. 



CHAPTER II 

Campaigns in Flanders and Germany 

1091-1745 
I 

THE SCOTS GUARDS 
The Story of the Regiment 

l^^'^^T^:,^i:^^-^^<'<f. When it ™. organised as 
S n? 't "«..med the title of thfsM plJ ? Ji""'' '" ''^<^ »""* Army 
Sudan i,nd South Africa it h'l, mn^ »'l the Napoleonic wars, in the Crimea th^ 

Ht^^^hi^-'ii^^^^-^'SS?"^^ 

The Scots Guards answers to the h„™.?f l" "''' ""' >''' '"■• '«lli"g- 
Wcataio^ne of campaign. ,„'\^;?,'-;S 
Flanders. insn.Q«: 



FlandL-rs, 1689-95, 
Walcourt, 1680. 
B"ync, 1690. 
J^undcn, 16y;f. 
Numur. 1695. 
Spain, 1709-13. 
Saragnssa, 1710. 
Flanders, 17-12-8. 
Dettingcn, 1743. 
Kontrnoy, 1745. 
Val. 1747. 
Clurbourg, 1758. 
Germany, 1759-62. 
Dcnkcni, 1761. 
^Vilhelmstalil, 17C2 
America, 1776-88. 
Brooklyn, 1776. 
Brandywiiic, 1777. 
Guildford, 1781. 



Valenciennes, I793 

Flanders, 1793-5. 

Lincellcs, 1793. 

C'rabbcndam, 1709 

Btrgcn, 1799. 
F^nnont-op-Zec, 1799 
Aboukir, 1801. 
Fff}-pt, 1801. 
Alexandria, 1801. 
Marabout, 1801. 
Copenhagen, 1807. 
Peninsula, 1809-14, 
Flushing, 1800. 
Duuro, 1809, 
Talavera, 1809. 
Barosaa, 1811. 
Badajos, 1812. 
Burgos, 1812. 
Oudad Hodrigo, 18ia. 



St. Sebastian, 1813. 
Netheriands, 1814-15, 
Bayonnc, 1814. 
Bergen-op-Zoom, 1814. 
yuatre Bras, 1815. 
Haterloo, 1815. 
Portugal, 1826-8. 
Crimea, 1854-6. 
Alma, 1834. 
Inkerman, 1854. 
Fgypt, 1882. 
Tel-el-Kebir. 1882 
Suakim, 1885. 
South Africa, 1899-1902 
Belmont. 1899. 
Modder River, IS99. 
MagcKfontein, I899! 
Thabanehu, 1900 
Diamond Hiil, 1900. 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 15 



THE SECOND DRAGOONS 
The Story of the Royal Scots Greys 

^^u. only regiment of Scottish cavalry, and the oldest regiment of dragoons in the 
Bi.liEh A)TT!v, the Scots Greys were raised in Scotland in 1078, and in their earlier 
vean were i..i" wn successively as the Royal negiment of Scots Dragoons, I lie Grey 
Oragoons, i ,d the Scots Regiment of White Horses. They became the Royal 
Uegiment i North British Dragoons in 1787; then the 2nd, or Royal North 
■4- 'tisi: Dr.goons ; then the 2nd Royal North British Dragoons (Scots Greys) j 
and, since 1877, the 2nd Dragoons (Royal Scots Greys). Tlie distinctive head- 
dress of the Scots Greys is the grenadier bearskin. This was conferred upon them 
in honour of their routing and capturing the standard of the Rcgiment-du-Roi at 
the battle of Ramilies, and is a style of Iread-drcss worn by no other cavalry regi- 
ment in the British Army. Nor is there any other regiment of horse that has won 
greater glory on the field, or made its name such a symbol of all that is chivalrous 
and daring and gallant in the romance of war. It "has lived magnificently up to 
the proud motto of ' Second to None,' which it has worn for two hundred years. 

Like every other regiment it has its nicknames, and is spoken of familiarly as 
' The Bubbly Jocks ' or as ' The Bird Catchers '—the latter conmmnorating its 
capture of the Eagle of a French regiment at Waterloo. 

Among the cliicf campaigns and battles of the Scots Greys arc Ihc fallowing :— 

Flanders, 1091-7. Dittingin. 171.1. Toiirn.iy, 1791. 

Gi-rmany, 1702-13. Koiitenov, 1713. ^Valcrkio, 1815. 

Blc-nheira, 1701. I!,.ueoux, 1716. Netherlands, 1813. 

Ramilies, 1700. Uemianv, 1758-03. Balaclava, 1851. 

Oudenardt 1708. Mindtn, 173!). Inkeroian, 1831. 

Malplncjuet, 1709. Warbourg, 1700. Tchcmaya, 1853. 

Boucham, 1711. Williclmstahl. 17C2. Sevastopol, 1835 

Flanders, 1742-8, Fl.iiulcrs, 1793-5. South Afrira, 1S99-1002. 



THE ROYAL SCOTS AT THE BATTLE OF STEENKIRK 
By Richard Cannon 

Aftee several changes of position. King William resolved to attack the French 
army commanded by Marslial Luxembourg, at iis camp near Stecnkirk. On the 
evening of the 28rd of Jidy (O.S.), the first battalion of the Roval Regiment, com- 
manded by Sir Robert Douglas, the second battalion of the 1st Foot Guards, with 
the regiments of Fitzpatrick and O'Ffan-el, and two battalions of Danes, were 
ordered forward to commence the attack on the French armv, and were accom- 
panied by a detachment from each battalion of Brigadier-General Churchill's 
brigade, with hatchets and spades to make a passage through the woody grounds 
between the two armies. Between ten and eleven o'clock on the following morning 
these troops arrived in front of the French camp, and took post in a thick wood, 
beyond which there was a small valley intersected with hedges lined with French 
infantry, and on the opposite side of the valley appeared the French camp. About 
eleven o'clock two batteries opened their fire upon the enemy ; and when the main 
body of the army had arrived within a mile of the wood, "the leading regiments 
issued from amongst the trees and commenced the attack. ' Certainly never was 
a more dreadful and at the same time bolder firing heard, which for the space of 



16 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

two hours seemed to be a continued thunder. Our vanguard behaved in the 
engagement to such wonder and admiration, tliat though they received the charge 
of several battaUons of the enemy, one after another, yet they made them retreat 
almost to their very camp.' Amongst the foremost in this action was seen the 
brave Sir Robert Douglas, at the head of the first battalion of the Royal Regiment, 
emulating the noblest actions recorded in the annals of war. Having led his 
battalion against the troops behind the first hedse, he soon cleared it of French 
combatants, and drove one of the enemy's battalions from the field in conruslon. 
A second hedge was attacked and carried by the gallant Scots in a few moments ; 
and a third was assaulted, — the French stood their ground, — the combatants fought 
muzzle to muzzle, — and again the Royals proved vjrtorious, and the third hedge 
was won. The toil of conflict did not cool the ardour of the veteran Scots ; but 
forward they rushed with a loud huzza, and attacked the troops which lined the 
fourth hedge. Here the fighting was severe ; but eventually the Royals over- 
threw a fourth French battalion, and drove a crowd of combatants from their 
cannon. In this conflict the first battalion lost one of its three colours. Sir 
Robert Douglas, seeing the colour on the other side of the hedge, leaped through a 
gap, slew the French oificer who bore the colour, and cast it over the hedge to his 
own men ; but this act of gallantry cost him his life, a French marksman having 
shot him dead on the spot while in the act of repassing the hedge. ' Thus the 
Scots commander improved upon the Roman general ; for the brave Posthumius 
cast his standard in the middle of the enemy for his soldiers to retrieve ; but 
Douglas retrieved his from the middle of the enemy without any assistance, and 
cast it back to his soldiers to retain.' While the leading regiments were thus 
carrying all before them, the main body of the army were a mile in the rear, and 
could not be brought up in time to sustain the corps in advance : the Royals, and 
other regiments of th( idvanee guard, after displaying a degree of constancy and 
valour seldom equalled, were forced to retire ; and eventually the army retreated 
to its camp. 

From UiKtoriciit llfcorJ nf (!,■■ U/ or Ror/'il llfyruent of Foot. 



THE CAMERONIANS AT BLENHEIM 

By T. Carter 

When all the preparations were completed throughout the line, the Duke gave 
orders for a general attack, which began on the left about a quarter before one. 
Major-General Wilks, with five English battalions and four of Hessians, made the 
first onset, and was supported by eleven battalions and fifteen squadrons. 
Hrigadier-Gcneral Row, who charged with the greatest intrepidity, led on the 
British troops to the assault of the village of Blenheim. They advanced to the 
very muzzles of the enemy's muskets, and being exposed to a superior fire, and 
unable to break through the barricades, they were forced to retire, leaving nearly 
one-third of their men either killed or severely wounded. In this retreat they were 
pursued by thirteen squadrons of the French gen d'armcrie, and would have been 
entirely cut to pieces had not the Hessian infantry stopped the charge by a heavy 
and well-sustained fire. The French, repulsed and forcod to fly in their turn, were 
chased by five squadrons of English horse, and by this time had passed the rivulet j 
these being somewliat disordered by their success, whilst regaining their ranks, 
were vigorously charged by a fresh and greatly superior body of the enemy's 
horse, and were obliged precipitately to repass the stream. Here the Hessians 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 17 

on the left, but without decsjve ^"<^«f ' ^"^ '^""f.^J^"^^^^^^ so that it 

times to the charge with equal vigour, they were st. 1 '^P"'»^ ^jjj^i ' j^e whole 

the «newed attacks of the mfantry which su^mdcd the v^^^^^^ 

capitulated about eight m the evening. They Uddo^^^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^ 

ing their colours and ^tandarch, -urrcndercd t^^^ 

JS^^li^^'^CtlfS/r^ha^'rS^^r^^ 

the day. ^.^^^^^^ UhWml llrcoH o/ll" I'lmmman llrsniiinl. 



THE SCOTS GREYS AT RAMILLIES 
By Edward Almack 

OS May 2., ITOa, a <'etueh,„e„t of the Greys aiidsev.ra. ^'XrllS 
were ovdered to march towards Mo"t/t A„drt, a"^^^ ^^^ ^ ^^^^ 

by the enemy '".^'ght =ol™-- ^.^^^jSorp whe/ihrougl. the misty dawn 
on until they gamed the heights '«" '"™"i'/ .. ,„ins „t St. Andrf, and 
they espied a few of the ^■"y ^^^^I^'L^ : S4,ed '^ p"«tion at Ramillies. 
sooh the fog lifting, the F'^^"* army was di^^vercu p ^ ^^^ 

Advancing into the plains "f Tandnndu 1, the "'^^^ P JP;';^, churchiU's and 
Queen's Horse, the Greys, and the Royal Irish ""S""" ^ p , „„ the 

^'?T.\'Vu^rruVf8o\";j'Vh\":Lci%™eAnie:tg:n;heavy 

For some time the troops on the h"8M» "" the rij^ht »c e om^^ ^ ^^ 

Marlborough, seeing that an "tt"* "f ^,^ J,' Gardes du Corps, and others. 
the French Household regimens Gens dArmtsGan^^^^^ Churchill's and M..> 
was not succeeding, ordered his "B''t"'"?f,"°™battalions of French infantry, 
daunt'srcgiments descended A^* »";^^f>^ \'^J^''^e,e ^^^^^^^^^ captured. At the 
drove them into a morass, where H™^' "' *^X j^ ^,> u,„goons galloped thltmgh 
same time the Q'.een's Horse, the G^JS and the ^^^" ^^fking the enemy's left. 

the morass, crossed the high 8'°""'',^^^:"^ ''•.,'^^„/„nnS„?ry to pieces. The 
routed the F^f^-^h cavalry and cut sevm^battahonot m y^^P^^ .^^^^^^ 

Greys charged into the ^'"f 8^ "'^^H'^.tw encountered the famous French 
i^;S::r;:^k'rratrjr;'S r/aXered up its colours and arms 
to the victorious dragoons. ^.^^^^ ^.^^^ ^.^^^^^^^ ^^,,, j,„„,, i„„g„m. 



18 

VI 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



THE ROMANCE OF MOTHER ROSS 

«on,an. Christian D.vlr r jiotJlrH ''' 'T' '"^™""' "'"»' '« Riven of a 

JeH^Zr^r - --;^ -i- I«^ Wo,... ,x, „,Hont h„ .now. 
h.yv,fe which never reaehed l.cr At 1 st vh i "S'ment, and ,vr„te Jetters to 

Tn a .l^irmish before ihe battle of Sen"^;,"''''"^ "' ''"' "' Christopher WeUh 

-'^t^^^-^s^^^r^ " ^^"^^ "-' '" '" "»' '^ 

«rter the Peace of RyS.'Sn"' hrrtn^^JalVf"^ ""''■ """ ">"''"-" » ""*" 
Ho land and re-enli.ted i„ the Greys Shlf „?I,rV«''"'' ^'"= "'='" buck to 
am' m most of the engagements of' the can n J""" '„''', N'i'wegen, Venloo, Bonn, 
she received a ball in the hip, chicle .usr^n P ' "' """ ''"'"'^ of Donauwerth 
The ball was never extracts, bu cS " 'r'''"''"^ retirement into hospiSi 
sharemthespuilsafterBlenhein Whl' f'"" ■*''" "8"'" "'"'" ""« i" t,r.,e to 
^ken ,„ the battle, sheaRai.Ksv her Sa„dTff.r"' "'"«''"'■'' f" •-"'<^ PrisoneS 
She lost no t,me in revealing her iden Uv to ht,n ^'f''''™''"'' "thirteen vears. 
e^nip hfe hat she extracted u prom e fr™,, w , 1 »° enamoured was she of 

but she still continued to live in camn »„d ? '^""''^ '° >« " trooper, 

aeknmv edged wife. L. 1709 Iticharf "veNh ,v.,fl.''n"!f''';'?J ''" ''"»'''""' as his 
herself found his body, and her lamSt,,tii '""'^'' "' *I"'Pl"quet. Clu-istian 

open commiseration of a Cant in Rn " I ' """ ^ extravagant as to excite the 

of Mother Ross, by whiehXw^" tr;tr'"hVl'\"l1.^''^/"'"='^ 'h^ 
•ns so that for a whole week she refused to tnn/hf "',''"<'"-"• Although griev- 
a grenadier, within three months In ir,^ t * '°°^; ''■e married Hugh Jones 
Venant. I„ 1712 ,he returned to En„llnd "'' ""' ''"■''' "' ">» siege of SaT 
awarded a life pension of a Wll ng a 1" ' C "« ''""1 '" «"=^" ^""e, and 

marrirfasoldier named DaviesStfediZnJulv7l7?r''^^ 

her body was interred among the nensiolr^'i-P?' ''""'• ""■e-' own request, 

three grand volleys were fired fver her gmve '" ''''" '"'O'ing-ground? and 

Fr,.,„ Tl.r lli.i„,y „r „„ j;,,,„„, „ 
VII " 

Sybourg They were posted near the c"ntre AIT"'',,""/" Brigadier-Genera! 
ever.they were ordered to filet.^^a;'SK^eir°?r.t^^^^^^^ 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 19 

had the brigade emerged from among the trees before it encountered a line of 
French cavalry ; these squadrons were, however, soon dispersed, but tney were 
instantly succeeded by a new line of champions, consistinR of a number of squadrons 
of the French Household cavalry, clad in armour, and advancing in llrm array. 
. . . The Greys and Irish Dragoons met these foaming squadrons with signal 
bravery, but were driven from their ground by superior numbers. The two 
regiments soon rallied, and being joined by several con^s of horse, returned to the 
charge ; yet such was the resolution displayed by the French troopers that it 
was not until the third charge that they were driven from the field. The two 
victorious regiments were si>cciiilly thanked by the Uuke of Marllrerough. The 
Greys lost about thirty killed and wounded. 

Ki-i.ni The Uixtory «J th'- Scoifl [h-u-jmnn. 



I 

I 

I- ■ ! 



VIII 

THE STORY OF FARQUHAR SHAW 
By James Grant 

Tins soldier, whose name, from the circuiustanres connected with his remarkable 
story, daring courage, and terrible fate, is still rcniembcred in the regiment, in 
the early history of which he bears so prominent a part, was one of the first who 
enlisted in Captain Campbell of Finab's independent band of tlie Rckudan Dhu, 
or Black Watch, when the six separate companies composing this Highland 
force were established along the Highland border in 1729, to repress the pre- 
datory spirit of certain tribes, and to prevent the levy of blackmail. The com- 
panies were independent, and at that time wore the clan tartan of their captains, 
who were Simon Frazer, the celebrated Lord Lovat ; Sir Duncan Campbell of 
Lochneil; Grant of Ballindalloch ; Alister Campbell of Finnb, whose father 
fought at Daricn ; Ian Campbell of Carrick ; and Deors Monro of Culcairn. 

The privates of these companies were all men of superior station, being mostly 
cadets of good families — gentlemen of the old Celtic and patriarchal lines, and 
baronial proprietors. In the Highlands, the only genuine mark of aristocracy 
was descent from the founder of the tribe; all who claimed this were styled 
uislain, or gentlemen, and as such, when off duty, were deemed the equal 
of the highest chief in the land. Great care was taken by the six captains to 
secure men of undoubted courage, of good stature, stately deportment, and 
handsome figure. Thus, in all the old Highland regiments, but more especially 
the Reicudan Dhu, equality of blood and similarity of descent secured familiarity 
and regard between the officers and their men — for the latter deemed themselves 
imerior to no man who breathed che air of heaven. Hence, according to an 
English engineer officer, who frequently saw these independent companies, ' many 
of those private gentlemen-soldiers have gdlies or servants to attend upon tbjm 
in their quarters, and upon a march, to carry their provisions, baggage, and 
firelocks.' 

Such was the composition of the corps, now first embodied among that re- 
markable people, the Scottish Highlanders^' a people,' says the Historian of 
Great Britain, * untouched by the Roman or Saxon invasions of the south, and 
by those of the Danes on the east and the west skirts of their country— the 
unmixed remains of that vast Celtic empire which once stretched from the 
Pillars of Hercules to Archangel.' 

The Reicudan Dhu were armed with the usual weapons and accoutrements 
of the line ; but, in addition to these, had the arms of their native country — the 



20 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



broadsword target p.stol, and long da-ger, while the sergeants carried the old 
Celtic luagh or Lochaber axe. It was distinctly u„dersto5i by a"wLo enHsted 
{JaI^T "T ""'>.' ""^'^ ™"'""y duties were to be conflnri ^Arthe S 
land border, where, from the wild, predatory spirit of those eZswh eh dwelt 
next the Lowlands ,t was known that they' would find more tl^renough of 
Zi^^.r""" °! ""^ ""»' harassing kh.d. In the conflicts which daSyensurf 
among the mountams-m the sudden marches by night ; the desperate brawU 
Zm* \° "Ji"""'' 'i''\"'" ''™«' ^ ">e teeth, fieL is nature and ouKv 
could make them, and who dwelt in wild and pathless fastnesses, secluded amid 
rocks woods, and morasses, there were few who in courage? enSirdarSi and 
act,v,ty equalled Farquhar Shaw, a gentleman from the Bries of L^clXf' who 
was esteemed the premier private in the company of Campbell of Rn^b which 
was then quartered m that district; for each company had its pcrnilent 

^^ a™ hl^ J^V"— --"--" ---^^ 
rf^oe, and dnvc h.s skcne dhu to the hilt in a pine-log; while Ws a^t v"tv a nd 
power of endurmg hunger, thirst, heat, cold, and fatigue became a proveJbamoM 
the compan.es of the Watch : for thus he had been reared and trnhfed by h"? 
father, a gcnun,e ol, Celtic gentleman and warrior, whose n,e2ry went back to 
the days when Dundee led the valiant and tn.e to the field of Binr^^ and n 
whose arms the Viscount fell from his horse in the moment of vieto^y^ind ,vi" 

ThTs t ^e fa?her"o;FarnT"'>'H ''" "= "■"' " '""= "'gh'-der of the^old "eh " 
inus the lather of Farquhar Shaw was a grim duinewasael, who never broke bread 
or saw the sun rise without uncovering his head and invoking the nanie^of • &'d 
the Blessed Mary, and St. Colme of the Isle ' ; who neve- sat dowTto a meal 
without opening wide his gates, that the poor and needy niLht ™ter freX 
who never refused the use of his purse and sword to a friend or ktasman and 7as 
never seen unanned, even in his own dining-room; who never wronorf anv 
man ; but who^^ suffered a wrong or affront to pask without sham andTperiv 
vengeance; and who, rather than acknowledge the supremacy of Se House o^ 
Hanover, died sword in hand at the rising in Glensheil For th°s act his estates 
were se«e,l by the House of Brcadalbanc,''and his only son, Farquhar became a 
private soldier in the ranks of the Black Watch. arqunar, oecame a 

It may rasily be supposed that the son of such a father was imbued with all 
hs cavalier spirit, his loyalty and enthusiasm, and that his min™wLs fdlcd bv 
Whe"n it?; ^"■7'"7: ""d romantic memories of his native mountain ^ 

comn,„L • f "■' ^^ <5°J™"«=''t t» fo™ the six independent Highland 

companies into one regiment, Farquhar Slunv was left on the sick list tt the 
cottageof a widow named JIhona Cameron, near Inverlochy, having been wounded 
ma skirmish with caterans in Glen Nevis; and he writhed on h s siek brf when 
h^ comrades, under Finab, marched for the Birks of Aberfeldy, the mustTr-place 
of the who e where the companies were to be united into one battahon under 
the celebmted John Earl of Crawford and Lindesay, the last of his aielnt r" ce 
^ here covered with wounds and honours won in the services of Britain and 

axe^Td^Zn"' ""'' """"! ''""S'; he was (for his wound, a slash from a pole- 
notes o^ thcTr rctirr ™''' ^""l"'""' ''''"°'' '^""« f""' h"! "hen he heard the 
notes of their rctirmg pipes dymg away, as they marched through Marybureh 
and round by the margin of Lochiel. His spirit of honour was ruS more^ 
over, by a rumour spread by his enemies the catemns, against whoThrhad 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 21 

fought repeatedly, that he was Krov/inf; fainthearted at the pmspect of the 
service of the Black Watch being extended beyorui tl;e lIiRhland border. As 
rumours to this effect were generally finding credence in the glens, the fierce, 
proud heart of Furquhiir burned within him with indignation and unmerited 
shame. 

At last, one night, an old crone, who came stealthily to the cottage in which 
he was residing, informed him that, by the same outlaws who were seeking to 
deprive him of his honour, a subtle plan hud been made to surround his tem- 
porary dwelling and put him to death, in revenge for certain wounds inflicted 
by hi i sword upon their comrades. 

' And is this their plan, mother ? ' snid Farqnhar to thr crone. 

' To burn the cottage am, you with it.' 

* Dioul I say you so, Mf thcr Mhona,' he exclaimed ; ' then 'tis time I were 
betaking me to the hills. L'rttcr have a cool bed for a few nights on the sweet- 
scented heather, than be roasted in a burning cottage, like a fux in its hole.' 

In vain the cottars besought him to seek concealment elsewhere, or to tarry 
until he had gained his full strength. 

' Were I in the prime of strength I would stay here,' said Farqnhar ; ' and 
when sleeping on my sword and tar.^et would fear nothing. If thcisc dogs of 
caterans came, they should be welcome to my life, if I could nut redeem it by 
the three best lives in their band ; but I am weak as a growing boy, and so shall 
be off to the free mountain side, and seek the path that leads to the Birks of 
Abcrfcldy.' 

' But the Birks are far from here, Farquhar,' urged the old Mhona. 

* Attempt and Did-not were the worst of Fingal's hounds,' replied the soldier. 
' Farquhar will owe you a day in harvest for all your kindness ; but his comrades 
wait, and go he must I Would it not be a strange thing and a shameful too if 
all the Reicudan Dhu should march down into the flat, bare lands of the Lowland 
clowns, and Farquhar not be with them ? What would Finab, his captain, 
think ? and what would all in Brae Lochaber suy ? ' 

' Beware,' continued the old woman, ' lest you go for ever, Farquhar.' 

' It is longer to for ever than to Beltane, and by that day I must be at the 
Biiks of Aberfeldy.' 

Then, seeing that he was determined, the cronci muttered among themselves 
that the tarvecoill would fall upon him ; but Farquhar Shaw, though far from 
being free of his native superstitions, laughed aloud ; for the tarvecoill is a black 
cloud, which, if seen on a New Year's eve, is said to portend stormy weather ; 
hcnct it is a proverb for a misfortune about to happen. 

' You were unwise to become a soldier, Farquhar,' was their last argument. 

' Why ? * 

' The tongue may tie a knot which the teeth cannot untie* 

' As your husbands' tongues did, when they married you all, poor men ! ' 
was the good-natured retort of Farquhar. ' But fear not for me ; ere the snow 
begins to melt on Ben Nevis, and the sweet wallflower to bloom on the black 
Castle of Inverlochy, I will be with you all ogain,' he added, while belting his 
tartan-plaid about him, slinging his target on his shoulder, and whistling upon 
Bran, his favourite stag-hound ; he then set out to join the regiment, by the 
nearest route, on the skirts of Ben Nevis, resolving to pass the head of liochleven 
through Larochmohr, and the dee|i glens that lead towards the Braes of Rannoch, 
a long, desolate, and f ^rilous journey, but with his sword, his pistols, and gigantic 
hound to guard him, his plaid for covering, and the purple heather for a bed 
whejiever he halted, Farquhar feared nothing. . . . 



» SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

The sun had >cl htfure Furquhar lilt the grcoii thatched elail.un, and already 
the bases of the purple mountains were dark, though a red glow lingered on their 
heath-elad MUnnuls. Lest some of the catenu. band, of whose malevolence he 
was now the object, might already have kno» ledge or suspicion of his depnrtu , 
and be watdung Imn with lynx like eyes fniin behind some rock or bracken-busl , 
he pursued for a t ime a path » hieh led to the westward, until the darkness closed 
eo-.plelcly m, then, alter casting round him a rapid an earching glance, he 
s r„ck at once nito the old scehuled dr.)vc-way or Fingnlian toa.l, which descended 
through the deep gorge towards the m.iulh of Glencoe. . . . 

Far<iuhar, as he strode on, comforted himself with the refleetion that those 
who are born at night— as his mother i.iij a hundred times told him he had t«en 
—fimr mwspml.i ; so he took a good dram from his hunting-flask, and belted 
his plaid tighter about hmi, after making a sign of tlie cross three times, as a pro- 
tection against all (he iliablerie of the district. He snouted on Bran, whistled 
the march of the Ulaek Watch, ' to keep his spirits cheery,' and pushed on his way 
up the inoiintaiiis, wlule the broad raindrops of a coming tempest plashed heavily 
m his lace. ■^ 

The lonely man eontinue.1 to toil up the wilderness till he reached the shoulder 
of the mountain, wheie, (m his right, opened the black narrow gorge in the deep 
boson, of which lay L,.cb Leven, aial, on his left, opened the glens that led towards 
l«ch Treig i and now, like a tornado of the tropics, the storm burst forth hi all 
Its fury I 

As Farqii'iar staggered on, a gleam of lightning revealed to him a little turf 
shieling under the brow of a pine-covered rock, and making a viTOrous effort 
to wiihstand the roaring wind, which tore over the bare waste with all the force 
and might ol a solid and palpable body, he reached it on his hands and knees. 
Alter securing the rude door, which was composed of three cross-bars, he flung 
himself on the earthen floor of the hut, breathless and exhausted, while Bran his 
ilog, as if awed by the elemental war without, crept close beside him. 
r ,^'*',*''''';l"|';'"''s 'l""'«l'ts reverted to all that he had heard of the district, he 
lelt all a Ilighaiider's native horror of remaining in the dark in a phiee so weird 
and wild ; and on finding near him a quantity of dry wockI— bog-pine and oak. 
stored up doubtless by some thrifty and prnvklent shepherd— he produced his 
Hint and tinder-box, struck a light, and, with all the readiness of a soldier and 
huntsman, kinilled a fire in a corner of the shieling. 

Having a venison steak in his haversack, he placed it on the embers to broil 
heaped fresh fuel on liis fire, and drawing his plaid round Bran and himself, wearied 
by the tod of his journey on foot in such a night, and over such country, he 
gradually dropped asleep. 

In his sleep the thoughts of Farquhar Shaw wandered to his comrades, then 
at the Birks ot Abcrfeldy. He dreamt that a long time— how long he knew not- 
had elapsed since he had been in their ranks ; but he saw the Laird of Finab 
his captain, surveying him with a gloomy brow, while the faces ot friends and 
comrades were averted from him. 

' Why is this— how is this ? ' he demanded. 

Then he was told that the Beicudati Dhu yiete disgraced by the desertion of 
three of its soldiers, who on that dav were to die, and the regiment was paraded 
to witness their fate. The scene, with all its solemnity and all its terrors, grew 
vividly before him ; he heard the lamenting wail of the "pipes as the three doomed 
men marched slowly past, each behind his black eoflin. and the scene ot this 
catastrophe was far, far away, he knew not where ; but it seemed to be in a 
strange country, and then the scene, the sights, and the voices of the people were 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 28 

foreign to him. In the iMickgroiind. above the ghttering bayifiivtH and bhie 
bonnets of the Ulnck Wutch, ruse a U'ity custle of foreign ospect, hiiving a square 
keep or tower, with four turrets, the vnnes of which were shining in the enrly 
morning sun. In his cars floated the drowsy hum of a vast and increasing 
multitudt'. 

Fiirquhur trembled in every Hmb as the doomed men passed so near him that 
he could see their breasts heave as they breathed ; but their faces were concealed 
from him, for each had his head mullled in his plaid^ according to the old High* 
land fashion, when imploring mercy or quarter. 

Lotf) were cast with great solemnity for the firing party or exccutinners, and, 
to his hornir, Farquhnr found himself one of the twelve men chosen for this, to 
t'veiy soldier, most obnoxious duty. 

>Vhen the time came fur firing, and the three unfortunates were kneeling 
opposite, each within his cofTm, and each with his head muflled in his plaid, 
Farquhar mentally resolved to close his eyes and fire at random against the wall 
of the castle op|>osite ; but some mysteriuus and irresistible impulse compelled 
him to look for a moment, and lo I the plaid had fallen from the face of one of 
the doomed men, and, to his horror, the dreamer beheld himself I 

His own face was before him, but ghastly and pale, and his own eyes seemed 
to be glaring back upon him with affright, while their aspect was wild, sad, and 
hagganl. The musket dnipped from his hand, and a weakness seemed to over- 
spread his limbs, and writhing in ogony at the terrible sight, while a cold per- 
spiration rolled in bead -drops over his clammy bn>w, the dreamer startetl, and 
awoke, when a terrible voice, low but distinct, muttered in his ear — 

' Farqihar Shaw, bUhidlh duil ri fear feachd, ach clia bhi dull rufear lie ! ' ' 

In due time he reached the regiment at its cantonments on the Hirks t.f 
Abcrfeldy, where the independent ctimpanies, for the fijsc time, were exercised 
as a battalion by their lieutenant-colonel, Sir Uoljcrt Monro oi Culcaim, who, 
hix years afterwards, was slain at the battle of Falkirk. 

Farqnliar's terrible dream and adventure in that Highland wildemess were 
ever before him, and the events subsequent to the formation of theUljiekWiitcIi 
into a battalion, with the excitement produced among its soldiers by an un- 
expected order to march into England, served to confirm the gloom that preyed 
ipon his spirits. 

The order to march into England caused such a dangerous ferment in the 
Black Watch, as being a violation of the principles ond promise under which it 
was enrolled, and on which so many Highland gentlemen of good family enlisted 
in its ranks, that the Lonl President, Duncan Forbes of CulU>den, warned General 
Clayton, the Scottish commander-in-chief, of the evil effects likely to occur if this 
breach oi f.'ith was persisted in ; and to prevent the corps from revolting en masse. 
that officer informed the soldiers that they were to enter England ' solely to be 
seen by King George, who had never seen a Highlat. ! soldier, and had been 
graciously pleased to express, or feel, great curiosity on tue subject.' 

Cajoled and flattered by this falsehood, the soldiers of the Reicudan Dhu, all 
unaware that shipping tvos ordered to convey them to Flanders, began their march 
for England in the end of March 1743 ; and if other proof be wanted that they 
were deluded, the following announcement in the Caledonian Mercury of that 
year affords it ; — 

* On Wednesday last, the Lord Sempill's Regiment of Highlanders, began 
their march for England, in order to be reviewed by his Majesty.^ 

' A m;iii may return fnim an expedition, l>ut tlierp i.4 no hope that he may return from the pravc. 



14 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



ei|"iptnent were a M,„rec of ii.t,™ . P^ '• '" "'"'"' ""■ir gnrb, awi-t a/.il 

but us they drew nearer l„ I/..ln "™ML"L'if ' • ""l',"" "'"I »" n>a«i.tr.te, ; 
to the malevolent n,ockery and the ^tt "*,'•» ';" '^I"f' ""y »'" "Po»«l 
clown,/ and Ueeame gloomy and iuiien'"''' '""""'<" ">e tn. .™i K.^lhh 

7»-;e:eS"'o''nlae^;!^r„\nuJ»l^^^^^ - '^' '«" M-X 

ofspeetatorsi but the Kinff wZm nT- "^"'"' .^ad' before a va,t eoneour^ 

Creenwieh for Hanover „7,Jt^^,e'„\YC1n." '^.''.^'"il'' ''"'' -"^"ii^-" 
Herem they found themselves, dTe^ te7f, , • 'h/t ™t '^ *'"*'"■''• "'otropolis. 

'""aSi. "Avtw^'airchr/^' ^^ ^^^ '"" "'°'" " "■ """ 

.U^bon^^^S^----.,^.™..^.^^ 

'- X^" ^"Sr i^-tS!r - ?;; =^^^-'!^ c^;:^'^;.. „n 

<;.™panions, like many others wL' ,"'»f«l"l""s smile ; for he and his 

J.eobUesand ..vtiealfneemliaries ■'"""' »'»"' "-- "- -^iers, tore 

tMe of a tub-n snare/ ^ ""= '''"S '""''"ig to sec you was all a 

' A snare 1 ' 

'""SS""'^'^^^"^^^^"^ i^Hig!" '" ""^ "'»"">- '^"' y-- - 

. •o^t^£r;"C■'^;u«^:tTa'" ^ '^-t™" "'-"•■■"-•• 
x^^^±^ "-eve^ri;-ea;^tn--r 

^° • ^Ht^il^SS—-^-^" ^""^^ ^'"- - 

. S.rs.' exclaimed Farquhar drawXH'^ifk"! •Jk"™ '^'*','" "' «overnn,cnt.' 
mnation which caused his new friends at onelt , 1u ""■ . «"''"'>■ '""' d''". 
them ' win you swear this u^n the dirk ?" '' "" '""'^ ''""•"" ''™ ■''"d 

How ? Why 1 > ' ^ ' 

.and^P^t'^'Ifir-rquttrtreX'' """ •"""■"«■ '™""-'' ">^ "'«-- 

ma„^:is'lt'Cd!n"^''^cl^hrd^nrhtf■r^■''-.-^ 

ho contmued. ..„kin« to\is e^pa^tn": ' ^ 'i mTT^ fri::?p;Vvlif- 




iSf- 



eSS 



I ' 



.liniixi Jtu'l'lnr^m, striking lln- basket hilt 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 2a 

the U>rd ChMctllor who expects soon to be the Karl of Hardwick. informed 
me I 

The eyes of the corp.nil Hii>IrcI »illi imliKn:it|„ii ; ami Fur.iiilmr siruck hii 
forehead us the memory of his lernulf dream in the hauiilid ((Ion ru»li.d upon 
Ills irifiiiory. 

•Oh yes,' HHid a third gentleman, onxious to mid his mite to the growing 
misehief ; • it i» all a Whig plot of which you arc the viitims, as our kir„l ministry 
ho|)e you Will all die oa like sheep with the rot ; or like the Marine lonw i or 
the Invalids, the old 41st, in Jumaica,' 

' They dare not deceive us 1 ' exr 
of his claymore. 

• ImUiHl I Why 1 • 

"For in the country of the duns Bfty thousand claymores would be on the 
grintistone to avenge us I ' 

A laugh folluacd this outburst. 

* King ticorgc made you rods to scourge your own countrymen, and now, 
as useless rods, y..u are to be Hung inl.i the fire,' siiid Ihc lirst speaker launtinglv. 

!)y G.kI anil Mary I ' began .Macriierson again, laying a hand on his swoni 
with sonihrc I'liry. 

'IVacc, .M.iUsiliii,' inler|)osed Farquhar ; 'the Saxim is .ight and wc have 
|K'eu rc.kil. llilhidh nmk ni mar is aiU Uhiii. (All (liings must be us Goil will 
have tlicm.) i.et us seek llie Ittiiudan Uhu. .,iid woe to the Saxon clowns and 
the tienn.-in churl, tlieir king, if lliey deceive us I ' 

On the Miiireh back to l„>ndon', 5l.,el'liiT,iin al.d Farquhar Shaw lirc.dcd 
over what Ihcy had heard at Finehley, while to oth. r luenihcrs c.f the regiment 
similar comuiiinications hud U'cn "lade, and lluis, crc nightfall, every soldier of 
the HInck Watch felt assiinsl ;li he hail liccn entrapped by a royal falsehood, 
which the sudden, and to thcni uu.iecountuble, departure of Ueorgc u. to Hanover 
seenieil bcyiuid d-oubt to confirm. 

At this crisis, the dream of Farquhar was rciiisl.inllv Ixfure him, as a fore- 
boding of the terrors to conic, and he ^In.vc to thiust it from him j but the words 
of that terrible warning a man nia\ icluru from an expedition, but never from 
the grave -seemed ever in his cars. 

On the night after the review, the whole re^UIuelll. except its ntliccrs, most 
of whom knew what was on the tapis, assembled at twelve o'cliak on a waste 
ouiimon near llighgate. The whole vure in heavy marching order ; and by the 
direction of C;or|Hjial .Malcolm Mael'hcrson, after 'earefullv priming and loading 
with ball-cartriilge, they comineneed their inarch in silciic'c and secixcy and 
with all speed for Scotland— a wild, daring, anil romantic attempt, for they were 
heedless and ignoranl of the vast extent of liosliie eounlrv that l.iv between 
them and tlieir licimes, and seareely knew the route to pursue. Thej- luid now 
but three common ideas : to keep together, to resist to the last, and to inarch 
nortli. 

With some skill and penetration they avoided the two great highways, and 
marched by night from w.huI to w..nd, concealing themselves by day so well, 
that for smiie time no one knew how or where they had gone, though orders had 
been issued lo jill ollicers commaiidiiig troops between London and the Scottish 
borders to overtake or intercept them ; but the 19th May arrived before tidings 
reached the metropolis that the Black Watch, one thousand strung, had passed 
Northampton, and u body of .Marshal Wade's Horse (now better known as the 
8nl Prince of Wales' Dragoon Guards) overtook thcni, when faint by forced and 
rapid marches, by want of food, of sleep and shelter, the unfortunate rejunent 



2« 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



had entered Ladywood, about four mUes from the market town of Cundle-on- 
hv n^^^' M t"^' .1! """•■'': "'"""'<^'' themselves in a spaciouslWeket wh™h 

te^eX' indtur;TBrkere7""'^ """"'"''" -'-"' -^^ 

• fhT^ ^T- "' '"t'n'reter for his eomrades. heard his deraanZ," hSi were 
„r .u"'""?*" ^' '"^™ conducted ourselves quietly and peacefullv in the knd 

The remedy is easy,' said the captain. 
' Name it, sir.* 
* Submit.' 

tn .1^1'"'™! "" '"* ™"' '" "■"■ mother-tongue, then how shall I translate it 
to my comrades, so many of whom are gentlemen t ' translate it 

Blakenev.'" ''°"' '""'■■• ""' """'■ ' ^"^ ^^ •"" "« *"■»' dictated by General 

I w' ""^ general send us a written promise.' 

_ Written ? ' reiterated the captain haughtily. 
thi=l -^ f ?"" hand,' continued the Highlander emphatically; 'fur here in 
this land of strangers we know not whom to trust when our King tas de^ivSTus" 
And to what must the general pledge himself V * aeceivea us. 

us air """ ^™' '^"" ""' ^ ''''™ """y' ^"^ that a free pardon be given to 

' Otherwise ' 

' We will rather be cut to pieces.' 

' This is your decision ? ' 

I It is,' replied F.irquhar sternly. 

' Be assured it is a rash one.' 

' I weigh my words, Saxon, ere I speak them. No man amone us will het«„ 

ThTlnT '■ "' '^11! '"r"" """ ""'^ f"' "" i" the ranks ofTheX^" DkT^. 
»w thT^ru'^Pu,''^'^ "■' "^™'t "' his mission to the geneml,^S^e"ns well 

S'itmrf'LSrb: Jattt"" '"'"'■'""=' "i theG'overnm'e^ton o^LTd' 
ana mnamea to revolt by Jacobite emissaries on the other, was humanely willing 
to temporise with them, and sent the captain to them once more ^ * 

our Blood, lo be without arms, m our country, is in itself to be dishonoured ' 
^ Is this still the resolution of your comrades ? ' askci Captain Ball 
ThVl'nTlT r"'' "' .f K'"tleman and soldier,' replied Farquhar. 

whomhe\"fdfod^r'" ™""' ^' '"^ ''""''■ "" *-= "■■- ""^the men with 
• Hitherto, my comrade' said he, ' I have been your friend, and the friend of 

the regiment, and am still anxious to do all I ean to save you , but if you «>n' 

tinue m open revolt one hour longer, surrounded as you all are by fhe Kiig's trjps. 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 27 

n.e„t fo, „ t,„,e but fr,™ the g™v" he^e "L^tv™" ""^ ^"""™ '»"'^''- 

stepped fo™ard,ble« the prmncf^mUtn "''■'~™'»' """'«' M.cl'hersan, 
outposts of his own men '^""'' ""'' "'^"'■"Paniod hi.u to the 

to the regin,ent, tte "h^le h^t Tn f '" °' the oorporah that, after returning 

down thfir a™s anS .tbS'^the rven7;Tr,;'vHe'" ^""^"""'^' »«"=^ *" '"^ 
offleers, believing impHcitlv the hf.t!I f ,t .P"''"<'«''« and a court-martial of 
of the GovernZt to the k er f ,^;/ '"It^ """''/'^ the ultimate adherence 

battalion wer; alike at theTere^ of thfj , ™ f.^"'""' "«■'"• "«" "" '" the 
onee surreunded ^y stmng Se" of h,^ e rS^- °? '=»P""''"i"R. th'^V ''"e at 
pieces grape-shotted 3 thTm^t.t I ' Tk' t"*" '■^Ulery, with their fldd- 

resorted tTbv tho e^„ authonV and th ' >-' "'"^ '"'"'''"''■''^ ""** ""'"^ 

^-^^s'^s^^dSHHirn^-''^- 

m^of such spi;it\?thrrfalo'^te'rc.™ette *" "''' ^ "^ ^P"^^' """^ '» 

delS •r«AtV/tK,e''' *"'''' ""' ''""''' -"« •«>" '"^y ""d -n 

and pr1™ri'Spwi' o"'caS ''"■''*• " ^™".T^" "^ "'" «""- "^ ^m.^, 
continue.1 with priie ■ • I wishTtf „ T'^C?-''- } ""^^ ">■= insinuation,' he 
Slen, because thTt hospitTb e latf ,hur' ^brJ"''"^ ""/"'"' ^^ "'^ """ 
™y dres. We had no iLler , '^^'^l^t .^^^-^^rLZT''' ""' '""™'^'' 

Gcor^;^r:xsr:/^;^t.jc'™iir'y-' »^' --^- rr*^- 

the man I was afmid of Th s . L""' " "'K'-'ander, and never yet saw 

An,ericanVr;rt "f to 'work v'rth": 1 hck":hve™%'" .'^ '^nsported'to the 
with King George. We were 1 t » W, .K , ' .^''^ «'as "'" o"r bargain 

and to Jep broLn efTsT^m the br!lfotll^'ehrer " '""^ '"' "'«''"'"'' '««'"■ 
the F^nrh^'s^^^'fi^'^nVw '•' "'T *'"T"-" ^•'^"' ' ^^^ -« "•«' 

bonnitf:nT£:;« t'h.^i'Lrrwit^'rer"''^' •■"' '"^ ■■"-"^■^ '"""^ ■>« ">- 

the court, but faiTed to Lvelhem ^^'™' «="«-<' "Wch deeply impressed 

On the nmreh to the Tower of I^ndon. Farquhar wa. the most resolute and 



'"'•'■'m 



I ii 



It 



38 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



composed of his >inpanions in fetters and misfortune ; but on coming in sight 
of that ancient fortress, his firmness forsook him, the blood rushed l^ck upon 
his heart, and he became deadly pale ; for in a moment he recognised the castle 
of his strange dream — the castle having a square tower with four vanes and 
turrets — and then the whole scene of his foreboding vision, when far away in 
lone Lochaber, came again upon his memory, white the voice of the warning spirit 
hovered again in his ear, and he knew that the hour of his end was pursuing him. 

Early on the morning of July 12, 1748, when the sun was yet below the dim 
horizon, and a frowsy fog that lingered on the river was mingling with the city's 
smoke to spread a gloom over the midsummer morning, all London seemed to 
be pouring from her many avenues towards Tower Hill, where an episode of no 
ordinary interest was promised to the sight-loving Cockneys — a veritable military 
execution, with all its stem terrors and grim solemnity. 

All the troops in London were under arms, and long before daybreak had taken 
possession of an ample space enclosing Tower Hill ; and there, conspicuous above all 
by their high and absurd sugar-loaf caps, were the brilliantly accoutred English and 
Scots Horse Grenadier Guards, the former under Viscount Cobham, and the latter 
under Lieutenant-General John Earl of Rothes, K.T., and the Governor of Dun- 
cannon j the Coldstream Guards; the Scots Fusiliers; and a sombre mass in the 
Highland garb of dark green tartans, whom they surrounded with fLxed bayonets. 

These were the last two hundred men of the Reicudan Dhu selected for banish- 
ment, previous to which they were compelled to behold the death, or — as they 
justly deemed it — the deliberate murder under trust, of three brave gentlemen, 
their comrades. 

The gates of the Tower revolved, and then the craped and mufRed druns of 
the Scots Fusilier Guards were heard beating a dead march before those who 
were * to return to Lochaber no more.' Between two lines of Yeomen of the 
Guard, who faced inwards, the three prisoners came slowly forth, surrounded by 
an escort with fixed bayonets, each doomed man marching behind his cofiin, 
which was borne on the shoulders of four soldiers. On approaching the parade, 
each politely raised his bonnet and bowed to the assembled multitudes. 

* Courage, gentlemen,' said Farquhar Shaw ; ' I see no gallows here. I 
thank God we shall not die a dog's death I ' 

The murmur of the multitude gradually subsided and died away, like a breeze 
that passes through a forest, leaving it silent and still, and then not a sound was 
heard but the baleful rolling of the muffled drums and the shrill but sweet cadence 
of the fifes. Then came the word. Halt I ^^t^aking sharply the silence of the 
crowded arena, and the hollow sound of the three empty coffins, as they were 
laid on the ground, at the distance of thirty paces from the firing party. 

* Are you ready ? ' asked the provost-marshal. 

' All ready,' replied Farquhar ; ' moch-eirigh ^luain, a nVn t-suain 'mAafrt.' * 
This, to them, fatal 12th of July was a Monday ; so the proverb was solemnly 
applicable. 

Wan, pale, and careworn they looked ; but their eyes were bright, their steps 
steady, their bearing erect and dignified. They felt themselves victims and 
martyrs whose fate would find a terrible echo in the Scottish Highlanders ; and 
need I add, the echo was heard, when two years afterwards Prince Charles un- 
furled his standard in Glenfinnan ? Thus inspired by pride of birth, of character, 
of country — by inborn bravery and conscious innocence, at this awful crisis, 
they gazed around them without quailing, and exhibited a self-possession which 
excitcil the pil y niul jHlTniraiiuii of nil who beheld them. 

' Rnrly ri-iinfj; on >!atiday' gives a sound sleep on Tuesday. 



CAMPAIGNS IN FLANDERS AND GERMANY 29 



The clock struck the fatal hour at last ! 
* It is my doom I ' exclaimed Farquhar ; 



* the hour of my end hath followed 



They all embraced each other, and declined having their eyes bound up, 
but stood boldly each at the foot of his coffin, confronting the levelled mubkets 
of thirty privates of the Grenadier Guards, and they died like the bruve men they 
had lived. 

From Lfijrmh of the lilurk \Vn(rh. 
IX 

THE SCOTS FUSILIERS AT DETTINGEN 

The 21st Royal Regiment of North British Fusiliers did themselves honour at 
Detlingen. When the French cuirassiers pounced down upon them, Sir ^Vndrew 
Agnew, deeming it inipossil)le to withstand their charge (for the impenetrable 
square was not then known in the British army), ordered the regiment to fall back 
from the centre by right and left. The cuirassiers rushed nmdly into the lane 
they formed, believing that the line had been broken. The 2lst then delivered 
a volley, and charged the horses with the bayonet, neiirly iinnihiluting the French 
corps. The King did not fail to perceive the movement and its result. * Ah, 
Sir Andrew,' said his Majesty pleasiintly, after the battle, ' the gens d'armes got 
in among you to-day.' ' Ye. please yu\ir Majesty,' answered the bruve Scotch 
knight, ^ but they did not get out again ! * 

From The Hritith SoIHit. 



THE CLAYMORE AT FONTENOY 
Byy,H,Stocqu€ler 

At Fontenoy the Highlanders (Bliick Watch) first smelt gunpowder : there, and 
after^vards at Yescr and Barri, they proved that their discipline was equal to their 
valour. The campaign in favour of the Austrian Succession, though undistin- 
guished by any other battles, except Fontenoy, where a superior force u .Jer 
Marshal Saxe defeated the British, brought out the military talents of the young 
Duke of Cumberland, the son of the king. His Royal Highness had been present 
at Dettingen, and displayed much of that cool courage which appears to have 
been the invariable attribute of the Brunswick family. Fighting under the eye 
of the Duke of Cumberland himself, the Highlanders showed their loyalty and 
soon became the terror of the enemy. Their mode of attack was a combination 
of the regularity of the line with the wild impetuosity of the Highland form of 
warfare. Advancing, they would suddenly halt, drop to the ground to let the 
fire of the enemy pass over them, then rising, with broadsword or musket and 
bayonet in hand, they would dash upon the foe and drive him like chaff before 
the wind. 

All honour to the memory of the claymore, which has now fallen into desue- 
tude 1 But, indeed, the charge of the Highlanders has lost nothing of its force. 
Well has Dr. Jackson written : * Close charge was his ancient mode of attack, and 
he still charges with more impetuosity, or sustains the charge with more firmness 
— that is, disputes the ground with more obstinacy than almost any other man 
in Europe. Some nations, who sustain the distant combat with courage, turn 
with fear from the countenance of an enraged enemy. The Highlander advances 
towards his antagonist with ardour, and, if circumstances permit him to grasp 
him, as man grasps with man, his courage is assured. 

From T>u Britiik Soidiw. 



iv <l 



CHAPTER III 

The Wars in Canada, America, and the 
"Vest Indies 



1757-1S09 



THE ROYAL SCOTS FUSILIERS 



Haised by the S:,rl of Mar in IC78, ami known as Colonel the Earl of Mar's 
Kcgiment of Foot or more popularly as ' The Earl of Mar's Grcy-breeks,' this 
iotable resjimcnt has a lonj; and honourable record of service in the principal 
campalRns of the British Aruiy. The men at first carried fusils instead of muskets, 
and 1,1 1,07 they received the name by iiliich they luul been commonly known for 
some years previously, and were ofTieially rcRistercd as the Scots Fusiliers Regi- 
nient of Foot. In 1712 they became the Koyal North British Fusiliers Regiment 
of loot i tater in 1751, he 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot ; 
then, in 1877, the 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers) Regiment of Foot ; and since 1881 
they have borne their present title of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. They served 
under William m., under the great Duke of Marlborough, an.l under George ii 
in Glanders and Germany ; went through the American War of 1778-81 siw 
smiee in the West Indies ; and among the honours on their colours are the names 
ol Alma Inkerman, and Sevastojiol. They fought against the Zulus, and in Uunna, 
and with great distinction in the two South African Wars, and have already added 
new glory to their record in the present war with Germanv. 

The principal campaigns and battles in which the Royal Scots Fusiliers have 
taken part include the following : - 



Flanders, 1689-07. 
Stccakirk, 1692. 
Laiidcn, 1693. 
Gcmiany, 1702-12. 
Schcllcnburg, 1701. 
Blcnhiim, 170*. 
Haniilii's, 1700. 
Oudenardc, 1708. 
Lisle, 1708. 
Malplaquet, 1709. 
Douay, 1710. 
Flanden, 1742-8. 
W 



Deltingcn, 1743. 
Fontcnoy, 1743. 
BcUe-Islf, 1701. 
Amtrica, 1776-81. 
Stillwater. 1777. 
Martinique, 1794. 
St. Lucia, 1704. 
Guadaloupe, 1794. 
Ionian Islands, 1809. 
Uergcn-op-Zoom, 1814. 
Netherlands, 1814. 
Bladensburg, 1814. 



Baltimore, 1814. 
New Orleans, 1814. 
Crimea, 1854-6. 
Alma, 1854. 
Inkerman, 1854. 
Sevastopol, 1855. 
South Africa, 1879. 
Burma, 1883-7. 
Tirah, 1897-8. 
South Africa, 1899-1902, 
Colenso, 1899. 
Frederickstad, 1900. 



tif^A' 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 81 



BASIL GAUNTLETT JOINS THE SCOTS GREYS 
By James Grant 

TuE next diiy s^iw me urmyed in full uniform. The lurjre.st mirrnr in Llic tavern 
(it r.easurcd only six inclics euch way) by no means iifforded ine snlliciciit scope 
for ihe admiration of my own person in this new uttirc ; though 1 could view it, 
when relleeted at full length, in the shop windows, while passing along the streets, 
into whieh I at onee issued, as Kirkttm said, * to exhibit niv wiir-paint.' 

In those days — this was the year before we fougi ' ^linden — the Greys 
wore double-breasted scarlet eoats, lined with blue, i. ng slit sleeves; long 
slashed pockets were in each skirt, and a white worsted aiguilette dangled fnan 
the right shoulder. \V"e wore long jack-boots, and tall grenadier caps, with the 
Scottish Thistle and circle of St. Andrew in front. Our cloaks were scarlet lined 
with blue shalloon, and in front they had rows of large flat buttons set two and 
two, on white fn)gsor loops of bniid. On our collars we wore a grenade in memory 
that at its formation a portion of the regiment h:id l>een armed with that fonnid- 
able weapon, the sjime as the Sc<jts Horse Grenadier Guards. 

Everywhere the proud motto of the corps met niy eye. On the 5-tnndards and 
kettledrums, on our caps, carbines, and pistol -barrels, and on the blades of our 
lung stniight broadswords, I read the wortls : 

SECOND TO NONE 

That short sentence seemed full of haughty spirit j it gave me a new life and 
ftre'l my heart wi>h lofty inspirations. I repeated it, dreamed and pondered 
over it, and as our departure for the seat of war was daily looked for, I longed for 
active service and for the peril and adventure ever consequent thereto. 

The brusque manners, rough words, oaths and expletives used by some of 
my comrades certainly shocked and somewhat blunted my chivalry. To be sure, 
all gentlemen then swore to their heart's content ; and I am sorry to say the army 
carried the fashion to an extreme, and there a quiet fellow was sure to be mocked 
and stigmatised as a Methodist or Quaker, 

In all the many wars which succeeded its first formation, when it was raised 
by Sir Thomas Dalyell and Graham of Claverhouse, in 1078, to fight against the 
hapless Covenanters, our regiment had borne a great and glorious part. At the 
battle of Drumckig and at Airsmoss, where Richard Camcnin the field preacher 
fell, the Greys were, unhappily, the tem)r of their own countrymen ; and even 
now, after the lapse of so many generations, traditions of those dark days still 
lingered in our ranks — handed orally down from veteran to recruit. 

In better tiroes they had served in the wars of Anne and of the earlier Georges, 
and always with honour, for in every campaign they captured a colour, and at 
the battle of Ramillies surrounded and disarmed the French Hcginient du Roi, 
capturing no less thaii seventeen standards. 

Our officers were all gentlemen of high spirit, who belonged to the best families 
in Scotland ; and so attached were their men to them that the corps seemed 
to be one large family. Punishments — especially degradations — were almost 
unknown; yet 'auld Gcordie Buffcoat,' as they named Preston, was one of 
the most strict colonels in the service. 

Every regiment has its own peculiar history and traditions, just as a family, 
a city, or a nation have ; these arc inseparably connected with its own honour. 



82 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



rn'v'lifrTrr''' °'"*.,'""l,K'=''' ""''. "'"> "<'' "''li""-y RloO' of the country, and thus 
inipire and fi.stcr the fine sentiment of esprit du corps. 

From Sfi'fiuil in ,\'tnr. 
Ill 

THE ASSAULT ON TICONDEROGA 
By Sir A. T. Quiller Couch 

tne r.cottl.11 Hujal li.ery oij liome iluty, .oil .,re ir.ii.ed alter their ™l,.i.i.|, • Murray'. Buck..' 
At the ah,rin.p.,st next n.onun), the men were in high spirits aRain. Every one 
seemed to be posted ,„ the day's ,v„rl; ahead. The French had thrown np an 
outwork on the landward end of tlie ridge ; an engineer had elimbed Rattlesnake 
his rl.n!"rt ; ''l'^'"-""!' -nd conned it through hi, glass, ami had hnmght down 
his report two hours ago. The wh.te-eoats ha<l hecn working like niggers, helped 
by some remforeements which had come in overnight- Ldvis with the Royal 
Houssill,,!,, the scouts .s,ud : but the thing was a r,a,gh and ready affair of logs, 
and the troops were to carry it with the bayonet. John aske<l in what direction 
It 1.1) and thumbs were jerked tuwanls the sereening forest across the river 
The distance (some said) was not two miles. Colonel Ueaver, returning from a 
of iioSrs or le'r'" '""'"'""^'' "'^ ■■"""""■• ^he 4.ith would march in a couple 
At breakfast Howe's death seemed to be forgotten, and John found no time 
for so enin thoughts. Bets were laid that the French would not wait for the 

foTth „^ h'', "'"''' u "!'■'■' ^"u- "'"' "■'"■ ^^"'^ ""-y could scarcely be 
to the ,„H r'^ Bradstreet, having flnished his bri.lge. had started back 
»^d fl '»"'','"«•'•'"«'= '" hau a do«:n of the lighter batteaux across the portage 
Tif»t f T 7", : ^^', Champlain filled with riflemen. Bradstreet was 
Llr ^t h Tk K ".™"'!^ '" '"^ '" '""^ * "r'"" "'d f"" M"ntcalm would 
Smnl . K S'^ '^,^'°PPcd so easily, and to pile defences on the ridge was 

S'CulSr nXh^r " '""■■ ^ ""^ "'" "' "^' "'""' "■""■'"''■^ ""' 
Well, fighting or no, some business was in hand. Here was the battalion in 
naotion; and, to leave the enemy in no doubt of our martial ardour, here were 
the drums playing away like mad. The echo of John's feet on the wooden bridge 
awoke him from these vai i shows and rattlings of war to its real meaning, and 
„lVil^ J, f '■" kep him solemn company as he breasted the slope beyond 
and began the tedious climb to the right through the woods 
K Jy ^T'^' /^""""S '" one by one, reported them undefended : and the 

hfd^^i' °?h f""^^ ^ v"" ""'""f *"'y' '"^P' «"■"' °"^"- Towards the summit, 
indeed, the front ranks appeared to straggle and extend themselves confusedly 
but the disorder, no more than apparent, came from the skirmishers returning 
and falling back upon either flank as the column scrambled up the last flvl 
hu,«lred yards and halted on the fringe of the clearing. Of the enemy Joh^ 
could see nothing : only a broad belt of sunlight beyond the last few tree-trunks 
and their green eaves. The advance had been well timed, the separate columns 
arriving and commg to the halt almost at clockwork intervals ; nor did the halt 
give him much leisure to look about him. To the right were drawn up the High- 
Be. Ji^' hT f^'^^^f' '''!?'^'"§ "'^^ *' '"'"' 8'°<""S' 1° the space between, 
Beaver had stepped forward and was chatting with their colonel: By and bv 
the dandified Gage joined them, and after a few minutes' talk Beaver came striding 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA. AND WEST INDIES 88 

back, with his scabbard tucked under his annpit, to be clear of undergrowth. 
At once the order was given to fix bayonets, and at a signal the columns were 
out in motion and marched out upon Iht edfie of the clearing. 

There, as he stepped furth, the flash of the noonduy suii u|)on Hncs uf steel 
held John's eyes dazzled. He heard the word given again to lisilt, nnd the com- 
mand ' Left wheel into line ! ' He heard the calls that followed—* Eyes front I ' 
'Steady,' 'Quick march,' 'Halt, dress,'— and felt, rather than saw, the whole 
elaborate manoeuvre; the rear ranks lucking up, the covering sergeants jigging 
about like dancers in a minuet — pace to the rear, side step to the rijjht -the pivot 
men with stiff amis extended, the companies wheeling up and dressing ; nil 
happening precisely as on parade. 

What, after all, was the difference ? Well, to begin with, the clearing ahead 
in no way resembled a parade ground, being strewn juuI criss-erusscd with t'iiUen 
trees and interset with stumps, some cleanly cut, others with jugged splinters 
from three to ten feet high. And beyond, with tlie fierce sunlight quivering 
above it, rose a mass of prostrate trees piled as if fur the base of a tremendous 
bonfire. Not a Frenchman showed beliind it. Was tfuit what they had to carry t 

* The battalion will advance I ' 

Yes, there lay the barrier ; and their business was simply to rush it ; to advance 
at the charge, holding their fire until within the breastwork. 

The French, too, held their fire. The distance from the edge of the clearing 
to the abattis was, at the most, a long musket-shot, and for two-thirds of it the 
crescent-shaped line of British ran as in a paper-chase, John & Cleeve vaulting 
across tree trunks, leaping over stumps, and hurrahing with the rest. 

Then with a flame the breastwork opened before him, and with a shock as 
though the whole ridge lifted itself against the sky — a shock which hurled him 
backward, whirling away his shako — he saw the line to right ami left wither 
under it and shrink like parchment held to a candlc-flaine. Fur a moment the 
ensign staff shook in his hands, as if whipped by a gale. He steadied it, and stood 
dazed, hearkening to the scream of the bullets, gulping at a lump in his throat. 
Then he knew himself unhurt, and, seeing that men on either hand were picking 
themselves up and running forward, he ducked his head and ran fonvard too. 

He had gained the abattis. He went into it with a leap, a dozen men at his 
heels. A pointed bough met him in the ribs, piercing his tunic and forcing him 
to cry out with pain. He fell back from it and tugged at the interlacing btmghs 
between him and the log wall, fighting them with his left, pressing them aside, 
now attempting to leap them, now burst through them with his weight. The wall 
jetted flame through its crevices, and the boughs held him fast within twenty 
yards of it. He could reach it easily (he told himself) but for the staff he carried, 
against which each separate twig hitched itself as though .-Minintcd by special 
malice. 

He swung himself round and forced his body backwards against the tangle ; 
and & score of men, raUying to the colours, leapt in after him. As their weight 
pressed him down supine and the flag sank in his grasp, he saw their faces — High- 
landers and redcoats mixed. They had long since disregarded the order to hold 
their Aire, and were blazing away idly and reloading, cursing the boughs that 
impeded their ramrods. A corporal of the 46th had managed to reload, and was 
lifting his piece when — a bramble catching in the lock — the charge exploded in 
his face, and he fell, a bloody weight, across John's legs. Half a dozen men, 
leaping over him, hurled themselves into the lane which John had opened. 

Ten seconds later — but in such a struggle who can count seconds ? — John had 
flung off the dead man and was on his feet again with his face to the rampart. 



t 11 

if 



I 



84 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

The men who hail hurried past him were there, all six of them, but stuck in strange 
attitudes and hung across the withering boughs like vermin on a gamekeeper's 
tree—corpses every one. The rest Imil vanished, and, turning, he found himself 
iilonc. Out in the cleiiring, under the drifted smoke, the shattered regimejits 
were re-f.irming for a second ehiirge. Gripping the colours, he staggered out to 
join them, and as he went a bullet sang past him and his left wrist dnipped nerve- 
less at his side. He scarcely felt the wound. The brutal jar of the repulse had 
stunneil every sense in him hul that of thirst. The reek t>f gunpowder caked in 
his throat, and his ton}.'ue crackled in his mouth like a withered leaf. 

Some one was pointing iMck over the tree-tops to.v,;rds Rattlesnake Moun- 
tiiin i nnd on tl. slopes tlicre, as the smoke cleared, sure enough, figures were 
moving. Guns V A couple of guns planted there could luive knocked this 
eurscil rampart to flinders in twenty minutes, or plumped round shot at leisure 
among the French huddled within. Where was the general 1 

The general was down at the sawmill in the valley, seated at his table, penning a 
dispatch. The men on Rattlesnake Mountain were' Johnson's Indians— Mohawks, 
Oneidas, and others of the Six Nations— who, arriving late, htd swamied up by 
instinct to the key of the position and seated them elves there with impassive 
faces, asking each other when the guns would arrive and this stupid folly cense. 
They had seen artillery, perliaps, once in their lives, and had learnt the use of it. 

Oh, it was cruel I By this time there was not a man in the army but could 
have taught the general the madness of it. But the genend was down at the 
sawnnll two miles away j and the broken regiments re-fomieil and faced the 
rampart again. The sun beat down on the clearing, heating men to madness. 
The wounded went down through the gloom of the woods and were carried past 
the sawmill, by scores at tirst, then by hundreds. Within the sawmill, in his 
cool chamber, the general sat and wrote. Some one (Gage it is likely) sent down, 
beseeching him to bring the guns into play. He answered that the guns were 
at the landing-stage, and could not be planted within six hours. A second 
messenger suggested that the assault on the ridge had already caused inordinate 
loss, and that by the simple process of marching round Ticonderoga and occupy- 
ing the narrows of Lake ChaTnplaiu, Montcalm could be starved out in a week. 
The general showed him the door. Upon the ridge the fight went on. 

John & CIceve had by this time lost count of the charges. Some had been 
feeble ; one or two superb ; and once the Highlanders, with a gallantry only 
possible to men past caring for life, had actually heaved themselves over the 
parapets on the Flinch right. They had gone into action a thousand strong ; 
they were now six hundred. Charge after charge had flung forward a few to 
leap the rampart and fall on the French bayonets ; but now the best part of the 
company piaired over. For a moment sheer desperation carried the day ; but 
the white-eoats, springing back off their platforms, poured in a volley and settled 
the question. That night the Black Watch called its roll : there answered five 
hundred men less one. 

It was in the next charge after this— half-heartedly taken up by the exhausted 
troops on the right— that John & Cleeve found himself actually climbing the log- 
wall toward which he had been straining all the afternoon. What carried him 
there, he afterwards afflnned, was the horrid vision of young Sagramore of the 
27th impaled on a pointed branch and left to struggle in death agony while the 
regiments rallied. The body was quivering yet as they came on again ; and 
John, as he ran by, shouted to a sergeant to drag it off, for his own left hand hung 
powerless, and the colours encumbered his right. In front of him repeated 
charges had broken a sort of pathway through the abattis, swept indeed by an 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES M 

enfilading fire from two angles of the breastwork, ^lipiiery with blood and hiini- 
percd with corpses ; but the grupe-shot which Imd accounted for most of these 
no longer whistled along it, the French hiving run otl their guns to the right to 
meet the capibd attack of the Highlanders. Tlirough it he torce<i his way. the 
pressure of the men behind him lifting and bearing him forward whenevi r the 
ensign staff for a moment impeded him. He noted tliat the leaves, which ut 
noon luul been green and sappy, with o. ly a slight crumpling of their edges, 
were now grey and curled uito tight scrolls, cmckling as he brushed thcrn aside. 
How long had the day lasted, then 1 And would it ever end 1 The vision of 
young Sagrumore followed him. He had known Sagramore at Halifax, and 
invited him to mess one night with the 4(Ith— as brainless and sweet-tempered a 
boy as ever muddled his drill. 

John was at the foot of the rampart. While with his injurcil hand he fumbled 
vainly to chmb it, some (me stooped a shoulder and hoisted him. He Hung a leg 
over the parapet and glanced down a moment at tiie man's face. It was the 
sergeant to whom he had shouted just now. 

' Right, sir,' the sergeant grunted ; " we 're after you ! ' 

John hoisted the colours high and hurrahed. 

' Forward 1 Forward, Forty-sixth I " 

Then, as a dozen men heaved themselves on to the parapet, a fiery pang 
gripped him by the chest, and the night— so long held back — came suddenly, 
swooping on him from all comers of the sky at once. The grip of his knees relaxed. 
The sergeant, leaping, caught the standard in the nick of time, as the Ump foot 
slid and dropped within the rampart. 

From Furt Amity. 
IV 

TICONDEROGA AND THE GHOST STORY OF MAJOR 

DUNCAN CAMPBELL 
By Francis Parkman 

The central column of regulars was commanded by Lord Howe, his own regiment, 
the 33th, in the van, followed by the Royal Americans, the 27th, 44th, 4flth, and 
80th infantry and the Highlanders of the 42nd, with their major, Duncan Can pbell 
of Invemwe, silent and gloomy amid the general cheer, for his soul was dark 
with foreshaduwings of death. . . . 

Towards S o'clock two English columns jomed in a most determined a.s.sault 
on the extreme right of the French, defended by the battalions of Guicnne and 
Btom. The danger for a time was imminent. Montcalm hastened to the spot 
with the reserves. The assailants hewed their way to the foot of the breastwork, 
and though again and again repulsed, they again and again renewed the attack. 
The Highlanders fought with stubl)orn and unconquerable fury. ' Even those 
who were mortally wounded,' writes one of their lieutenants, ' cried to their com- 
panions not to lose a thought upon them, but to follow their officers and mind the 
honour of their country. Their ardour was such that it was difficult to bring 
them off. Their major, Campbell of Inverawe, found his foreboding true. He 
received a mortal shot, and his clansmen bore him from the field. Twenty-five 
of their officers were killed or wounded, and half the men fell under the deadly 
fi.e that poured from the loopholes. Captain John Campbell and a few followers 
tore their way through the abattis, climbed the breastwork, leaped down among 
the French, and were bayoneted there. 



f\ • 



■ t 



86 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Mention has been made of the death of Major Duncan Campbell of Inverawe. 
The following fiimily tradition relating to it was told lue in 1878 by the late Dean 
Stjinicy. ... 

The uncicnt castle of Inverawe stands by the banks of the Awe, in the midrt 
of the wild and picturesque scenery of the Western Highlands. Ijite one evening, 
before the mi<ldlc of the last century, as the laird, Duncan fumpbell, sat alone 
m the old hall, there was a loud knocking at the gate ; and opening it, he saw a 
stranger, with torn clothing and kilt besmeareu with blood, who in u breathless 
voice begged for asylum. He went on to say that he had killed a man in a fray, 
and that the pursuers were at his heels. Campbell promised to shelter Lim. 
'Swear on your dirk I ' said the stranger, and Campbell swore. He then led 
hini to a secret recess in the depths of the castle. Scarcely was he hidden when 
again there was a loud knocking at the gate, and two armed men appeared. 
Your cousin Donald has been niurdend and we are looking for the murderer I ' 
Campbell, remembering his oath, professed to have no knowledge of the fugitive, 
and the men went on their way. The laird, in great agitation, lay down to rest 
in a large dark room, where at length he fell asleep. VVa ing suddenly in bewilder- 
ment and terror, he saw the ghost of the murdered n'-;.ald standing by his bed- 
side, and heard a hollow voice pronounce the words : ' Inverawe I Inverawe I 
blood lias been shed. Shield not the murderer I ' In the morning Campbell 
went to the hiding-place of the guilty man and told him that he could harbour 
him no longer. ' You have sworn on your dirk I ' he replied ; and the laird of 
Inverawe, greatly perplexed and troubled, made a compromise between con- 
flicting duties, promised not to betray his guest, led him to the neighbouring 
mountain, and hid hiin in a cave. 

In the next night, as he lay tossing in feverish slumliers, the same stem voice 
awoke him, the ghost of his cousin Donald stood again at his bedside, and again 
he heard the same appalling words: 'Inverawe I Inverawe I bli- d has been shed. 
Shield not the murderer I' At break of day he hastened, in s ge agitation, to 
the cave; but it was empty, the stranger was gone. At night, le strove in vain 
to sleep, the vision appeared once more, gh.istly pale, but lesf rn of aspect than 
befure. 'Farewell, Inver.iwe I ' it said; ' Farewell, till we m, c at Ticonderoga 1' 
The stmnge name dwelt in Campbell's memory. He had joined the Black 
Watch, or 4'Jnd Regiment, then employed in keeping order in the turbulent 
Highlands. In lime he became its major ; and, a year or two after the war 
broke out, he went with it to America. Here, to his horror, he leanicd that it 
was orderc. • to the attack of Ticonderoga. His story was well known among his 
brother officers. They combined among themselves to disarm his fears ; and 
when they reached the fatal s( ,t, they told him on the eve of the battle, ' This 
is not Ticonderoga; we are not there yet; this is Fort George.' But in the 
morning he came to them with haggard looks. ' I have seen him 1 You have 
deceived me I H amc to my tent last night I This is Ticonderoga I I shall 
die to-day I ' and ms prediction was fulfUled. 

from Monlcali^i and fyoife. 



THE LOST REGLMENT 
By James Grant 

I HAVE been told that a better or a braver fellow than Louis Charters of ours 
never drew a sword. He was, as the regimental records show, captain of our 
seventh company, and major in the army when the corps embarked for service in 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 87 

the lUinoit in 1T0S ; but prior to that hii itory wu a strange and romantic one. 
Louis was a cadet of one of the oldest houses in Scotland, the Charters of Amis- 
field ; thus he was a lineal descendant of the famous Red Rievcr. Kurly in life 
he had been gazetted to an ensigncy in Montgomery's llighlundcrs, the old 77th, 
when the etirps was raised by Colonel Archibald Montgomery (afterwards Earl 
of Kgliuton and Governor of Dumbarton) among the Frast-rs, Macdonalds, 
Camerons, Macleans, and other Jacobite clans. 

Charters was a handsome and mthusiastic soldier, full of the old r^liivalry 
and romance of the Highlanders ; but at the time he joined the Blac!.. Watch, 
with the remnant of Montgomery's regiment, which volunteered into our ranks 
in 1768, he was a pale, mixxly, tnd disappointed man, who had no hope in the 
service, but that it might procure him an honourable death under the balls of 
an enemy. 

The story of Louis Charters was as follows : — 

In January 1755 he was recruiting at Perth for the 77th, when it was his 
good, or perhaps ill, fortune to become attached to a young latiy possessed of 
great attractions, whom he met at a ball, and who was the only daughter of the 
Lainl of Tullynairn, a gentleman of property in tne vicinity of the ' Fair City.' 

Emmy Stuart was four-and-twenty, and Louis was three years her senior. 
She was tall and beautiful in face and figure ; her hair was chesnut, her eyes 
hazel, and there was a charming droop in their lids which enhanced all her -. arictics 
of expression, especially the droll, and lent to them a seductive beauty, most 
dangerous to the peace of all who engaged in a two-handed flirtation with her. 

It was no wonder thiit Louis lovwl Emmy ; the only nturvcl would have been 
had he proved invulnerable ; so he fell before a glance of her bright hiizel eyes, 
as Dunkirk fell before the allied armies. But Emmy was so gay in manner, 
distinguishing none in particular, thnt Charters was often in an ogony of anxiety 
to learn whether she would ever love him ; and moreover, there was one of ours, 
a Captain Douglas, recruiting in Perth, who possessed a most annoyingly hand- 
some person, and who hovered more about the beautiful Emmy than our friend 
of the 77th could have wished. To make the matter w(trse, Douglas was an old 
lover, having met Emmy at a ball three years before, and been shot clean through 
the heart by one of her most seductive gliinees. 

Emmy was so full of repartee and drollery, that although Charters was always 
making the most desperate love to her, he was compelled to mask his approaches 
under cover of pretty banter or mere flirtation ; thus leaving him an honourable 
retreat in case of a sharp repulse ; for he could not yet trust himself to opening 
the trenches in earnest, lest she might laugh at him, as she had done at others. 

So passed away the summer of — I am sorry to give m* antique an epoch — 
1755. The snow began to powder the bare scalps of the Highland frontier; 
the hoar frost wove its thistle blades on the windows in the morning, and our 
lovers found that a period was put to their rambles in the evening, when the sun 
was setting behind the darkening mountains of the west. 

Now came the time to ballot for partners for the winter season ; and then it 
was that Louis first learned to his joy that he was not altogether indifferent to 
the laughing belle. The fr.xhion of balloting fur partners was a very curious one, 
and now it is happily abolished in Scottish society ; for only imagine one's sensa- 
tions, good reader, on being condemned to dance everything with the same girl, 
and with her only, during a whole winter season I Besides, us the devil would 
be sure to have it so, one would always have the girl one did not want. The 
laws respecting partners were strictly enforced, and when once settled or fairly 
handfasted to a dancing girl for the Bcason, a gentleman w-as on no account per- 



88 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

miltwl to ctmnRc, even fi.r n sinnle night, on pain of being shot or run thiouch 
the body by her nniiTsl mule rel;itive. 

In the bcKinninu i.f the Mrinter wiisnn, the appointment for partnem u»u«lly 
took plnce in eiich little ectcrie b«fore the opening of the (inl biill or assembly. 
A gcnllemnli'.! tripleeockcil lieiiver mis unfliippecl, unci the funs of ull the iBilios 
present were slily put therein ; the gentlemen were then blindfolilcd, nnd inrli 
»clcclid u Tin i Ihiri she to whom it Ix-longeil, however ill they might be psired 
or a»«<)rle<l, wiis his partner for the season. Suoh was the strange law, most 
rigidly enforced in the days of Miss Nicholas, wh- was then the mirror of fashion 
and presiding giKldess of the Edinburgh assemb .^ . 

When the time for balloting came, great was the anxiety of poor Ixiuis Charters 
lest his beloved Emmy might fall «■> the lot of that provoking fellow Douglas of 
ours i but juilgc of his joy whci, '•. -,i.iy told him, with the most urch and beautiful 
smile that ever lighted up a guiu mI lovely haiel eyes, how to distinguish lur fan 
from amid the eighteen or twenty that were deposited in the hat. 

• Now, my dear Mr. Charters.' said she in a whisper, • I never pretended to 
be feniciously honest, and thus my unfortunate little tongue is always getting 
me into some frightful scrape ; hut I shall give you n token by which you will 
know my ' n. Uoes that make you supremely happy ? ' 

I Hai py, Emmy ? Dear Emmy, more than ever you will give me credit for 1 ' 
' P>: not be sure of that, and do not make a scene. Quick now, lest some one 
ar.'n ipate you.' 

■ But the fan ' 

' Has a silver hull in lieu of a ta.ssel. Now go and prosper.' 
Thus indicated, he soon selected the fan and drew it forth, to the annoyance 
of Douglas, who beheld him present it to the fair owner ; and her hazel eye 
sparkled with joy as Charters kissed her hand with a matchless air of ardour and 
respect. Honest Charters felt quite tipsy with joy. 

With the dancing of a whole season tx;fore them, the reader may easily imagine 
the result. All the tabbies, gossips, and coteries of the Fuir City had long since 
assigned them to each other ; and though the mere magic of linking two names 
constantly together has done much to cajole boys nnii girls into a love for each 
other, no such magic was rcqcircd here, for Emmy, I have said, was four-and- 
twcnty, and Louis three years her senior. 

Finding himself completely outwitted, and that the fan of a demoiselle of 
somewhat mature age and rather unattractive nppcurnnee had fallen to his lot, 
Willy Douglas 'evacuated Flanders,' i.e. f,,p,ook the ballroom, and bent all his 
energies to recruiting for the second battalion of the Black Wotch, leaving the 
fair field completely to his more successful rival. 

But thoiiRh assigned to Charters by the fashion of the time, and by her own 
pretty manoeuvre, as a partner for the season, our gay coquette would not yet 
acknowledge herself ei.nquercd; and Charters felt with some ai.:..etv that she 
was uinusiiiK herself with him, and that the time was ilrawing near when he would 
have to rejoin his regiment, which was then expcctiiiu the route for America, 
over the fortunes of which the clouds of war were gallieriiig. Besides, Emmy 
had a thousiind little whims and teasing ways about her, all of which it was his 
daily pleasiire, and sometimes his task, to satisfy and soothe ; and often they 
had a quarrel— a real quarrel— for two whole diiys. These were two centuries 
to Louis i hut then it was of course made up again ; nnd Emily, like an empress, 
gave him her dimpled hand to kiss, reminding him, with a coy smile, that 

' A Iimr's ijiiarnl wns but love rciicweil.' 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES au 

' True, Emmy ; but I would infinitely prefer > love that rcqiiiml no renewiil.' 
Mid Charten, with a Nifih, 

' How tiiiMinw you become ! V flen make me think of Willv Dfiuglna. 

Well, and where ahall we And Ihii reuiurknble lov von «prnk of ! ' 

Charten gaied at her iinxitiusly, and after -ntary f»;iiis4', with all bin 

loul in luH eyes and on his ti.nuiir, he said — 

' Listen to me, ileartst Emmy. Of all things necessary to eoiiduce to a man's 
happ:..,-s. love is the princi|ial. It purifies and shells a glorv, a halo over every- 
thing, iwt chieily around the beloved object herself. It awakens and matures 
every slutubering virtue in the heart, and causes us to become as pure and noble 
as a uMin nuiy be, to make him more worthy of the woman we love. Such, dear 
Emmy, is my love for you.' 

Thig time Emmy heard him in silence, with downcast eyes, a blush playing 
upon her beautiful cheek, a smile hovering on her alluring little mouth, with her 
breast heaving and her pretty flngen playing nervously with her fan and the 
frills of her busk. 

This conversation may be taken as a specimen of a hundred that our lovers 
had on every convenient opportunity when I-ouis was all truthful earnestness, 
while Emmy was all fun, drollery, and coquetry, yet loving hitn nevertheless. 

But a crisis came, when Charters received, by the hand of his eliicf friend. 
Lieutenant Alastcr Mackenzie, of the house of Seaforlh. a command to rejoin 
his regiment, then under orders to embark at (Ireeimck, to share in the ex- 
pedition which Brigadier-Ceneral Forbes of Pittenerief was tu lead against Kort 
du Quesne, one of the three great enterprises undertaken in 17.18 against the 
French possessions in North America. How futile were the tears of Enuny now I 

' Though divided by the sea, dear Louis, our hope will be one, like our love,' 
she sobbed in his ear. 

' Think— think of me often, very often, as I shall think of you.' 

■ I do not doubt you, Louis. I now judge of your long, faithful, and noble 
affection by my own. Oh, Louis I I have li<Tn foolish and wilful ; I have pained 
you often ; but you will forgive your poor Emmy now ; she judges of your love 
by her own.' 

It was now too late to think of marriage. Emmy, sulidued by the prospect 
of a sudden and long separation from her winning and handsome lover, and by 
a knowledge of the dimgers that lay before him by sea and land, the French bullet, 
the Indian arrow — all the risks of war and pestilence — was almost broken-hearted 
on his departure. The usual rings and Kx'ks of hair, the customary embraei s, 
were exchanged ; the usual adieus and promises — solemn and sobbing' promises of 
mutual fidelity— were given, and so thi'V parted ; and with sad Kmmy's kiss 
yet lingering on his lips, and her undried tears on his check, poor Charters found 
himself marching at the head of his party of fifty recruits, while the drum and 
fife woke the echoes in the romantic ' Wicks of Uaiglie,' as he bade a lung adieu 
to beautiful Perth, the home of his Emmy, and joined the headquarters of 
Montgomery's Highlanders at (Jreenock. 

But amid all the bustle of the embarkation in transports and ships of war — 
such rough sea-going ships as Smollett lias portraycil in his Hodmrk Kandom— 
Charters saw ever before him the hiippy. bright. ;iiiil Innntiful Emmy of the past 
year of joy ; or as he had la.st seen her, pale, erushcd, anil drooping in tears upon 
his breast — her coquetry, her drollery, her laughter all evaporated, and the true 
loving and trusting woman alone remaining— he eyes full of affection, and her 
voice tremulous with emotion. 

Louis sailed for America with one of the finest regiments ever sent forth by 



;,' 1 



40 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



Scotland, which, in the war that preceded the declaration of American inde- 
pendence, gave to the British ranks more than sixty thousand soldiers-few, 
indeed, of whom ever returned to lay their bones in the land of their fathers. 

Montgomery s Highlanders consisted of thirteen companies, making a total 
ol U60 men, including 05 sergeants who were armed with Lochaber axes, and 
80 pipers armed with target and claymore. 

Once more among his comrades, the spirit of Charters rose again ; a hundred 
kinilly old regimental sympathies were awakened in his breast, and, though the 
keen regret of his recent parting was fresh in his memory, yet in the conveSation 
ol Alaster Mackenzie (who shared his confidence), and in his miliUry duty he 
lound a relief from bitterness— a refuge which was denied to poor Emmy, who 
was left to the solitude of her own thoughts and the bitter solace of her own tears, 
amid those familiar scenes which only conduced to add poignancy to her grief, 
and served hourly to recall some memory of the absent, and those hours of love 
and pleasure that had fled, perhaps never to return. 

Though our lovers had resolved that nothing should exceed the regularity 
of their correspondence, and that the largest sheets of foolscap should be duly 
niled with all they could wish each other to say, in those days when regular mails, 
steamers, telegraphs, and penny postage were not vet contained in Time's capacious 
wallet, neither Emmy nor Charters had quite calculated upon the devious routes 
or the strange and wild districts into which the troops were to penetrate, or the 
chances of the Western war, with all its alternate glories and disasters. 

After a lapse of two long and weary months, by a sailing vessel, poor Emmy 
received a letter from Louis, and, in the hushed silence of her own apartment, the 
humbled coquette wept over every word of it, and read it again and again, for it 
seemc.1 to come like the beloved voice of the writer from a vast distance and from 
that land of danger. Then when she looked at the date and saw that it was a 
month— a whole month— ago, and when she thought of the new terrors each day 
brought forth, she trembled and her heart grew sick ; then a paroxysm of tcaii 
was her only relief, for she was a creature of a nervous and highly exci'able 
temperament. * ' 

It described the long and dreary voyage to America in the crowded and comfort- 
less transport— one thought ever in his soul— the thought of her j one scene ever 
around him-sca and sky. It detailed the hurried disembarkation and forced 
march of General Jorbes's little army of 6200 soldiers from Philadelphia in the 
beginning of July, through a vast track of country, little known to civilised men • 
alJ but impenetrable or impassable, as the roads were mere war-paths, that lay 
through dense untrodden forests or deep morasses and lofty mountains, where 
wild, active, and ferocious Indians, by musket, tomahawk, sealping-knife, and 
poisoned arrow, eoopernted with the French in hanissing our troops at every 
rood of the way. He told her how many of the strongest and healthiest of Mont- 
gomery s Hrghlandcrs perished amid the toil and horrors they encountered: 
but how still he bore up, animated by the memory of her, by that love which was 
a second life to him, and by the darting hope that, with Cod's help, he would 
surviv-! the campaign and all its miseries, and would find himself again, as of old 
seated at the side of Ins beloved Emmy, with her eli< ,k on his shoulder and her 
dear little hand clasped in his. 

And here ended this sorrowful letter, which was dated from the camp of the 
Scottish brigadier, who halted at Haystown, ninety miles on the march from 
tort (lu Qucsne. Thus, by the time Emmy received it, the fort must have been 
attacked and lost or won. 

• Attacked I ' How brcathlesslv and with what protracted agony did she 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 41 

long for intelligence— for another letter or for the Wur Ollice lists ' Hut days 
weeks, months rolled on, and poor Emmy, though surrounded hy adniircrs as of 
old, felt al the misery of that deferred hope whieh ' makctli the heart sick.' 

Meanwhile Louis, at the lie.id c.f liis company of .M(,ntKonicrv-s lliL-hlanders. 
accompanied the force of Brigadier Korbcs, who, in September, dispalehed iron! 
Raystown Colonel Boquet to a place called Loyal HenliinK, to reconnoitre the 
appro,-,eh to Fort dii Quesne. The colonel's force con^i,lcd of 2000 men : of 
these he dispatched in advance 500 Provincials and 400 of Jlnnti-oinerv's rcui- 
ment, under Major James Grant of Uallindalloeh, whose second in eoinniand was 
Uptain Charters. Despite the advice of the latter, Grant, a brave but reckless 
and imprudent officer, advanced boldly lowanls Fort du Quesne with all his 
pipes playing and drums beating, as it he were a|iprouclung a fricn.llv lown. Now 
the Jrench ollicer who commanded in the fort was a determined feflow 

The moment the soldiers of Grant were within raiiKC the French cannon opened 
upon them, and under cover of this fui;, the infantry made a furicais sortie 

Shng your muskets I Dirk and claymore I ' "criwl the niaior as the foe 
came on. A terrible eoi,nict ensued, the Highlanders lighting with their swoitls 
and daggers, and the Provincials with their lixeil bavonels ; Ihe Fjcueli gave 
way, but unable to reach the fort, they dispersed ancrsought sbeller in the vast 
forest which spread in every direction round it. Here thcv were johie.l Ijv a 
strong body of Indians, and returning, from amid the leafy jungles and dense 
foliage, they opened a murderous Bie upon Major Grant's detachment, which 
had halted to refresh, when suddenly summoned to arms 

A yell pierced the sky 1 It was the Indian's ivar-wh,„,p, starlling the green 
leaves of that lone American forest, and waking the echoes of the distiint bills 
that overlook the plain of the Alleghany ; thousands of K«l Indians, warriors, 
rTi r'".!, ' "","7 "k'"'"*' 'heir streaky war-paint, jangling moccasins and 
tutted feathers, naked and muscular, savage as tigers and supple as eels, with 
their barbed spears, scalping-knives and tomahawks, and French muskets 
burst like a living flood upon the soldiers of Uallindalloeh. The Provincials 
mimediately endeavoured to form square, but were broken, brained, seaioed 

f? ^ T J"'.:'' '" "' " '"■'«"*'"= "'■ '""■»^ had swept over tliein ; while, in 
the old fashion of their native land, the undaunted 77th men eiideavour..d to meet 
the loc. foot to foot, and hand to hand, with the broadsword, hut in vain Grant 
ordered them to throw aside their kimpsacks, plaids, and coats, and betake them- 
selves to the claymore, and the claymore ..idy. For three hours a desultory and 
disastrous combat was maintaind-every stump and tree, every bush and rock 
and stone being battled for with deadly energy and all the horr.,rs of Indian 
warfare— yells, whoops, the tomahawk and the knife— were added to those of 
Europe, and before the remnant of our Highlanders eltectcd an escape. Captains 
MacDonald, Munro, Lieutenants Alaster, Wdliam and Robert M..ckenzic, and 
Lolm Campbell were killed and scalped with many of llieir men. Ensign Alaster 
Grant lost a hand by a poisoned arrow ; but of all who fell Charters most deeply 
regretted Alaster Mackenzie, his friend and confidant, to save whom, after a 
shot had pierced his breast, he made a desperate effort and slew three Indians by 
consecutive blows ; but this succour came too late, and Mackenzie's scalp wai 
torn off belore he breathed his last. 

' Stand by your colours, comrades, till death I ' were his bst words. ' Fare- 
well, dear Charters— we 'II meet again I ' 

* Again I ' 

u ' Y'?— »^«i— '■> bt^yen I ' he answered, and expired with his sword in his 
hand, like a brave and pious soldier. 



48 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



on,!"^?.,^^',""'? Tk" l!^^ ',"?""""' """'■''• "^^^ ""'"''"' ""^ « "x^"^ massacre, 

of C ;^,^. '.'.., '!!'"'',.'""■'' "^,«""» °"'' '"•" i"'"''-" "' ""'t vvikl lores 

«• fn^ ",""',■ ^""^ Pn'Vinciis ivere .Icsln.yiil. Grant, with .linetien 

of lii s ChnT" /" ''!'™""« ■', ^t'--''^" '" '->al HenninK, under the e..„„nand 
but^Thelr escape. '"' *'"""*■■ """' "'"«>' "'^>- ""»"""-»'> -"■■'- 

n-v^r'T' ^m'","'' "^'"""'""'"^h 'lifd a general in the army in 1800; but he 
tJurimSr ''"■ '""•"'"/■'f/-l>"«» "t Furt du Quesnc. which was abanduned 
to Ungadicr jorbcs on the 24th Novcn.ber ; by this he was depr.ved of a revenKe, 

fX: d™;.'.!n'.ttt:i;^:' ^""""-^ '- '^'"' '"* ^"""'""-p- »■- «--' 

Cliartcrs- re„nnent served next in General Amherst's army at Tieondcrosa 

Gra^^"',; i"T ""■' "" i',"" •'•''"' Expedition, where he sav„/the life o?K„Tn 

Grant-now known as Ah si cr the ()ne-ha„dc.l-by hcarinR hi,n „M the Add 

when wounded; b,,t during all lh„se desuh.ry and saM«uinarv ..perati m he 

ever heard frmn tnnny, nor d,d she hear from him. lie sufrered nn.ih? le 

ou^'ded'in ,h Z I ""n '" ",T '•'"'f'" "'"' " "'"'''= .Idaclanent ; he' was 

„T 1 r '''""'''' " ">"' ■"«'" "f '""•'■"■■^ "' Ti,-onden,t'a. and had a 

narrow esc-ipc from n cannon-ball in the ilj,l,t with a French shhi when nro- 

cerfms o„ the exp„lition to l).a„ini,p,e „nderN.„r,l l^,llo'^ J S?r i^^^^^^^^^^^ 
but though the ball spared his head, the ui„d of ,t raised a large u fl, , e spo 

of he 'i'Hv,o',"Tt '"'"''"■ '":'' '■■'"• "' "■■" ""'■ '"'^ "'--I'-'t tbe conques 
the Hi.* r V'p "'" " ."^^ "■'"'"■'= "' N'=»-f"»n.ll..nd with the 4,';th and 

meat, o l^^™v u"T: '","' '''f/.™'' "'"' '■"""" '" " '"'™l«^'' "'i™' "■'"^vc- 
nieiits ol the brave Highlanders of Montgomery. 

Renewed or recruite.1 thrice from the Highland elans, the <,ld 77th covered 
H.en,selves w.th glory, and of all the .Scottish corps in the King's Jerv certhere 
was none from winch Ihe soldiers more noblv and rigidiv transmitted to Ihci? 
bf H,'c>T, '""^"l^""} ""^ -ri"fc- "f "-ir P-r pay"or the pri.c namey gah eS 
Stu-rt Ix,rl"v "I',"""""'"''- I" °»^ "f '"» (onanswered) letters to E.mny 
Muart Louis s, ys, I have known some of our poor fellows, n.y dear girl, who 
almost starved themselves f.ir this puqiosc' '' 

Mde?"*! °' '^t "■"'"" '"^i">! I'.lled at the storming of the Mon,, his widow, in eon- 
sidenaion of his great services, was permitted to sell his commission. Lt uis was 
waJr'hT f •'■'""■,'""' ."" '^ ■^g'"-"" knew well that he, Imvmg onlv p™ 

rf whl in a'""""T'.' ^" ^ ««="">' ™^ 'X' '"^l""'' ''y the soldiers, nanj; 
of whom, in America had thrown themselves before the sharp tomahawk, and 
poisoned arrows of the Indians to save him, that thcv subscribed each II "h 
H^v ^'"hT"''- ''"y^ P"/ '" [•"■^'"•■•so his majority ; and the plunder of the rich 
WH ^^ ,h.^"™1''" """^ "r^' ^"'^ '" ^"-^ f'"")'. 'he nionev was all fairly 

dn J™,'^r the most noble tribute his soldiers could p.iy to Charters, who was 

?™ "tn^n l"^";?,""-' ""'"'"'f" r^ '*'"""""' "' '^''-■- York in the summer of 
1768, to enjoy a little repose after the toils of the past war. 

a neri^'*„7fi'"' ""'' "'^''f "'i"-=^ »" hriefly glanced at here had thus spread over 
levlr^Z ^f F*'"'V.° ^"" '°"8 ""■* "■^•■"^' years-during which he had 
of ?hot ,Wi Itf'IT ^'" r"""' ' "'"' """ •"= *"«' "" "=''" "' her to remind him 
Th,ri ''<=''«h'f"'. ''"y^of P':.'<-c and love that had fled apparently for ever. 
Wer bl'nf !, '""" ''™-,"'"-"' f'™' ^" Pi-e"y hand, had been torn from his 
hnger by plunderers as he lay wounded and helpless on the ramparts of Fort 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 48 

S';;'„7h,"',°r'?"r °f f" Vu-gmiu ; her fun ™s lost when his baggage was 
rent fn,m hh„ »r I""" ^"H^,^" *^''"'" ' "" '™''^' «i"' I'" hair had l«e. 
,^»„ L S- . ^ ' ''°,V"'' ''''"^" !"■'«»'" and stripped bv Ihe French in tlie 
af^ohrvvar '"'";'"■ "' Tf "'"'■'««' '" "PP^"^--o too ;• his hair, o nee bl„ k 
thirty. His face was gaunt and wan, and bmnzcd by the Inilian son and keen 
Ameriean frost His eyes, like tlie eyes of ail inured to fad, rd-th ,d dlgeT 

Sdini?'' ""'' '"'■'"'■ ""^ ""'■'= '" ''""''■ "■"' l"^"' "'"1 ^Kard , UMl when 
tldmgs eame, or it was nioote.1 at n.ess, tl,;,l tile war-worn reyi.nc it , Mont" 
goniery was again to see the Seoltish sl,„re, poor Louis looked wis J IK ntos 

and the Lhcrokees he had aeqnired sc,i„c»h,-,t th- aspeel „f a brj.ru.d 

Peace was proclaimed at last, and the GoverhniL-nt mad "an 'oHcr to tlie 
rcgnncnt, that sneli ollieers and men as nii^.l.t eh.H.so to settle in ?\„," ea shouU 
have grants o land pro|,o,H„„c,l to tlair^rank and servi. / Tl rrc t iglt 
re urn to Scotland or volunteer into other corps. A few icniain an o, " t lie 
eoloinsts and on the revolt of America in 1775 were the /?«( Z t" t n e 

la nTick ""/'Khland Emigrants. The rest -most of whom volunteered to jliin 

cleft the waters n' II? ''f,""'' '','•' "'"' ^''""^ '''"■■'>• "^''"^ "' "'cir Shi,, 

clelt t he vntcis .1 Hudson and bore thun through the .Narrows, saw the future 
eaintal of the western world sink into the distance- and disappear astern 
rivc years I . . . ' ' 

,.J„!t''T-' T'K-^" rV i^^^'^' ni"<-a">l-'«enly ! ' thought l.ouis. ' In a 
■uonth from th,s tune 1 shall see her--shall hear I er voice-shall be beside her 
agam, assuring her that I am the sanic Louis Charters of other days.' 
tr„,^o„rr'" V v'Tl'" iT"' ""■">■• ""'' '■'•" '='»I'^"1 •'f'" *'"• sailing of the 
r^Xr T 7^ "''^ """^ ''f ." ''"'y """«"' ''■'■■ ""^ Luudon and the Edinburgh 
D r?,;i 1 H T 'T^'"^ ""•"'" °' "'^ ""'''"S 'ogi'n^'-'t "f Montgomery. 
ei„l^lnnd° „T/'™, '"«« JT"'"-*''""' ''"'>■ "'"ths-those one thousand 
noor Ion f ""J t«™ty-fl.vc- days, every one of which had been counted by 

Ecllcoali'jFaircJyT' " """ *"' '''^"'""' ^""">- **"""*■ "'"' ^^ ^"" '"^ 

threfll^d «,nle ^fr^'7 '"^^.P"'"^'-^ "f "'osc days, whc, '.dinburgh had only 
. i .u °' London seldom came north), supplied . .tolligencc she liad 

on the 'Al""*"'!™' .f Mo.,tgomery-s Highlanders 'ii the Can las the States. 
?^lnn^l n '"• f". '", 'i',^*"'' '"'"''■■'• '" ""^ dispatches of Brigadier Forbes, o 
Colonel Boquct, Lord Rollo, and others; she had frequently seen the name of 
her lover mentioned as ha^ ng distinguished himself, and twice as having been 
left wounded on the field. I need not dwell on her days and nights of sickening 
sorrow and suspense, which no friendship would alleviate sieKcmng 

writter™™""' T '""" "^ V'"'" '""' "'■" ™<=hcd her; yet poor Louis had 
ZTZr^ I V ''"'°"'' '"'^" """P' ""'' ''l°«'y fl'^Ws. from wet bivouacs, 

fatal tvM,esele« """^' ^""^'\ "V",'' ™"''> "^"^ ™"'^"^= = ^"'- ''> « ^'""nge 
latahly, these letters never reached her; yet Emmv, the belle, the conuette 

rZreH /'""• '"V^" '""V}"- '■'""""^^ °f'""' ""■'' tl-at, unti the re2"meni 
returned home and he proved false, she could not desert her lover. ^ 

reennVn ?' "'""R';^. »' "je Bl.->ek Watch, who had been all this time comfortably 
recni,t,ng about Perth and Dunkel.l (thanks to his uncle, the Duke of Douglas). 
Tl^ , J'^^T.'l''," "'f.."" ■"'"' Regiment had been more than /arty yeai^ 
abroad, and the battaUon of Montgomery might be quite as long away. 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



44 

taum^"thL' T'"'" r'lT'"' "'"' '" "" "'"• ""»' 'here came no letter ; yet wl.en 

• ', "nn»l, if 1 c,„,l,l ; thfsi- ll,„„g|„s w^re „.ii, : 
•Itllt.,, ,i„^,r»f|„l.rniflifl,i.U., 
1 HtiM niuHt lovf him ' ' 

love roi i'mm. T'*'""^- ^*'">- «us "" liunest-lieurtcl fellow, and witii Ins real 
her^motbe; tSS h,r1 f "''«"' ''" '"""I" '"» P^posals, «l,ile 

one of the female readers, if ^he is of marri„geablc age, who is not readv to derk 

r"J^";:^ZS^;^ '■•''""■ '" '"» -"'- "' *™'""-« -eS. «»ao 

^fTL^'Th?.' 1 ^"?f'''"'^ ^^""^' "'"' ""^ '»"'' f"^" f^™' her hand. 
„„ tnthdlt t 'f'?'. *"''." ''■"^'^"' ' '''■all not be the adorned victim offered 

' On h ^> "'"l. »»'' f™n tl<at hour she resolved t.. dec^hne his addres es 
of Sonttome^v" Hl»hl '* l"'" "'7 "1°'"'"'" ^""'^ ""'"«» ' "'«' the remnant 

adsS ?™m N,^*V ?; "• "'t' "" '^"'"■"'"-'l »f Major Louis Charters, 
f^l^h *T Ne» \ork SIX weeks ago, and were daily expeeted at Greenock 
from whence that gallant corps sailed for the wars of the Far West in ITSs" 

Now came Kmmy's hour of triumph, and already Louis SMmel S; her 
loving, trosfng, and true; and hourly she expcctcl to ZveTnT o^^ hand 
™tmg, assurance of all her heart desired; but, alas ! ttoc ro led Z-day 
ted^'orM^omX™^ "'°"""' -"' "° '"""'^ ""'''' B^"- <" 'h^ 

fn'tXnr' """' '"' " '"'^ """ '^ '"'•'--' " "^'"^ "' o'dand f": 

r^JZ'l'"'^ " sickening and painful suspense had been kept alive bv occasional 
report, of pieces of wreck. w,th red eoaU and tartan fluttering aLuIXr^ 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA. AND WEST INDIES u 

The Lost Reg„nent-the Highlanders of Montgomery I • 

mmmmMmi 



*6 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

He immediately approached Emmy, who had now partially recovered, and 
gazed at him as one might giiic at a spectre, when Douglas threw himself forward 
with his hand on his swonl. 

' What is the meaning of all this 1 ' said Louis, who grew ashy pale, and whose 
v.uee sank into Emmy's si.ul. ' Have you all forgotten me— Louis Charters of 
Montgomery's Regiment ? ' 

' No,' replied Douglas ; ' but your presence here at such a time is most un- 
feelin;^ and inopportune.' 

'Unfeeling and inopportune -I— Miss Stuart— Emmy ' 

' Miss Sluiirt hrs just been made my wedded wife. Thus any remarks you 
have to make, nr, you will please .nddrcss to me.' 

Louis stn-^id as if a scorpion had stung him, and his trembling hand sought 
the hilt ol nis swoid. Here the old minister addressed him kindly, imploringly, 
and the guests crowded between them, but he dashed them all aside and turned 
from the house, without a wonl or glance from Enuoy. Poor Emmy 1 Dismay 
had frozen her, and mute despair glared in her haggard yet s ill beautiful eyes. 

' Half an hour earlier and I hail sjived her and saved myself I ' exclaimed 
Charters bitterly ; 'the half hour I loitered iii Strathcarn ! ' for he had halted there 
to refresh his weary soldiers. 

And now to explain the sudden rcappcarjmce. 

Tempest-tost and under jurymnsts, after long beating against adverse winds, 
the transport, with the remnant of his rcgimcjit, had been driven to 87 and 40 
degrees of north latitude, and was stRmdcd on the small isles of Corvo ami Flores, 
two of the most western and detached of the Azores. There they had been 
lingering among the Portuguese for seven months, unknown to and unheard of 
by our Government; and it was not until Charters, leaving Alastcr Grant in 
command at Corvo, bad visited Angra, the capital of the island, and urged the 
necessity of having his soldiers transmitted home, that he procured a ship at 
Ponta del Gadn, the largest town of these islands, and sailing with the still reduced 
remnant of his corps- for many had perished with the foundered transport— he 
landed at Greenock, from whence he was onlered at onee to join the 2nd bat- 
talion of the Black Watch, into which his soldiers had volunteered, and which, 
by a strange fatality, was quartered in Perth— the home of his Enmiy, and the 
place where for live long years he had garnered up his thoughts and dearest hopes. 

The reader may imagine the emotions of our poor Emmy on finding that her 
lover lived, and that her heart was thus cnielly wrenelicd away from all it had 
trtasnred and cherished for years. Then, as if to r.,7Travate her sorrow, our battalion 
marched next day for foreign service, and Ixiui. again eniliarkcd for America, the 
!.n«l of his toil, without relentless fate allowing Eiuniy to excuse or explain herself. 

Douglas left the corps and took his wife to Paris, where he fell in a duel with 
a Jacobite refugee. 

Emmy lived to be a very old woman, but she never smiled again. 

Thus were two fiuid hearts separatee! for ever. 

Three months aft^..- l,ouis landed in Antcriea, he died of a broken heart say 
some ; of the marsh lever say others. Uc was then on the march with a detach- 
ment of ours up the Mississippi, a king route of 1500 miles, to take possession of 
Fort Charters in the Illinois. His friend, a Captain Grant— Alaster the One- 
handed— pti formed the last ofliees for him, and saw him rolled in a blanket and 
buried at the foot of a cotton tree, where the muskets of the Black Watch made 
the echoes of the vast prairie ring as they poured three farewell vollevs over the 
last home of a brave but lonely heart. 

From Ujiriiji •if'thf black Wtitth. 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 47 

VI 

THE DUCHESS OF GORDON AS A RECRUITER 

HER COMPANY IN THE FRASER HIGHLANDERS 

By y. M.Bulloch 

Everybody of cuiirse knows the legend of the Duchess of Gordon's kiss. I 
nnticipute thiit it will ultimately tiike rank with other pretty fairy tales ; but 
even when it does, there will reiimin the fiict that she took a K>"t-'ut interest in 
the raising of the Gordon Ilijihljiiulers in 17tt4. TImt pic'tiireh(|uc iichievcnient 
was undertaken mainly on behulf of her son, the hundsonie lluntly. Hut nearly 
twenty years before tlmt she Irnd iiccompllshed u similar tusk fur her brother, 
Captain Hamilton Maxwell, whom she presented with a company fur the Fraser 
Highlanders. By a curious coincidence. Hamilton died in the very year when 
she was engaged with the Gordons. 

The Fraser Highlanders were raised by Simon Frnser, Master of L4iVttt, and 
eldest S4m of the Lord Lovat who was executwi. After passinji thn)Ugh the 
period of attainder, he entered the army, and in 1730 raised the Fraser High- 
landers, afterwards numbered as the 78th, and rcprescntctl to-day in a round- 
about way by the sect>nd battalion of the Seaforths. The Fraser Highlanders 
were disbanded in 1763. In 177.J Fraser raised another regiment, ruimbered the 
71st, which, like its predecessor, did good work in America. It was for this corps 
that the Duchess rniseti a company. 

The task which the Duchess set herself was by no means easy, and she encoun- 
tered many disap|N)intments. Despite her husband's jH)Wcr as a great landli>rd, 
she met with small success among the Maephcrsons, to take but one class of 
teiuint, with suflirient Highland bJiKHl in them to be not averse fn)m soldiering 
as an art. The Uev. Uobert Macpherson, Aberardcr, writing on April fl, 1778, 
says that ' no person appeared in the country fur Captain Maxwell, to take upon 
him the horrid drudgery of <lrinking whysky and to act the recruiting sergeant 
among the people. Hesidcs, the few remaining sparks of clanship had by that 
time been kindled into flame, which with their sympathy for the Clunie's mis- 
fortunes made them enlist with their chieftain in preference to all mankind. 
Uut the fit did not last long.' 

Her Grace had also the mortification of encountering rivals. Thus a certain 
David Mackny, wlu) had been enlisted at Grantown market, was not attested, 
' l)eing carried off by a son of Gulloway's.' A party spent three davs looking 
for him (at a cost of £18). He finally lisUd with Ensign Grant. 

The men were largely nuscd at markets, pi|)crs and tinimmcrs being used to 
attract them. The most active recruits were Sergeant IVtcr ThonistMi ; David 
Tiillnch, who f^ot a shilling a day anil a guinea a recruit ; J. Stewart ; and Peter 
Wilkie. The accounts, which with the nmster ml! are in the hands of the Duke 
of Itichmond, who has kindly lent them me for cxjuiiinatimi, contain such items 
as the following : — 
By cash to a piper to Glass mercatt ...... 

To William Hamilt<)n. piper, employed from Dec. 7, 1775 to Feb, 17, 

1770, at a shilliiitja dav .' 

For Diik to him ..." 

For a kilt for him ......... 

To extraordinnry drink at Elgin market ..... 

To the recruits to drink upon the Duchess's setting out to London, 
Feb. I'J, 177« 



£0 7 



as 


l« 








10 








a 


9 


I 


S 






SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



48 

GralTuttnu. mfrXfJV' ' '''•^ ^'^ »"""« f-m Kei.h to lUt with her 



To II yanls tartan 
1 I blue bonnet . 
, IS yards yellow ribbon 
. ♦ yards tartan for a philabeg 
. i yanis tartan for hose 
♦ pairs garters . 
J dozen yellow buttoni 
IZ yards tartan for a plaid . 
X pair sli.K! and knee buckles 



£1 









3 

1 10 
7 10 

T 4 



18 
2 



lnanntheraceountweflndasumof£11 «• a.l „.: i r . ^ . 

m»n),„„HX12!K8, W in^„S,l"nee'fr,t'v ^7'^'"" ''""' '"• «''■ '» ^« P" 
At l„,t the quo rwi" eln ete 89 men in 1'"}^' "' II"' *° "'"■''• ""■ '"«■ 
Captain M.ixwe I and la forLie,;.' Vrl su ' "/"''""■ ^' «"•: ^r I.er brother, 
the' ,l„ke's nrst eou" in Onlv two „the'89l''„'K7"''^ f''" ''■''''' ^■"""' ""^ 
(67 stron,) marehed fro™ FiehX^' ^^ Veb^ary 26 ma "under* f"'"'' •""] 
of Sergennt Peter Thomson, and two davs latVr »h. n„ I " ."■ "•""""■''l 

Roll, wl,i,.|, is now at Gordon Castll '" '"^"'"' ""= ""'"" 

T4th^t7nVent*'^^tt:TirlXtrhat?hrrtt""7" ""r"'''-"'-'' "■■= 
the Highland r.i«ht InSy wWe the "'^i '^^ -'t' ""'''''"''''''" "^ 

have be..n Maxwdl's eoSlonJ-'h the 74th that feTh" h""."." ""• ," '"">' 
fourth Duke of (;„rd„n, to enlist si, men for M„.- t ^1? '>,"'""■'-"'•""«'. the 
T4th in 1787, us r..llows :- P'"'" ^wysden's company of the 



Dec. 



Aft. 

lU 
24 
20 
SO 
17 



Hatcbt. 

S ft. 4 in. 
3 ft. 9 in. 
3 ft. a in. 
S ft. Si in. 
S ft. 4} in. 

SO 5 ft. 11 in. 



ij 3 

5 S 

3 8 

8 8 

3 5 



^°^' ..t^wn" """'•"". l""''"-. -Spevmouth . 
„ 19 -William .Mitchell 
„ 20--Hu!jh Gordon . . ' ' 

„ 20 -.Folm Ilonniman . 

27-IIu(;h Ellis . . ' ■ 

3— Serseant Alexander Sutherlanil ; 

attested, but supposed absent . . m o it ii m 

bur^r!;!';r::i:;-:j'lf';t';r:^;;!;?'i^!^rciwS'^ ^\ "%-- 

a stone commcm(,r.ited him. England, Oldtown, Cuddalore, where 

virtues, this raonun.ent is erected by the olltee« of tl^ 74th. ""'' """">■ 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA. AND WEST INDIES 40 

VII 

TALES OF THE PIPERS 

the a,«ik„l,„p<,„,edry from l^TmunHTl, ''<•'?"»""> briRndr, oh,irK«) 

fln. offlce,, Ih. Cs^ l)I"„u Pack and full! 2ir,'" i^'.^T'T""''"' ^> "»' 
they hud alway, held irT th^ n^htl L """"'?'"«" "•« h'dh «t«li"n which 

woundcl wa» I^,rG«me Clark theLrrJl^'Jh """' r"".'?' *"■""« '^'-" 

and ™J?; ttmV/thnuCL";n"fh!f ",; "« ""•'T' 'o -"'"'l to th. woMndM 

pipts wa»^plinted ^ th^ promise wn, not forgotten, and a handsome pair of 
^^e.arresErth'^ir'lSLTa"^ 2^.^"'""'"" ^ '"""'""^ ^ "« 

Yjlj from rV tfri/i#A Afe«i«., 

IN THE GARB OF OLD GAUL 
By Lieut.-Gm. Sir Henry Erskine, hart, 
the Scots Greys in 1762 

In the Rarb of old (;aul. with the Brc of ol,i Home 
from the heath-covered nnmntains of Scolia «e come ; 
"here the Honians endeavoured our countrv to eain 
But our ancestors fought, and they fought not in vain. 

Such our love of liberty, ™r country and <mr laws. 
^Ind drfy the French, u/rt all their arts, to alter our laai 



\m 



>] Alva, tvho commanded 



so SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

N<i rffcminnti* ciistomN our tiincw^ unbrace. 

Nit liixiirti)U-» (hIi)i's ntiTviitc mir rucr, 

Our liui'l-souiulin^ pi|i<' Uus \hv true martial itrain, 

Sn ilo \vc tlic oUi Sfiillisli valour rttuin. 

As n storm in the cM'tan wiu*n Hurras blows, 
So nrc- wf cnni^'t'ii wbi-n we rush on our fm-n, 
W'v voris of the mountains, trtnirndous as rm-ks, 
Dnsli the (iinv ul' our fot-n with our thundrnnfj ithot-ks. 

Wv 'rv tall us thr onk on thv mount of the vale, 
And swift us the roc whirli the liounil lUilli asNiul, 
As the full nuHin in aiitunni our shiihts do a|>|>t'ar, 
Miiit'i'vu would tlii-ad to cncountiT our spi-ur. 

Quebec and Ciipc Briton, the pride of old France, 
In tlifir troops fondly boasted till we did advance ; 
Hut when our cluymorcs they suw us prmluee 
Their eoura^e tlid fail, and they surd for a truce. 

In our realm may the fury of faction lonft cease, 

May our counsels be wise and our commerce increase. 

And in Scotia's cold climate may cai-h of u§ find 

That our friends still prove true and our beauties prove kind. 

Thru ne 11 (Irfi-nd our liberty, our country and our laxca. 
And tt-nrh our late pintttrity f" f'uht in Freedom's cause. 
That they like our at>ccitlor« l-ohLJor honour and applause. 
May defy the French, icilk all their artt, to alter our laws. 



THE ROYAL SCOTS FUSILIERS AT MARTINIQUE (1793) 
By Richard Cannon 

TiiK French Uoyalists of Martinique sent pressing applications for assistjince, and 
Miijor-dciuTal ilrucc, eornnmudint; the liritish trtM>ps in the West Indies, was 
induced to pn>ceed with u sniiill I'oree to their aid. The 2Ist were employed 
on this service ; they lauded at Caisc de Navirc on the 1-lth of June (171*3), and 
other enrps lauded cm the Uitli, and eleven hundreil Hrilish and tinht huutlred 
French Loyalists advuneed to attack the town i>f St. Pierre : but the Koyalists 
were nndi .eiplined ; they K"* '"'o emdusiou, fired by mistake on one another, and 
MM'oinplelely disconcerted the jilan of attack, that the Knulish general, not having 
a force sudieiently numeiims for the purpose without them, ordered the Uritisli 
troops to return "u J>oard of the fleet. 

lientiai Sir Charles (afterwards Earl) Grey assendilcd a Uxly of tnnips at 
Barbadoes in .laTiuary I7!'t fur the attack of the French islands, and the flank 
companies of the '-'Ist were employed on this service. A landiuii was effecte<l on 
the island of Mirtiniipie in the early part of Fei»ruary, and after some sharp fight- 
ing, in wliieh the r< u'inient had several men killed and wounded, this valuable 
possession was dcliv* red from the power of the republicans. 

Krom Ifi'torirtil Uncord o/'ihr 21'' Rftiimmt, nr 
The Hoyat Sorth Brilith tntilirr*. 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 51 



HOW THE BLACK WATCH GOT THEIR RED FEAT!IEK 
By Archibald Forbes 

* On January 1, ITO.Ti,' wi wri <'*■ . ulrew [D<>wit'|, while a |«'nsi(iiit<i vrtcraii, 
'our urniy, conniHtinK of the Vinu, <Mtli, KOtli, anil llllh, ilmvr tlit- Fruitli ii^Min 
■cro»!i the Wual ; tjic i2ntl rt-tircil tu ((uiKlmnalMn, alM>ut Ihtu- \\\\\,\ to llic 
rrnr. The Frcnrh or<>sNi-d a Mceoiul titnc, and uttm-knl tlic 7Hth in mir |1'JimI| 
front; the llth I.iill Dragoons tcivrrinn the 7Hth with two j.iiics of mntmn. 
The French In'in^ \.. lUperior in niinilH-pi, prcvsed the 7Kth m» luinl tl.nt th»y 
were obh^ei) to ^iv ua\ ; the ravo'ry aNo nivinjj way, leiivinu their ^■llrl-■. whu i| 
the enrmy turned n\'im us. In the affair (ieneral Sir Hnhert I.nwrie |I.awriii 
received a wvere r I'l on the rlj:ht clieek, ami was alnti); with Sir David Diindu 
when he call'M ')ut, Fort} •.See<>n<l ! for Gel's .sake, nnd for the honour o|' your 
CDuntry, rtt-i^r W.ry^- jjinisl " Two eoin|ianies were si-nt out whieh were r(|iiil>.rd ; 
other two eniniiJinitH wi re then sert out ami succeeded in ri<ii|'tuiiiii,' Un ni with 



great loss |i<i the \\' 
enmimny m the alistm 
GenerafSii i)i.-id Hui 
never wear tin r-'l pti. 
carry it so lon„' vs tin 
these words. When xvt 



nfl,]. I 



ir-it. .^ ir.ii-s Jonntlinu FruMT <<tTnniiuiil((l our 
.(I Au?.truther. Hn the jju'is luinjf !)roii^!lit it». 

rnlli-d out. " Fort) SreiMid, the llfh Drac - *.|.i.II 

on their h< lini ts any more, and I liope the 4'Jnd uill 
e IliL H'iick \Vatch ! I heard Sir Dasid [(rononnee 
ivtd iti K-.sex 've (jot the red heekh-.* 

From Thr Hlu<k \Vut<h. 



THE HIGHLANDER'S SENSE OF DUTY 
By J. H, Stocqueler 

ArrF.H the surrender of Loni C'ornwalh. s aiuiy In Aim ■, ;!ii.- 'y\. »' larehed 

ill dilaehnierds as prisoners to differeit (> rts of Vif ■,>. \i'.^>- : '■ ' ' with 

many of their emigrant eountrymcii, h\- whotri, as un ■ ; t'l. > ■• ; .-very 

endeavour was usetl, and iiwny teniptirif; offers made, I ; ' > <■ •'>■-. ': ' rs to 
break their alleRiani-e and become subjects of the A ■ T'. t. t. ■ ■. . ' Yet 

not a siiif^le Hiyldandcr allowed hiniMif to be seihi'id i •.' llii ■ ■'.• n •.• We 
duty which he had engaged to ili < har^' lor Ids kinji iinil en;.- ^ 

When it was known in Sulheil.ind (in 1793. on tlie lireiikiii n > if Ihc war 
with revolutionary France) that i1k; eonntess was expected lo Ciiji i' .tli a ])tiilion 
of the most abic-bodidl men on her <\leiisive estates, the otiieers wJicui vlie 
apiw'lnted had cuily to make a bcledion of tliose who were bc^t eideulattd It. lijl 
up the ranks of the rcfjinicnr, whii'h was comjilcted in as short a lime a^ tin- mt u 
could !« collected fnun the nipped ami distant districts they iid'Mbiled. For 
five years after the rejjinient luni been furuicil lujt an individti;d in it coTninittcd a 
eriiiie of any kind. DnriiiR the rebellion in Ireland, in 17t»71)8, ' their CMnduet 
and nianricrs so softened the horrors of war tliat they were not a week in any 
fresh qxittftcr or caidoiunent without cotieiliatinj,' and l>econnn{5 intimate willi 
the people.' In 1800 the regiment had Iwen nineteen years without n pnnisli- 
nient panide. 

General Stewart, in his aeeounl tif the Hi^thlandcr;, says truly ; ' The sense 
of duly is not extinfjuished in Ibe Hipldainl soldier by ahseiiee fr«.m the rnoini- 
tains. It accompanies him amid the dissipations of a inwie i>( life to whieh be 
has not been accustomed. It pron)i>ts him to save n portion of bis pay to enable 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



92 

him to assist his parents, and also to work when he has an opportunity, that he 
SZ^^1^Z h'™"'"^" ^' once preserving himself f,Sm idle habfs and 
contributmg to the happiness and comfort of those who gave him birth. Filial 

Jound'^S '\hlr? "f"""'" "J."' "" ««'"°"''". -d it ^ generally ^'e„ 
luffilnf Vh^ I '"f"n'V>« theii- parents of „useo„duct has operate as a 

of homr.^ °" ^"""^ ■ "''" "'""y" "^'™ ""^ ""imation with a sort 

inm The BrilUh HtMirr. 

XII 

HOME FROM THE WARS 
By Robert Bums 

I AM a son of Mars, who have been in many wars, 

Anil show my cuts and scars wherever I come •' 
llus licre was for a wench, and that other in a trench 

When welcouung the French at the sound of the drum. 

My ■prenticcship I passed wliere my leader breathed his last 
« iK-n the bloody die was cast on t.Sc heights of Abram • ■ 

I served out my trade when the gallant game was played 
And the Moru ' low was laid at the sound of the drum. 

I lastly was with Curtis among the lloating batteries = 
Ami left there for a witness an arm and a limb • 
"t', , ' .'"y '^"""''y n<^<!d me, with Elliot < to bleed me, 
I d clutter on my stumps at the sou,- .f the drum. 

What though with hoary locks I must sUnd the winter shocks 
Beneath llic woikIs and rocks oftentimes for a home 

Uhcn the t other bag I sell, and the t'other bottle tell 
J could meet a troop of hell at the sound of the drum. 

The Jotiy Btgj/itr^, 
XIII 

THE KING'S OWN BORDERERS AT MARTINIQUE (1809) 
By Captain R. T. Higgm 

In the month of December 1808 the two Bank companies of the 2Sth regiment 

eornmanded by Captam Sinclair, embarked on board the Cherub sloop of- wKm 

Gumea Bay Osland „f St. Kitts), and proceeded to Pigeon Island Ik"etdi" 

Xh^"mf T^ '^"'"'",11"' six weeks when it again em"barked, on the even ng of 

he ™^ , ■'"rT'T- "■ "'V^'-S* "■' ^"'^'"'^ f""^'"' ""'' join"! the lleet for 
the capture of Martmiquc. The fleet was divided, like the amy, into two divT 

ofThe 8,h"'i:rT;'.; °' '^r,rF l""""" "' ^'^'" •'""'*• ""■' ">» other. conLt ng 
Bal ! n n; ^\ r i "'■ •" "^^f ?""P""'" "f the 25th regiment, at Solomon'? 
«a> , on 1 1„. 81st „f Januar>-. The light company joined the army near Windmill 

', i'l'",.'"'"'.'!'''' '" ''""' "' y"'!*'-, "'■«"■ "'iilfB fell n-m) 

, f •"«'". [■•'••'■'•I'. »l.icli »«. .turn,,..! ,„d taken l.y tlio ilriliih. 17r,' 

* 111 cjninisiiij at (Jibrajur ijuriii([ the Kiegc. 



WARS IN CANADA, AMERICA, AND WEST INDIES 88 

Hill, where it was engaged, and where Captain Sinclair and Privates Ducksbury 
and Hoiragan were killed. 

Thisactiunwasfoiight on the 2nd of February 1800. The grenadier company 
joined the Light Brigade, commanded by Mujor-Genernl Campbell of the York 
Rangers. He, however, was wounded, when the command was given to Major 
Parson of the 28rd Fusiliers, which regiment occupied a position in a wood near 
Fort Bourbon. This brigade, which consisted of the flank company of the 2Sth 
and aard regiment, and two bhick companies, crossed the country, and stormed 
a French picket under the walls of Beaulieu Redoubt. This picket, which con- 
sisted of one captain, two lieutenants, and eighty privates, were all killed or 
wounded, with the exception of four or five sentineU who made their escape. 
Captain M'Donald of the grenadiers led his company up to the gate, where he was 
challenged by two French sentinels, who were instantly shot. The brigade nishcd 
into the place, and took the post under a heavy fire from Fort Bourbon ; but as it 
was night the shots passctl over the heads of the men, doing little or no damage. 
On the 19th of February the British batteries opened a heavy fire, which was kept 
up both day and night, on Fort Bourbon. On the 24th of February 1809 the fort 
and all the dependencies of the island surrendered. 

From Reritriin ni tht Kinti'/i Oini fhrltrrrt. 



CHAPTER IV 

Napoleon in Egypt 



1801-1H07 



'I'HI' KIX(J-.s OWN SCOTTISH BORDEkEKS 

The Sloiy of the Regiment. 



tlie 

10 

I. 



nro .,,,,,,,„, l,,.i,.,M,,,,,,..M,l,la.,,,,.,l.,,,i,s,:,;i,.,,r.. 



Kilii. <T;itlkl. , lOSiJ. 

Miiiiilir-, Ki'Jii-r. 
.Slrnikirl,. Kwa. 
I.an.liM. liilia. 
Naiiliir, lC'J,->. 
f;.l>i.ilLii, 1-J-. 
i-'iiitiilrrs, 17 l;f-7. 
l'"MMtiiii,y, I7t,>. 
U illcniix, 174U. 
ViJ, 17+7. 
Giniiiiny, 1758-03. 



MiikUii. I75;i, 
Wail, 111;;, 17(iil. 
KiA Diik, ni, |7(]|. 

l.iliii.ltar, l7«-.'.a.' 
T.iiiluii, I7U(. 
1'miI H.nal. I7'JU. 
I Ml I I'. ■|7!l!). 
K-iii(,ii|.,i|,.i;. ,., 17U0. 
Kaypt, l»0l. 
Ali'xaiidriu, I8U]. 



-Maitiniqiir, ISOO. 

(iuailalonik-, I815. 

Niilal. IN (2. 

Af;,'liunisUiIi, 187H-80. 
Gitnaziili. 1HH9. 
I'llitral. 1NU3, 
Tiruli. tS97-8. 
•Siailli Arrica. I.SIIU-HKIJ 
PiianI, U-rj;, 190«. 
Kanr S[)niit, t!)()0. 
Vlukfuntiin, 1901. 



THE LANDING IN KCJYPr 

By y. II. Siocqiicler 

ABorKiu liAV l,,al Lc'cu rnulcml famous in „„„lcr„ liistu.v l,v N.Nmis vic'lorv „l' 



NAPOLEON IN LGYPT 55 

• It woulil be Hifflcult,' wrilps the l.icKraphrr ,.r AI,<■rL•r,.llll,^, • u, c.i.oriM. a 
situation of deeper or tliirker inlcrest lliaii llial i„ wl.id, 1 1„. ;„K in,,.,' ,,r 1 1,,. Uni i.l, 

army was now place<l. The imn sit eict aiul „i,,ll,,„|, ,. ■ ,„,| „ ^ i „.,,^ |„, ,,," 

except the splash of the oars In the water. wliMi- thi' 1,,'n.. Ihi,- ,,f |„,.,k iii,\ li 
rapidly but in miniirabie ami ex,iet array l..war,l^ llie sla.re. N.,1 \,.m: ii<.wev,r 
was that stern silence permitted t.) coMlniiie luil.n.kin. A, if ilou'hliiu, |h,' 
evi. enee of their own senses, the enemy ^micI r,.r a whiU-, «ill,„„l ..riirj,,., i,, fl,e 
frail armada the sli(;htcst molestation ; hot Iheir „sl..n,,|,„a.|,i m.oii iiive nl lee 
to other and more stiiiii,^. seMllMienls. „m,I lliev st,.,xl lo Ih.i. arms. In ,'i molni „l 
he whole of their arlilkry opened, an,l Ihe sea hissnl and l.„ilc,l l,,r„r.- and 
belnild the boats Will, r,a,n,l shot an.l slalls that fell in show,.rs ai„,„„l tla,,. ' 
Ihe seamen palled ,M,-tlic fire increase,! ^-Ihe easnalties hcianu. maiKn.i.s 
■-H,l LZ ""^,"" '■"'"■"-i""- '-Viid MOW Ihe reKi.nenl. on Ihe ri„hl -lia' alni; 
-8t 1, 4011,, ami tand -havmii j;.,ined a pl.av of shelter maler Ihe el,vM,-,l i„,mI,..i, 
,il Ihe hallenes, w,re iiiipell,,l „iiw,,r,ls «i|h iner,as,w| anii.ar ai .1 ,,i,i'n ' 

hoon the l„«,ls l,a,ehe,l Ihe s:ii,d; Ihe s..l,l„.,, |ea|„,| „„|, r,,n,„,i i,^. i;,,.,',-.,; 

nn,l, 1,1 the face of a heavy Ihe, s,i,v,l,|y j;ain,Hl the snnnn.l, a,„l, ,1, ,i„„ „ai; 

their stern ,.,.|«,nenls, drove th,„, „all.,„|ly from Iheir |..,sil „p ll„. |",co of 

h..sl,.,p. IhecoM,!,,,-! ortl,e4'J,al ll,n|,|, ,rsh, Ihi, op,rali,,n «„s ,„ ,.„|i;„.|v 

brillianl. ).wn ean.e a r,,,„„c„l „1 K,, ,.,i, ,:,v,,hy , ,1 ,l.,s l.,al,.„ 1. ',1, |,v ,1, . 
4-lKl. an,l lis connnaialer fell. To lli,. 1, 11 „f llie Inn Ih. lioval., ,';illi -.„„] '-,slli 
were ,„inK tiaar w,ak «,ll, e,|Mal a,.],,,,,.. I„,,ii„. „„■ en.,,,; „l all ,„.„,l., ' ri,<' 

trench rclivaled >,po„ Al,-xa,„liia ; AI,er,o,i„l,v losi i„.l „ ' „„,,| i„ |, || ,„i,„. 

them. l(„l he f,„„„l them sl,„n,,|y p„sl,,l, wiu, ,, v ,,a.,, of arlill.,> ;.„,l a 

niach lar„,.r lorec ihai, he e.vp,ele,l. S,„„- ,l„;s weir ,,,„,s„p„„U> , .v|,.:,„l,.,| in 

getti,,); i,p reinlorcemenlsand lan.li,,. t„„s I,- Il„. ships, whi,-!,, „„h Ihe tr„„s- 

port ol the linns ahan; Ih,' s.iialv sl„.r,., was a li,li,ns ,,i,e,-,r. „ It w,s Ihe 
21st Marili before .Sir Kalph f,am,l hio.self i„ a <„n.lili.,„ l„ „ive Ihen, hallie, and 
the.i. mneh 1„ the v, .lerahle i;ei,en,rs ,l,lif,.|,f . the e,„-i„v l,„0, Ihe i„ili„tivc 

ARreal.j;lorimis,an,l,l,,-isivel,alllewasll,al ,,r Al,.v'„,d,ia, Th. ,i„a,.„iati,a, 
Blows alal the heart is slirr,-,l while rea,li„« of |h,. tenihl,- alla,.k ..{ Il„~|.-i,„eh 
iMvmcil.les on the ri(;hl of the Ikilisl, posili,,,,. It was ,hf,,„h,l |.v a i„l„„ht 
and cover was f.amd behinil some ruins. The i.Timenls cn>.„c,,l w, ,e Ihe 4-„d 

the 28th, and (he 4mli. The lli,.hla,„lers w,,,- p,.e,.harK ',1, jee ..fUa: 

.ndcMT.habl.v f„r„ais allaek. The Fr,„,-i, Invme.hks. ali,,- n,„eh obstinate 
haii,l-to-han,l hahtmi;, were almost annihilald ; Ihe survivors lai,! ,lown llair 
onus. .,-,.sh haltalaa,,, however, eamc op ; the 42n,l .,:, ^-reallv ie,l,„,.,l. I,„l 
tliev held their cr.>oi„l. aaimale,! by Ihe appeal of Iheir Rcerai, ■ .Mv brav, 

HiK danders, remember yonr ntry I rei„e,„ber your f,lhers ! ■ Down weal 

ebattal,,,,,s,,ftl,e,.u.i,,y; thc,,r,,d,e,l,,ns.p,,,dr,,ns,,reavalrv.i ,■ ialaoli, , 

till the w_l„,le spai'c 11, Iront ol the r,,l,a,l,l was strewed with the bo.liesof the .slain, 
ine 42lld dial almost to a man where il sl,ii„l. 

foxn Till- Itrilhh .v V/„-,-. 



THE CAMERONIANS AND 'IIIE GORDONS Al' ALEV 

ANDKIA 
By David Stewart 

On the moriunB of the 131h the troop, moved forwaol lo Ihe all.„k in tluce 
columns, the 00th ,a IV.Ihd.ire re-iment formin-. tl„- aiha,.,, of Ihe lasl 
column, and the 92nd or Gordon Highlanders that of the secon,l ; I hi reserve 



i 


M 


ji 






m 



ir^mmmmmmmm 



06 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

with It. \yiien the umy h.id cleared the dutetrees, the ciieiny quitti-d the 
he.jihts, and w,th gre.t boldnes,, ,„ov„l down „n .he Mn.l. whieh bTtl 's tU,,e 
^';i:"r'^„.""'''-. T'- French ,,pe„e<l „ heavy iire of c.n„„n ,u>d'n!u"ketr • 



which the naiid qiiii-kly returned, liiiniy re»i»tiiii( 
French line (supported n,i it ■ 

their ground till the line can 
th. 



cjtniion and musketry, 
repeated attacks of the 



was Ijy a |x,wcrliil artillery), and siii^-ly inaiiitainint! 
ne up. Al the same time the French cavalry, with 



Iry, with 
iinent, Tlii 



e greatest impetuosity, charged dnwn a declivity on the »Oth reai 
S "^U^!"? "If 7'"'''f ,"|f'<^l'i'l''y. ""owed then, to approach within lUty 

™^a 7ew ; *l ""•f"-''"^'^^'"' l^<^' 'I'^T ■'■ completely hroke the charge, that 
the rest lied off to their kit, and retreateil in Hie ureatesl confusion Tl„. .mil 
regmient heing dresseii in helmets, as a corps of ligiit ini , t ;, we e nisUkeiM 
dismounted cavalry, a.id the enemy, iielieving Ihem out of tlie^i; eleinei, , . , k 
with the more iH.ldness, a, they expected less resislalice. 

the rMit"''fln,'u''"''The''''T 'i""""' '"■"-■;.""' "r"^ remaining in column to cover 
ine right tl,.nk. 1 he whole moved lorwanl in this order, sufrcring IV,,m the 
enemy s Hymg artillery, whieh, liaving six horses to ea,-l, gun, exe?u ed tl eir 
movements with the greatest celerity Awhile the Uri.ish, with , n y I, | v 

appomled cava ry and no artillery horses, had their guns dragg^ In sa C- 
occasumally assisted by the soldiers, through sands so l,t,se and S deep tl^ the 

enemv Zld T '"'%": ' "' '""" ^''''- *»■ '"' "«= .novenicnls 'were, tte 
enemy could offer no effectual rcsislaiuc, as our troops advanced, and retreated 
Hi, ilJ't r "■ %'"' "' Alexandria. These hues Sir' llal,,h Abeienmiby dete^ 
«^^e „;r-, '^'1 r*-'';,'"'''''',' ""» ""l-rt""' "l^icot, Ueneral Moore, with the 
^^hl^WT ir^ 'm ■" ,"'r ""'"• ""'' "'•'"•■■"' H'"^'hi'-n will, the second line 
.^™,si f„ a,^ 1 r1i '"" """'■V'"-:^ " ""■ «'""■■ »■"'■'"■> ">e formidable and 

k ,m „* "J'P'""'"-;^ "' ^'"^ •^"""■y '^ defences, this seemed a In.ld attempt. Not 
thr^'^W f '■;'"' ■r'"'.""'»' "■• "l"^">". "'■'" iKung suecessivelv gained, 
they could be maintained without proper artillery, if the one eomiManded th^ 
o her, our commander found it necessary to reconnoitre with care. In tlii' .,t ite 
havt^Rh, th."'j: "' 'rn """"^ excec^lingly f„,m a g.dling fire, withou 
eiKd al "' "■^'P'™':'- '" ■•=""■" «,"'"". while the French had leisure t.. take 
^m»r^^'„ 1 'l"'''' '""""""" "" ""'"Pi'lily .-'"-l discipline of the British 
ZZ T ?tZ- ,*"'*-7 "' "''''""'■"' ■"" 'c-tiained till It could he done with 
success and with the east loss of lives, they remained for hours exposed lo a fire 

eulties';if .1 "m t ""= ^"'"""' "'■ ""= ''<'-^' "■""!«• '" I-"'''!-"!' ""' •lim- 

ner mtlh 1 "Pt*"""*: "'s'li-niounlable, they were order«l to retire, and 

occupy that position which was afterwanls so well maintaind on the 21st of 
March, and in wliicf they avengei themselves for their present disa,,poiiit,ncnf. 

I'ntm .sAW.Am ofthr Wifli/'in/tfui. 
IV 

THE BLACK WATCH AT ALEXANDRIA 
By T. Walsh 

h'lV""M ' i'.;™""„"'™l'' ■"' ""^"k "" 'lie eenlie. cxtendin,; as far towards the 
kit as I.e Oind. ll attempted t., turn the kit .,f the brigade of Guanis, which 
was a little advanccl. but was received with so warm and well kept up a lire 
Irom the Srd regnnent of Guards, whose left was thrown back, and frlmi lllc 
Knyals, as to be forced, after a sharp contest, to retr<-at with great loss. 

Ueneral Deshn, with his division, penetrated through the hollow, leaving the 




s < 






II 

< ^ 



n 



«a 




^mm 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT , S7 

redoubt on his left, and endeavoured to reach the old nihis. He was, there 
warmly received by the 42nd, and at tempted to withdraw his troops; but a 
battalion of the twenty-first demi-brij;;ide having advanced loo far, was sur- 
rounded, and obliged to lay down its amis, and surrender to tlie 42]iil and 68th 
regiments. 

Repulsed at every quarter with the same obstinate resolution, and llmling it 
impossible to penetrate through any part of our line, the French intintry at length 
gave way, and departed in all directions behind the sandhills. . . . 

The 8rd and 14th Dragoons, under General Boussart, came up with all the 
impetuous fury of men certain of being sncrifteed, nnd charged through the 
12nd regiment, reaching as far as the tents. Here, Imwcver, they were effeolu- 
ally stopped ; the horses, entanglcil in the ooids, were for the most part killed, 
and many of the men were obliged to seek their safety on fcnit. At this 
juncture the Minorca regiment came to support the 42nd, and drew up in the 
vacant space between the redoubt and the Guards. The seci.nil line of Freiu li 
cavalry . . . made another desperate charge u|K)n these i-eginients. As il 
would have been impossible to willistund the shock, they opened with tlie 
most deliberate composure to let them pass; then, facing al».ijl. Iliev pourisl 
upon them such volleys as brought nundicrs, both of men mid horses, to the 
ground. The cavalry then endeavoured to force its way l)!u'k, but this they 
were unable Ui etteet, and the greater part were killed or wuunded in the attempt. 
General Roye himself falling on the s|>ot. ... In the ei.rlv part of the acti..ii .i 
standard had been wrested from the French by the I'.'iid regiment, wliiil. was, 
however, unfortunately retaken fn.m thcni at the moment of the im|Ktnous 
charge of the enemy's cavalry. 

The French infantry . . . lost a great number of loin . , , nnd when IIm- 
broken remains of the cavalry formed again in tlie rear of their infiintrv. not 
one-fourth of those who had cliarged could be colleelid. 



THE DEATH OF ABERCROMDY 
(I) By H.R.Clinton 

Hi.ioiui dawn on the I'lst .M.irih, .Miin.ii sent hisdronieilaij corps iieioss liie bed 
of L:ike Mareotis; the Frciuh surprised the first redoubt, but hail to retreat, 
carrying oft the guanl. This attack was but a feint, the real attack being on the 
British right by Laimsse, and on the centre by liumpon, with Uonipier in reserve, 
tlie cavalry under lloiigi beinj,' placed in a second line to act as neisled. , , , 

Liinus.se went forwunl ,s.. early that the tnstps oppos4-(i to him were not drawn 
ofl by the false attack against the left. His men forceil their way into Ihi- Uoiii.in 
rum. which liiiil l>een transfonueil into a reih'ulit. The 28th ami 5»th regmients 
mamtaine«l a desperate rcsistanee, and the arrival of the 28nl and the 42iicl, 
«i' I the ,teady fire IV.. lu .Mailh.ud's vessels, bn.ke the encni\. and one regi- 
ment I, lid di'wii it> arms in the ruins. Kampon's attempt ori the centre was 
rcpuLseil l)v till- V, iieys of the Guards, and while Kegmer and Friaiit were 
et«ieav.iuruig I., li.ui a passage tielweeii the centre and the left. Kongo's horse 
ao-»aneed undi^ an imperative order froiii Menon, nlthi.ogh without ii.fanlrv or 
ea-slry supp.irt. The lirsl line of dragoi.us, iindi r Bnaissanl, n«le f.nvard 
with great spiril on a hopeless enteriirise. Da,sliiiig tlinaigh the teiiis of llu: 
28th, they overwhelmed the 4'.'nd ; but as the dragoons were entangled among the 
tents, the 48th threw them into disorder, Ala-ren.uibv, siu.t in the thigO but 



W SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

still in the saddle, dismounted and took part in the mfiWe. Just as the 42nd 
re-foiroed and a reinforoement came up, Hougi charged with the second lint. 
n*f>eatmg the manoeuvre so succestful at Dcttingcn. the British infantry opencti 
ti ;ir ranks and let the enemy pass through to the rear, and, again closing, pourct! 
in volleys which stretched men and hurses on the lod. Regnicr and Friant, 
themselves under a heavy fire, were unable to render assistance ; and Menon 
ordered a retreat 'it ten o'clock, further ntUcks being hopeless. It was fortunate 
for the British, as the umniunltion of both artillery and inftintrv was so exhausted 
that several batteries and regiments were unable to interfere with the retreat. 
But the four shipit kept up a sharp cannonade. 

Abercrornby, more fortunate than Wolfe, viewed from a redoubt in the centre 
the retreat of tbr ' ^ten foe. Being now unable to mount his horse, he was 
carried on a httfi m the beach and convpyo«i to the flagship. The ball couW 
not be cxtractt . .(.rn the thigh-btme ; the wound mortifiwl. i.iiH on the 28lh 
he expired, to i i- threat sorrow of his amiy. 

From I'amoii» Hrituh Haltlu. 

(2) Ballad from an old Chap Book 

RECITATION 

'TwAS on the spot, in authentic lore oft nani'd, 
Where Isis or Osiris once held sway 
O'er kings who sleep in Fyriiniidic pride ; 
But now for British valour far more fum'd, 
Since Nelson's band achieved a glorious day. 
And crown'd with laurel, Abercronibie died. 



Her roseat colours the day Iwd not shed 

O'er the field which stem slaughter had tinted loo red. 

Twas dark stive each flash at the cannon's hoarse sound, 

When the brave Abercrombie received his death wouml. 

His comrades with grief unaffected deplore, 

Tho' to Britain's renown he gave one laurel more. 

With a mind unsubdued si ill the foe he defy'd. 
On the steed which the Hero of Acre supplied, 
'Till feeling he soon to Fate's command must yield. 
He gave Sidney the sword he no longer could wield, 
His comnides with grief unaffected deplore, 
Tho' to Brittiiu's renown he gave one laurel more. 

The standard of Albion with victory crown'd 

Waved over his head, as he sunk on the ground. 

' Take me hence, my brave comrades,' the veteran did cry, 

■ My duty 's ct^tnplcte, and contented I die.' 

(3) By T. Walsh 

h fiiust have been at this periiMl that the gallant veteran. Sir Ralph Abercrornby, 
rieeived the unfortunate wovmd which deprived the army of a distinguished and 
beloved commander. It is imjxissible to ascertain the exact moment, as he never 
compiaiiied, or revealed the circumstance of his being wounded to any one, till 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT it) 

it wu perceived by those about him. No entreat^ could even then presiil on 
him to leave the field, till convinced by his own eyes of the enemy'i retreat. . . . 

When Sir Ralph Abeicninihy had seen the enemy retreat, be atUnipted to 
get on horseback j but his wound, which wa» probed and dreaed in the field by 
an auistant •urgeon of the Guards, havinn brcurnc extremely stiH and puiciful. 
he could not moiut, and reluctantly suffered himself to be placed u|>..ji ii litter. 
from which he was remi>ved into a boat, and carried on board the Fotukuyanl. 
Here Lord Keith received him with all possible aflection, and every cart and 
attention which his state required were early paid him. . . . 

(March tht 29(A.) This niiirnini! arrived the melancholy tidinRs of Sir Ralph 
Abercromby's decease. At eleven the preceding night death smitched from ua 
this beloved commander. Th^! wound which he received on the 2Kt, bringing 
on fever and mortification, occusioiicd this lamented event, and our valiant 
general was lost to us at the moment when we stixid most in need of his assist- 
ance. The ball had entered the thigh very high up, and, taking a direction toward! 
the groin, had lodged in the bone, whence it could not be extracteu. 

In the action of the Itth of Mareh he had suffered a contusion in the thigh 
from a musquet ball, and had a horse killed under him. On the Slst, at the time 
when he received his death wound, he was in the very midst of the enemy, and 
personally engaged with an officer of dragoons, who was at that moment shot by 
a corporal of the 42nd. Sir Ralph retained the olllcer'i sword, which had passad 
between his arm and his side the instant before the officer fell. 

During the seven days which elapsed from the period of his being wounded 
till his death, the anguish and torture he endured must have been extreme. Yet 
not a groan, not a complaint escaped his lips, and he continued to the last a bright 
example of patience and fortitude. He thought and talked of nothing else to all 
around hun, but of the bravery and heroic conduct of the army, which he said he 
could not sufficiently admire. 



THE HIGHLANDER'S RETURN 
By David Macbeth Moir (Delta) 

YouNO Donald Bane, the gallant I'tli, unt,. the wars h.T<l gone. 
And left within her Highland home his plighted love alone ; 
Yet though the waves between them rolled on eastern Kgypt's sh- 
As he thought of Mhairi Macintyrc, his love grew more and mcrf. 

It was a sullen morning when he breathed his last adieu. 
And down the glen, above his men, ^he chieftain's banner ilt-w ; 
When bonnets waved aloft in air, and wir-pipes seream'd aloud. 
And the startled eagle left the cliff for shelter in the cloud. 

Brave Donald Bane, at duty's call, hath sought a foreign strand. 
And Donald Bane amio the slain hath stood with crimson brand ; 
And when the Alexandrian beach with Gallic blood was dvcd. 
Streamed the tartan plaid of Donald Bane at Abereromby'ssidr. 

And he had seen the Pyramids, Grand Cairn, and the bay 
Of Aboukir, whereon the fleet of gallant Nelson lay ; 
And he bad seen the Turkish hosts in their barbarian pride. 
And listen'd as from burial fields the midnight chacal cried. 



•0 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Yet, many s light had DomUd seen in Syrian dmerts lone, 
Tu many a ihore had Dunald been, but none that matched hii own ; 
Amid the datei and [MmegranAtet, the temples and the tower*. 
He thought of Albyn'a cliffy huti. begirt with heather-flow rr». 

So joyous beat the soldier's heart a^in from deck to see, 

Rising from out the German wave, the island of the free ; 

And stately was his step when crowds, with plaudits from tlte main, 

Welcomed once more to Britain's shore its heroes back again. 

HuiHJicd was the war din that in wrath from coast to coast hud roared. 
And stayed were slaughter's beagle fangs, and sheathed the pntriut's 

sword. 
When— 'twas the pleasant summer-time — arose in green unnm. 
His own dear Highland mountains on the sight of Donald Hani-. 

Four years had lapsed in absence, wherein his steps had ranged 
'Mid many a far and foreign scene, but his heart was unestronged ; 
And when he saw Arjjyie's red deer once more from thicket llee, 
And again he trod Glen Etive's sod. a mountaineer was he t 

There stood the stiieling of his love beneath the sheltering trees. 
Sweet sang the lark, the uummer air was musical with bees : 
And when he reached the wicket porch, old Sttimah fawning fain. 
First nosed him round, then licked his hand —'twas bliss tu Donald Bane. 

His heart throbbed as he entered— no sound was stirring there — 
And in he went, and on he went, when behold his Mhairi fair 1 
Before her stood the household wheel, unniurmurous, and the thread 
Slill in her fingers lay, as when its tenuous twine she led. 

He stood and gazed, a man half-crazed : before him she rechned 
In half unkerchiefd lovehness — the idol of his mind ; 
Bland was the sleep of innocence, as to her dreams were given 
Elysian walks with him she loved, amid the bowers of Heaven I 

He gazed her l>eauties o'er and o'er— her shining auburn hair. 
Her ivory brow, her rosebud mouth, her cheek carnation fair ; 
Her round white arms, her bosom's charms, that, with her brratliing low 
Like swan pluinss on a ripply lake heaved softly to and fro. 

He could no morr— but, stooping down, he clasped her to his soul. 
And from the honey of her lips a rapturous kiss he stole : 
As hill-deer bound from bugle sound, 8wer\-ed Mhairi from her rest, 
It could not be — oh yes, 'tis he I — and she sank on Donald's hn-ust. 

What boots to telJ what them befell ? — or how, in bridal mirth, 
Blithe feet did bound to music's sound, beside the mountain hearth. 
Or how the festal cup was drained on hillside and on plain. 
To the healths of lovely Mhairi, and her faithful Donald Bane. 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT 



c] 



THE MAJOR'S STORY 
By James Grant 

' Wi are a fine rcgiuieat a» oiiy in the line ; but I alniiist think we were b hnr r 
coipi when we landed in Kgypt in 1801. We had been embodied among the clan 
of GorUoo juat itz yran before, and there was icarcf ly a man in the rankn abtive 
flve-aod -twenty yean of n^v —all ticry young Highlanders, raited among the 
men of Blair-Athuir, Brat mar, Strnthdun. Garioch. Strathbogic, and the duke'i 
uwo people, the * gay and the gallant,' ai they were hlyled in the olden time. 

'There ii a story current that the corpK was raised in contiequence of itome 
wager between the Duchess of Gordon and the Prince of Wales, about who wimid 
muster a rt-giment in leajit time; and, certainly, htr grace got the Htart of liik 
Royal Highness. 

* The duchess (hire \ to licr health— a splendid woman she is 1) sujierinUndetl 
the recruiting department in famous styk — one worthy Camilla hcrhclf ! With 
a drum and fife — oftencr with a srure of pipers strutting before her- cockades 
flaunting and claymores gleaming, I have seen her paraihng through the High- 
land fair* and cattle- trysts, recruiting for the * Gordon Highlanders ' ; and a 
hearty kiu on the cheek she gave to every mun who took from hi-r o'.vn white 
hand the shilling in King George's name. 

'Hundreds of picked mountaineers — regular dirk and claymore men—hhe 
brought us; and prtrscntcd the battalion with their colours at Abcnlci.'n, where 
we were fully mustered and ecpiippcd. Trotting her horse, she CHine along (he 
line, wearing a red regimental jacket with yellow facings, and a Highland bonnet 
with an eagle's wing in it : a hearty cheer we gave hrr as she came prancing 
along with the staff. I attracted her attention first, for ! was senior kub. of the 
grenadiers, and the grenadiers were ulwnys her favourites. I would tell you 
what she said to me, too. atwut the length of my legs, but it ill becomiii a man 
to repeat compliments. 

* Right proud I wti» of old Scotland and the corps, while I l(M>kcd along the 
st-rried Une when we drew up our battle-front on the sandy beach of the buy of 
Aboukir. Splendid they 0|')>eared — the glaring sun shining on their plaids and 
plumes and lines of burnished arms. Gallant is the garb of old (ilaul, thought 1, 
and who would not l>e a soldier ? Yes, I felt the true esprit <k corps burning 
within me at the sight of our Scottish blades, and equally proud, as a Briton, at 
the apf>earance of other cori)s, F.riglish or Irish, as they mustered on the beach 
beneath St. George's cross or the harp of old Krin. The tri-colours and bayonets 
of France were in our front, and the moment was a pn ud one indetd, as we 
advanced towards them, animateil by the hearty British cheers from our men- 
of-war in the bay. All know the battle of Alexandria. We drove the soldiers of 
Buonaparte before us ' like chaff before the wind,' but the victory cost u» dear : 
many a bold heart dyed the hot sand with its gallant blood, and among thcni our 
countryman, noble old Abereromby. 

* Poor Sir Ralph I When struck by the death-shot I saw him reel in hit 
saddle, his silver hair and faded unifonn dabbled with his bt(K>d. His lust words 
are yet ringing in my ears, as, waving his thrce-cf)cked hat, he fell from his horse ; 

* " Give them the bayonets, my boys t Forward, Highlanders I Remember 
the hearts and the hills we have left behind us 1 " 

' Here 's his memory in Malitga, though I would ruther drtnk it in Ulay or 
Glentivet. We did give them the bayonet, and the pike too, in a style that wouM 



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63 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



have ilone your hearts good to luive seen. It wus a glorious victory— Vimiera. 
tlie other day, was nothiiiK to it— and Bell worth losing blood for. That night 
we hoisted the union on the old Arab towers of Aboukir, and Lord Hutchinson 
took command of the army. On the 18th September 1801, we placed Alcxandri.i 
in the power of the Turks. Our wounded we stowed away in the mosques and 
empty houses ; our troops were quartered on the inhabitants, or placed under 
canvas without the city walls, and we found ourselves while there tolerably com- 
fortable, except mg the annoyance we suffered from insects and enervating heat, 
which was like that of a furnace ; but the kamsin, or " hot wind of the desert," 
one must experience to know what it really is. 

■ When it begins to blow, the air feels perpetually like a blast rushing from a hot 
fire, and the atmosphere undergoes a change sufflcient to strike even the heart of 
a hon with tenvjr. 

' Canieron— I mean Fassifern— and 1 lived together in the same tent, which 
was pitched without the city, in a spot where enormous ruins encn.sted with salt- 
petre were piled on every ide. 1 well remember drawing back the triangular 
door of the tent, and looking cautiously forth when the winds had passed. Here 
and there I saw the prostrate corpses of some Turks and Egyptians, who had been 
sufti.ciitcd by inhaling the hot sandy air. Thcv presented a terrible spectacle, 
cert.Tinly. They were swelled enormously, tunied to a pale blue colour; and 
there they lay, rapidly festering and decomposing in the heat of the sun, although 
they had been alive and well tliat morning. 

' By it I nearly lost Jock Pcntland, my servant. I discovered the poor 
ehield lying, half dead, at the base of Cleopatra's Needle, and had him looked to 
in time to save his life. Many of our men were dangerouslv affected by it ; but 
when it passed away all was right again, and I remember how pleased Fassifern 
and 1 were, when, for the first time after we sallied forth on our drily visit to 
our friend Mohamme<l Djedda, a Turkish captain, with whom we had become 
acquainted in the course of garrison duty, and who had a very handsome house 
of his own within the walls of Alexandria. 

' Cameron and I had become close comrades, then being only a couple of Jovial 
subs. He was senior, and has got in advance of me ; but since he has obtained 
command of the corps, he keeps us all at the staffs end, and acts the Highland 
chief on too extended a scale. Yet Jock (we called him Jock then, for shortness ; 
but It would be mutiny to do so now) is a fine fellow and a brave officer, and I 
pledge him heartily in Senor Uaphael's sherry. . . . 

' Well, major, but the mummies ; you have not told us of them vet,' said 
Ronald, becoming impatient. 

■ I am coming to the point,' replied the major, not in the least displeased at 
the intemiption, abnipt though it was ; ' but you must permit me to tell a story 
in my own rambling way. To continue : 

'The redoubtable captain, Mohammed Djedda, had become a very great 
fhend of ours : we used to visit him daily in the cool part of the evening, pre- 
tending that we came to enjoy a pipe of opium with him, under the huge nopal 
or cochineal tree, which flourished before his door. He knew no English, I very 
little Turkish, Cameron none at all ; consequently our conversation was never 
very spirited or interesting, and we have sat, for four consecutive hours, pulling 
assiduously, or pretending to do so, at our long pipes, without uttering a syllable, 
staring hard at each other the while with a gravity truly Oriental, until we 
scarcely knew whether our heads or heels were uppermost. We took great 
credit to ourselves for never laughing outright at the strange figure of the Captain 
Ujedda, as he sat opposite to us, squatted on a rich carpet, and garbed in his 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT 



63 



Rilken vest, gcwii, wide cotton pantaloons, and heavy turlmn, lnoking like Ultic 
Hennl in the story-l)ook. Ygu may wonder wliut pleasure «e ioumi in this sort 
ol" work, but the secret was this : Mohanmitd wii: one of the nint.t fashionable 
old backs in tlie Turkish txrvice, and of course could nut 'lo witliuut four wives — 
no Turk of any pretension'- to rank being without fi'at number. These he 
kept in most excellent ortlcr and constant attendance u|ion his own la/.y (lerson, 
altfaouph he had a score ()f wretchctl slaves— poor bare footed devils who wore 
noui,'ht to hide Iheir brown skins but a blue shirt girt about their waists with a 
leather belt, and a rrd kercliiet twisU-d round their crfiwns. 

* But Mohainrneii's veiled and draprried spouj-.s were the gentlest creatures 
I ever beheld, and not in the Itiist jealous, beeaii-.e lie entertained lor tlitin all 
the same degree of cool contempt ; and he oltcn told ls. ' that women were 
mere animals, without souls, and only j;ood for breeding chililren and mischief.' 
One brought his pipe and lit it, a second ^|iread liis i'arpet under tlie nopal, a 
third arranged his turban, and a fourth put on his slippers ; but lie wo .Id scorn 
to thank any with a glance, and kept his round eyes obstinately lixed on tlic 
ground, as became a Turk and s^iperior I- -ing. This strange old genlUman had 
two daughters ; [)erf(et angels they weie- -scrafths or honri. We eoutd not see 
their faces, all of which, with the exception of the eyes, were coneiakd by an 
abominable cloth veil, which it was almost iiu'urriiig deatli to remove before 
such an infidel as me. But their eyes ! By h* avens, surh were never beheld, 
not even in the land of the sunny lyes — su large and black, so liquid and spark- 
hng I No otiier parts were vitible cxcejit their Jiands and ankles, which were 
bare and white, small and beautiful enough to turn the heads of a whole ret^'iment ! 
The expression of their lustrous eyes, the goddess-like outline of their thiidy clad 
forms, made Cameron and me imagine their faces to be posstssrd of that sublime 
degree of dazzling beauty which it is seldoni the lot of mortals to — —' 

* Excellent, major I ' exclaimed Allster ; 'of all your l'';^'yptian stories this 
is the best. Then it was the daughters you went to see ? ' 

* .'o be sure it was ! and for the pleasure of beholding them, endured every 
evening the staring and smoking with their ferocious old dog of a papa, who, 
could he have divined what the tvto giaours were afler, would soon have employed 
some of Iiis followers to deprive us of our heads. 1 am sure, by the pleased ami 
melting expression of their eyes, that the girls knew what we came about, and 
we would certainly iiave opened a correspondence witli them by some means, 
could we have done so ; but as they were kept almost continually under lock 
and key, we never found an opportunity to see them alone, and letters — if we 
could have written them — would have been useless, as they could neither read 
nor write a word of any known language. 

' Well, as I related before, on the evening after the blowing of the kamsin, 
Fassifem and I departed on our daily visit, eagerly hoping that we might have 
an opportunity of seeing Zela anil Azri, the two daughters, alone, as we marched 
the next day en route for that great city of the genii and the fairies. Grand Cairo, 
and might never again be at Alexandria. We were confoundedly smitten, I 
assure you, thougli we have (iften laughed at it since. We were as niuch in love 
as two very romantic young subalterns coulil be, and very earnest — Iioping, 
fearing, trembling, and all that — we were in the matter.' 

* Well, major, and which was your flame ? ' 

* Zela was mine. They named her " tlie White Rose of Sidrali," whicli means, 
I believe, " the wonderful tree of Maiiomet's paradise." But to continue— 

'On approaching the house, we found it all deserted and silent. The carpet 
and pipe lay under the shadow of the umbrageous nopal, but the grave and portly 



(H 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



Kr ;es wh re ^1 nr'i"^ T, """' "'"''' "'"""", "" ""'^' "' Aowcr-bcds and little 
fr,Mln„ -i L^ r ■ r,' • ""= P'"'"»"-'"'"'<^. 'late-pahu, eustard-apple, and fig- 
who M ,,,? '"•''""^'" >■; '"^r"%""^,' I'y "W "f Mohanimed's half^naked slavol 

1,. M^, T^ ~'n-' ">,'?*■ i^ ' "'"""^ ''"'■" " '"tl= "f W» K"""'"! language 
^-t lull to Capta,,, DjcUla, l„s fo„r wiv< ., :,i. ^lavt,, and all !,is h,mseh„ld we?c 
gone o the groat mo.,que, to return thanks lor the passing away of the kamnZ 
abou 't„ ,„ rn''"''^ much uvereome by th. heat of the atmosphere, we were 
bout t„ ,„ter he eool marble vestibule of the mansion, when the airy figures 
of the young lad.es, ,n their noatinn drap.ry. appeared at an upper window. 

and the Z,"' ""'"V '" ' " n" "' '■'''''^"''•'■"- •■ 'i'l-f young ladies arc upstairs 
and the house is empty ; we will pay then, a visit now in safetv." 

' " Th, ■ .r' " " ' "';^'^™r'' '■'^'"'■"^ '" ""■ meantime with all his Mamelukes ? - 
Then there ,s nothing for it but eutting our way out and escaping We 
But i ' i^'otTX;,""'' ""•:,''"t ".™''l b<^ f-^'-tten in the hun,. of our 'departure! 
liut IS not death the penalty of being found in the chambers of TurUsli women ? " 
will sear^eell'Trv ■" • """i '■ ''iresing my shoulders ; - Su' my old Mohammed 
o near YonT '"P"'!"'"'" '" "" "^ "' 'lecapitatioii while our own troops are 

?reraimo:;tthri.iii ••""""* °' "-= ^^-^ "■■"■"*' '"» -'- -^ «- «-- 

-.J^^^V'i'^ '' "'^"''y; f^olin ' " «»k«l he, as we wandered about the vestibule 
rCfs. "' "" '"'''''"''' '^""""""'"l by «Pl"'>M vases Ulled with gorgeous 

' " U)) this staircase, I think." 

of theiHangnage/" ''"" "" ^ '° '"^ """-'" ""= ""' *'"'"' ' ' ''""^^ "<" « ^^1 

' •' Tush I never mind that, Jock ; do as I do," said I, as we ascended the white 

marble steps leading to the upper story, .-md passed through several apartm"nt,^ 

mak,„rtL" wtr'i; "'""''■.V" "i.lil that moment had I thought seriously o 

^tL Hnt, ' ^°T i^'l^'i'. *'■■''• ^''^''" C'^nV'^ll ol Craigflanteoch ^ 
,,h: I ," ,'"","'■' "f ""^ Eg.vptian inte attracted us towards the kiosk 

t heavv ^r' %'"" 1°"'™'; "■"" '""' ■'■'' "' <"• ""^ oJvcnture. We rSsel 
tte heavy folds of the glossy damask curtain, ami found ourselves, for the first 
time, m their presence unobserved by others. 

' The two graceful creatures, who were as usual eloselv veiled, sprang from the 
ottomans on which they were sealed, and came hastily t'owards us exclair L in 
surprise mmg ed with fear and pleasure, " Ma .ha Allah! f" mZ^ckyaAl^" 
and a score of such phrases as the tumult of their minds caused them tful fr 

Aalam aim kom, said Fassifern, meaning " good morrow " which was all 

the progress he had made in the Oriental languages and" e dTf ed our boni e? 

making a salaam in the most graceful manner ^ ' " "= """™ °"' bonnets, 

' •• Colin tell them to take off their confounded veils," whispered Cameron. 

I a.ske,l them to do so in the most high-flown style imaginable, but thcv 

sereamed out another volley of exclamations, and fled awav to the farther corner 

audMv'n t"^ • ^",7,"" T' " '""'"'''' "^ ''""'"y- "hile I f<^lt my hcarrbea "ng 
audibly as I surveyed the soft expression of pleasure that beamed in their orient 
eyes. They were evidently delighted at the novelty of our visit, though the^r 
pleasure was tmged with a dash of dread when they thought of their other's 
return and the boundless fury of a Turkish vengennee. Ztia placed her little 

hole/inhervTil'V 'r'f '^' ""'' '°,'*'"' ^'^"'''-"y "' - through the rinnd 
holes in her veil, burst into a merry shout of laughter. 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT 65 

„.,"' Hciiuliful Z.:la," siiid I, as I threw my arms around her, " Wliite H..se of 
otdrah, Ht what do you laii^-h ? " 

• "You have no beanl ! " said she, lauching louder. " Where is the bushy 
luur that hangs from the chin of a man ? " 

• •' I haven't got any yet," I answered in English, considerably put out bv 
the question ; but I was only a sub., you know, and had never even thou-ht of 
a razor ; my chin was almost us smooth as her own, and so she said as she passed 
her soft little hand over it. Again I attempted to remove the veil which hid her 

ace, but so great was her terror, so extcssive her agitation, that I desisted for a 
time. But between caressing and entreating, in a few minutes we ci>nquercd 
their scruples and OrienUil idais of punctilio, when we were permitted to n-move 
thtu- lawn-hoods, and view their pure ami sublime fcatuics, with the heavy 
masses of long black and glossy hair falling over naked necks and shoulders, 
which were whiter than Parian marble. Tliey were indeetl luiraculousl' autiful, 
aiKl lully realised our most romantic and excited ideas of their l.'.iK-hidden 
loveliness. 

'I had just obtained some half-dozen kisses from the dewy little mouth of 
/Scia, when I saw Cameron start up and draw his sword. 

"' What is the matter, Fassifern 1 " I exclnimcd ; but the appalling and 
portly hgure ol Mohammed Djedda, as he stood in the doonvay, swelling with rage 
Olid Eastern ferocity, was a sulTicicnt answer. In his right hand he held his drawn 
sabre ol keen Damascus steel, and in the other a long brass Turkish pistol. Crowd- 
mg t.he marble stau-case beyond, we saw his ferocious Mameluke soldiers, clad 
m theu- crimson benisim or long robes of cotton, and tall kouacki or cvlindria.1 
yellow turbans, while their spears, poniards, and scimitars— short, crooked, and of 
fJamascus steel— flashed and glittered in a manner very unpleasant to behold, 
llie poor girls, horrified beyond description at being discovered in the society of 
inen, of Christians, and unveiled too, were so much overcome by their terrors 
that they were unable to fly ; and calling on the bride of .M.ihoniet in I'ariulise 
d'L'th''"' "' ^"'"''""^'' ""''' °"""' f™"'K lly nnd ffuJly, expecting instant 

' " Here he devil of a mess, Cameron," said I, drawing out Andrea. " Let 
us leap the window and fly for camp." 

But their caibincs tlu-ow a dozen balls at once," was his hurried reply 
Shoulder to shoulder, Jock I now for the onset," said I, preparing to inist. 
recklessly upon them. " We must take our chance of " 

• The rest was cut short by a slash the old savage made at me with his scimitar, 
which took three inches off the oak stick I cut at home in the green woods of 
Inveraray, before I left them to follow the drum. My blooil began to boil. 

Moliammed Djedda," said I in Turkish, " we have done no wrong ,- we are 
strangers among you, and kiiow not the laws of the land. Allow us to depart in 
peace ; otheiTvise you may have good reason to repent," I added, pointing to the 
tents of the auld forty-twa." 

' ■' Depart in peace, said you 1 Despicable giaour 1 " thundered he, his 
i urkish tone becoming more guttural bv his ferocity. " Never-never I Bv 
the sacred stone of Mecca I— by every hair in the beard of the holy prophet 1-^- 
by the infernal bridge which spans the sea of fire I slave of an accursed race ve 
never shall I Never 1 I have sworn it." 

' I saw Cameron's eyes flash and glare as he prepared to sell his life as dearly 
as possible. ^ 

■ 1" ''^t^" °™ ^'"' '"'■ ''' °'^ '"*° '• »'"' remember, should we fall, our friends 
m the white tents will avenge us." 



'^'"' SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

fr..n. l.„ whit, tison. wLfch'l ^wZ/vf^riart''^'';',''''^'.?'';:''' '•"""'"« 
de,-,lb-sh„t. The tliick muslin turb.n ?,f M h , '"'Y' *'"»'' ""'"n'! the 

tren,en,lous blow which I den a 1, ,^wlf "'"'"' ',"''"} '''"' ^""^ "•= o.,e 
beneath the wei,.bt „f the claymore * ''"""''• '"" '"= ^''"'' '" "-e e.-vr.b 

i^.n,;:er'!l jii,!;':t.;.;!';;;;± ":y"''''"' ■" "-^ 'r'" ' •■ ^-""i '- -•■"riai,.! 

a terrible Wow ™ t' le ,aek "f '.nvtVf '"''"r' ' "'" ™"<l"i«l'e'l : I reeeiv,,! 
ren.ember no .nore Ln ^,,, /"L rllr™' "V^''"" """'" "' " """"luk'- I 
.l.ird_th,.„«h the likeV^:';u;eltr;:'a„d"«tpe" '"■" *" '"^ ''^"•- "'" " 

.enseleS;:;!1Urii^^™; ,S"' """" " '"'''■ ^ ' ™^ ^""-' -^ 

or »n,e monstrou, ve^L Ln^ .2 over me e^ 7'"' ,«'?8"4«1 Wood. R.!-: 
»nd endeavour to di.cZr Z^ I wa, Thl? Pe ."'J "" '"Pi'""; ">' «"""''■ 

left at the n.eroy of the law es^S amS eithertri" h"*" ^"' T' } ''"'"''^ *" 
a dur,?con to be left to a slow UiioerinTrfri; f ! ' ■"' P'T^'™' <»?''« in 

one by some mode of tortT^ 3b *^ ,h '''' ''"'J"''™' o"- " ""^re expeditious 
and bLbarism ™dd Lve^r' ' "" "'"'' "^'^ 'P'"' of EasterlTiLelty 

f..n;':rr"3 bt^rdoToToTtitirH il'' " ^*™'7''"' "'"* ' f«" -«■ 

a^^onei-Xrtt^n^^S-^^^^ 

^:?>-:::r;f^£Sr°^5^=-=^ 

into the dnrk b'^^wUh my'^Tl:!/""?"'' f" "i*'""'"' ""'' ""er went 

i=M aJSS";i™S5rto;;sK^ri;;:: 

a smal^apertL whi^b a ^^rS^'Xlrty^^f at^X"™™'"'^ "-"""■ 
Dawn has broken I I exelaimed in sudden anguish , " the t.oops must 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT ,;r 

l".'rl]Jh"''''"l i 'i'^"'"?" ™""<'' h-'vi. csraped Jlohanimci : .t, „I,. n,v C;,..i ■ 

outsi^o „f th. ,,nnihl '""'' '"'"r" ' "o" I'""ivc.l caned a„d pam.ed on 11., 
Bnt. I » I, .h "^ ^ ni"rnmy-oof.cr». TI.ey were tlie flKur.s „f the dt-ad, and 
tinted With those impcrishahle eol„urs with which the ancient Kgyptians ,leco ml ■ 

oZ„ wh .?""* ''"'^ " ";<• '"■"■ ' "■">• <•'"'' ™"'". winkinR, go Jii,ran, 
me Inmizi^ at 1'" "^"^ """i'l''. ''•>l«™'" »nd red, expanded ,nto a broad gnn. 
methuught at my misery. Against the black wall tiiev were ranked at em,„: 

tne cirth, exposing the decayed and mouldered corse, standino stark naunt 

nro,t'rate'ar"'1-»f''"*' '" "" ^"™'^"'»- O"-- ''«'' f""'" 'l™ "nT^v 
Sf t e saerT^i* ' T'" ''°"*'' "'"8- I >^"i'|.ose, the embalind remain, 

01 the sacred ibis, the monkey, or other animal revered by the ancient idoiaten 
Enormo,,, bats were sailing about, black scorpions, and^^ nuiny a uge b ol?^l 
reptile, ot which I knew not even the name, appearing a:-, if formed alone fo suel 

sou^rr;„'rh'"' "^y" "" ';?"""^' " f'^" '"'*' "'«' 'hen with a hea "sq^abb 
sound from the wet slimy wall on the moist and watery pavement. ' 

of an arch «r-' f ' ''"'«?','"« "'""«'' ''•'"'* '"^'"'"^ » J™"' '" "'^ ''"S'^c 

o mvM I It^JnT • ■" ''^ .T-'Vr^ '"■'"'^'' «'"'«' t° breaking when I thought 
of Mu) and o?M°'"' ""'^ ^''?,' 'T" "''''='' «"■* '" away-the^rcen mountain, 
of Mul and of Morvcn, and the deep salt lochs of Argyle ; and ,!earcr than all 
he well.taown hearth where I had sat at the knee of mv mother, and h a^d her 
rehear e those w,ld traditions of hill and valley which cndeare.l them all „ me 

ot old Moham^S "^ °' ""■ '"t' '"""" '■'^P-^'^'^ ' " "'^"i "-■ K'-'t""' voice 
hLJ M<''i™nied or some one above me; while the cranny overhead became 

SbT • " H.V /th"""";''"* f '"','■ 'T"-" "■'♦•' ""■ ^1^'"" "f "-"P-^. became 
Hen„ . f .1, n"**"^,"/ P"'' ""'' drinkers of wine-have the unclean docs 
departed from the walls ot I.kandrieh ? " I listened in breathless suspense ^ 

pn towIidT thl^A Z^^^lf^ '^f y"^' """••' «""'"■"' voire ot a Mameluke ; " thev 
wolt3ittenf''H h- i"'"^' 'l'^^- K""^ '" "'e sand, that the jackal knd the 
won may latten and howl over their bones ' " 

reolic/^r^/!'"'' n'"ri ^V! '" '^•"'' """^ Mahomet is His holy prophet I " 
neonl h»H ^ ^ liL, 'f '''*' T,^"'' '"^' '"-"rt died within me to hear that our 
PnfiH f f ^P";'^ f""" Alexandria. These were some of the ungrateful 

ihet'id'saU w^,^hTb1;::J*,'''"- ■"" "• '"""^ «»"-' '"'"""- """ -'"-«' 
see'whlt'l.Tr hii"* ^Vf ""is follower ot Isauri," said Mohammed, "and he will 
himTro™ ,h. i P/,?? J'*' "' "" *''u ''''"«'"■'' "nd mollahs of his faith, can preserve 
for th??»eW»U " ""i ^^J," 'r™ 'I" '''all die. Ere night liis carcass shall be food 
H^di^ Vt,^Hlh * """]^ 'u" ""''eliever looks his last on the bright setting sun, 
but wr«.ffi' -^l »'"*r *" ■ • • ^^bat word he finisi cd wilh I know not 
but It was sufficient to strike terror to the inmost recess of my heart, I knew 
well some temWe instniment of torture was named. 

and luiew'th^SJ'T™''*""" '',"' I f" "?' ''^'™''e, when I found death so near, 
but mvLt^n .f « P°^."^<^'^- defenceless, and unarmed, liaving no other weapon 
the e?/ f "• ■"*"?• ?'"'"8'' *" '"y- I bad never relinquished. I beheld 

the claw of an iron crowbar inserted in the cranny which admitted light, for the 



„ll 



m 



88 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

purpose of raising the stoue trap-door of the catacomb ; and as the space opened, 
I saw, or imagined 1 saw, the wcai>ons of Mohammed's followers flashing in thi- 
sunlight. My life, never so dear or of such inestimable value as at that moment 
when 1 found myself about to lose it — to be saerificed like a poor mouse in a 
trap, I cast around a furious glance of eagerness and despair. A small round 
archway wliich I had not before observed met my eye ; yawning and black it 
appeared in the gloom, and supported by clumsy, short Egj'ptian pillars. 1 flew 
towards it, as novels say, animated by the most tumultuous hopes and fears, 
praying to Heaven thot it might afford mt scnnc chance of escape from the 
scimitars of the savage Mahometans, who had already raised the trap-htone, 
and lowered a long ladder into the vault. 

' The passage was long but straight, and guided by a distant light, glimmering 
at the other end, I sped along it w'th the fleetness of a roebuck, receiving as I 
wtiit many a hard knock from the bold carvings and knobby projections of the 
short dumpy pillars that formed a colonnade on each side. I heard the sabres 
and iron maces of the Mameluke warriors clatter, as succf .vely five or six of 
them leaped into the vault, and set up the wild shout of " Ya Allah! " when 
they found I was not there. By their not immediately searching the passage, 
I concluded that they were unacquainted with the geography of the place, and, 
in consequence of their having come from the strong glare of the sun, were unable 
t(p perceive the arch in the gloom of the cavern. They became terrified on finding 
that I was gone, and withdrew, scampering up the ladder with the utmost pre- 
cipitation, attributing, I suppose, my escape to supernatural means. 

' I kept myself close between the twisted columns, scarcely daring to breathe 
until they had withdrawn and all was quiet, when again I pursued my way towards 
the glimmering light, which was still in view, but at what distance before me I 
could form no idea. Sometimes it appeared close at hand, sometimes a mile off, 
dancing before me like a will-o'-the-wisp. My progress was often embarrassed 
by prostrate columns, ami oftencr by heaps of fallen masonry. More than once 
I was ni'uily suffocated by the foid air of the damp vaults, or the dust and mortar 
among wliich I sometimes fell. But I struggled onward manfully, yet feeling a 
sort of sullen and reckless despair, putting up the while many a pious prayer 
and ejaculation, strangely mingled with many an earnest curse in Gaelic on 
Mohammed Djedda and the architect who planned the labyrinth, though perhaps 
it might have been the •"•.■o.t Cnidian Sostrates himself. After toiling thus for 
some time, until wearied iuid worn out, I found myself in the lower vault of one 
of those large round towers which are so numerous among the ancient and ruinous 
fortifications of Alexandria. A round and shattered aperture, about ten feet 
from the floor, admitted the jjure breeze, which I inhalvj greedily, while my 
eyes gloated on the clear blue sky ; and I felt more exquisite delight in doing "o 
tiian even when gazing en the pure snowy bosom of the beautiful Zcla, whom, 
to tell the truth, I had almost forgotten during the quandary in which I found 
nvyself. The cry of " Jedger Allah .' " shouted close beside the ruinous tower, 
informed me I was near the post of a Mussulman sentinel, and compelled me tc 
aet with greater caution. I heard the cry (^ hich answers to our " All 's well t ") 
taken Up by other sentinels at intervals and Jie away among the windings of the 
walls. 

* By the assisttince of a large stone I was enabled to reach the aperture, throngh 
which I looked cautiously, to reconnoitre the ground. It was a glorious evening, 
and the dazzling blaze of the red sun, as it verged towards the west, was shed 
on the still, glassy sea, where the white sails of armed xebecs, galleys, and British 
bhips of war were reflected downwards in the bosom of the ample harbour. 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT fi . 

Appearing in bold light or shadow, as the sun poured its strong lustre upi-n thnu, 
I >«iiw the long line:* of mouldering buttletnents— the round diunes, the taper 
spires and obelisks whi'h rose above the enibraKures, where the sabre-: and laiiees 
of the Turks gave back the light of the setting sun, whose farewell niys were 
beaming on the pillar of Diocletian and the grey old towers uf Abouklr, from the 
summit of which were now waving the red colours of Mahomet. But the beauty 
of the scenery had no charms for the drowsy Moslem (whose cry I hud heanl, ami 
whom I now pcrcciveil to be a cavalry vedette) stationed under the ctmiI shad v 
of a palm grove close by. He was seated on a carpet, with his legs folded under 
him. His sabre atul dagger lay near him, drawn, and he srt without moving a 
muscle, smoking with grave assiduity, and wearing his tall yellow kouak very 
much over his right eye, which led me to suppose that he was a smart fellow 
among the Mamelukes — perceiving, to my great chagrin, that he was one of 
Mohammed's savage troop. His noble Arab horse, with its arching neck and 
glittering eyes, stood motionless beside him, its bridle trailing on tlic ground, 
white it gazed with a sagacious look on the columns of smoke which at times curlcfl 
upwards from the moustached mouth of its master, who was staring fixedly in un 
opposite direction to the city. I followed the point to which he turned hi>- round 
^'lassy eye, and beheld, to my inexpressible joy, an English infantry regiment — 
Hutchinson's rear-guard — halted under a grove of fig-trees, but, ala'-^ i at a dis- 
t.ince far beyond the reach of my call. 

' I formed at once the resolution of confronting the sentinel, and endeavouring 
to escape. The moment was a precious one : the corps was evidently about to 
move off, and was forming in open column of companies, with their band in llie 
centre. While I was collecting all my scattered energies for one desperate ai.cl 
headlong effort, a loud uproar in the distant catacomb arrested me for a moment, 
and I heard the terrible voice of Mohammed Djedda exclaiming : 

' " Barek Allah ! we shall find him yet ; the passage, slaves I the passage I 
Hy God and the holy prophet, if the giaour escapes, *'alse dogs, ye sliall die I 
Forward I " 

* A confused trampling of feet, a rush and clatter followed, and 1 sprang 
lightly throiich the aperture into the open air. Stealing softly toward;; the un- 
conscious M -neluke, I wreathed my hand in the flowing mane of his Arab horse, 
and seizing the dangling bridle, vaulted into his wooden-box saddle ; while he, 
raising the cry of ''Allah, il AUahT' sprung up like a harlequin, and m:ulc a 
sweeping stroke at nie with his sharp sabre. He was nlr>out to handle his long 
brass-barrelled carbine, when, unliooking the steel mace which hung at his saddle- 
b^iw. and discharging it full on his swarthy forehead, I stretched him motionless 
on the earth. At that instant Mohammed, sabre and lance in hand, rushed fnjni 
the ruined tower at the head of his followers. 

' " Iloich I God save the King — hurrah ! " cricil I, giving them u shout of 
reckless laughter and derision, as I forced the fleet Arab steed onward, like i\n 
arrow shot from a bow — madly compelling it to leap high masses of ruinous wall^, 
blocks of marble and granite, all of which it cleared like a greyhound, and carricfl 
me in a minute among our own people, with whom I was safe, and under whtise 
escort I soon rejoined the regiment, whom I found ail assured of my death-- 
especially the senior ensign, Cameron, who had got off scot-fice, having related 
the doleful story of my brains being knocked out by the Mameluke soldier of 
Mohammed Ojeddo, a complaint against whom was about to be lodged with tic 
ahaik-elhcled by Lord Hutchinson, commanding the troops. 

* Well, this was my adventure among the mummies, and it was one that left 
a strong inipression, you may be sure. How dry my throat is with talking f 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



fvcr h,is them beftide him : 



i':iii the (lccunters~the shcrry-ju((s, I ineim — whi 
'tis now BO durk I cimuut bCC uhert: they urc' 

I rum TKe lii/ni-i mi '•! War. 

VHI 

THK VALiAiNT MACRAES 

SEiuiKANT JiiiiN Macka^., a yniing Hum lilmut twenty-two years of upc, in the 
ixpcdilioii to K^yjit in 1807, showed that the broadsword in u Uiiu hupd is as 
^(Mid a weapon in eiose lighting as the Imyonet, If th - tirNt push of the bayonet 
misses its aim, or 'mppens to lie parried, it is not easy * ; recover the weajwn, and 
r('j>eat the thrust ^hen the enemy is bold enough to tlu'id firm ; but it is not t,o 
with the sword, whieh uit.y be readily drawn from its It <w, wielded with eelerity, 
and direeted to any part of the body, partieulatly to 'at I.jud and arms, while 
its mc.'tion defend^ the [lerson using it. Maerac killed six men, cutting them 
down with his broadsword, when at lost he made a dash out of the ranks on a Turk 
wltoni he cut down ; but as ac was returning to the square he was killed by a blow 
from behind, his ead being nearly spht in two by the stroke of a sabre. Lieu- 
tenant Christojiher Macrae, who brought eighteen men ci his own name to the 
regimeni as part of his quota of reeruita for an ensigncy, wan killed in the affair. 
with six of his followers and namesakes besides the sergeant. On the passage to 
Lisbon, in October 18U5, the same sergeant came ti Colonel Stewart cne evening 
crying like a child, anH complaining that the ship's cook had called him Englisii 
names which he did not understand, and thrown some fat in hii^ face. Thus u 
lad who. in 180.~>, was so soft and childish, dispir ed in 1807 a courage worthy <« 
hero of 0-sian. 

From Hit hmk .j/ fvutlUh Am-nlum. 

IX 

ALEXANDRIA 

Lines wrinen .^t the request oi .he Highland Society in London, when met 
to comrL-.^norate tne 2ist of March, the day of victory in Egypt. 

By Thomas Campbell 

Pledge to the much-loved land that gave us birtli I 

Invincible romantic Scotia's shore I 
Pledge to the memory of her parted worth I 
And &I-A, amidst the brave, remember Moore 1 

And be it deemed not wrong that name to give. 
In festive hours, which prompts tl.e patriot's sigh ! 

Who would not envy such as Moore to live t 
And died he not as heroes wish to die ? 

Yes, though too soon attaining glory's goal. 

To us his bright career too short was given ; 
Yet in a mighty ciuse his phcenix soul 

Rose on the tlames of victory to heaven I 

How ofl (if beats in subjugated Spain 

One patriot heart) in seerct shall it niouni 
For him ! — How oft on far Co-'^anna's plain 

Shall British exiles weep upon his urn I 



NAPOLEON IN EGYPT 

Vcnce t(i the niiglity dt-uj I— <iiir busuni thiink^t 
In spriifhtlier utmins Ine livi; nmy iiisrirc t 

J'ly to the chiefs tiiat lend old Si-otm'a ri i.jts, 
Of Roinun gatb and nmre than Honmn lire ! 

TniimpUimt be tlie thistli; still unfurled, 

Dear symbol wild I on Frvohuu's hills it Kr-.ws. 

\Mierc FiiiRul steninie<l the tyrants t;f the wurld, 
And Uu'iian euylcs found unconquercd foes. 

J jy to the band this diiy on Egypt's fdust, 
\Vhnsc vjdoiir tamed proud Fninci's tricolor. 

And wrenched the banner fmni ht-r bmvcst hn^t, 
Huptizcd Invincible in Austria's gore ! 

Juy fur tlie day im red Viincirii's btr.itid. 

\\1icn, bayoi>et to bayonet opposed, 
First of ilritariniu's host her Highland biind 

Gave but the dcatl-.hot o ice, and forcnius closi 

Is the'-' a son of ^'enerous Knplaiid here 
O: lervid Erin V— be with us shall join. 

To pray that iii eternal union dear. 
The rose, the shamrock, and the tL tie twine I 

T\ pes. of a race who sh.vll the invader scorn. 
As rockh resist the billows round the shore ; 

Types of a race who shall to time unborn 
Their countrj' leave unconquered as (»f yore I 



CHAPTER V 

The Peninsular Campaigns 



IMOS-ISU 



I 

THE CAMERONIANS 

The Story oj the Scottish Rifles 

TuE Ist battiiiinii of Ciimeronmns was origiiiiilly fnrincil fnmi ntnongst that ImhIv 
of Scottish Presbyterians wh(tse leader was tlir fnimms field pn-acher, Uichartl 
Canierui, and us the Cumeroniun Guunl (lO-^S) it f.nifjht doughtily, thrcmgh the 
dark days of reliijioirs persecution, iipdinst the troops of ttie Sciltisli Government. 
!•> 168tt the men of the (Jnard were taken on to the establishttient as the Elarl cf 
Angus's Ilegitnent of Foot, wldeh for over fifty years after was known by the 
■iuccessive names of its colonels, or unollleiiilly as The Canieronians. It becan.c 
the ^Oth Reghiiciit of Foot in 1751, and the 26th (The Camcnmians) UeRiment 'if 
Foot in 1780. The »Oth Regiment was raised li> Thonias Graham (afterwards 
Lord Lynedoeh). in 17iJ9, as the 00th (Irish Lii^ht Infantry) RruMinent, and 
disbanded in 1703. Another 90th Rejzinient of Foot was raised in 1773, and 
dis!)andcd in 1783. Another, the 90th (Perthshire Volnntcers — Lijjht Infantry) 
Regiment was raised in 1794. and in 1881 was linked with the 20th under the 
title of The Cameronians (S(H,llish Rifles). 

The fir^t battle of the Cameronians. after they had enrolled themselves in the 
army of William ill., was at Dunkeld (1689), which they held triumphantly, under 
(he Earl of Anp[u\, njjainst a .lacohite force that was four times lar^jer than their 
i»wn. Their colonel, the Karl, was killed in action at Steenkirk. In the great 
battles of JVLirlbo rough's r:iinpaiRns the 1st battalion of the rejiiment fought with 
the highest distinctioii ; !;itcr it took part in the defence of Gibraltar, and won 
tresh iionrnirs under Sir Ji hn Mrx>re in the Peninsula. Honours were conferred 
on ImMi battalions for tin ;r service in Egypt ; on the 2nd, during the fighting in 
the West Indies; on the 1st, in China end Abyssinia; on Hit 2nd, at Sevastopol 
and Lueknow, to mention only a few of their famous victories. 

As a rifle corp-^ The Cunieronians possess no colours. Nor do they own to any 
nickname nowadays, though when the 1st battalion was the 2Gth regiment it was 
commonly kn .rtn as "The Scots'; and when the 2nd battalion was the OOUi 
regiment it was calltHl, jtfftr ihe clour of its breeches, ' Ttie Perthshire Grey- 
breeks.' 




iii 

05 



O . 






1^ 



mmm 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 



73 



TIic principal campaigns 
Diinkeia. 16S0. 
niinders, 1691-5. 
Slcenkirk, 1C92. 
Landtn, 16!l3. 
Niiinur, lOys. 
G.miany, 1702-18. 
Vciiloo, 1702. 
i'ricdburg, 170+. 
lllenheim, 1704. 
Lunduu, 1701. 
Itildcrshcim, ITOL 
Limviiin, 1705. 
Itumilios, 170G. 
Daidt-rmondc, 1707. 
Acth, 1706. 
Oudinurdc, 170S. 
\Vynt*ndjilc, 170S. 



uiid battles of the 
Lisip, 170S. 
Timmtiv, 170S. 

Aridpluquct, 1700. 
Mans, 1709. 
Itoucliitin, 1711. 
(iibraltiir, 17l'7. 
ILiVunnali, 1762. 
America, 1770-81. 
St. John's, 1775. 
'I'itxjndcroga, 1775 
Quebec, 1775. 

Miuidum, 1801. 
Alexandria, 1801. 
iVninsuIa, 180S-9. 
Cnrunna, 1809. 
Flushing. 1809. 



Ciunci'onians incKide : — 

Martinique, 1809. 
(iiiiulaloupc, IHQO. 
IViiinsuk, 1811-12. 
fitidad UodrifTo, 1811. 
Ihina. l«t0-2. 
South Adit-a. 18i0-7. 
Si.vastopiiI, 1835. 
Indian Mutiny, 1857-8. 
l/ifknow, 1857. 
Abvssiniii, 1K6S. 
Suiith Africa, 1S77-3. 
South Africa, 1899-1902. 
Culenso, 1809. 
Spion Kop. 1900. 
Vaalknuiz, 1900. 
I»i. tcrs Hill, 1900. 



THE EDINBURGH YEOMANRY 

By Lord Cockburn 

Walter Scott whs the sunl ol' the Edinburgh troop of Midlothiiin Yeomanry 
Ciivalry. It was not a duty with him, or a necessity, or a pastime, but an absolute 
passion, indulgence in which gratified his feudal taste for war and hi^ jovial 
sociable ii ess. He drilled, and drank, and made songs with a hearty conscientious 
earnestness which inspired or shamed everybody within the attraction. I do not 
know if it is usual, but his troop used to practice individually, with the sabre, at 
a turnip, which was stuck on the top of a staff, to represent a Frenchman, in front 
of the line. Every other trooper, when he set forward in his turn, was fur less con- 
cerned i4.bout the success of his aim at the turnip than about how he was to tumble. 
But Sir Walter pricked forward gallantly, sjiying to himself. ' Cut them down, the 
villains, cut them down I ' and made his blow, which, from his lameness, was often 
an awkward one, cordially muttering curses all the while at the detested enemy. 

After the war broke out again in 1803, Edinburgh, like every other place, 
became a camp, and continued so till the peace in 1814. We were all soldiers one 
w;i V or other. Professors wheeled in the college area ; the side-arras and the 
uniform peeped from behind the gown at the bar, and even on the bench ; and the 
parade and the review formed the staple of men's talk and thoughts. Hope, who 
had kept his lieutenant-colonelcy when he was Lord Advocate, adhered to it, 
and did all his duties after he became Lord Justice-Clerk. This was thought 
unconstitutional by some ; but the spirit of the day applauded it. Brougham 
served the same gun in a company of artillery with Playfair. James Moncrieff, 
John Richardson, James Grahame (the Sabbath), Thomas Thomson, and Charles 
Bell were all in one company of riflemen. Francis Honier walked about the 
streets with a musket, being a private in the Gentlemen Regiment. Dr. Gregory 
was a soldier, and Thomas Brown the moralist, Jeffrey, and many another since 
famous in more intellectual warfare. I, a gallant captain, commanded ninety- 
two of my fellow-creatures from 1804 to 1814 — the whole course of that war. 
Eighty private soldiers, two ofllcers, four sergeants, four corporals, and a trum- 
peter, all trembled (or at least were bound to tremble) when T spoke. 

From M^morioh o/ hh Tim>: 
P 



r.i 



--f 



71 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



^""dSoSs ™'' ^""^^"^ EDINBURGH LIGHT 
By Sir Walter Scott 

To horse! To horse I The standard flies, 

Ihe bugle sounds the call I 
The Gallic navy stems the seas, 
Ihe voice of battle 's on the breeze 

Arouse ye, one and all I 

Froni high Dunedin's towers we come, 

A band of brothers true • 
Our casques the leopard's spoils surn.iuid, 

.,, '""'""d's hardy thistle crowi.cd : 

We boast the red and blue. 

Though tamely couched to Gallia's frown 
Dull Holland's tardy train • 

I hough gallant Switzers vainly spurn 
And, foaming, gnaw the chain ; 

Oh had they marked the avenging call ■ 

Their brethren's murder gave" 
Uisunion ne'er their ranks had mown, 
Nor patriot valour, desperate grown, 

!>ought refuge in the grave I 

Shall we too bend the stubborn head 

In Freedom's temple born, 
Dress our pale cheek in timid smiie, 
10 hail a master in our isle. 

Or brook a victor's scorn ? 

No I though destruction o'er the land 

tome pouring as a flood. 
The sun that sees our falling day 
bliall mark our sabres deadly sw'.y. 

And set that night in blood. 

For gold let Gallia's legions fight, 

Or plunder's bloody gain, 
Unbribed, unbought, our swords we draw 
lo guard our king, to fence our law. 

Nor shall their edge be vain. 

' Alkdine to the ™....„, of tl,e s.;.. Guard, .u 10,1, Augasi 17i.2. 



Nii an I 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS rs 

If ever breath of British gale 

Shall fan the tri-color, 
Or footstep of invader rude, 
^^j''"»P'ne foul, and red with blood. 

Pollute our happy shore- 
Then farewell home, and farewell friends. 

Adieu, each tender tie I 
Resolved, we mingle in the tide 
Where eharging squadrons furious ride, 

lo conquer or to die. 

To horse I To horse I The sabres gleam, 

Uigh sounds our bugle call j 
Combined by honour's sacretl tie. 
Our word is ' Laws and Liberty ! ' 

March forward, one and all t 
IV 

CORUNNA 

By David Stewart 

general accompanyini h™ in the chZe He then "'".'^ 'H "" '^''^'^"™^' ""= 
the Guards to the left flank of the hS;,i ""I^"^"^ ,"P " •'^ttalion of 

conceiving, as their anmunihnn „ * !"^' "?°" "'"'='' ">« "Sht company 

by the Gukrfs, SeTanTo faS back Lr^wl' 'Y ""'^ ""' *" "" '"'"«' 
to them, 'My brave «nd,^oinvoJr e^m^/c' <''^™r"'"? ""' '""^"•''«' ""'d 

'^AS\^h&SlS€^^^^'^^^^^^^^ 

forced him to q^it the fie^ ^f^T^.T, '"l"""^ '»' " ""^ket-ball, which 

42nd were advancins upon wWch hi= """f """« ^'^ «"'^<^'y. he told him the 
. . . Assisted by a SldSof U^e i2^d he"w™"™ '™J«*';"='y brightened up.' 
shelter of a wall Co loiel Graham nf'n^ Kvnoj^ a few yards behind the 
Guards came up, and, pe e^^nHhe sfaff T\" "J^, C,"?"^™ W^odfori of the 
off for surgeons' P^-^^ving the state of Sir John's wound, instantly rode 

pur^«™TptainHa'^.rattem„J^%""'i;"i7''l.P"' '" « "'-''e' '»' that 
side, when he^saS in Wus^tone1„d^^' "''''" n"- ^""^ '"'"' ^^ ™""ded 
rather that it should gSout^'thTaeldwitTnT."' H " "' k'" ^, "'" ' ^ "'"' 
Harding, ' by six soldiers of the 42nd and r,,.,^ T '"'™'' ^^'^ ^"P**'" 

easy posture. Observing the reiluHnn „,S ' ^ «>* ™Pl»rting him in an 
at the hope that I might be miSen in nn feaTS'^ °' ""^ 'r'""^' ' ™"8'" 
remarked that I trusted when the%uril„' i Ji i """""^ ''""« "">*'- ^d 
spared to us and reSiver He then w^ K l"^ ^'" """J"''' *■«" ''» "™'d be 
fastly at the woundfo7a few slc^ndsTa " T^'^^^J^^' ^"?: ''«'""« ^t""*" 
unpossible... I wished to accom^n^ him'fothe'tr^tfe'siS.' •^t'u'°ne^' 



Ji 



7(5 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

not go with me ; report to General Hope that I am wounded and carried to the 
rear." A sergeant of the 42nd and two spare fiJcs, in case of accident, were 
ordered to conduct their brave general to Coruima.' As the soldiers were carry- 
ing him slowly along, he mrde them turn round frequently to view the field of 
battle, and to listen to the firing ; and was well pleased when the sound grew 
fiiinter, judging that the enemy were retiring. 

Colonel Wynch, being wounded, was passing in a spring waggon. Wlien he 
underst( jd the general was in the blanket, he wished him to be removed to the 
Wiiggon. Sir John asked one of the Highlanders whether he thoaght the waggon 
or bljinket best ? when the soldier answered that he thought the blanket best. 
' I think so too,' said the general ; and the soldiers proceeded with him to Corunna, 
bhcdding tears all the way. 

Colonel Anderson, his friend and aide-de-camp for twenty years, thus describes 
the general's last moments : — ' After some time, he seemed very anxious to speak 
to me, and at intervals got out as follows : " Anderson, you know that 1 always 
wished to die in this way." He then asked, were the French beaten ?— which 
he repeated to every one he knew as they came in, ** I hope the people of 
England will be satisfied ; I hope my country will do me justice. Anderson, 
you will see m> friends as soon as you can. Tell them everything — Say to my 
mother " — Here his voice quite failed, and he was excessively agitated.' At 
the thought of his mother, the firm heart of thia brave and affectionate son gave 
way — a heart which no danger, m'-. even his present r'tuation, could shake, till the 
thoughts of his mother, and what she would suffer, came across his mind. . . , 

As Sir John Moore, according to the wish which he had uniformly expressed, 
died a soldier in battle, so he was buried like a soldier, in his full uniform, in a 
bastion in the garrison of ( .runna. Colonel Graham of Balgowan and the officers 
of his family only attending. 

Crom S/tetche* qfthi- Iligh/undiri'. 



THE BURIAL OF SIR JOHN MOORE 
Ey Charles Wolfe 

Not a drum was heard, not a funeral note, 
As his corse to the rampart we hurried ; 

Not a soldier discharged his farewell shot 
O'er the grave where our hero we buried. 

We buried him darkly at dead of night, 
The sods with our bayonets turning, 

By the struggling moonbeam's misty light, 
And the lantern dimly burning. 

No useless coffin enclosed his breast. 
Not in sheet nor in shroud we wound him ; 

But he lay like a warrior taking his rest. 
With his martial cloak around him. 

Few and short were the prayers we said. 
And we spoke not a word of sorrow ; 

And we steadfastly gazed on the face that was dead. 
And we bitterly thought of the morrow. 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 

We thought as we hollowed his narrow bed. 

And smoothed down his lonely pilluvv, 
That the foe and the stranger would tread o'er his head, 

And we far away on the billow I 

Liglitly they *I1 talk of the spirit that *s gone. 

And o'er his cold ashes upbraid him — 
But little he 'II reck if they '11 let him sleep on, 

In the grave where a Briton has laid him. 

But half of our heavy task was done, 

When the clock struck the hour for retiring ; 

And we heard the distant and random gun 
That the foe was sullenly firing. 

Slowly and sadly we laid him down, 

From the field of his fame firesh and gory ; 

We carved not a line, and we raised not a stone — 
But we left him alone in his glorj-. 



77 



THE BLACK WATCH, CAMERONS, AND HIGHLAND 

LIGHT INFANTRY AT FUENTES D'ONORO 

By Archibald Forbes 

When WelUngton blockaded Almeida the French advanced to attempt the relief 
of the fortress ; and on May 8. 1811, they fell upon the five battahons of chosen 
British troops which occupied the position of Fuentes d'Onoro. Very severe 
fighting took place ; but the French were repulsed, and the British regiments 
held the village in the midst of the killed and wounded of both sides. Massena 
attacked again on the 5th in far greater strength. The British cavalry withdrew 
behind the light division. Houston's division, thus entirely exposed, was charged 
with great impetus, and Captain Norman Ramsay's troop of horse artillery was 
cut off and surrounded. Presently a great commotion was observed among the 
French sc^uadrons ; men and ofiicen closed in confusion towards one point, 
where a thick dust was rising, and where loud cries, the sparkling of blades, and 
the flashing of pistols indicated lome extraordinL occurrence. 'Suddenly,* 
in Napier's burning words, * the multitude was vioU- tgitated, a British shout 
arose, the mass was rent asunder, and Norman Ra.i. burst forth at the head 
of his battery, his horses breathing fire and stretching like greyhounds along the 
plain, his guns bounding Uke things of no weight, and the mounted gunners in 
close and compact order protecting the rear.' But while this briUiant action was 
in progress, it was nevertheless abundantly evident that the battle would soon 
be lost if the original position was not immediately regained. Craufiurd retired 
slowly over the plain In squares, followed by the enemy's horse, which near the 
wood surprised and sabred an advanced post of the Guards, making Colonel Hi:! 
and fourteen men prisoners. They then continued their charge, but suddenly 
found themselves in front of the Royal Highlanders. They chai^ged with great 
fierceness, but before that day the Highlanders had learned how to deal wiUi 
charging cavalry. With signal gallantry Lord Blantyre and his battalion repulsed 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



78 

ri^S: of 't niranuT^T' two 'Zl'"' "> T" »'?" "^ "'other-Highland 
prisoner,, and its colonel the JZtTff °' "" ''"" <•"?» "ere taken 
fwhting lasted until ZLg Slf^l^^TJZl T '""'^""y «o"nded. The 
prineipal objeet, the covering of tT.eW^kaT^f A^Jn"'*'' """^ "-'""gt™'' 
however, a los» of 1500 offleer, and men 8M of «hT„^^ ' "'" ^'""™''' "'""• 
BInntyre received a gold medal -a^dihe^ 1,1, • were pnsoncrs. Lord 
displayed by roval authority co'm^emor.L «". f/ *^'"^"'" d'Onoro,' 
second battalion of the RoyIi'HSrrrri:!\histircon^^^^^^ '" "" 

From nt fl/„c4 Pl-„(i*. 
VII 

™ c^°r!^°°^^ ^^° HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY AT 

ST. PIERRE AND ARROYO DOS MOLINES 
By II. R. Clinton 

"ttn?t:5^t£™Vo'^Xtel';-t-h1'w;iv/"^^^^^ 

. . . occupied the broken summit nfrh^il^*^?"."'*'^'''*''''''''' Portuguese 
P.er.-e. and which is cro™ iTy t L hi«h old ""oT:^^ ^'^^^"■^""''e' "^ «'• 
occupied ... the extremitv itT^A ^O" the right wmg General Eynff 

Gene^ral Pringle . . . «c^pTed h" hei^ht^'Ttl. tf°'"- ' ' " "" "«^ '^f '^^"f 

Abba's attack was^dil) red witWgour'jL left ^^^^ ' " • 

was hard pressed, and the wno,l V,n Ti, • '• u " °' Ashworth's Portuguese 
sent forward the 7Is? regimen?ld twol' "*»*" T I"''™- «""»rt t^er^ljore 
regiment to retake the Cd ffis ecXe^brina t'h'' """"i ""'' """' "' «'" «»«■ 
pushed more vigorously on it Ab?' f -T^ "eakened, the attack was 

Ashworth's left, with thLeserve of the 4rr-t-,h-'''''''''=^ '"= top, and 
Colonel Peacock of the 71st h«i^g • slmmefuHv „^ KH ' ^T.""'= <'"™, back. 
At this cn^^is General Barnes brought ourthe^a'dST i'''" gallant troops. 
Cameron, from the village of St Pierre «nH»i.i- " e^'^^ers, under Colonel 
advance, iu charge broke two P~ k ' " '"' '""'""^hers falling back for its 
troops wre bfoufht fo^a d and^Utttv'",^'"""- ''"'■"<'« ^'^^^ 

■ ■ . Un.,er this storm of shot and shell ?he P9 /h^S "j""" "■^'"■^'^ opened fire, 
and the Portuguese guns ceased to ^c ^ '° ''^''^ ''^'>'"'^ ^t. Pierre, 

who^^'dXedultotendbael'^oSlX; kT.'""' "° -"™ = 'or Hill. 
(Da Costa's) of Le Cor's reserve to sunnnrl fh rT* jlP?''' ''"'^ '"* »"« '>''««'lc 
(Buehan-s) to aid Byng. ThL ™sh ^f t^e ^i I l' ""'* ""^ '™' '"'^ "*''" ^"S^^ 
their colonel's wealTef , 4^ Teaded bv H I andT^ *1'?'^'= **■= "^o^ »' 
Portuguese gallantly supported md the lefl ■ T"^ '" P'="on, Le Cor's 
staggering when the wavfng black „umA ."h ^« °/ ""= '^™'^'' <=^"t^' *" 
appeared coming down thlrrld from S? I" g^^n tartans of the 92nd again 
ranks behind thfvillage. and^ssued frem rt f^f'. flf ''"' -i;™ ''"'' ".formed his 
stance of war,' the colon s flying and nb?s nllvif , t P""*!'- P""?' '"<> °™'"- 
Upon this the skirmishers, wLo*had ^P^ffc T '"^ "".='""8 P"* ?' « review, 
officer who rode at the head of the Pr^f? * V" *«*'" advanced ; and the 

centre faced about and ^tired in j^™'T" "*'"?' "^ The enemy's 

victors, to the heights Lm:h1e"th^haT'd"lceTd':d°'"lfwi? '"' ^^'"""*^ 
the day was won. ... ' "escenaea. it was now noon, and 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 70 

One brigade of tl.c Frencli liud already marched out upon tlie Medcllin road, and 
the rest were gathermg to depart-all the outlying pickets having come in-when 
the allies cavalry dashed down the village street. The thick blinding rain in- 
creased the confusion ; some ran for their knapsacks, others were calling for their 
norMs, and in every part a ptrfcct panic reigned. Girnrd himself believed that 
■t was merely a raid of Spaniards, as he considered the British were not such early 
risers; but the screams of the bagpipes, which were playing the appropriate 
« .?,' w., ,',""'', ^"l"'' ""<l<^«'^''d him, and before he could form hi' infantry, 
the 7Ut (Ilighlond Light Infantry) and 02nd (Gordon Highlanders) rushed with 
flxed bayonets into the village. The French cavalrv, lighting gallantlv, were 
driven to the end of the street, and the musketry of the 71st now opened from 
,?f , 17" °" , "''""8 """'«'' °' 'nf»ntry. The hurriedly formed squares 
of the latter were shattered by the guns, and, by a sudden charge, Pcnnc-Villeraur's 
cavalry and a few English hussars cai.tured their artillery and dispersed their 
cavalry. ... It is a remarkable illustration of the manner in which the militory 
authorities at honoe bestowed honours on the Peninsular veterans, that the name 
ol Anoyo dos .Molinos is inscribed on the colours of one rruiment only, the 8tth. 

'" oni ru IV„it,tt,/„r U;,r. 
VIII 

ADVENTURES OF CAPTAIN GRANT 
By James Grant 

toLQunouN Grant, a euptain of one of our battalion companies during the 
1 eninsular War, was a hardy, active, strong, and handsome Highlander, from 
the wooded mountains that overlook Strathspey. Inured from childhood to the 
hardships and activity incidental to the life of the country of the elans, where the 
cure of vast herds if sheep and cattle, or the pursuit of the wild deer from rock 
to rock, and from hill to hill, are the chief occupations of the people— a deadly 
shot with either musket or a pistol, and a eompie'e swordsman, he was every way 
ealeulated to become an ornament to our regir .t and to the service. General 
i>ir Wilham Napier, in the fourth volume of h Illtlory of Ihe Pmimular War 
writes of him as • Colquhoun Grant, that celebrated scouting officer, in whom the 
utmost daring was so mixed with subtlety of genius, and both so tempered by 
luscretion, that it is difficult to say which quality predominated.' 

In the spring of 1812, when Lord Wellington crossed the Tagus and entered 
CasteUo Branco, the 42nd, or old Black Watch, were with the division of 
Lieutenant-General Graharae, of Lyneoeh. The service battalion consisted of 1160 
rank and file, and notwithstanding the fatigues of marching by day and night 
of fording rivers above the waist-belt, and all those arduous operations by which 
Wellmgton so completely baffled and out-generaled Marmont in all his attempts 
to attack Rodrigo, not a man of our regiment sUggered or fell to the rear, from 
huni^r, weariness, or exhaustion ; all were with the colours when the roll was 
called in the morning. 

The information that enabled Wellington to execute those skilful manoeuvre! 
which dazzled all Europe, and confounded, while they baffled, the French marshal 
was supplied from time to time by Colquhoun Grant, who, accompanied by 
Donungo dc Leon, a Spanish peasant, had the boldness to remain in rear of the 
enemy's lines, watching all their operations and noting their numbers ; and it 
IS a remarkable fact that while on this most dangerous service he constantly woi» 
the Highland uniform, with hit bonnet and epatMtet ; thus, while acting as a 



,:i 



80 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



Bl ^ 



! 



Boout, freeing himself Trutu the accusation of being in any way a spy, ' fur/ add^ 
Napier, * he never would assume any disguise, and yet frequently remained fur 
three days concealed in the midst of Marmont's camp.' 

Hence the scent of Wellington's facility for ciroumventing Marmont was the 
information derived from Colquhoun Grant ; and the secret of Grant's abihty 
for balHing the thousand snares laid for him by the French, was simply that he 
had a Spanish love, who watched over his safety with all a woman's wit, and the 
idolatry of a S;>anisli woman, who, when she loves, sees but one man in the world 
—the object of her passion. 

When Marmont was advancing, Wellington dispatched Captain Grant to 
watch his operations * in the heart of the French army," and from among its 
lotdiers to glean whether they really had an intention of succouring the garrison 
of Ciudad Rodrigo — a desperate duty, which, like many others, our hero under- 
took without delay or doubt. 

Thus, on an evening in February, Grant found himself on a solitary mountain 
of Leon, uverlouking the vast plain of Salamanca, on the numerous s| 'res and 
towers of which the light of eve was fading, while the gilded vanes of the t .thedral 
shone like stars in the deep blue sky that w^^ darkening as the sun set behind 
the hills ; and one of those hot dry days peculiar to the province gave place 
to a dewy twihght, when the Tormes, which rises among the mountains of 
Salamanca, and washes the basv. of the triple hill on which the city stAnds, 
grew white and pale, as it wandered ^nrough i. loins dotted by herds of merino 
sheep, but destitute of trees, u/^til it vanished ou its course towards the Douro, 
on tlie frontiers of Portugal. 

Exhausted by the long ride from Lord WclUngton's headquarters, and by 
numerous efforts he had made to repass the cordon of picqucts an<l ' itrols by 
which the French — now on his track — had environed him, Grant \a\ buried in 
deep sleep, under the shade of some olive-trees, with a brace of pistols in his belt, 
his claymore by his side, and his head resting in the lap of a beautiful Spanish 
peasant girl, Juanna, the sister of his faithful Leon, a warm-hearted, brave, and 
affectionate being, who, like her brother, had attached herself to the favourite 
scouting ofBcer of Wellington, and, full of admiration for his adventurous spirit, 
handsome figure, and winning manner, loved him with all the ardour, romance, 
and depth of which a Spanish girl of eighteen is capable. 

Juanna de Leon and her brother Domingo were the children of a wealthy 
farmer and vine-dresser, who dwelt on the mountainous range known as the Puerto 
del Pico, which lies southward of Salamanca ; but the vines had all been destroyed, 
the granja burned, and the poor old agriculturist v s bayoneted on his hearthstone 
by some voltigeurs of Marmont, under a Lieutenant Armand, when on a foraging 
expedition. Thus Juanna and her brother were alike homeless and kinless. 

The girl was beautiful. Youth lent to her somewhat olive-tinted cheek a 
ruddy glow that enhanced the dusky splendour of her Spanish eyes ; her laches 
were long ; her mouth small, Uke a cherry ; her chin was dimpled ; her hands 
were faultless, as were her ankles, which were cased in pretty embroidered red 
stockings, and gilt zepatas. Close by lay the guitar and castanets with which 
she played and sang her weary lover to sleep. 

Her brother was handsome, athletic, and resolute in eye and bearing ; but 
since the destruction of tneir house he had become rather fieree and morose, 
as hatre^ of the invading French and a thirst for vengeance were ever upper- 
most in his raind. He had relinquished the vine-bill for the musket ; his yellow 
■ash bristled with pistols and daggers ; and with heaven for his roof, and his 
brown Spanish mantle for a couch, he had betaken himself to the mountains, 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 8i 

where he shot without mercy every straggling Frenchman who came within 
reach of his terrible aim. 

While Grunt slept, the tinkling of the vesper bells was borne across the valley, 
the sunlight died away over the mountains, and the windinj? Tomics, that shone 
like the coils of a vast snake, faded from the plain. The Spanish girl stoopi ! 
and kissed her toil-worn lover's cheek, ami bent her keen dork eyes upon tlie 
mountain-path by which she seemed to expect a visitor. 

One arm was thrown around the curly head of the sleeper, and her fingers 
told her beads as she prayed over him. 

Suddenly there was a sound of footsteps and a handsome younji Spnniiinl 
wearing a brown capa gathered over his arm, shouldering a long musket to which 
a leather sling was attached, and having his coal-bluck hair gnthered behind in a 
red silk net, sprang up the rocks towards the oHve-grovc, mid iipproached Juaniia 
and the sleeper. The newcomer was her brother. 

' Domingo, your tidings ? ' she asked breathlessly. 

* They are evil ; so wake your Seflor Capitano without aelay.' 

* I ara awake,* said Gr^'nt, rising at the sound ctf his voici-. * Thanks, dearest 
Juanna; have I been so cruel as to keep you here in the cold dew — and watching 
me, too ? ' 

* Caro mio ! * 

* It was cruel of mc ; but I have been sr, weary that nature was quite over- 
come. And new, Domingo, my bueno camarado, for your tidings T * 

* I have been down the valley Piid across the plain, almost to the gates ctf 
Salamanca.' said the young paisano, leaning on his musket, and surveying, first 
his sister with tender interest, and then Grant with a dubious and anxious expn s- 
sion, for he loved hira too, but trembled for the sequel to the stranger's pass= n 
for the beautiful Juanna. *I have been round the vici'Mty of the city t\>m 
Santa Marta on the Tormes ' 

* And you have learned ? * said Grant impetuously. 

' That scaling-ladders have been prepared in great numbers, for I saw them. 
Vast quantities of provision and ammunition on mules have been brought from 
the Pyrenees, and Marmont is sending everything — ladders, powder, and bread 
— towards ' 

' Not Ciudad Rodrigo and Alraieda.* 

' Si, seizor.' 

' The devil 1 Yuu are sure of this ? * 

' I counted twenty scaling-ladders, each five feet wide, and reckoned forty 
mules, each bearing fourteen casks of ball cartridges.' 

' Good— I thank you, Domingo,' said Grant, taking paper from a pocket- 
book, and making a hasty note of memorandum for Lord Wellington. 

' Ay — Dios mi terra I ' said Juanna, with a soft sigh, as she drooped her head 
upon Grant's shoulder, and Domingo kissed her brow. 

' Now, where is Manrieo el Barbado ? ' asked the captain, as he securely 
gummed the secret note. 

* Within '-!!,' said Domingo, irtving a shrill whistle. 

A sound like the whir oi a partridge replied, and then a strong and ferocious- 
looking peasant, bare legged and bare necked, with an enormous black beard 
(whence came his soubriquet of el Barbado), sprang up the rocks and made a 
profound salute to Grant, who was beloved and adored by all the guwillas, banditti, 
and the wild spirits whom tht French had unhoused and driven to the mountains ; 
and among these his name was *: proverb for all that was gallant, reckless, and 
chivalresqiie. 



83 



SCO'lLAND F(JR EVER 



' Is your mule in gcKxl ojiiditini), Munrico ? ' 

* He w(i8 never better, scftnr.' 

' Then ride with Ihh to loril VVillinglon j spnre neither whip nor spur, and he 
will repay you handsomely.' 

' And how about yourself, seftor ? * 

•Say to his lordship that I v.ill njiiin him as earlv ond as best I nia\ .' 

The Spanish scout concealed the note in his Ijeard with great inffcnuity, and 
knowmg well tl at he could thus pass the French lines with w.nllflence. and defy 
all search, he departed on his journey to the British headquarters ; and the 
niformation thus received from Grant enabled the leader of the allies to take such 
meosures us completely to outflank Mormont, and bofflc his attempts upon 
Almieda and the city of Rodrigo, 

•So nuieh fur my friend, Mamiont,' said Grant! 'and now, Doninco. for 
myteir *■ ' 

■ Read this," said nominjjo, liajidiiig to him a document ; ' I s abl)ed the 
French sentinel at the bridge of Santa JIarta, and tore this paper from the imard- 
house door.' 

It proved to be a copy of a General Onler addressed by Marmont to the colonels 
of the Fri-nrh regiments, ' saying ' (to quote General Napier) ' that the notorious 
l.rant. being withm the circle of their cantonments, the soldiers were to ise their 
utmost exertions to secure him ; for which purpose guards were also to be placed, 
as it were, in a circle round the army.' 

' Cnro mio, read this to me,' wliispered Juanna. 

He translated it, and terror filled the dii.!ting eve^ of the Spanish girl j her 
breath came thick and fast, and she crept closer to'lbe brcost of her lovci, who 
snuled and kissed her cheek to reassure her. 

■ Have you closely examined all the ■xjuntry 1 ' he asked Domingo. 
' I have, sefior.' 

' Well 1 • 

• There is but one way back to Lord Wellington's headquarters.' 
' And that is ' ^ 

' .\t the ford of Hticrtn on the Tormes.' 

■ Six miles below Salamanca f ' 

• Vis.' 

' I will cross the ford then.' 

■ Hut a French battalion occupies the town.' 

' I care not if ten bottalions occupied it— 7 mutt even ride titeford (U I find it; 
tis a saying in my country, Domingo, where I hope our dear Juanna will one day 
smile with me, when we talk of sunny Spain and these wild adventures.' 

■ No— no— you will never leave Spain,' said Juanna with a merry smile. ' Your 
poor Spanish girl could never go to the land of the Inglcsos, where the sun shines 
but once a year— not once every day, as it does here in beautiful Leon.' 

' And now for Hucrta,' said Domingo, slapping the butt of his musket im- 
patiently J ' the moon will be above the Pico del Puerto in half an hour- vaya 
— le* us be gone.' ' 

Grant placed Juanna on the saddle of his horse, a fine, fleet, and active jennet 
presented to him by Lord Wellington, and led it by the bridle, while Domingo 
slung his musket and followed thoughtfully behind, aii they descended the hill 
with the intention of seeking the banks of the Tormes ; but making a wide detour 
towards the ford. The moon was shining on the river when they came in sight 
of F'erta, a small village through whi. h passes the road from Salomanca to 
Ma' id. A red glow at times shot from its tile-works, showing the outlines of 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 



88 



the flat-rtMjfcd eottiitjcs, arul wuvcrinjj oil the Dhve-i^niVcs thai ovcrhiiiiu lite 
river, which wn» here t■r^l»^ell by ilic furd. While (Jruiit mil Juunnii reiiiiiiiKil 
oneenled in n thicket of orunneli-ei!. ui niRht of Ilurrtn, O.. iiiiinu, «husc iiml- 
fiitiier win a tile-beurcr iii the lown, went funiuril In riiin.iioitrc iiiid iniike 
inquiries. Ami in Ir s timn twenty ntiniitCH he rt-dirntd witli a gl'^oniy hniw 
and excited eye. 

* 1 have still evil news, S*-ft(>r.' 
•Inde 1?' 

* The French Iwittnliitn ncriipics lliicrtu. and the main street is full nl MiUlicru. 
Guards are placed at each end, and cavalry vuUttes are piisti'd in a line along 
the river, p.itrolling constantly hackwanU and iorwanls, fi>r the space of three 
hundred yanis, and two of these vl^lettcs meet always at Ihtford, consequently, be 
assured they know that yttu are on this side of the Tonnes.' 

' The deuce ! ' muttered Grant, biting his lips. • -M. le Mart hal JIarmont is 
determined to take me this time, Il'car; but I ulU cniss the f..iil, l)omin|;i>, in 
ttie face of the enemy too I Uctlcr die a soldier's death unilcr tl«ir lire, than 
fail alive into their hands.' 

' A soldier's death and a suiUlcn one is .sure to follow, ScB ir t'apilano,' .iddid 
Dominfio gloomily; and p<wr Grunt wus not without anxiety for the issue. 

' But 1 will iiniT be taken, alive at least,' resiKinded the Hiuhlanilcr with a 
fierce and sorrowful embrace ; ' 'tis better to die than be taken, and perhaps have 
the uniform I wear— the unifonu of the Black Watch— disgniceil '.jy death at the 
hands of a provost marshal.' 

Tlie young Spanish girl caught the fiery enthusiasm of her lover, and ncrvcil 
herself for the struggle, and for their consequent separation ; but Domingo hod 
once more to examine the gnaind, and so many points were to 1« considered, that 
day began to brighten on the Pico del Puerto and the Sierras of Gredos and Gata, 
before Grant mounted his horse ; and by that time the French drums had beaten 
reveille, and the whole Iwittalioi. was under arms at its alarm-post, a greensward 
behind the tile-works. Juanna and her lover parted with promises of nmtnal 
regard and remembrance until they met again. 

■ Bucno— away I ' said Domingo, taking Grant's horse by the bridle—' away 
before day is quite broken.' 

As they hurried oft, Juunna threw herself on her knees in the thicket, and 
prayed to God and Madonna for tier lover. She covered her beautiful hca I .nth 
that thick mantle usually worn by the women of Leon, to shut out every sound ; 
but lo I there came a loud yet distinct shout from the river's bank, and then a 
confused discharge of (ireanns that rang sharply in the clear morning air. 

■ O Madonna mia I ' exclaimed the Spanish girl, and with a shriek she threw 
herself upon her face among the grass. 

Meanwhile Giant had proceeded in the rear of the tile-works, close by where 
the French regiment was paraded in close column at quarter discunce, and so 
near was he that he could hear the sergeants of companies calling the roll ; but 
n group of peasants assembled by Domingo remained around his horse, with their 
broad sombreros and brown cloaks, to conceal it from the French, along whose 
front he hod to pass to reach the foril. From the gable of a cottage he had a full 
view of the latter- the Tormes brawling over its bed of rocks and pebbles, with 
the open pbin that lay beyond, and the two French vedettes, helmelcd and 
cloaked, with carbine on thigh, patrolling to and fro, to the distance of three 
hundred vs*- ' '^art, but meeting at the ford. 

' The ieem dark and indistinct, in the starry light of the morning,' 

said Grai. ' ^w when I whistle let go my horse's head, and do you, my good 



84 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

tHends in front, withdraw to give lue «i>ttM, for now the vcdcttci are •bout lo 
part, and I mu»t make a dash for it.' ....... i 

At the mnmtnt when the patruN were M|>.irttt«l to their fullcrt extent, nn.l 
each wa. one hundred and fifty yaid. fn.m the f.ml. Grant dashed jpurM into his 
horse, and with hii sword in his teeth and a clicked pistol in each hand, ciossnl 
the river by three furioui biundi of hii hone. Receiving without damage the 
fire of both carl.inrs, he rephrd with hii pistols, giving eorh of the dragoons a 
Bying-shot to the rear, but without injuring eith.r of thciii. There was an in- 
•tantaneous ond keen pursuit ; but he completely baffled it by hii complete 
knowledge of I he coi...try, and reached a corkwood in safety, where he was lo-.n 
joined by Domingo de Leon, who, being attired as a peasant, and unknown to the 
Wench, was permitted to paas their lines unquestioned. 

Grant was not satisfied with the extent of hii obs.rv«tions ; he was re'olvcO 
to iidge for himself of the direction in which Marmont meant to move, tor this 
Dnrnosc he daringly concealed himself among some coppice on the brow of a hiu 
neaTthe secluded village of Taniame., which is celebrated for its mineral »pnnps, 
and lies thirty-two miles south-west of Salamanca. There he sat, note-hook in 
hand, with Leon, smoking a cigM and lounging on the gras., whde hii jcnncl 
unbitted, was quietly grazing close by, and the who e of M"™™* ' b"''""' 
division, cuirassiers, lancers, infantry, artillery, and voltigeun defiled with drum, 
beating, tricolours waving, and eagles glittering through the pass 'W ! ana 
Grant's skilful eye counted every cannon and reckoned over every home i-nd mun 
with a correctness that astonished even Lord Wellington. The moment the reor- 
guard had passed, he mounted, and although in his uniform, /<^\?x""y ''!;° 
the village of Tamames, where he found all the scaling-lodders left behind. With 
tidings of this fact, and the strength of Marmonfs army, he "► • 't dispatched 
a letter to Wellington, by Manrieo el Barbodo, who, as before 
hii nether-jaw ; and this letter, which informed the alUea th ' 
to storm Hodrigo were, after all. a pompous /nn/, allayed theu 
the fortress, and, to Marmonfs inexpressible annoyance, enabl. 
attentio.i to other quarters. , , j j „_ 

Fearless, indefatigable, and undeterred by the dangers he had undergone. 
Grant preceded Marmont (when the officer passed the Coa) and resolved to dis- 
LOver whether his march would be by the duchy of Guarda upon Coimbra, the 
land of olives, or by the small frontier town of Sabugal, upon Costello Branco. 
which sUnds upon the Lira, a tributary of the Tagus, and still displays the ruins 
of the Roman Albicastrum from which it takes It; name. ,^ .^ , 

Castello Bra.ico is a good military position ; but to reach it a descent was 
necessary from one of those lofty sierras that run along the frontier of Portuguese 
Estram«lura, and are jagged by bare and sunburned rock., or dotted by stunted 
Uurel bushes. From thence he traversed a pass, at the lower end of which stands 
the town of Penamacor in the province of Beira, thirty-six miles north-east of 
Castel'o Branco. There our ao^nturons Highlander, accomponied by Mannco 
el Barbado and the faithful Domingo de Leon, concealed himself in a thicket of 

''"The "three wanderers passed ,ie whole of the next day lurking in Uie oak 
woods that overhong the pass of I'enamacor. 

Night again drew on, and the three companions were all ahke watchful and 

""rhe hour of ten began to toll from the b>ll, of Penamacor. At the first 
ttroke Grant felt a nervous sensation thrill over his whole body. 

At the tenth stroke, lo I a brilliant light flashed across the sky. It shot 



caled it under 

e preparations 

«der's fear for 

him to turn 



THE I'liNINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 



U 



iipwuiil rriiiit llie citmlvl uf l'rriiitii;icnr I 'I'm: i-rt-iiL-liitcil biillli-iiicula iitul kliiirfi 
HfiircH of lUc three chttrc-hcM »U».n\ tlnrkly imiI irom the Lhixc, which «us ^treukcd 
by the iisrciit uf hUsint; iuckct.<i ; the ularm-bcll wiit itN injii cluiijinur uit the 
wind, but iiiiii^l il witli the Uhxii uf (.Mriiinii ; affiitn ciuue the hum lA voivvu, iiiiil 
twu dark and shaduny cohituiiN delx)iiLhcd rroin the blufk JHW'<i ut the niountuiii 
ffnrife und dcM'rri<h-d tnwartU thi- bridge uf VA'yis ; the iiphfted Uukc^ iiihI Axed 
iNiyuncts {{tcaincd buck the stiirh^hl, while the rumble of the hhut-luilcii tumbrils 
ning in (he echoing vidley. 

* M.idi"e lie Uius t the enemy I ' excbimcd iUv twu S|iiiniitrds, slarlintj tu the 

lUUiikctM. 

' O I Sfftur capihinu, 'tis Frcudi— the French I the ludroncii los pcrn>!i I ' 
exclaimed .NLinricu, mbhiy Urmg his niiisket ut three ur fuur niltli^-r.i, whose 
outline, with lihakci und ktiapsiick, appeured un a Itttte ridj^e clusc by. tuur 
muikets, di>chitrf;ed ut ruiduin, replied, and ill a mumcut the three itcimts fuuntl 
themselves n;;htinj( hund to luind with a mob of active little French vujtigeurs, 

Tlic latter recu^'iii^cd the lliifhland uniform uf Grunt, and tludin^ hiin with 
two Spaniards, knew him at unce t» be the famous scouting oflieer, for whose 
nrrest, dead or ulivi, >Lirmont hud uflcn-il such a princely reward, and uttering 
loud tihouts, they pressed u|K>n him with bayonets fixed ond muskets clubbed. 

Stron^t, active, und fcartesft, he hewed them down with hii claymore on hU 
sides. He shut two with his pistulii, and then hurled the empty wcaiH>ii at the 
heads uf others, an^, with Leon, succecdctl in niountinfi and galloping off ; but 
Munrico was beaten down, und left insensible on the niountuiu-side. 

'Grant and his follower,' Bays General Napit-r, 'darted into the wcod for a 
little space, and, then, suddenly wheeling, rude off in different directions ; but 
at every turn new ettemies appeared, and at lii>t, the hunted men, dismounting, 
fled on foot, thitu)^'h the- thickest puit of the low oaks, until they were again 
met by infantry dctachecl in small parti*; duwn the sides uf the puss, and directed 
m their chase '>y the waving of the French oificers' hats on the ridge above. 
(Day had now broken.) I -m fell exhausted, and the barbariun^j who firiit came 
up killed him, in spite of V- companion's entreaties. 

* My pot>r .f uunri t, what will become of you ? ' exclaimed Grant, on seeing 
his faithful Domingo expiring under the reeking bayonets of the voltigenrs ; 
and now. totally inchpabic of further resistance, he gave up his sword to an 
oflicer, who protected him from tli<j fury of his captors. He was at lust a prisoner I 

The uflicer who had captured him, M. Arnuind, was a young sous-lieutenant 
of the 8rd Voltigeurs (the siune who had destroyed the graiya of Leon the farmer) ; 
but he had a heart that would have done honour to a marshal uf the empire ; 
and, with all kindness and respect, he conducted him to the quarters of the 
Mirshal Due de Raguse. 

The latter invited the captive to dinner, and chatted with him in a friendly 
way about his bold and remarkable adventures, saying thuL he (Marmont) bud 
been long on the watch for him ; that he knew his companions Manrico the 
liearded, Leon and his sister Juanna (here Grunt trembled), and that all hiii 
luiunts and disguises were known too, 

'Disguises — pardon me, M. le Ma radial,' said Grunt wannly ; 'disguises 
j>re worn by spies ; I have never worn other dress than the uniform and tartan 
of my regiment.' 

' The bolder fellow you I ' exclaimed the Due de Raguse. ' You are aware 
tliat I might hang you ; but I love a brave spirit, and shall only exact from 
you a special parole, that you will not consent to be released by any partida 
or guerilla cie on your journey between this and France.' 



88 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

'Monseigneur le Due, tlie exaction of this parole is tlic areatest coninlimpnt 
rrH""n?r^ "™' '?^'"^ """"• «'">' •"> ""Sing n,atter?d:^e .te?Xrh 

co£^9:S!:?tl:r-^^l{:^S^;;t^eZ:i!::^!:it;;^ts^^^ 

SLSSe'^^n "'•"™'. °f '?=;!™ ' ''"' - " K"""la el,icf with f ve tSL 
desperadoes held possession of the town and bridt-e, our lieutenant of voltigeurs 

a-'ril/n^rr; o'f tTeto Ja^f^Xd" '° """''"' "^^''-'^^ -"^ ^^^ ^*'"- 

tJ^t»^&S.si^=cJSrr,i:'trr;^ J!;—:;; 

travellers bivouacked was palpable, painful, and oppressive, Zl autoes 

The sky ^ '"^ '*"'' "«'""'"« "''''^'' '^'"" "-^^^^ "'<^ »^>'"'<'"' q"''rter Mr 

of n^w''L'T'"i ''''•■''"^'' ""-''' P'""''''"^ "' Lisbon wine, and discussed their mti.H, 
^LTJ^ ^ and ccrrmis .anat biscuit. Grant and Armand, the voltigcur, lay do v 
tratema ly side by s.de m their cloaks to repose ; their escort lay close bv lonL 
smce asleep; for Grant Imd given his paile that he ' would not attemn"o 
SYhTf. '"'\''"%^i'^"j'i.^» of military honour and value for a s^S e,!^s 
word, that these brave Frenchmen never doubted him 

^u "V^ ""^ J™ "'""" "■'''* *'™"' '» '^''^'P' "'<■>' beaime aware of various 
rmL'mlhVbtrt "fstrhTad-^''''''^ "■'"«'■ """ »"""-'' '" '^'^"^^ 

samet'arthe'r rme"o«- ^ "" '"'""■' ''" ''™"' ""^^'^"^ ^ ' "'"= P'"™ « »'- 

tree^^h^thirM"""' '° ' m'"J'"' ^'''J' '"5' ''°"" "' "'« ^f of "■>"">« beech 
™t th, n- i? h .T' ""'^ '''."'y "^"P* '■='='""' '" distil upon them like rain ; 
>et the mght was hot, dry, and sultry ; and ever and anon there fell those hiZu 
creepers, whose slimy touch caused emotions of horror niaeous 

Tudieu I • shouted the Frenchman, springing up again; 'I cannot -tand 
H^l Corral Touche?™n'"r^?, "^ "'= ^i""'''' '""-'' q"artersTt MedeUi ' 
^ ttse t^es '• ^™' """''"' ■""• ''^' '"^ "" "•"" "•' devil is 

Roused thus the corporal of the escort cocked his piece ; and as he fired the 
^rh^f^'i^rJttlt^ '""''" "' '"^ ^"''■'» -'i "8"»-S-nke gleam^tJ!:: 

abo^ !hera. ''"'' '^"''' "^ " ^^^ """" '"""« '""" " '''''"'^''' ''''°"' ''^<='™ f«t 
' Ouf I ' said the voltigeur, with a shudder of horror 

These beeches bear strange nuts,' said Grant, as they hastily left the wood 
and passed the remninder of the night on the open sward in flint of it When 

fo lleeT'Th,"^c:^r,;'™' f'"'' '° 'f """" ""= P'"-^^^ ">■"' ""^y had first attempted 
to sleep. The corpses of a man liaving a voluminous teaid! and a woman with 
a profusion of long imd silky hair, were suspended from the branches ; and as 
they swung mournfully and fearfully round in the morning wind, the cmws flew 
av^y with an angrj. croak and a cry of horror burst from the 1 ps of Grant on 
reeognising Mnnr.co el Barbado and— Juomio de Leon ! 

Three weeks after this Colquhoun Grant saw the long blue Outline 'of the 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 87 

Pyrenees undulating before him as lie npproaclicd the frontier ,>f iv. 

Marmoivt, whom he m.w viewed as the assassin of that |°or naiden of Leon 

hrm'frrhirp^r- ''™"^'' '™ ' ''""™'™'' °f "-^ >ctte"n:o:e{h::;:iea:ed 
.ett::^ir:^L:ir,J!:^:^>;^^^;rc?r™;;,;^'''^i^['^::r'??r^ 

make a Highland head worth a pair of Fre "eh heel, ' ^'' "" '" " ' ^■''"""" 

»„,l I T"'!,-'" ??^°""~', Lieutenant Armand presented him to the governor 
and bade h,m adieu Then Grant requested, in' the usual way, to e fur , Z 
with a passport to Verdun, the greatest military p.ison in Franoe Tte ' 

ere^rthe'mornfirllSi""' ""'^ ^"^'T'^^ '^»' "^ .neant?o":ommen:e' o 
trXTw ""'"""'] ''f '<=i* "'« gimson. Aware that, guarded as all the avenues 

mZ^^lTTS"'^- "" ^y""""' P""" «■"<= by Freneh troops o every k"n I 
flight towards Spain was impossible, he resolved to make the attemnt in 1 ,: 
opposite, and consequently less to be suspeeted, direetion The momeU lie left 

t'o't^rsuEuJb Tst^E^^T Tuf ■"" '"^ "."■'^P"'* '"'» the are"r,l"rep:ir g 
^f li.1 u ^ V P^"' "'"'^'' ''■'"" '""« immemorial has been the Quarter 

of the Portuguese Jews, he sold his silver epaulettes and riehlv laeed H?rd,k , 
uniform to a dealer in old garments, and reeei'ved in lieu ??e pS fro^ed su om 
forage cap, and sabre of a French staff olTicer • he stuck the ern.. l,f flf i .°"'; 
Honour at his button-hole, and after promenVdfng Ing he supe,! nua'/'^r 
repairing boldly to the •Eagle of France,' an hotel in ?L plnec de Gmml? L 

e^li,:Vdt?r„"?o''dir^ "' ^'" -^^-'- "^"' ^" ".e tratarli: 

;^r2;^rt:sp;-fjr^p^'^:^ 

night. Grant procured a card, and writing thereon ■ Caplain O'lieiUu ImZrili 

FrenK^<i«eij;;;?:;i?i^^? - - -30, and glancing round ..r a 
Of what regiment ? ' 
I Lacy's disbanded battalion of the Irish brigade ' 
• ^{l ' .'^1'' in what can I serve you, monsieur ?' 
_ AIloK-ing me to join your party about to proceed to Paris ' 
_ Vou do rae infinite honour, M. O'Reillv." 
' Thanks, general.' 



if] 



88 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



! 1 



' ?rba*„ks o 'hrco'a™ I a"m attached to the stalt of M. .e Due dc Ra^s . 

•Ih' oUlMimont. Pestel he U my greatest friend I M. Armand of the 
3rd Voltigeurs bought me a letter from h.m, in «hich he says that a dear fnend 
. if his would ioin me on my way to Paris. 

•iZtod of brave Marmont,' said Grant ; ' '- »"« forgete me. 

' So he has captured the notorious scaramouche, Capta.n Grant 1 

' Yes ; a wonderful fellow that 1 ' „™,r«f » • 

• iuite a devil of a man ; allons, let us go ; you have a horse, ot course ? 

' No, M. le general.' 
One of mine is at your service.' 

[TaSttetJrrtSL^Zr™?;^:"^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 

S5igS^ns^;tit^«'^i^^ssrs^v=^ 

ih casfhU sVrviccs would not be forgotten.' Grant could -* f?™«' '^f '"^ 

that he would actually compose the well-known parody— 
' Wh« keep BU.ir.l at Versailles imJ Marli, 
Wha but the laiK wl' the bannttoks of barley .- 

He spoke French fluently, having been a pupil ""^'^^•""^^■''''."^^"i^^hed 
when thit notable rufiian taught French in Edmburgh, where, m 1774, he puWisnea 

'"S^:t'rkId^tS;{rrS thinking .that the daring Joke had^heen 

morning.' . 

' How is your American named ! 

:^:r^l^^^sf"fL this very hour I - ^-''-" B-^; ^f «'^ 
--• J^^e ^J:^^:^.^:^ ^T^ZiT^^^ of a 
prince incog. ^ 

* Your name, monsieur ? 

ascertain that Monsieur Buck h.-.d departed this life at 9 a.m. and yet had received 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 89 

his papers at 9 f.h. the same day, our hero had left Paris Car behind him, and 
was travelling post towards the mouth of the Loire. 

On reacliing Nuntes, he repaired at once to Paimbceufl, twenty miles farther 
down the river, where all vessels whose size was above ninety tons, usuaUy un- 
loaded their cargoes ; and there he boarded the first vessel which had up the stars 
and stripes of America, and seemed ready for sea. She proved to be the Ohio, 
a fine bark of Boston, Jeremiah Buck, master. 

* 'Tis fortunate,' said Grant, through his nose, as he was ushered into the 
cabin of the Yankee ; * I am a namesake of yours, captain — Jonathan Buck, of 
Cape Cod, seeking a cabin passage to Boston.' 

' All right — let me see your passport:, stranger ? ' 

' Here it is, skipper.' 

' Well, for a hundred and fifty dollars I am your man,' drawled the Boston 
captain, who was smoking a long cuba ; ' but it is darned odd, stranger, that I 
have been expecting another Jonathan Buck, my own nephew, from Paris ; he 
is in the fish and timber trade, and hangs out at old Nantucket ; but he took 
a run up by the dilly tu see the Toolerie, the I^over, and all that. Well, dam 
my eyes, if this is not my nephew's passport I ' exclaimed the American suddenly, 
while his eyes flashed with anger and suspicion. * Stranger, how is this ? ' 

In some anxiety. Grant frankly related how the document came into his 
possession, and produced the letters of the secret agent, proving who he was, 
beseeching the captain, as a man come of British blood and kindred, to assist 
him ; for, if taken by the French, the dungeon of Verdun or Bitche. or worse, 
perhaps, awaited him. 

The Yankee paused, and chewed a quid by which he had replaced his cigar. 
Natural sorrow for the loss of his relative, and the native honesty of an American 
seamon, united to open the heart of the captain to our wanderer, and he agreed 
to give him a passage in the Ohio to Boston, from whence he could reach Britain 
more readily than from the coast of France, watched and surrounded as it was by 
ships and gunboats, troops and gens d'arines, police, spies, passports, etc. Believ- 
ing all arranged at last, Gmnt never left the ship, but counted every hour until 
he should again find hi elf in Leon, the land of his faithful Juanna, with his 
comrades of the Black Watch, and the eagles of Mamiont in front. 

At last came the important hour, then the anchor of the Ohio was fished, 
when her white canvas filled, and the stars and stripes of America swelled proudly 
" -)m her gaff-peak, as she bore down the sunlit Loire with the evening tide; 
t now an unlooked-for misfortune tool- piate. A French privateer, the famous 
aean Bart, ran foul of her, and, by c»rr>iiig away her bowsprit and foremast, 
brought down her niaintopmast too. Thus she was forced to run back to 
Paimboeuff and haul into dock. 

For our disguised captain of the 42nd Highlanders to remain in the docks, 
guarded as they were by watchful gens d'arnies, was impossible ; thus, on being 
furnished by the skipper of the Ohio with the coarse clothes of a mariner, and a 
written character, stating that he was Nathan Prowse, a native of Nantucket, 
' in want of a f hip,' he stained his face and hands with tobacco -juice, shaved off 
his moustache, and repaired to an obscure tavern in the suburbs of Paimbceuff, 
to find a lodging until an opportunity offered for his escape. Under his peajacket 
he carried a pair of excellent pistols, which he kept constantly loaded ; and a 
fine dagger or Albacete knife, a gift of pour Domingo de Leon. 

As he sat in the kitchen of this humble house of entertainment, his eye wa» 
caught by a printed placard above the mantelpiece. It bore the Imperial armi 
with the cipher of the Emperor, and stated that ' the notorious spy, Cokjuhoun 

G 



90 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Grant, a captain in a Scottish regiment of the British nrniy, who lind wrought so 
much mischief behind the lines of le Mariehal Due de Ragusc, in Leon, and who 
had been brought prisoner to France, where he had broken his parole, was " iinder- 
ing about, maintaining a system of espionage and protean disguises ; tliat he 
had, lastly, assumed the name, character, and passport of an American citizen, 
named Jonathan Buck, whom he had wickedly and feloniously munlcrcd and 
robbed in the Hue de Rivoli at Paris ; that the sum of two thousand francs was 
hereby offered for him dead or alive ; and that all prefects, ollicers, civil and 
military, gens d'armes, and loyal subjects of the Emperor, by sea and land, were 
hereby authorised to seize or kill the said Colquhoun Grant wherever and when- 
ever they found him.' 

With no small indignation and horror, the Highlander read this obnoxious 
placard, which contained so much that wore the face of truth, with so much that 
was unquestionably false. 

* So Buck — whose papers I have appropriated— has been nuirdered ; poor 
devil 1 ' W8S his first reflection ; ' what if the honest skipper of the Ohio should 
see this precious document and suspect mel In that case I sho\ild be altogether 
lost.' 

He retired from the vicinity of this formidable placard, fcari-,;; that some 
watchful eye might compare his personal appearance with the description it 
contained ; though his costume, accent, and the fashion of his whiskers and 
beard altered his appearance so entirely that his oldest friends at the mess would 
not have recognised h™. He hastily retired upstairs to a miserable garret, to 
think and watch, but not to sleep. 

When loitering on the beach next evening, he entered into conversation with 
a venerable boatman, named Roaul Senebier, and an exchange of tobacco-pouches 
at once established their mutual goodwill. Grant said that ' he was an American 
seaman out of a berth, and anxious to reach Portsmouth in England, where he 
had left his wife and children.' 

The boatman, an honest and unsuspicious old fellow, seemed touched by his 
story, and offered to row him to a small island at the mouth of the Lohc, where 
British vessels watered unmolested, and in retuTi allowed the poor inhabitants 
to fish and traffic without interruption. 

' I can feel for you, my friend,' said old Senebier ; ' for I was taken prisoner 
at the battle of Trafalgar, and was seven years in the souterrains of the ChdUau 
d'Editrtbourg, separated from my dear wife and little ones, and when 1 returned 
I found them all lying in the churchyard at PaimlxEuff.' 

' Dead I— what, all 1 ' 

' All, all save one — the plagie, the plague I ' 

* Land me on this isle, then, and ten napoleons shall be yours,' said Grant 
joyfully I and in twenty minutes after they had left the crowded wharves, the 
glaring salt-pans which gleam on the left bank of the Loire, and all its maze of 
masts and laden lighters, as they pulled down with the flow of the stream and 
the ebb-tide together. The fisherman had hij nets, floats, and fortunately some 
fish on board ; so, if overhauled hy any armed authority, he could pretend to 
liave been at his ordinary avocation. They touched at the island, and were 
lold by some of the inhabitants that not a British ship was in the vicinity, but 
that a French privateer, the terrible Jean Bitri, was piowUng about in these waters, 
and that the isle was consequently unsafe for any person who might be suspeetet: 
of being a British subject ; ^j, with a heart that began to sink. Grant desired 
old Raoul Senebier to turn his prow towards Paimbceuff. 

Morning was now at hand, and the sun as he rose reddened with a glow of 



l! 4 



ai 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 

E^a appeared t„ Ihe^uuVwlri and ta th, r i •' ''"' ^''^'^"'y " '"■'ge white 
was one of our ChaLd sa3ron rr»^f TJ!"^ ""'^ ''"'™' ''"P'= """ ^he 

her. The wind Cme iS rd Suhe d^Th"*, '"^" "**""" '" ^'" '^"'''^ 
but stiJI the ship^Tar ff ami 1? ! , ^^J^' "" T" '"SK"^'' "' ">eir oars, 

on. and the strong eurrentwheh^t'lrf' Z? '""^''J ",^" °™""'8 ">"" 
towards the eoast of Fmn^ fu™ „' tl« s m Li'°'?/^'*"",">' '■"''P' '''' '»''' 
found themselves suddenlHo e1o a bw tettfrl' a .h"?7' "'"'."'^ ?«"'™ 
across the water, raisine it lilte a snont Wv„i!PfV *''°' /«"" which boomed 
followed, tearing the wavef into f„„,rcb,e ty ' """"""^ '"" ""-"■" 

Gra'nfat'nc^™" " ""' '"'"' "'™-'" » ' exclaimed Armand. who knew 
min'd^'^^t^&ui'oTd'^omraJ^rV ""^''^ "j."""' "'"^ '"'""'■^'''» P '«■"="' 

■ I'rMM,r'^' * ^'>i«,f ' «>I<«1 Annand, with g t„o„™ anil. 

iike::!;foftoi'^irme,or "^""' '" "'"^^ ^"-^ ■'%H't^h^t'^!:;:;„ded 

' "I.™"')'""''' '*'''=''>''' ^"8"*= ^''««'. of thirty-six guns.' 

' Who the devil are you ? ' 

' A prisoner of war just escaped," 



9S 



S TLAND FOR EVER 



' Brnvo ! * cried anuther voice, which seemed to be that of the officer of the 
wutch ; * sheer alongside, and let us see what like you are. Stand by with the 
man ropes — look alive there I ' 

Grant shook the hard hand of Raoul Senebier, gave him five more gold 
napoleons, and. a moment nfter, found himself upon the solid oak deck of a 
spunking British frigate. Now he was all but at home, and his protcus-like 
transformations and disguises were at an end. A single paragraph from the 
History of the War of the Penintula will suffice to close this brief story of Colquhoun 
Gnint's adventures, of which I could with ease have spun three orthodox volumes, 
octavo. 

* When he reached England, he obtained permission to choose a French 
officer of equal rank with himself to send to France, that no doubt might remain 
about the propriety of his escape. In the first prison he visited for this purpose, 
great was his astonishment to find the old fisherman (Raoul Senebier of Paim- 
bceuif) and his real son, who had meanwhile been captured, notwithstanding a 
protection given to them for their services. But Grant's generosity and benevol- 
ence were as remarkable as the qualities of his understanding ; he soon obtained 
their release, and sent them with a sum of money to France. He then returned 
to the Peninsula, and within four months ^m the date of his first capture, he was 
again on the Tormes, watching Marmont's army I Other strange incidents of his 
life could be told,' continues General Napier, ' were it not more fitting to quit a 
digression already too wide ; yet I was unwilling to pass unnoticed this generous, 
spirited, and gentle-minded man, who, having served his country nobly and ably 
in every climate, died not long since, exhausted by the continual hardships he 
had endured.' 

But his name is still remembered in the regiment by which he was beloved ; 
and his adventures, his daring, and presence of mind were long the theme of the 
B'uck Watch at the mess-table, the bivouac, and the guard-room fire. 



IX 

THE SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS 

Tub Sutherland men were so well grounded in moral duties and religious prin- 
ciples, that when stationed at the Cape of Good Hope, and being anxious to enjoy 
the advantages of religious instruction, agreeably to the tenets of their national 
church ; and there being no reUgious service in the garrison, except the customary 
one of reading prayers to the soldiers on parade ; the men of the 98rd regiment 
formed themselves into a congregation, appointed elders of their own number, 
engaged, and paid a stipend (collected from the soldiers) to Dr. George Thorn 
(who had gone out with the intention of teaching and preaching to the Caffres), 
and had divine service performed, agreeably to the ritual of the Established Church 
of Scotland. Their expense^- were so well regulated, that while contributing to 
the support of their clergyman, from the savings of their pay, they were enabled 
to promote that social cheerfulness which is the true attribute of pure religion 
and of a well-spent life. While too many soldiers were ready to indulge in that 
vice which, more than any other, leads to crime in the British army, and spent 
much of their money in liquor, the Sutherland men indulged in the cheerful amuse- 
ment of dancing ; and in their evening meetings were joined by many respectable 
inhabitants who were happy to witness such scenes among the common soldiers 
in the British service. In pddition to these expenses, the soldiers regularly re- 
mitted money to their relations in Sutherland. In the rase of such raeii, disgraceful 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 98 

punishment is u unnecessary as it would be pernicious. Indeed, so remote was 
the Idea of such a measure, in regard to them, that when punishments were to bo 
mnicted o" others, and the troops in camp, garrison, or quarters assembled to 
witness their execution, the presence of the Sutherland Highlanders, eith. r of the 
llencib'es or of the line, was often dispensed with, the effect of terror, as a check 
in cnme, being, in their case, uncalled for— ' as examples of that nature were not 
necessary for such honourable soldiers 1 ' Such is the character of a national 
or district corps of the present day. 

Their conduct at the Cape did not proceed from any tcmporarv cause. It 
wa.s founded on principles uniform and permanent. Wlicn these "men disem- 
barked at Plymouth in August 1814, the inhabitants were both surprisci and 
gratified. On such occasions it had been no uncommon thing for soldiirs to 
»pcnd the money they had saved in taverns and gin-sli,.ps. In the present case 
•!u n-it" °' S,""'^rf»n'l '^"'^ seen in b;.oksel!ers' shops, supplying themselves 
with Bibles, and such books and tracts as they required. Yet, as at the Tape 
where their religious habits were so free from all fanatical gloom that they in- 
dulged in dancing and social meetings, so here, while expending their money on 
twoks, they did not neglect their personal appearance, and the habcrduslicrs' 
shops had also their share of trade, from the purchase of additional feathers to 
their bonnets and such extra decorations as the correctness of mihtary regulations 
allow to be introduced into the uniform. While they were thus mindful of them- 
se ves, improving their minds and their personal appearanee, such of them as had 
relations in Sutherland did not forget the change in their condition occasioned 
by the loss of their lands and the operations of the new improvements. During 
the short penod that the regiment was quartered at Plymouth upwards of £.500 
were lodged in one banking-house to be remitted to Sutherland, exclusive of 
many sums sent through the post-office and by officers. Some of these sums 
exceeded £20 from an individual soldier. 

There had been Httle change in tlie character of this respectable corps ; courts- 
martial have been very unfrequent. Twelve and fifteen months have intervened 
without the necessity of assembling one ; and in the words of a general officer 
who reviewed them in Ireland, they exhibited ' a picture of military discipline and 
moral rectitude ; and m the opinion of another eminent commander, ' although 
the junior regiment in His Majesty's service, they exhibit an honourable example 
worthy the imitation of all.' On another occasion, the character, discipline, and 
mtenor economy of the 98rd were declared to be ' altogether incomparable ' • 
and in similar language have they been characterised by every general officer 
who commanded them. General Craddock, now Lord Howden, when this corps 
embarked from the Cape of Good Hope in 1814, expressed himself in the following 
terms. Describing ' the respect and esteem of the inhabitants, with their regret 
at partmg with the men, who will ever be borne in remembrance as kind friends 
and honourable soldiers,' he adds : ' The commander of the forces anxiouslv joins 
m the public voice, that so approved a corps, when called forth into the more 
active scenes that now await them in Europe, will confirm the well-known maxim, 
that the most regular and best conducted troops in quarters are those who form 
the surest dependence, and will acquire the most renown in the field.' 

Such were these men in garrison, and such the expectation founded on their 
prmciplcs. How thoroughly they were guided by honour and loyalty in the field 
was shown at New Orleans. Although many of their countrvmen who had 
emigrated to America were ready and anxious to receive them, there was not an 
instance of desertion j nor did one of those who were left behind, wounded or 
prisoners, forget their allegiance, and remain in that country, at the same time that 



11 ] 



f»k SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

desertions from the British army were but too frequent. Men like these do credit 
to the peasantry of their country, and contribute to raise the national character. 

Kniiii Thr Itmk -f »-alliih Aitfrilo/r. 
X 

THE SOLDIER'S DREAM 
By Thomas Campbell 

Our i)uj,'lc"5 sjing truce — fur the iiight-eluud had lowered. 
And the sentinel stars set their watch in the sky ; 

And thousands had sunk on the ground ovcriM.wcrcd, 
The weary to sleep, and the wounded to die. 

When reposing tli,it night on my pallet of straw. 
By the woll'scaring faggot that guanled the slain ; 

At the dead of the night a sweet vision I saw. 
And thrice ere the morning I dreamt it again. 

Methought from the battle-fleld's dreadful array. 

Far, far I had roamed on a desolate track : 
'Twas Autumn, — and sunshine arose on tlie way 

To the home of my fathers, that welcomed me back. 

I (lew to the pleasant fields traversed so oft 
In life's morning march, when my bosom was young ; 

I ht^rd my own mountain goats bleating aloft. 
And knew the sweet strain that the eorn-reapers sung. 

They pledged me the wine-cup, and fondly I swore. 
From my home and my weeping frie.ids never to part ; 

My little ones kissed me a thousand times o'er. 
And my wife sobbed aloud in her fulness of heart ; 

Stay, stay with us— rest, thou art weary and worn ; 

And fain was their war-broken soldier to stay ; 
But sorrow returned with the dawning of morn. 

And the voice in my dreaming ear melted away. 

XI 

THE SILVER DRUM 

A TALE OF Tl.E HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY 

By Neil Munro 

Fifty yards to the rear of tlie dwcllinghouse the studio half hid itself amongst 
young elms and laurel bushes, at its outside rather like a granary, internally like 
a chapel, the timbers of the roof exposed and umber-stamed, with a sort of clere- 
story for the top-light, a few casts of life-size statues in the corners, and two or 
three large bas-reliefs of Madonnas and the like by Donatello helping out the 
ecclesiastical illusion. It was the last place to associate with the sound of drums. 



THE PENINSUI-AR CAMPAIGNS 95 

ami yet 1 s,t r..r twenty niiiiutc-!, sonictiiucs st,ui„„l, ^jinctinics fasdiKitwl, by 
the upnmr of assc. sk.n. The seulplor who pluyed might, by one less i.nenn 
ventional, be l,»ke<l upon as seriously saerifieing his dignity in u perforinnnoe v, 
meongnious with 1 , age and situation. Uut I have always loved the -vhin.sical ■ 
1 am myself eonsi.lcred somewhat eccentric, and there is a rapporl between artistic 
souls that pennits-mdecd induces-some display of fantasy or folly when Ihcv 
get uito each other s society, apart from the intolerant folks who would think it 
lum cy for a man of over mWdle-age to indulge in the contrc-danee of ' Petronella ' 
nt a harve~t home, or display any accomplishment in the jews'-harp 

Urqubarf at the time when I sat to him. was a man ..f sixty jcars or there- 
. i;"ii .' 'T '"■ '"'"^'■ed up and down the floor of his workshop with the step .,f 
a hill-l.re. lad his whole body sharing the rhythm of his beating, his clean-shaven 
inec with the flnsli of a winter apple, the more noticeable in contrast with the linen 
snioek he iiseil as an overall while at work among his clay. The deep, old-lashioncil 
side-drum swinging at his groin seemed to have none of a drum's monotony It 
expressed (at all events to me that have some fanev) innumerable ecstasies and 
emotions-alarnis, entrfjdies, defianecs, gaieties, and regrets, the dreadful senti- 
ment of r,,rlorn hopes, the murmur of dubious battalions in countries of ambush. 
Ihe sound of the <lrum is. unhappily, beyond typographical expression, though 
long custom makes us complacently accept ' rat-a-tattat ' or • rub-a-dub-dul) ' as 
quite explanatory of its every phase and accent ; but I declare the sculptor 
brought from it Ihe very pang of love. Alternated with the martial uproar of 
rouses, retreats, chamades, and marches that made the stu.lio shake, it rose into 
the clerestory and lingered in the shades of the umber r.>of-this gentle combina- 
tion of taps and roulades, like the appeal of one melinJiously .seeking admission at 
his mistress s door. '^ 

' You had no idea that I handled sticks so terriflcally ?' said he, relinquishing the 
instrument at last, and returning to his proper bisk of recording my lineaments 
in the preparatory clay. 

.1, 'J"" play marvellously. Mr. Urquhart.' I said, astonished. ' I had no idea 
that you added the drum to your— to your accomplishments.' 

' Well, there you have me revealed— something of a complin.ent to you. I 
assure you, for I do not beat my drum for everybody. If I play well it is, after all, 
no w.uidcr. for with a side-drum and a pair of sticks I earned a living for seven 
years, and travelled among the most notable scenes of Europe' 

'^,V, ' r,'''' T'' "»''"*■ He pinched the clay corefiilly to make the presenti- 
incnt of the lobe of my ear. and stood back from his work a moment to study the 
e I leer. ^ 

• Yes,' he siiid. ' few people know of it ; and perhaps it is as well, for it might 
not be counted wholly to the credit of an R.S.A. if it were known ; but for seven 
years I played the side-drum in the ranks of the 71st. I played from Torres 
\ edras to the Pyrenees, at Vimiern, Corunna, Talavcra, Busaco, Ciudad Uodrigo, 
Badajos, Quatre Bras, and Waterloo. Lord I the very names go dirling through 

my heart. They were happy days. I assure you. when I— when I ' 

Thumped the skin,' I ventured foolishly, as he paused to make a line of some 
importance on my clfigy. 

He corrected me with a vexed air. 

' Thumped, my dear sir, is scarcely the word I should use under the circum- 
s ances. That hackneyed verb of every d.dt who has neither ear nor imagination 
should not be chosen by a fellow-artist, a man of letters, to describe the roll 
of the drum. My happiest days, as I was about to say. were when I carried 
KUdaltrm s silver drum, for which this one is but an indifferent substitute.' 



96 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



I! i 



■ \>i-il. «t least.' saiil I lumdy. ' the drummer of ll.c 7lbt h»» gone pretty far in 
another art than music' , 

• 11 11 very K. !k1 of y..u I., my sn.' remnrkcil Urquhiirt with quiet diifiuty ami 
an >.ld-fa»hiol.ed Iww. ' I trust, liy and \>y. Willi assiduity l<. become us ko(»I 
a sculptor as I was a drummtT.' ... . , t - r n „ 

• How did you happen to join the army t I asked, anxious to Imve him follow 
UD SO promisinii an introiluclit»n. . 

• Because 1 was a fwl. Mmd, I do not regret it, for I had at the same time, in 
my folly, such n^cmnral.lc and happy experiences as quite impn.perly (as you 
miiiht think) never conic to the .loorstcp of the very wise, Still 1 joined the army 
in I fool', escapade, resenting what seemed to iiic the insuf crahlc rcstrictiom of a 
Scottish m«nse. My father was incunihcnt ol a parish half ll.nhl.ind. In. I Um- 

laiid. At sixteen I c«me home from tklinbiir|!h, and iny llrst sc, i of the Ijni- 

versity there ; at sixteen and a half 1 mutinied imainst sixpence a week ol pocket- 
money, .nd the prospect of the Divinity Hall for one {as I Iclt) dc.si«iied .;v heaven 
for art, and with a borrowed name and an excellently devised tale (d on)hH,:hood 
took a bounty in the terntonal regiment. They put me to th.' drnnis. Ihey p.-o- 
fessc.1 to find m, so well sniUd there tliat they kept me at them all he time 1 was 
a king's man. in spite of all my protests, and there, if you arc in the imoikI for « 
story. I had an experience. . , . , . . j . ti..„ 

'The corps had two drums of silver, one of which was entrusted to rne. fhey 
were called '' KUdalton's drums." in eomplinicnt to their donor, from whose lands 
no fewer than four companies of the 71st had been emiHidied. They were hand- 
some instruments, used only for stately occasion,, and mine, at cast, so much 
engaged my fancy that I liked to keep it shuiing like a mu-ror ; and the cords and 
tassels of silk-pleated as we were told by Kil lalton's daughter— appealed so 
much to the dandiacal in me, 1 fretted to have them wet on a parade. Von can 
fancy, therefore, my distress when my darling was subjected to the rough work 
and hazards of the sack of Ciudad HiKlrigo. , „. , . ,„., „_ . 

• Our corps on that occasion was in the Light Division. WTule Fict<Mi s men, 
away to our left and nearer the river, were to attack the great breach made in the 
ramparts by our guns on the Tcssons, we were to rush into a lesser breach further 
east The night was black and cold to that degree 1 could not see the fortress at 
a hundred yards, and could scarcely close my fingers on the drnnisticks as I beat 
tor the advance of N;.pier's storming party. The walls we threatened burst in 
tongues of flame and peals of thunder. Grape-shot tore through our three hundred 
as we crossed the ditch ; but in a moment we were in the gup, the bayo.iets busy 
as it were among wine-skins, the tooting slimy with blood, and a single drum (my 
comrade fell mortally wounded in the ditch) beat inside the walls for the column 
outside to follow us. . , , . ^ j l i ■ i ■ 

' Yes, yes,' I said, impatient, for Urquhart drew back abstracted, checking his 
tale to survey the effect of his last touch upon my eyebrows. 

' Why,' said he, ' I hardly thought it would interest you,' and then went on 

' '• I'ney'not tell you,' he said, ' how quick was our conquering of the French, 
once we had got through the walls. My drum was not done echomg back from 
Sierra de Francisca (as I thmk the name was), when the place was ours. And then 
-and then— there came the sack I Our men went mad. These were da. s when 
rapine and outrage were to be expected from all victorious troops ; there might 
be some excuse for the hatred of the Spaniard on the part of our men whose com- 
rades wounded, had been left to starve at Takvera ; but surely not for this. 



THE PKNINSIJKAR CAMPAIGNS 



97 



They gi>rge(t with wine, they swamictl in tiiwlcss Kquiitls tlirnii)(h every street and 
alley, tiwcpt tlmtiifih every dwelhnf{, itilihiiiK and burning ; the night in u while 
was white with tlret, and the t«>wn was horrible with ithriekH und random tnusktrt 
shots and drunken sun^is. 

' Sonic time in the siniill hours of the mnniiii^, trying tu find my own rt'^itrirnt, 
1 cume with my dnim (o the head of what was Joidttlcss the muxt drenill'nl street 
that night in Kiirope. It was a lane rather than h street, uimhiiully narrow, with 
dwelling!! on either aide so high that it had M>nic bembtance to h mountain pas**. 
At that hovir, if you will credit me, it sceinctl the ver> gullet of the pit ; the far 
end of it in fliimes, the middle of it held by pillagers who fought each other for the 
plunder from the houses, white from it cume the most astounding noises — oaths in 
English and INirtngiiese, threats, cntrcuties, commands, the shrieks of women, the 
crackling of burning lindwr, uceitsionHlly the firing of wcu|>ons, and through it all, 
constant, sud beyo'ni expression, u deep, low murnnir, intensely mclHntlioiy. made 
up of the wail of the .Milked city. 

' As I stood lisl'.ning some one culled out, " Urunnner ! " 

' 1 turned, to And there had just eome up n gcnerid ofliccr and his stuff, with a 
picket of ten men. The general himself stepped forward at my salute, and put 
his hand on my drum, that shone brightly in the light of the contlugmtions. 

* " What the deuce do you mean, sir,' said he with heat. " by coming into 
action with my brother's drum ? Ynu know very well it is not for these 
occasions." 

* '* ITie ordinary dn'nis of the regiment were lost on Monday lust, sir," I said, 
" when wc were fording the Agueda through the broken ice." And then, with a 
bnppy thought, I added, " Kildalton's dnims are none the worse for taking part 
in the siege of Ciudud Uudrigo. This was the first drum through the walls." 

' He looked shrewdly ut me and gave a little smite. '* H'm," he muttered, 
*' perhaps not, perhaps not, after all. My brother would have been pleased, if he 
had been alive, to know his drums were here this night. Where is the other one ? " 

' *' The last I saw of it, sir," I answered, " was in the ditch, and Colin Archibald, 
corporal, lying on his stomach over it," 

' *' Dead ? " 

' " Dead, I think, sir." 

* '* H'm I " snid the General. " I hope my brother's dium 's all right, at any 
rate." He turned and cried up the picket. " I want you, drummer, ' he said, 
"to go up thut lane with this picket, playing the assembly. You understand ? 
These devils fighting and firing there have already shot ut three of my ofiicers, 
and are seemingly out of their wits. We will give them a last chance. I don't 
deny there is danger in what I ask you to do, but it has to be done. The men in 
there are mostly of Pack's Portuguese and the dregs of our own corps. If they 
do not come out with you 1 shall send in a whole regiment to them and butter their 
brains out against the other end, if the place is, as I fancy, a eul-de-sac. March I " 

' I went before the picket with my drum rattling and my heart in my mouth. 
The pillagers came round us jeering, others assailed us more seriously by throwing 
&om upper windows anything they could conveniently lay hand on (assuming it 
was too large or too valueless to pocket), but we were little the worse till in a 
lamentable moment of passion, one of the picket fired his musket at a window. A 
score of pieces flashed back in response, und five of our company fell, while wc went 
at u double for the end of the lane. 

' " By heaven I " cried the sergeant, when we reached it. " Here 's a fine 
thing 1 " The general had been right — it was a cul-de-sac 1 There was nothing 
for us but to return. 



•• SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

:>^'^^^^2:z:r':::tL^\^^^ n 

There were now. you lousl know but Ti. , f .^.^ i : """" """' '*"""" 

nrjp.,rcd for .nytiiin, ...I, but ':;,e'",:„7l ':.; ^',hT ^ X.m,'" "77' "'".' 

Ihe vnloroM, prei>are<l to deS h. L .^ « «>urtyard where we found 

andai tl:u t;rewdl™ut™t'e:r '^"''•'' r '''>'r"' "■■'"■'> «'>".'P".u„, 
and s:s !;; ^cr r^s-^K:!; :'::■ ;r 'ti'- •'-'■■ ^'™« "■ -'- 

bullet in his shoulder.' " ™ ""a Men plaj ing. He was unconseious, witha 



«>ayS;'Xerre ii';X"*""" '" "-"•' '■•™'" '"^ l"^'"' > Oi^h I sat, 

* This looks marvcllouslv like stuff fnr n ttn«. ' i i ^ i ■ 

whaViH J'Trly'-a^li.irinrdenr-ET^r^r"™''''.""' "'• ' ^"" "«• 
Peninsular c«mpaigVcameMrxperie.;ocs I Z"^^^^^ "'"' """ """"«*> "■« 

King George himselff' fortnight I would not have changed places with 

^^^ -Jlr. Urquhart,' I said, ' 1 have a premonition. Here con.cs in the essential 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS uo 

The Kculptor ■iiiiled, 

' Hrrc. iiulcrd,' he suiil, • nmics iti Ihc liulv. Thrrc an-, I tlncl, iin MimristH r„r 
a novch«t. Wc were onr .lay (lo resume my story) in Ihc bursh square, where u 
iiurket wai bcmR heW. and h(i|iefi were entertained by our euptain Ihnt a few 
landwanl ladi niiRht nibble ut the -hilMtiu. Over one side of the square lowered n 
tail, whitewashnl house of many windows ; anil as I, with a uniform tunic Ihui 
w^as llu pride of the regimental tailor. Ave feet eleven, twenty-one years of aor, and 
the vanity of a veteran, (ilayed my best to half a doiin iifcs. I noticed the luily at a 
wiiidow-thc only window in all the massive house front to manifest nnv interest 
111 our presence or iwrformance. I turned my silver drum a little round'upon mv 
leg that it might reflect more da/.zlii gly the light of the aflerncon sun. and threw 
into my beats and rolls the most graveful style that was at my command, all the 
while with an eye on niailanic. It was my youthful conceit that I had caught her 
fancy when, a little later -our sergeants busy among the rustics— she came out 
from the house and over to where I sat apart licsidc my dnim. on the steps of the 
market iross. She was younger than inys-lf, a figure so airy and graceful, you 
would swear that if she likc<l she could dance u|H,n blueliell, without bruising a 
petal : she hii'. hair the colour of winter bracken in sunshine, and the merriest 
smile. 

' "Excuse me.' s<.id she, " but I rimt look at the darling dnim-the sweet 
drum, and she caught the silken cords in her fingers, and ran a iialni of the 
daintiest hand I had ever seen over the shining barrel. 

' I thought she might, with more creditable human sentiment have had less 
mterest in my drum and mole in me, but displayed my instrument with the best 
glace 1 could command. 

"Do you know why 1 am so interested ? " she asked in a little, looking at 
me out of deep brown eyes in which I saw two little red couted drummers, a thing 
w-hich gave me back my vanity and made me answer only with a smile. }Ut 
cheek for the Brst time reddened, and she hurried to explain. "They are 
Kildalton's drums. Mr. Fraser of Kildalton was my father, who is dead, and my 
mother i aead, too ; and I pleated and tied these cords and tassels first. How 
beautifully you keep them I " 

' " Well, Miss Fraser," said I, " I assure you I could not keep them better if I 
tried ; but, after this, I shall have a better reason than ever for keeping them at 
their best." A soldier's speech she smiled at as slic turned away. As she went 
into the tall white house again she paused on the threshold, and looked back for 
a moment at me, smiling, and for the first tune since I took the bounty I rued mv 
bargain, and thought I was meant for something more dignified than drumming 
From that hour I lived in the eyes of Kildalton's daughter Marjory. Once a week 
we went fifing and drumming tluyjugh the square. She was on these occasions 
never absent fi«m her window ; there was never a smile a-wanting for the smart 
young gentleman who beat the silver drum. A second and u third time she came 
into the square to speak to mc. I made the most of my opportunities, and she was 
speedily made to discover in the humble dnimr . r a fellow of race and education 
a fellow with a touch of poetry, if you plea She was an orphan, as I have 
indicated— the ward of an uncle, a general, ut the time abro: .1. She lived on the 
surviving fortune of Kildalton in the tall white house with an cldcrlv aunt and a 
servant. At our thild interview— we have a way of being urKOiit iii the army- 
she had trysted to meet me that evening in the wood behind the town. 

' Let me do the girl justice, and say that the drum of Kildalton brought her 
there, and not the drummer. At least, she was at pains to tell me so, for I had 
mentioned to her, with some of tho fjilt of poet. I have mentioned, how in- 



M. Mm-^^w 



100 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

fliiitely varied were the possibilities of an mstrimeut she would never have a 
proper chance to judge of in *he routine of a fift and drum parade. 

' jMy billet was at the back of the town, on the verge of the wood, with the 
window of my room opening on a =ort of hunting path that went winding through 
the heart of what I have called a wood, but what in actual fact was a forest of 
C" ,id- rable dimensions. I went out by the window that evening with ray drum, 
and walked, as had been arranged, about a mile among the trees till I came to a 
narrow glen that cleft the hills, a burn of shallow water from the peaty uplands 
bickering at the bottom of it. A half moon swung like a halbcrt over the heights 
that were edged by enormous fir-trees, and the wood was melancholy with the con- 
tinuous call of owls. They were soon silenced, for I began to play the silver drum. 

' I began with the reveille, though it was a proper hour for the tattoo, playing 
it Kghtly, .w that while it silenced the hooting owls it did not affright the wh-i|e 
forest. She came through the trees timidly, clothed, I remember, in a gown " 
green. She might have been the spirit of the pine-planting ; she might have bet 
a dryad charmed from the swinging boughs. " Marjory I Marjory I " I cried, 
my heart more noisy than my drum had been, and clasped her to my arms. 
" Here 's a poor drummer, my dear," I said, " and you a queen. If you do not 
love me you were less cruel to take this dirk and itab me to the heart, than act the 
heartless coquette." 

' She faintly struggled. Her hair fell loose in a lock or two from under her 
hat, surged on my shouliler, and billowed about my lips. Her cheek was warm ; 
her eyes threw back the challr- -e of the silver moon over the tops of pine. 

' " For a young gentleman I'rom a kirk manse, Master Drummer, you have 
considerable impertinence," said she, panting in my arms. 

' " My name, dear Marjory, is George, as I have told you," I whispered, and I 
kissed her. 

' " George, dear George,' said she, " have done with folly 1 Let me hear the 
drumming and go home." 

' I swung her father's drum again before me and gave, in cataracts of sound, 
or murmuring cascades, the sentiments of my heart. 

' " Wonderful ! Oh, wonderful ! " she cried, entranced j so I played on. 

'The moon went into a cloud ; the glade of a sudden darkened ; I ceased my 
playing, swung the drum again behind, and turned to Marjory. 

' She was gone I 

' I called her name as I ran through the forest, but truly she was gone.' 

Urquhart stopped his story and eagerly dashed some lines upon the clay. 
' Pardon I ' he said. 'Just like that for a moment. Ah! that is something 
like it I ' * 

' Well, well I ' I cried, ' and what followed ? ' 

' I think — indeed, I know — she loved me, but — I went back to the war without 
a single word from her again.' 

' Oh, to the deuce with your story I ' I cried at that, impatient. ' I did not 
bargain for a tragedy.' 

' In truth it is something of a farce, as you will discover in a moment,' said the 
sculptor. ' Next day the captain sent for me. " Do you kjiow General Fraser ? " 
said he, looking at a letter he held in his hand. I told him I had not the honour. 
" Well," said he, " it looks as if the family had i curious penchant for the drum, 
to judge from the fact that his brother gave yours to the regiment, and also " — 
here he smiled shyly — " from the interest of his niece. He is not an hour returned 
from Spain to his native town when he asks me to sf d you with your drum to 
his house at noon." 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 



101 



' " Very good, sir," I answered, with my heart thundering, and went out of 
the ruuin most hugely puzzled. 

* 1 went at ntwn tu the tall white house, and was shown into a room where sat 
Mr'^ory, white to the lips, beside the window, out of which she looked after a single 
Lup^lc'^a 'rl'xnce at me. A middle-aged gentleman in mufti, with an empty sleeve, 
stoiid b(.(>v ,e her, and closely scrutinised myself and my instrument a^ I entered. 

■ ' T'lis is the — the person you have referred to ? " he asked licr, and she 
ai'swen i with a sob and an inclination of her head. 

■ "' You have come — you are reputed to have come of a respectable family," he 
said then, addressing me ; " you have studied at Edinburgh ; you have, I am told, 
some pretensions to being something of a gentleman." 

' " I hope they are no pretensions, sir," I answered warmly. " My people are 
as well known and reputable as any in Argyll, though I should be foolishly beating 
a drum." 

' " Very good," said he, in no way losing his composure. " I can depend on 
getting the truth from you, I suppose ? You were \\ith the 71st as drummer at 
Ciudad Rodrigo ? "" 

' " I was, sir," I replied. " Also at Badajos, at Talavera, Busaco " 

' " An excellent record t " he interrupted. " I might have learned all about it 
later had not my wound kept me two months in hospital after Ciudad. By the 
way, you remember being sent as drummer witii a picket of men down a lane ? " 

"" I started, gave :i careful look at him, and recognised the general whose life I 
had doubtless saved from the pillaging Portuguese. 

' " I do, sir," I answered. " It was you yourself who sent me." 

' He turned with a little air of triumph to Marjorj-. ■" 1 told you so, my dear," 
said he. " I got but a distant glimpse of him this afternoon, and thought I could 
not be mistaken." And Marjory sobbed. 

' ■' .My lad," he said, visibly restrauiing some emotion, " I could ask your drum- 
major to take the cords of Kildalton, my brother's drum, and whip you out of u 
gallant corps. I sent you with a picket — a brave lad, as I thought any fellow 
should be who played Kildalton's drum — and you came back a snivelling poltroon. 
Nay, nay 1 " he cried, lifting up his hand and checking my attempt at an ex- 
planation. " You came out of that infernal lane whimpering like a child, after 
basely deserting your comrades of the picket, and made the nmtilated condition 
of your drum the excuse for refusing my order to go back again, and I, like a fool, 
lost a limb in showing you how to do yourd-ity." 

' " But, general " I cried out. 

' " Be oft with you ! " he cried. " Another word, and I shall have you 
thrashed at the triangle."' 

' He fairly thrust me from the room, and the last I heard was Marjory's sobbing. 

' Next day I was packed off to the regimental depot, and sonic weeks later 
played a common drum at Sala-nanca.' 

The sculptor nibbed the clay from his haiuls and took off his overall. 

' That will do to-day, I think,' said he. ' I am much better pleased than I was 
yesterday,' and he looked at his work with satisfaction. 

' But the story, my dear Mr, Urquhart. You positively must give me its 
conclusion 1 ' I demanded. 

' Why in the world should that not be its conclusion ? ' said he, drawing a wet 
sheet over the bust. * Would you insist on the hackneyed happy ending ? ' 

' I am certain you did not take your quittance from the general in that way. 
You surely wrote to Marjory or to him with an explanation ? ' 



102 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



|l i 



The scujptur smiled. 

' ^\^^' I ' "ifd he. • Do you think that so obvious an idea would not occur 

J J J reflect agau). I pray you, on the circumstances-an obscure and dc- 

gmdcd druminer-the daughter of one of the oldest families in the Highlands-the 
damning circumstantiality of her uncle's evidence of my alleged poltiionery. My 
explanation was too incredible for pen and paper; and the Htn ■> himself, the 
nmn who had brought the disgrace upon me, was beyond my identification, even 
had I known where to look for him. 

'And yet, Mr. Urquhart,' I insisted, all my instincts as romancer assuring me 
..r some other conclusion to a tale that had opened on a note so cheerful, ' I feel 
sure It was neither a tragedy nor a farce in the long run ' 

,1 '^J''";y™ «'*'¥'"•' l!'°°"''''*'''™"'"8- • It -vas my drum that lost me 
the lady before ever I met her, as it were, and it was but fair that my drum should 
be the means of my recovenng her ten years later. A re-shuffling of the cards of 
lortune in my (amUy brought mc into a position where I was free to adopt the 
career of Art ; and by-and-by I had a studio of my own in Edinburgh. It was the 
day of the portoait bust m marble. To have one's own effigy in white, paid for 
by one s omi se f , m one s own haU, was, in a way, the fad of fashionable E<linburgh. 

It was profitable for the artist, I admit, but— but ' 

' But it palled,' I suggested. 

„ "t^'^'Ti? ?*,"'' ' J.^"' *? "^^ "" "PP'^"™"" "f every fresh client, and it 
was then that I sought the s<.lace of this drum. When a sitter had gone for the 
day I drummed the vexaUon out of me, feeling that without such relief I could 
never recover a respect for myself. And by-and-by I began to discover in the in- 
strument someUimg more than a relief for my feelings of revolt against the com- 
mercial demands on my nrt. I found in it an inspiration to rare emotions • I 
lound in It memory. I found, in the reveilles and chamades that I played in fields 
of war and m the fore to my Marjory, love revived and mingled with a sweet 
regret, and from these-memory, regret, and love-I fashioned what have been my 
most successful sculptures. ' 

' One day a gentleman came with a commission for his own portrait. It was 
General Fraserl Of course, he did not recognise me. Was it likely that he should 
guess that the popular sculptor and the lad he had sent in disgrace from the tall 
white house m the distant burgh town were one ! Nor did I at first reveal myself 
rerhaps, mdeed, he would never have discovered my identity had not his eves 
lallen on my drum. ^ 

stru'melr ""^ """^ * nulitary subject lately ! " he said, indicating the in- 

Vu/',"; K^"^"?''" I answered on an impulse. " That is a relic of some years of 
youthful foUy when I played Kildalton's silver drum, and it serves to solace my 
bachelor solitude. ' ■' 

! !! J?™™"^ ' " he e™d, " you, then, are the drummer of Ciudad Rodrigo ! " 
1 he same, I answered, not without a bitterness. " But a verv different 
man from the one you imagine." And then I told my story. He listened in a 
cunous mingling of apparent shame, regret, and pleasure, and when I had ended 
was almost piteous m his plea for pardon. " The cursed thing is," he said, " that 
Marjory maintains your innocence till this very day." 

That she should have tliat confidence in mc," said I, " is something of a 
ITweU "'"'"'" "'" ''"'' "" ^'^"' ' '™^' ^^^ Marjory-I trust your niece 

' The general pondered for a moment, then made a proposition. 

' " I think, Mr, Urquhart," said he, " that a half-winged old mm is but a poor 



THE PENINSULAR CAMPAIGNS 103 

subject for any sculptor's cliisd, mid, with your kind permission, 1 sliould prefer 
to liave a portrait of Miss Jlarjory, whom I can swear you will find quite worthy 
of your genius." 

I And so,' snid Urquhart iji conclusion, ' and so, indeed, she was.' 
' There is but one dtnouemml possible,' I said, with profound conviction, and, 
as I said it, a bar of .son},' rose in the garden, serene and clear and unexpected like 
the first morning carol of a bird in birchen shaws. Then the door of the studio 
flung open, and the singer entered, with the melody checked on her lips when 
she saw the unexpected stranger. She hail hair tlic colour of winter bracken in 
sunshine, and the merriest smde. 

' My daughter Marjory,' said the sculptor. ■ Tell your mother,' he added, 
' that 1 bring our friend t(» huiellcon.' 



CHAPTER VI 

Quatre Bras and Waterloo 



1815 



THE BLACK WATCH 

The Story of the Royal Highlanders 

The Black Watch, which took its name from the sombre black, bhie and green 
of its tartan, was originally drawn from the six independent companies of High- 
landers raised for service only in the Highlands, to keep order among the lawless 
bands of outlaws and cattle raiders who infested the border courtrj-. The 1st 
Battalion, which is the oldest corjJs of Highlanders in the British Army, was 
in existence in 1725, and in the course of the next century and a half had changed 
its name from the Black Watch to the Highland Regiment ; then to the 42nd 
Highland Regiment ; to the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment of Foot, and (1861-81) 
to the 42nd Royal Highland (the Black Watch) Regiment of Foot. In 1758 a 
2nd Battalion was raised and known as the 2nd Battalion 42nd Royal Highlanders, 
to become a separate regiment in 1786 as the 78rd Regiment of Foot, and in 1862 
the 78pd (Perthshire) Regiment. Their present title of the Black Watch (Royal 
Highlanders) was given *o both battalions in 1881. 

To enumerate the services of the Black Watch, as Mr. John S. Farmer says, 
in The Regimental Records of the British Army, ' is simply to narrate the military 
history of Great Britain ' since the middle of'the eighteenth cent'iry. ' Hardly a 
campaign has been conducted or a battle fought in which the Bbck Watch — one 
battalion or the other, or both in company — has not participated ; always with 
bravery, and frequently with conspicuous gallantry.' The chief of their cam- 
paigns and battles are given in the following list, which could easily be doubled 
in length : 



Flanders, 1748-7. 
Fontenoy, 1745. 
Canada, 1757-60. 
Ticondcroga, 1738. 
Guadoloupe, 1759, 
Martininue, 1762. 
Havaiin ti, 1702. 
Jndian Frontier, 1762^7. 
Bushy Run, 1768. 
America, 1775-81. 
Long Island, 1776. 
Brooklyn, 1776. 
Fort Washington, 1776. 



Urandywine, 1777. 
Gfrmaiitowii, 1777. 
Charlcstown, 1780. 
India, 17S2-93. 
Mysore, 1782. 
Pondieherry. 1 798. 
Flanders, 1798-5. 
Ni<^uport, 1793. 
Nimcguen, 1794. 
India, West Indies, Italy, 

Spain, 1795-9. 
Ct-yion, 1795. 
Guildermolscn, 1795. 



St. Lucia, 1796. 
St. Vincent, 1797. 
Minorca, 1798. 
Suringapatani, 1799. 
Genoa, 1799. 
Catliz, 1799. 
Malta, IKOO. 
Egypt, 1801. 
Alexandria, 1801. 
Aboukir, 1801. 
Peninsula, 1808-li. 
Vimiera, 1808. 
Corunna, 1809. 



]^m 




QUATRE BRAS AND WATERLOO 



103 



Busaoo, 1810. 
Furntcs (I'Oiion), 1811. 
Cjudacl RiHlri}^), 1H12. 
Suluiiianca, 181:^. 
Pyrpnct.s, 1813. 
Nivillc, 1818. 
Antwerp. 1814. 
Urthrs, 1814. 
Tuukmso, 18U. 
Qiiatrc Ilras, 1819. 
Wuturloo, 1813. 



South Africii. 1846 33. 
Crimi-a, 1834-6. 
Alma. 1854. 
Uulavliiva, 1894. 
Seva.st(»|M)l, 1855. 
Indian Mutiny. 1857-8. 
Ban-Uly, 1857. 
Cawnporr, I8i7. 
Lucktiow. 1838. 
Ashantt'o, 187V. 
CiKtmasMC, 1874. 



Egypt, 1882-1. 
Til-cl-Ktbir. 1882. 
Nilo, 1884-5. 
El-Tub, 1884. 
Tomai. 1884. 
Kirbi'kan, 1883. 
South Atrica, 1809-1902. 
Maijcrsfniitiiii. 1899. 

K(«»dcN>hl>tT>,'. IIMM). 
PaardetxTjf, 190*). 
Tliabanchu, 1900. 



THE SCOTS IN BELGIUM 

By James Mitchell 

In AiiluiT]) luucli was said "f tlio Highlanders. A gentleman had, when tlie 
wounded arrived, l)een recn'.nised and spoken to t)y a |ioor lliglilander. Tlie 
circumstance al>soIutely gave him a kind of consiuerution in the crowd ; lie felt 
proutter at the moment than if a pi .ce had smiled upon him. At Brussels, and 
everywhere in the Netherlands, when the English troops were mcntioneil, whom 
thc> likewise much admired, the natives always returned to the Scotch with- - 
' But the Seoteh, they are good and kind, as well as brave ; they are Uie only 
soldiers who become members of the family in the houses in which they arc billeted'; 
they even carry about the children and do the domestic work.' Tlie favourite 
proverbial form of compliment was, ' Lions in the field and lambs in the house.' 
There was a competition among the inhabitants who should have them in their 
houses ; and when they returned ivoinded, the same house they had left had its 
doors open, and the family went out iome miles to meet ' our own Scotsman.' 
The people h.ld many instances to relate of the generosity of these men ; after 
the battle many, although themselves wounded, were seen binding up the wounds 
of the French and assisting them with their arm. On the contrary it is well 
known that very few of our soldiers fell into the hands of the enemy without being 
murdered in cold blood. There cannot be a better test of two nations, a more 
satisfactory decision of the question on which the peace and happiness of man- 
kind should depend, 

Kram The S:oltmiin « l^l/rtrij. 



THE GORDONS AT QUATRE BRAS 
By Captain W. Sibome 

The leading portion of Fire's light cavalry, from which the laneers that 
attacked the 4'2nd and 44th British regiments had been detached, continued 
its advance along the high road towards Quatre Bras, driving in the Brunswick 
Hussars, who were now galloping confusedly upon the fl2nd Highlanders, then 
lining the ditch of the Namiir high road contiguous to Quatre Bras. . . . The 
grenadier company was wheeled back upon the road so as to oppose a front at 
that |ioint to the flank of the pursuing cavalry, upon whieli the Ilighl.inders 



100 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

now |OTur«l a most destructive volley. The shock thus m tasioncd to the French 
cavalry was immediately pcreeptiblc. . . . Manv of them rushed through the large 
opening into the farmyard of Quatre Uras, wiiich was situated immcdi tely in 
rear of the right of the 9and. A few daring fellows, finding tlicy had proect i.'H toe 
far to be ahle to retire In the same direction in which they had adviuiccd. wheeled 
round suddenly at the point where the high roads inte- -it each other, and galloped 
right through the grenadier company of the Highlani.ers, shouting and brandish- 
ing their swords, and receiving a lire from some of the rear rank of the regiment 
as they dashed along the road. None of them escaped : one, an ollieer of the 
ChasteufS d ckeial, hud already reiiehed the spot where the Duke of Wellington 
was at that moment stationed in rear of the Highlanders. Some of the men im- 
mediately turned round and lired : liis horse was killed, and at the some moment 
a musket-ball passed through each foot of the gallant young offlecr. Those of the 
French chasseurs who luid entered the formyard, finding no other outlet, now 
began to gallop back, in small parties of two or three iil a time, but few escaped 
the deadly fire of the Highlanders. 

Again a column of French infantry advanced from out of the wood towards the 
Brussels road, wul entering the latter by the isolated house southward of Quatre 
Bras, estabhshed lUelt in and about that building and its enclosures. Shortly 
alterwards another column advanced in support of the former one, which then 
emerged from its cover, and began to ascend that port of the Anglo-allied position 
occupied by the 92nd HigUanders. On perceiving this, Mojor-General Barnes, 
adjuUnt-generol to the British forces, who had just ridden up to the right of the 
regiment, placed lumself very conspicuously at the head of the Highlanders, waving 
his hat and exclamiing, ■ Ninety -second, follow me I ' In an instant the latter sprang 
out ol the cUtch lu wliicli they had hitherto been posted, and with great gallantry 
and steadiness charged down the slope. The French infantry hastily fell back, 
until having gamed the partiol shelter afforded them by the isolated house and its 
enclosures, they opened a most destructive ftrc upon the Highlanders, who riever- 
t icless slackened not their pace, but drove the French out of their cover. Upon 
clearing this point, they encountered another severe fire from the second column 
that had moved forward in support. Their commanding olliecr. Colonel Cameron, 
here received his death-wound, and liaving lost the power of managing his horse, 
the latter carried him at its utmost speed along the road until he readied Quntre 
Bras, where his servant was standing with his led horse, wlien the animal suddenly 
stopping, pitched the unfortunate officer on his head. The supporting column 
also gave way before the continued, bold, undaunted, though broken advance 
of the 92nd Highlande's, who pursued their eiuniies, skirting the elbow of the 
wood into which they retired ujion perceiving a disposition on the part of the 
French cavalry to charge, and fin<ling themselves exposed to a heavy cannonade 
wlueh was ra|)idly thinning their r.inks to o fearful extent. 



THE DK.'VTH OF COLONEL JOHN C.\MERON 
By Rev. Archibald Clerk 

COLONKI. Camkuon maiched f„rward tu Q.i.ntre Bras, animated and animating his 
men l)j the martial strains he loved so well. 



QUATRE BRAS AND WATERLOO i„ 

■ IVll wild ami hijih the U,„cro„ . Kalhtrin,- ro.. 
Ihc «,,.„„(e „f f^iohl.l, which Albvi,,. hilJi 
Hnvc hc.rd, and hr«nl. l,.o, h.vr lii-r Saxon fo,» 
H"w in the iiiHin of nij-ht that i.il,r.>ch liirill., ' 
S«v.ge «„,! ,hrill ! Bnt .ilh the l.re.11, whirh Kll< 
I hnr mountain pipe, ,o fill ih,- ,no,nit.,„eer, 
"ctn the fierce native clarioK »hi.'h instils 
I he «tirrin([ nieinnrv ..f a thoiisaral years 
And Ev.„,, Donald', f,„e, rinx, i„ eael, clansman . ears.' 

n-iiHed ' hT„. ." alvance, asked permission to charge them. The Duke 

from .yfenwtr .,/ CoUtwl John lanifrnn (1058). 



THE BLACK WATCil AT QUATRE BRAS 
By Captain W. Sibome 

luE Brunswick Hussars were ordered forward to cover tlie retreat of the 
«hieh their right flank became exposed, failed in producing the slightest check 



108 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

U|»jri tlu- cavulry. uiid vi.re soon seen wliccling nbuut uiii in full fliulit, clowly 
pursued by their opponcnU. ... » / 

The 42n<i Iliithlnndcrs huving, from tlieir position, been the first to rceognise 
them [the lancersl m a part of the enemy's forces, rapidly fo .d scpiari- ; but 
just OS the two flank companies were miming in to form the rear face, the lancers 
had leached the ri(jimerit. when a ccin.idi ruble portion ->f their leading division 
penetrated the s(pmre, carrying along with them, by the impctiis of their ehirge, 
several men of those two I'ompnnies, and creating a momentary confusion. The 
long-tried disciplmc and steadiness of the llighlandcn, however, did not forsake 
them at this most critical juncture ; the j lancers, instead of effecting the destruc- 
tion of the sipiare, were themselves fairly hemmed into it, and either bayoneted or 
taken pnsoncrs, whilst the endangered face, restored »» if bv magic, successfully 
repelled all further attempts on the p^n I of llie I'leiicli l,i coinpletc their expected 
triumph. 

From lliilory qf thr Wiir in Fr>inte niid Hrlj/iun. 



O WHERE, TELL ME WHERE 
By Mrs. Grant of Laggan 

■ I) 'VllliHE. lill iiic where 1^ yiiur Iliuhland liidilic Rone 1 ' 

' He s gone, with strenmine banners, where noble dceils arc done ; 
A ' -ny sad heart will Irciniilc till he eomee safely home' 

■ C ..hat, tell me what docs your Highlaral Liddic wear r ' 
' A bonnet with a lofty plume, the gallant badge of war, 

And a plnid across the .nanly brer.st that yet shall wear a star.' 

' Sup|X)SO, ah I suppose Ihiit siiine cruel, eniel wound 
Should pierce your Highland laddie and all your Iwpcs confound ! ' 
' The pipes would play a cheering march, the banners round him flv. 
The spirit of a Highland chief would lighten in his eye. 

' But I will hope to see him yet in Scotland's bonnic bounds, 

His native land of liberty shall nurse his glorious wounds. 

While wide through all our Highland hills his warlike name resounds. 



THE SCOTS AT WATERLOO 

Blucher, in a dispatch relating to the ba.tle of Waterloo, wrote, ' That the Old 
Guard were baffled by the intre|iLdity of the Scottish regiments.' It was flattering 
to hear this account of the conduct of the Highlanders confirmed by the prevailing 
belief both in Poris and throughout France ; the French soldiers themselves saying 
that it was the Scottish troopers who chiefly occasi(med the loss of the battle by 
defeating the Old Guard. The impression they made in Paris itself fully justifies 
the belief on that subject. Tartan became a prevailing fashion with the ladies, 
and the full garb was employed as an attraction by wax-work exhibitors. It was 
likewise introduced on the stage with great applause. 

From Thf Hii/ik >;/ .Si-oll Uti M,tnl<,lr. 



QUATRK BRAS AND WATERLOO 



lUH 



VIII 



SAVING THE COLOURS 

TiiF.UE arc f.-w anccLitrs which hove hoon Iransmidr.l with s„ miuh r..rc ni those 
whid, r..|.T to the prescpvalicm of the eolours. Muther thun surnnder then, tu 
an oliciiiy a true soldier will resort to any extremity 

In a S,„tti»h rej,in.ent at the Imtlle of \Vuterl,K, the stanclard-heur. r was 
killed, ami ela.ped the colours so fast in death that a sergeant, after tryiii« to no 
purpose to rescue them„n the near approach „f the enemy made a violent effort, 
and IhrowmK the dead l,o,ly, colour, and all, over hi, shoulder, earricl tlun, off 
toge her. The fremli seeing tin, were elmmied with llic. heroism of |l,e action 
and iMiilcl It with applause and re|icaleil sli,,iits of admiiuliun. 



IriHii 7/» Htlli.l, S„l,lir 



IX 

THE CAMERONS AT WATERLOO 
By W. Richards 

At Wiitcrloo the 7i)th took p;.rt in the nieiiiorahle charge which may he said to 
h..vc inllicted the first distinct reverse upon the French. The Belgian and Dutch 
Br gide had wavered, then 'turned and fled in disgraceful and disorderly panic 
hut there we« men more worthy of the name ' uid. In this part of the ^ej mi 
hue of the allies were posted Pack's ami Ken , Brigades of Kligli h infantr 
which had suttered severely at Quatrc Bras. But Picton was htre as ge eral 
of division, and not even Ney himself could surpass in resolute bravery that tern 
and fiery spirit. Pieton hrought his two brigades forward, si.le by side, in a thi 

With these Pieton had to make hea.l against the three victorious French colunms 
upwards of four times that strength, an.l who, encouraged by the e" y „,u ,?the 
Dutch and Be gwns, now eame confidently over the ridge of the hill. The British 
infantry stood firm and as the French halted and began to deploy into ,e 
Picton seized the cntieal moment. He shouted in his stentorian viiee^rKe, s 

Ph fv ?l *■' "?'' "'"" ^^'«^ ' ^' " ''i^'^""^' "f !"« than thirtv yard, 

that volley was pouretl upon the devoted first sections of the nearest eoluiun, and 

tofdefd " h™' l'"xt- 'he Britis^h dashed in with the bayonet. Pieton w^ 
shot dead as he rushed forward, but his men pushed on with the cold steel ' The 
^hilT/ 1 ■ ^M™ disorganised and confused ; the next moment, and 
they were flymg m wild confusion down the slope, pursuerl by the 70th and their 
comrades of Kemp's Brigade. Throughout the .lay the Tilth was h<,tly engaged 
and on few regiments did loss fall heavier. Before the battle they had their 

ul eomplement of omcers and men-776 of all ranks; when it ^as won 
fell to a lieutenant to bring the regimcnt-or what remained of it-out of action 
when It was found that no fewer than 479, of whom .T> were olTiccrs, had fallen.' 






in Ilfr Majfttij't, 
u of Mpsurii, Vifti 



: A Uu., Uuilou. 



! 



110 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



THE ROYAL SCOTS, GORDONS, AND BLACK WATCH 
AT WATERLOO 

/iy Captain IV. Sihorne 

Thk IhriT hi-t.lcli rt'Kitiiciits, the \si KoyiiLs, the i2iid anil U'iiul Ilij;hliiiulers 
imder the iininuitinn bound!! of their imtjve pibroch, niovcil slimlily on witl» tht 
noble tujcn and pillunt l)ciirinK uf men bent npon upholding, at any hucnftce, the 
hmiunr and Kl*»ry ol" their ctmntry. . . . Tlmt [hirtion ol" the French cohimn 
whieh liiid by this lime crossed the hedj^c was in ixrlVct onler, und presentcti a 
Ixild and dctennined IVont. It wii:* opposed to the 42nd und 92nd intthlariders, 
but principally to the latter rei^nncnt. As the bri;r,idu nppnmehed the column, 
it receivetl from it a tire whieh, however, it did not return, but continued to 
advance steadily until it had arrived within twenty or thirty yards distance, 
when the OXntl and 42nd Highlanders . . . threw into the mass a concentrated 
fire, most destructive in its effects. The French were stiiKKcred by the shock, 
but speedily rccovcrinjt themselves, bejfan to reply with great spirit to the ftre 
of their op[K>nents, when the latter rcfcived the order to charge ; but at this very 
moment Ponsonby's brigade came up. . . . 

As the Scots lircys passe*! through und nungled with the Highlanders, the 
enthusiasm of both coq)s was extranrdinarj-. They mutually cheered. ' Scotland 
for ever I ' was their war shout. The smoke in which the head of the French 
column was enshrouded had not cleared away when the Greys dashed into the 
mass. So eager was the desire, S4) strong the determination of the Highlanders 
to aid their ei>mpivtriuts in completing the work m gloriously begun, that many 
were seen holding on by the stirrups of the horsemen, while all rushed forward, 
leaving none but the disabled in tht ir rear. The lending [wrtion of the column 
„.ion yieliled to this infuriated onset ; the remainder, which was yet in the act 
of ascending the exterior slope, appalled by the sudden appearance of cavalry 
at a moment when, judging by the sound of musketry (ire in front, they had 
M;iturully concludetl that it was with infantry alone they hod to contend, were 
hurled biick in confusion by the impetus of the shock. The dragoons, having 
the advantage of the descent, appeared to mow down the mass, which, hendinf 
under the pressure, quickly spread itself outwards in all directions. Yet in thai 
nmss were many gallant spirits who could not be brought to yield without > 
struggle, and these fought bravely to the death. . . . Within that mass, too, 
was borne the imperial eagle of the 45th regiment, proudly displaying on its 
banner the names of Jena, Austeriitz. Wagrani, Eylau, and Friedland — fields in 
which this regiment had covered itself with glory and acquired the distinguished 
title of 'The Invincibles.' A devoted band encircled the sacred standard, whieh 
attracted the observation and excited the ambition of a daring and adventurous 
soldier name<l Ewart, u sergeant of the Greys. After a. desperate struggle, 
evincing on his part great physical strength combined with extraordinary dexterity, 
he succeeded in cai)turing the cherished trophy. . . . 

Without pausing for a moment to re-form, those of the Greys who had forced 
their way through or on either flank of the mass, rushed boldly onward against 
the leading supporting column of Marconet's right brigade. ... To such a 
degree had the impetus of the charge been augmented by the rapidly increasing 
descent of the slope, that these brave dragoons possessed as little of the power 
as of the will to cheek their spcal, and they plungcvi down into the mass with a 



QI'VlRt BRAS AND WATHUl.OO ill 

Uirvv that v/hh tniU iitc^kIiIiU-. Its litiiii" -.1 rMiik-< dnvm l>'<\ v\tili 'trtpn 
nihil' vu-lt'iii-c, Ihi- t-nlirt' ctlmnii r<itliTi-<l T'T u tmitiKMil. iwul I hen tjink tiinltr !lii' 
ovcT[vtwrriMu' W11VI-. lluiHind'. were fTHsh'd tn ri e im iiiorc', iiiitl liiiiiilntK 
rif.*' a^riiiii liiit li) -III II ruler li. thi- vut.irs. \\U-> ^[.ciiliK >Hi-i.l then [.n-nu.r. 

tn the U-.'.r. Wl.llc 111-' Hl(,'lll ■lid.-lS MCurnl tllo^r- hil,. ., IrnMI 11m I< ,ulit... r-i In .,, . 



K>.< 



1 1, •/•J,; 



A PAY SKRCJEANT OF 'rill". SCOTS CRI-VS 
By J. li. Stocqueler 

N'l^li the Miiililit; |>liuhs ol Waterloo ^^ll•'n \iii| unl, t|ir iii(|rt'iitj(fnhti- uuith' U 
:it \our sidr I'Hjjcr to show the iimrk". u| the riiiinoii Itall-. oii tin uiilis ami Irf-ts 
nC li"ii{;om'>iit. llif spots where I'onsonhy ii'mI i'lctiPii Icll. Anu'lfsfy .'itnl h'li/.ntv 
S<iir>>isct l.ist liinlis. and tionlnii \mis iimrt.-,IK stnn k, Tliosr win. wish hiilli- 
fullv lit clironiclr (lif (li-cds (if titlirr Uiinw cuium.I puss o\ rr willmut uiu- u.ird. al 
Iriist. nf :i<lniiiati..n tilt' hrr>>isiit of the foot Gimnls. the diishiiit; .iml indoinitrilih 
i-hiirnes 111 ihi- l.ilc (iimnls. the Scuts lire\s. ami Iviiiiskilh ns, ttie nrmnis-* of tlie 
Sent<-h 1-e^'iiiKnts ami llalkett's HnuiuJ' . tli' :i()th ai:<{ 73rd, the tiiirini! hrc of 
('olliortie's .'r_*rid. the iidiiiiralih preei-iion and steHdines^ of the artillerv. and th<- 
im|jen('trulile atlitmle of thi- line v» Inch, fonmtl in sijuarri. rciimincd iinfliiieh- 
iii^dy for hoiirn tAposol to a deadly >ho\ver of inis-des aiul ptrpetiml uttaekt of 
cavnlry, only to deploy at lu-t and. in the whirlMiiid of its fnrioiis ehurnc, setittcr 
'iefeat and dismay thrun^hol<t the itrniy ot its terrihle opponent :-- the narm s of 
Shaw the lale (iiiardsinan, a'' Kiiurt tiie s( ryeant of the (Jrey-. of \\'» ir oi' the 
same nohle reu'inn nt 

Sirijeant Weir was ^iv ser^'cii.-t of his tn^)]), and as siicli niipht have excused 
himself from serving in neti.in ; Imt i,n such a day iis the hatth' of Waterloo he 
disilaiBcd to avail himself of the i)rivihtfe, and requested to he allowed to join 
his rcfjmiciit in the mortal tVay, In oiir of the charj(es he fell mortalh' wounded, 
ami was left on the Held. Corporal Seott of the same refjimtnt. who lost a lee. 
asserts that when the fieKl was searched for the wounded and shiin tlw hody ••f 
Scr^'cant Weir was found with the name written on his forehead with his own 
hand dipjied in his own hlood. This, M eonirude said, he was supposed to havi- 
done, thai his hody niiuht he found ami reeofjnised, and that it might not he 
imagined lie disappeared with the money of his trcmp. 



From ffii 



ill, H-.Mk r 



SERCiEANT EWART OF THE SCOTS GREYS 
By IK. Richards 

Tilt: Greys at Waterloo form one of the meniorahle pictures of warlike history. 
Still there seems to ring in our tars the cry of ' Scotland ft>r ever ! ' with whieli 
they charged upon the legions of France. Familiar as household words are the 
traditional sayings of the rival generals — the admiring exclamation of Napoleon, 
' Those licautiful grey horses ! ' and the muttered wish of Wellington, ' Wovihl 
that theie were more of the Greys I ' Still we seem tu see the ttrrihle whirlwind 
of the Union Brigade, a storm-cloud of liercc men and mighty horses and gleaming 



112 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

steel, which 'ruslicd upon every description of force which presented itself: 
lancers and cuirassiers were alike overthrown and cut ilown— several lotteries 
were carried, and the regiment (the Greys) penetnited to the rear of the enemy's 
position. Sergeant Ewart of the Greys captured on eagle of the French 45th 
regiment. ' I had a hard contest for it/ he writes. ' The hearer thrust for 
my groin J I parried it oft and cut him through the head. After which I was 
attacked by one of their lancers, who threw his lance at me, but missed tlii' mark 
by my throwing it off with my sword. Then I cut him from the chin upwards, 
which went through his teeth. Next I w.is attacked by a foot soldier, who after 
bring at me charged me with his bayonet ; but he very soon lost the combat for 
I parried It and cut him down through the head, so that finished the contest for 
the eagle. Ewart received a commission as a recognition of his valour. 

.■•Vitrii Her SlnJe..lf,'K Army. 
By iwrmiisiiiii „r AIcNNrH. Virtue tt CV, I.uuiluii. 

XIII 

' OUR AIN FOLK ' 
By James Grant 

Under cover of a formidable cannonade, which Napoleon's artillery opened 
from the crest of the ridge where his line was formed, three dense masses of 
infantry, consisting each of four battalions, moving in solid squares, poured 
impetuously down on the left and centre of the allied line. They rent the air 
with cries of ' Vive la France ! Vive fEmpereur I ' and on they came double- 
quick, with their sloped arms glittering in the sun. Thev were enthusiastically 
encouraged by their officers, whose voices were heard above even the mingled 
dm of the battle-cry, cheering thern on as they waved their eagles and brandished 
their sabres aloft. One of these columns poured its strength on La Ilayc Sainte 
where it experienced a warm mid deadly welcome ; while the other two attacked 
that part of the position which was occupied by Sir Denis Pack's Brigade. 

As they advanced, Campbell m.ade the signal with his sword, and the eight 
pipes of the regiment commenced the wild pibroch of Donald-dhu— the march 
of the Islesmen to Lochaber in 1431. It was echoed back by the pipes of the 
Royals and the 42nd on the right, and the well-known effect of that instrument 
was instantly visible in the flushing cheeks of the brigade. Its music never falls 
in vain on the ear of a Scotsman, for he alone can understand its wild melody 
and stirnng associations. The ranks which before had exhibited all that still- 
ness and gravity which trixips always observe— in fact, which their feelings 
compel them to observe— before being engaged, for fighting is a serious matter 
became animated, and the soldiers began to cheer and handle their muskets long 
before the order was given to fire. A brigade of Belgians, formed in line before 
a hedge, was attacked furiously by the French columns, who were eager for 
vengeance on these troops, whom they considered as deserters from the cause 
of the ' great Emperor,' whose uniform they still wore. The impetuosity of the 
attack compelled the Belgians to retire in rear of the hedge, over which they 
received and returned a spirited fire. 

Pack's Brigade now opened upon the foe, and the roar of cannon and musketry 
increased on every side as the battle became general along the extended parallel 
lines of the British and French. The fire of the latter on Pack's Brigade was 
hot and rapid, for in numerical force they outnumbered them, many to one and 
made dreadful havoc. The men were falling— to use the common phrase— in 
heaps, and the danger, smoke, uproar, and slaughter, with all the terrible eon- 



QUATRE BRAS AND WATERLOO na 

comitents of a groat battle, iiicreascl on every side ; the blood of the combatants 
grew hotter, and the national feelings of hatred and hostility, wluch previously 
had lam dormant were now fully awakened, and increased apace with the slaughter 
around them. Many of the Highlanders seemed animated by a perfect furv- 
a terrible eagerness to grapple with their antagonists. Captain Grant, an oflieer 
ol the (.ordon Highlanders, became so much excited that he quitted the ranks 
and rushing to the front, brandished his long sword aloft, and defied the enemv 
to charge or approach further. Then, calling upon the regiment to follow him, he 
threw U|> Ins bonnet, and flinging himself hemllong on the bayonets of the enemv 
was instantly slain. Poor fellow ! he left a young wife nt home to lament him, and 
his loss was much regretted by the regiment. 

■ This is hot work, Chisholm,' said Ronald, with a grim smile, to his smart young 
sub., who came towards him jerking his head about in that nervous manner which 
the eternal whistling of musket-shot will cause many a brave fellow to assume. 

Hot work-devihsh r answered the other, with a blunt carelessness, which, 
perhaps, was half affceUd. But I have something good to communicate.' 

vV hat ? 

• Bliiehcr with forty thousand Prussians is advancing from Wavrc. Bony 
know-s nothing of this, and the first news he hears of it will be the twelve- 
pounders of the Prussians administering a dose of cold iron to his left flank upon 
the extremity of the ndgc yonder.' 

' Good ; but is the intelligence true ? ' 

' Ay, true as the Gospel. I heard an aide-de-camp, a rather excited but 
exquisite young fellow of the 7th Hussars, tell old Sir Denis so this moment.' 

Would to God we saw them l-the Prussians, I mean. We are suffering 
dre.idfully from the fire of these columns.' ^ 

• Ay, faith I ' replied the other, coolly adjusting his bonnet, which a ball had 
knocked awry, and turning towards the left flank of the company, before he had 
gone three paces he was stretched proiitrate on the turf. 

He never stirred again. A ball had pierced his heart ; and the bonnet which 
a moment before he had arranged so jauntily over his fair hair, rolled to the feet 
ot Ronald Stuart. 

I I kent he w.is/q// Puir young gentleman I ' said a soldier. 
I wdl add a stone to his cairn,' observed another figuratively ; ■ and give this 
to revenge him,' he added, dropping upon his knee and firing among the smoke 
ot the opposite line. c e 

Stuart would have examined the body of his friend, to find if any spark of hte 
yet lingered in it, but his attention was attracted by other matters. 

The Belgians at the hedge gave way, after receiving and retuminK a de- 
stnietive Are for nearly an hour. The 3rd battalion of the Scots Royals and a 
battalion of the 44th (the same regiment which lately distinguished itself at 
Cabul) took up the ground of the vanquished men of Gallia Belgka, and after 
maintaining the same conflict against an overwhelming majority of numbers 
"'■lu^^'n'"?^ staunch to their post till the unlucky hedge was piled breast-high 
mth killed and wounded, they were compelled to retire, leaving it in possession 
of the enemy, who seized upon it with a fierce shout of triumph, as if it had been 
the fallen capital of a fallen country, instead of the rural boundary of a field of rye 

It was now three o'clock in the afternoon. The strife had lasted incessantly 
for four hours, and no word was yet heard of the Prussians. For miles around 
the plains were involved in smoke ; and whether they were approaching or not 
no man knew, for a thick war-cloud enshrouded the vale of Waterloo Three 
thousand of the allies had been put to the rout, and the dense mob-like columns 



lU 



SCOTLAND FOR E\^R 



of tilt; enoi; . came rolling on from the ridge opposite to Lord Wellington's position, 
apparently witli the determination of bi-aring all bef(}ri' them. 

When they gained possession ol' the hedge before mentioned. Sir Denis Pack, 
who had been with its defenders till the moment they gave way, galloped at full 
speed up to the Gordon Highlanders— a corps reduced now to a mere skeleton, 
and barely nnistering two hundred eflieient bayonets. 

' Highiimdcrs ! ' cried the general, who was evidently labouring under no 
ordinary degree of excitement aiui anxiety, ' you must charge ! Upon them with 
the bayonet, or the heights arc lost, for all the troops in your front have given way ! ' 

' Highlanders ! shoulder to shoulder 1 ' cried Campbell, as the regiment began 
to advance with their muskets at the long trail, and in silence, with clenched tieth 
and bent brows, for their hearts were burning to avenge the fall of their comrades. 
' Shoulder to shoulder, l.'ids ! close together like a wall 1 ' continued the major, 
as, spurriTig his horse to the front, he waved his sword and bonnet aloft, und the 
corps moved down the hill. ' Remember Egypt and Corunna -and remember 
Cameron, though he 's gone, for his eye may be upon us yet at tiiis very moment ! 
Forward — double-quick ! ' 

The column they were about to charge presented a front more tlian equal 
to their own on /our faces, and formed a dcnsf mass of three thousand infantry. 
Heedless of their numbers, with that free and fearless impetuosity which they 
have ever displayed, and which has always been attended with the most signal 
success, the bonneted clansmen rushed on with the fury of a torrent from their 
native hills, equally regardless of the charged bayonets of the French front ranks, the 
murderous fire of the rear, and of ten pieces of cannon sent by Napoleon to assist 
in gaining the height occupied by Pack's shattered brigade. It was a desperate 
crisis, and the regiment knew that they must be victorious or be annihilated. 

A body of cuirassiers were coming on to the assistance of the vast mass of 
infantry — all splendid troo|)s glittering in a panoply of brass and steel ; and the 
slanting rays of the sun gleamed beautifully on their long lines of polish^^d helms 
and corselets, and the forest of swords which they brandished aloft above the 
curls of the eddying smoke, as they came sweeping over the level plain at full 
gallop. The advance of the little band of Highlanders made them seem like a few 
mice attacking a lion — the very acme of madness or of courage. Their comrades 
were all defeated, themselves were threatened by cavalry, galled by ten pieces 
of cannon, and opposed to three thousand infantry ; and yet they went on with 
the heedless impetuosity of the heroes of Killieerankie, Falkirk, and Gladsmuir. 

The front rank of the enemy's cohmm remained with their long muskets and 
bayonets at the charge, while the rear Kept up a hot and destructive fire, in unison 
with the sweeping discharges from the field-pieces jilaccd at a little distance on 
their flanks. 

The moment was indeed a critical one to those two hundred eagle hearts. 
They were in the projxirtiuu of one man to fifteen ; and notwithstanding this 
overwhelming majority, when the steady line of Highlanders came rushing on, 
with their bayonets levelled before them, and had reached within a few yards of 
the enemy, the latter turned and fled ! The huge mass which might with ease 
have eaten them, broke away in a confusion almost laughable, the front ranks 
overthrowing tlie rear, and every man tossing away musket, knapsack, and 
accoutrements. The Highlanders still continued pressing forward with the 
charged bayonet, yet totally unable to comprehend what had stricken the foe 
with so disgruetfid a panic. 

' Hilt ! ' cri-^d Campbell. ' Fire on the cowards. D~n them, give them a 
volley ! ' and a -liisty fire was poured upon the confused mob. 



QUATRE BRAS AND WATERLOO 113 

A cry arose ol " Uere come the cavalry I ' 

' Hoigh I hurrah 1 ' cried the Highlanders. ' Tlie Greys— the Greys— the 
Scots Greys 1 Hoigh ! our ain folk — hurrah ! ' and a trt-nicntluns cheer burst from 
the Utile band us they beheld, emerging from the wreaths of smoke, the squadmns 
of their €X>untrynien. who came thundering over the corse -strewed licld, where 
drums, colours, arms, cannon, and cannon-shot, killfil and wounded men, covered 
every foot of ground. 

The grey horses — 'Those beautiful grey horses,' as the anxious Napoleon 
called them, while watching this movement through his glasses— cnnie on, snorting 
and prancing, with dilate<i nostrils and eyes of fire, exhibiting all the pride of our 
superb dragoon chargers; while the long broadswords ami tall bearskin caps 
of the riders were seen towering above the battle-clouds which rolled along the 
surface of the plain. 

They fonned part of the heavy brigade of the gallant Sir William Ponsonh\', 
who, sabre in hand, led them on, with the 1st Royal English Dragoons, and the 
6th, who came roaring tremendously, and shouting stnuige things in the deep 
brogue of merry ' ould Ireland.' 

From the weight of the men, the mettle of their horses, and their fine equip- 
ment, a charge of British cavalry is a splendid sight : I say British, for our men 
are the finest-looking as well as the best troops in the world — an assertion which 
few can dispute wheri a'c speak of Waterloo. Those who witnessed the charge of 
Ponsonby's Brigade will never forget it. The Higlilanders halted, and the 
Dragoons sw«pt past on their fiank toward the confused masses of the enemy. 
The Greys, on passing the little band of their countrymen, sent up the well-known 
cry of ' Scotland for ever ! ' 

' Scotland for ever I ' at sucli a moment, this was indeed a cry thjit roused the 
stirring nicmory of a thousand years. It touched a chord in every Scottish heart. 
It seemed like a voice from their home — from the tongues of those they had left 
behind ; and served to stimulate them to fresh exertions in honour of the land of 
the rock and the eagle. 

' Cheer, my blue bonnets ! ' cried Campbell, leaping in his sadd:^- in perfect 
ecstasy. ' Oh, the gallant fellows I how bravely they ride I God and victory be 
with them this day ! ' 

' Scotland for ever I ' echoed the Highlanders, as they waved their black 
plumage on the gale. The Royals, the 42nd, the Cameron Highlanders, and every 
Scots regiment within hearing took up the battle-cry and tossed it to the wind, 
and even the feeble voices of the wounded were added to the general shout, while 
the chivalrous Greys plunged into the column of the enemy, sabring them in 
scores, and riding them down like a field of corn. The cries of the panic-strieken 
French were appalling; they were the last despairing shrieks of drowning men 
rather than the clamour of men-at-arms upon a battlefield. Colours, drums, 
arms, and everything were abandoned in their eagerness to escape, and even while 
retreating double-quick, some failed not to shout * Vive VEmpcreur ! Vive la 
GloireT as vociferously as if they had been the victors instead of the vanquished. 

An unlucky random shot struck Lisle's left arm and fractured the bone just 
above the elbow. He uttered a sudden cry of anguish and reeled backward 
several paces, but propped himself upon his sword. Ronald Stuart rushe<l towards 
him, but almost at the same moment a half-spent cannon-shot (one of the last 
fired by the train sent to dislodge the Ninth Brigade) struck him on the left sil., 
doubled him up like a cloak, and dashed him to the earth, where he lay totally 
deprived of sense and motion. When struck, a consciousness flashed upon his 
mind that his ribs were broken to jiieces, and that he was dying ; then the dark- 



116 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

ness of night seemed to descend on his eyes, and he felt us if his soul was passing 
away from his body. That feehng, which seemed the reverse of a terrible one, 
existed for a space of time scarcely divisible. There was a rushing sound in his 
ears, flashes of red fire seemed to go out from his eyes, and then every sensation 
of life left him for a time. The regiment thought nim dead, as few survive the 
knock from a cannon-shot, and no one considered it worth while to go towards 
him save Louis Lisle. All were too intently watching the flashing weapons of 
the cavalry as they charged again and again, each squadron wheeling to the right 
and left to allow the others to come up, and the work of slaying and capturing 
proceeded in glorious style. Poor Ronald's loss was never thought • ' by his 
comrades. 

* Stuart 's knocked on the head, poor fellow ! * was his only elegy. One life 
is valued less than a straw when thousands are breathing their last in the awful 
arena of the battlefieM. 

Ix>uis, whose lef.. ^.in hung bleeding and moticnless by his side, turned Uonnld 
on his back with his right, and saw that he was pale and breathless. He placed 
his hand on the heart, but it was still. He felt no vibration. 

* Great heaven I what a blow this will be for my poor sister I Farewell, 
Ronald I I look upon your face for the last time 1 ' he groaned deeply with mental 
and bodily agony as he bent his steps to the rear— a long and perilous way, for 
shot of every size and sort were falling like hail around, whizzing and whistling 
through the air, or tearing the turf to pieces when they alighted. Hundreds of 
riderless horse, many of them greys, snorting and crying with pain and terror, 
were gallopmg madly about in every direction, trampling upon the bodies of the 
dead and wounded, and finishing with their ponderous hoofs the work that many 
a bullet had begun. The slaughter among the French at that part of the fiuld 
was immense ; but their cJise might have been very different had they stood firm 
and shown front, as British infantry would have done. 

One thousand were literally sabred, ridden down, or cut to pieces ; two 
thousand taken prisoners, with two eagles, one by a sergeant of the Greys, and 
all the drums and colours ; a catastrophe which scarcely occupied five minutes' 
time, and which Napoleon beheld from his post near La Belle Alliance with 
sensations which may easily be conceived, for these troops were the flower of his 
numerous army. 

This was about half-past four in the afternoon, and over the whole plain of 
Waterloo the battle was yet raging with as much fury as c^ct. 

From The- ttonuince of War. 

XIV 

HIGHLANDERS AFTER WATERLOO 

By Sir Walter Scott 

[A CONVERSATION bctwccn Sir Walter Scott and some Scottish soldiers, whom 
he found bivouacked at Peronne, on their march to Paris, after the battle of 
Waterloo.] 

I told him, that as a countryman, accidentally passing, I could not resist the 
desire of inquiring how he and his companions came to have such unconilortable 
beds ; and I askc^ him, if it was not usual to receive billets on the inhabitants for 
quarters ? 



I^^'. 



QUATRE BRAS AND WATERLOO 117 

' Na, sir,' was his couponed reply j ' we beldoin Iroulilc llicm for billets : they 
ca' this bivouacking, you see.* 

' It docs not seem very pleasant, whatever they may call it. How do the 
people of the country treat you ? ' 

' Ow I gailies : particubrly we that are Scotch : we ha' but to show our 
pettitcoat, as the English ca' it, an' we 're aye weel respected.' 

' Were you in the battle of Waterloo f ' 

' Ay, 'deed was I, and in Quatre-bras beside. I got a bit skelp wi' a shell at 
Waterloo.' 

* And were all your companions who sleep there also wounded ? ' 

' Ay were they ; some mair, some less. H r' - ane o' 'em wakening, you see, 
wi' our speaking.' 

The Scotchmen, having but small seductioi to return to their beds, became 
quite inchned to talk, particularly when they heard from what part of the land 
o' cakes I came from. 

' The duke,' they said, ' wasna to be blamed as a general at a' ; nor would the 
men ha'e ony cause to complain if he would but gie them a little mair liberty.' 

' Liberty I What sort of liberty do you mean ? ' 

* Ow — just liberty — freedom, you see I * 

' What, do you mean leave of absence — furloughs ? * 

' Na, na 1 De'il a bit : God, this ha.sna been a time for furloughs. I mean 
the liberty that ither sodgcrs get i the Prussians and them.' 

As I still professed ignorance of their meaning, one of them gave me, in a sudden 
burst, a very pithy explanation of the sort of hberty which the duke was blamed 
for withholding. The other qualified it a little, by saying— 

' Ay, ay, he means that when we 'vc got the upper ban', we shu'd employ it. 
There s i ^ use in being mcaly-mou'd, if the ithers are to tak what they like. 
The d d Prussians ken better what they 're about.' 

* Well, but you find that the Prussians are everywhere detested, and you have 
just now told me that you Highlanders are everywhere respected.' 

' Ou ay, wp 're praised eneueh. Ilka body praises us, but very few gie us 
oiiything.' 

More readily interpreting this hint than the last, I proved myself an exception 
to the general rule by putting into their hands a franc or two to drink. 

The one who received the money looked at it very deliberately, and then, 
raising his head, said— 

' Weel, sir, we certainly didna expect this ; did we, Jock ? ' 

I inquired if the Duke of Wellington took severe means of enforcing on his 
army that regard for the lives and property of the inhabitants, in maintaining 
which he evidently placed the pride of his ambition, not less than in beating his 
armed adversaries ? 

' Na, sir ; no' here,' was the reply ; ' for the men ken him weel cncueh now. 
But in Spain we often had ugly jobs. He hung fifteen men on ac day there — 
after he had been ordering aboot it, God knows how lang ; and d -n me if he 
didna ance gar the provost-marshal flog mair than a dizzen of the women, for the 
women thought themselves safe, and so were waur than the men. They got sax 
and tliirty lashes apiece on the bare doup, and it was lang before it was forgotten on 
them.^ Ane o' them was Meg Donaldson, the best woman in our regiment ; for, 
whate'er she might tak, she didna keep it a' to herself.' The noise of the horses 
brought to be harnessed to the diligence made me take a ha.sty leave of these 
Scottish soldiers. 



CHAPTER VII 

The Crimean War 



THE HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY 
The Story oj the Regiment 

What is now the IsL battalion of tlic 11.1^.1. was raised as a 'Jjid battalion of the 
li'Jnd Foot, but it was separately regimented, as the 71st Ucffiment of Foot, 
before the end of the same year (17S8). Later it beeame the 71st (Highland) 
Ucjjiment ofFoot, otherwise Fraser's Highlanders. In 1777 it wiis the 1st battalion 
7ard (Highland) Regiment of Foot ; in 1786, the 71st ; in 1808, the 71st (Glasgow 
Highland) Regiment of Foot ; in 1809, the 71st (Glasgow Highland Light Lifantrv); 
and in 1810 the 71st (Highland) Light Infantry. 

The evolution of the 2nd battalion of the H.L.I, is almost as dillicult to follow. 
It was raised in 1756 us a 2nd battalion of the 36th Foot; in the same year it 
was separately rcgiTucritcd as the 7ith Regiment of Foot; and in 176.'i took the 
title of the 74th Regiment of Foot, being disbanded in 1764. In 1777 it was the 
74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot, popularly named the Argyll Highlanders. In 
1787, after disbandment, it was re-formed as the 74th, and presently, as a result 
of its famous victory at Assaye in ISO.I, was commonly spoken of as the Assaye 
Regiment. The two battalions adopted the name of the Highland Light Infantry 
in 1881. The H.L.I, has been to a considerable extent recruited from Glasgow. 
How it obtained its nickname of ' The Pig and Whistle Light Infantry ' is not clear. 
It enjoys the proud distinction of bearing on its colours a longer roll of honours 
than is possessed by any other regiment in the whole of the British Army, with 
the exception of the King's Royal Rifle Corps, which, however, has four regular 
battalions. The principal campaigns and battles that have a place in the history 
of the Highland Light Infantry include : 



(Jibraltnr, 17S0-;|. 
Iniliu, 17K(P-!I7. 
Caniatic-, 17S0. 
Am. I. 178(1. 
I'.irtn-Xovo, I7«l. 
,Sli,ilingnr, 17,sl. 
MvMiie, I7»;i. 
HiiliKal.iie, 17!ll. 
Sci'iu/fapiitani, IT'.'J. 
.\hmiihiugj,'ur, 1801*. 
Assaye, 1803. 
tape ot GcKid Hope. 1806. 
Buenos Ayrcs, 1«00. 
Monti- Video, 1807. 
P<ninsitla. 1S08-14. 
UoKia, 1808. 
118 



ViniicTii, isos. 
Ct.runnii, 1800. 
Flushing, 1800. 
Kusaco. 1810. 
Fucntf s d'Onoro, 1811. 
.\rn>\() dus Molinos, 1811 . 
Alniaraj. 1812. 
Ciudad Koilrigo, LSI 2. 
iladal.is, 1812. 
.Salaniant-a. 181'.'. 
Nivilli, IKl:). 
Vittoria. 1S1;|. 
Maya, 1810. 
Pyrenees IKl:). 
Nive. 18i;j. 
Ortli.s, IKll, 



Toulouse, 1814. 
Quatre Bras, 1815. 
Waterloo, 1815. 
Netherlands, 18 Ij. 
South Africa, 18jl..'i. 
Crimea. 1854-0. 
llalaelava. 18.51. 
Sebastopol. 1S55. 
India, 1838. 
Indian Mutiny, 1858. 
Egypt, 1882. 
'I'el-cl-Kebir, 18N2. 
South .Africa, 1800-1002. 
Magcrsfontein, 1000. 
Paardebcrg, 190O. 
Thabanetiu, loou. 



THE CRIMEAN WAR 



119 



TROOPS LEAVING EDINBURGH 
By Gerald Massey 



For Freedom's Irattli- mareh auld Scotland's brave, 

And Edinburgh streets arc piled with life to-day. 

High on her crags the royal City sits. 

And sees the files of war far-winding out. 

And with the gracious golden Morning smiles 

Her proudest blessing down. Old .Arthur's Seat 

Fhngs up his cap of cloud for brave success ; 

But the old castle stnruleth staidly stern. 

As some scarred Chief who sends his boys to battle : 

While the sea flashes in the sun, our Shield, 

So rich in record of heroic names. 

The gay Hussars come riding through tlic town, 
A light of triumph sparkling in their eyes ; 
The music gocth shouting in their Jiraise, 
Like a loud people round the Victor's car ; 
And Highland plumes together nod as though 
There went the Funeral Hearse of a Russian host : 
The bickering bayonets flutter wings of fire. 
And gaily sounds the march of the Cameron Men. 

The War-steeds sweeping— men to battle going — 
The wave of Beauty's hand— meed of her eyes — 
The banners with old battle-memories stirred — 
The thrilling pibroch, and the wild war-drum, 
Tlie stem sword-music of our grand Hurrali, 
And answering cheer for death or victory — 
All make mc tingle with a triumjjh of life. 
And I could weep that I am left behind. 
To see the tide ebb where I may not follow. 

And there the gallant fellows march afielil ; 
To win proud death, or larger life, they leave 
Home's rosy circle ringed with blessings rich 
For the far darkness and the battle-cloud. 
Where many have fallen, and many yet must fall 
In spurring their great hearts up to the leap. 
For such brave dashes at unconquered heights. 
The shadow of solemn Sorrow falls behind, 
W'tiere sobbing Sweethearts look their loving lust, 
And weeping Wives holil up the little ones. 
The svin sets in their faces, life grows grey. 
And sighs of desolation sweep its desert. ' 
The winter of tJie heart aches in the eyes 
Of Mothers who have given their all. tiieir iiH. 



120 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

And yet mcthinks the Heroic Time returns, 
Such look of triumph Ughts the meanest face 
To-day : there seems no licart so earthly but 
Has some liliml groping after nobler life, 
With hanils that reach towards God's Gate Ucuutiful. 
Our England bright' ning thro' the battle smoke. 
Has touched them with her glory's lovelier light. 
And though their darlings fall, and though they die 
In this dcath-grapple in the night with Wrong ; 
The memory of their proud deeds cannot die. 
They may go down to dust in bloody shrourls, 
And sleep in nameless tombs, flut for all time, 
Foundlings of Fame are our beloved Lost . 
For me, this day of glorious life shall be 
One of the starry brides of Memory, 
Whose glittering faces light the night of soul. 



HI 

THE BLACK WATCH, SUTHERLANDS, AND CAMERONS 

STORMING THE HEIGHTS 

By A. W. Kiriglake 

Before the .iction had Ixgun, and whilst his men were still in colunui, Campbell 
had spoken to his brigade a few words — words simple, and, for the most part, 
workmanlike, yet touched with the Are of warlike sentiment. ' Now, men, you 
arc going into action. Remember tliis : whoever is wounded— I don't care 
what his rank is— whoever is wounded must lie where he falls till the bandsmen 
come to attend to him. No soldiers must go carrying off wolmded men. If any 
soldier does such a thing, hi name shall be stuck up in his parish church. Don't 
be in a hurry about firing. Your ofTiccrs will tell you when it is time to open 
fire. Be steady. Keep silence. Fire low. Now, "men' — those who know the 
old soldier can tell how his voice would falter the while his features were kindling 
— ' Now, men. the army will watch us ; make me proud of the Highland Brigade ! ' 

It was before the battle that this, or the hke of this, was addressed to the 
brigade ; and now ... he only gave it two words . . .' Forward, 42nd ! ' 

Having directed his staff not to follow him. Sir Colin Campbell went forward 
alone in front of the 42nd. . . . With three battalions Sir Colin Campbell was 
about to engage no less than twelve ; but the three were in line, and the t.-"lve 
were massed in five columns. . . . Yet Campbell, having a steadfast faith in 
Colonel Campbell and in the regiment he commanded, resolved to go straight 
on, and at once, with his forward movement. . . . The Black Watch advanced 
firing. . . . 

Halting the 42nd in the liollow, Campbell swiftly measured the strength of 
the approaching column, and he reckoned it so strong that he resolved to prepare 
for it a front of no less than five companies. . . . Looking to his left rear, he saw 
his centre battalion springing up to the outer crest. ... He instantly rode to 
the left. 

In a minute, this fiery 93rd — it was commanded by Colonel Ainslie — came 
storming over the crest, and, having now at last an enemy's column before it, it 
seemed to be almost mad with warlike joy. . . . 




4v 

"1 



THE CRIMEAN WAR 



12] 

VVlun the 93rd Mud recovered the ,.err^:ctiie»i of its array, it Main moved 
forward, but at the .teady paee imposed upon it by the ZV Th? i", d hi 
already resumed It. forward movement; it iUII advuneed firing . 

To the stalely Bluck Ualeh and the hot B3rd. will, Camnhell Icadini, 
tarn on there »a, vouehsafed that slronKer heart for whieh the! brave pS 
Mu.e«v.te had prayed. Over the souls of the „,.n in the <"h nn, there'^Z 
pread, flr.t the goon,, then the .warn, of vain delusions, and at la t he she« 
horror wh.eh nnght be the work of the An„el of Dark us, . I'n e« 1,1 
should come, the three colunms would have to give »uv ^ 

Uut help eame. From the high ground on our left'aiother heavy column 
DiQveil straight at the llank of the Uard " ™"""' • • • 

to Dear giant!.. . I'nsently, in all the grace and beauty that murks a High- 
land rnjnnent when It springs up the si,le of a hill, the 79th e/me lioundi,^ forwir 
■ . . Wrapped in the fire thus poured upon its flank, the haiiless column coud 

fun retreat, the spurs of the hill an.l ^.^^h^hi^'llf i^t,:;!;^ ^ 1 '?,:;:;;S 
with the enemy » disordered masses. ...11.110114,10 



IV 

THE SCOTS FUSILIERS AT ALMA 
By D. C. Parry 

TiiE ground was sloping, and the Royal Welsh would seem to have very naturally 
gathered some speed as they «ent rearward to re-form, the eonsequenee bdng 
considerable disorder m the Fusilier Guards at a very critical momenU.elped if 
addition by the order given to the 23rd. i.nptu ui 

' Fusiliers, retire I • was shouted, and many of the Scots Guards, who were 
drilled as iusihers began to act upon the command, thinking it applkd to th™ 

At the moment the regiment was about thirty yards fram a battcrv firing 
grape and canister point blank, and a strong Russian battalion, to quote a,^ oil ee? 
Tnto r '""■ "^ " '"'"'^'' ' '^'"'"8 '^"'^ ^ '-"^"^ "" they couTd 

hiiJ'i^rinTl'"'"*,.'''" '"'""^ ""'"^ "' formation and became something like a 

tenant Robert Lindsay was wavin, the Queen's colours, which had the pole 
smashed and twenty bullet holes through the silk "^ 

bv Sf, hon";''"''™' "??[' 'r^ confusion was quelled to some extent, principally 
by the bold bearing of the lieutenant, who fearlessly exposed himself in all the 
glo y of a bnlhant scarlet coat and a display of gold epaulette and lace to match! 
^enl,r „ IT ■ ^T *"'' ^^'^"^'"''"■- «■"> l-fvate Reynolds, who were pa I 
ticularly distingmshed in encouraging the men, dressing the ranks hastily and 
rallying them round the colours. ... ""siiij, ana 

Lieutenant Annesley, the ofneer who lost his teeth, was shouting 'Forward 
Guards when he was wounded ; and a letter he wrote to his mother gives a v"vid 
and soul-stirnng description of the battle, in whicii he says that the Russian fire 

rablirnot't^t'kTed"""'' """"^ """'^' " ""-^"'^ '"' ""^"""^ "«= ^i- "^ 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



iia 
THE SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS AT BALACLAVA 

upon till tlu„!.k^r^:^['L,;^«r;?H^^^^^ 

enemy »ho was altogether .on,e iil.OOO or ato^'tronX eouTLt het ^in^ 
how much was now made to depend upon U e .tca.Stnesrof the lewTnt^i 5 
men who remained with him stMl on the liill.,rt 17^1,^7%, hundred 

mmmm 

had eorae within long musketry rS The hJ^mI^' ^'",?"^^">" squadrons 
them delivered their fir^l„y uJ* i .. H'8''''»ndcrs and the men alongside 



THE CRIMEAN WAR j..., 

y, *' '^■"«l»l". '„.„„„„ ,„M,.W 

SCARLETT'S THREE HUNDRED AT BALACLAVA 
liy A. W. Kingluke 

column. They L.lSluJuh J Z,lZZ T'"''". '" "'■"" "" f""' "' 'he 
in line and l.aLl. could wTjveru," 3 TLe sS ''?'.T T^^''^' «'^"''"' 
able to turn and f,.ll back ; Im,., *,!,"" S,tu° ^tZ ,'' '?'' "^f" P^y^cally 
n.cn of the n,„,ian column w, re rbarml from „n„^ ""^''"""on. the front-rank 
rear by the wci«ht of their o w! "m^TL,°Z r ■" "' '"*;'""'' """y '" ""e 
Ihem ; and, it L„g too late rrtZ?l„T"d^h ''"'""« "P '^ *''"'''^' *^^>"^ 

thet;u^Tho"^tt5'r?:onrrrk''::;^rJi;T "r r"?!^'"'' •" "- -'™". 

Grey or the InniskniinRcr to tear n Wt e™ .h'l'^'?l;'' '^^ "-^J' "'«'='«' "« 
cannon-ball which is seen to be o,n ,! a d m, tT, l! ." ^"'""^ "'^~"^"' '" » 
So, although by their charge .reif^^ I ""' be "bstrurtcl, but shunned. 

«eight«,to8lmkrthedeplh!,f„^,,Z! ri" '^,''''' ^'''""" "° '''■"' "' '^"oh 
or less shivered or s.^lcr^ 111 ^ Z ^^of Jhe ^^f '" "".'^ ""L"''''- "">• "»"• 
«edge.work and Hghting, thet Z.^and ?•""'''''''•''>''''"' "'^"^^^ 
had led, >o his front line r ihtXs v Luou ■. 7 ".7 '"■ .• " ' *» '^™"«« 

the mon,ent of the first crash^ th^ ' K''Zrf,^J'- f r;"''"" " ""r' 'P''' f"™ 
received into the enemy's cohmm "u„dr<.), after more or less strife, were 

aimlStTn^brf^r''!; wiiy:'';r„iv^hrie''r''' ^-^ - ^'"-'-^ '-'^«> -^ "- ^ 

K.™. a conju,;cture of c-tumstX '^h c^lr^cdf i^'Vf '^r*"'*^"' ' ■■ " 
modern tunes, the descendants of the Covennntl; h " occurrence in 

troopers could once n.ore l,e strrvinj in that kind nf^! 'Til'''?- 1" '"'" "''«" 
period of our religious wars-ii Lt kind of elf n^'V'^J""'' """•''«' "" 
individual soldier-^rou, his Ci^lTaf ^e "o'f ^'^tetl^'^a^d'-'luf^^rnto"'; 



124 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



self-depending power. A Scots Grey, in Hie middle of our own century, might 
have no enraging cause to inflame him ; but he was of the blood of those who are 
warriors by temperament, and not because of mere reason. And he, too, had 
rend his Bible. . . . When numbers and numbers of docile, obedient Russians 
crowded round a Scot of this quality, and beset him on nil sides, it did not of 
necessity result that they had the ascendant. Whilst his right arm was busy with 
the labour of sword against swords, he could so use his bridle-hand as to be 
fastening its grip upon the long-coated men of a milder race and tearing them 
out of their saddles. . . . 

The commander of the Uussian cavalry . . . resolved to surround the three 
squadrons which were charging through the front of his column and enfold them 
in the hug of the bear. Therefore on the right hand and on the left, the wings or 
fore-arms which grew out from the huge massive trunk began to wheel each of 
them inwards. . . . 

The men of the 4th Dragoon Guards had been advancing with their swords 
in their scabbanls, but at sight of a combat going on . . . instinctively drew. . .. 
The sight of the enemy's cavalry delibemtely wheeling in upon the reor of a British 
regiment kindled so vehement a zeal in the hearts of the Royals . . . that there 
was no ceremonious preparation for a charge. A voice cried out, 'By God, the 
Greys are cut off I Gallop 1 gallop I ' 

Alexander Miller, the acting adjutant of the Greys, was famous in the regiment 
for the volume of sound which he drove through the air when he gave the word 
of command. Over nil the clamour of arms, and all the multitudinous uproar, 
his single voice got dominion. It thundered out, ' Rally I ' Then, btill louder, 
it thundered, ' The Greys I ' , . . 

It would be rash to assign to the attack of any one corps the change which now 
supervened, but . . . presently those of the Russians who had hitherto mointaincd 
their array caused or suffered their horses to back a little. . . . The ranks visibly 
loosened. In the next instant the whole column was breaking. In the next, all 
the horsemen . . , were galloping up the hillside and retreating by the way 
they had come. . . . 

The moment the Russian column was seen to be broken, our Dragoons were 
greeted from afar by a cUeer from the 93rd Highlanders ; and before the brigade 
liad completed its rally. Sir Colin Campbell galloped up. When he had come close 
to the Greys, he uncovered and spoke to the regiment. * Greys I gallant Greys I ' 
he said, according to one of the versions, ' I am sixty-one years old, and if I were 
young again I should be proud to be in your ranks.' . . . And an aide-de-camp 
came down from liord Rnglnn with two gracious syllables for Scarlett conveyed 
in the mess;ige, ' Well done I ' 



VII 

A SCOTTISH AMAZON AT BALACLAVA 

The Turks in their flight met a new and terrible foe. There cume out from the 
camp of the Highland regiment a stalwart and angry Scotch wife, with an uplifted 
stick in her hand ; and then, if ever in History, tlie fortunes of Islam waned low 
beneath the manifest t^sccndant of the cross ; fur the blows dealt by this Christian 
woman fell thick on the backs of the faithful. She believed, it seems, that, besides 
being guilty of running away, the Turks meant to pillage her camp ; and the 
blows she delivered were not mere expressions of scorn, but actual and fierce 
punishment. In one 'istance, she laid hold of a strong-looking, burly Turk, and 



THE CRIMEAN WAR 



123 



held him fast until she had beaten him for some time, and seemingly witli great 
fury; she also applied much invective. Notwithstanding all graver claims upon 
their attention, the men of the i>3rd were able to witness this incident. It mightily 
pleased and amused them. It amuses men still to remember that the Osmanhs, 
flying from danger and yearning after a blissful repose, should have chosen a line 
of retreat where this pitiless dame mounted guard. 

Krom Kiiiitlfiki' - luvnsUm ../ Ih,- ' rimi--i. 



vrii 

THE SCOTS FUSILIERS AT INKERMAN 

By A.W, Kmglake 

TuE two battalions of the Guards which Armstrong had found at Hill Iknd wcn- 
the Grenadiers . . . and the Setits Fusiliers, tmder Colonel — now General Walker. 
Together, they had there a strength <>f more than 700 men. . . . 

The Duke of Cambridge was, in one sense, opposing his 700 men to the whole 
of the thirteen battalions directed against the English position. . . . 

At some distance in rear of the Grenadiers, the Scots Fusilier Guimls had been 
advancing in line under a goi>d deal of tire, and already suffering losses; but the 
battalion at length was halted, and the men, after having closed in, were made to 
lie down. When the Grenadiers . . . had faced roimd to the east, they no longer 
covered the front of the Scots Fusiliers ; and Colonel Walker g illopcd forward to 
reconnoitre the now unguarded ground which lay straight before him. . . . Pre- 
sently when at the crest, and looking dow^n thence in the direction of bis own 
front, he saw two of the enemy's columns coming up unopposctl from St. Clement's 
Gorge. . . . 

The Russians pushed on their advancr, and the two solid columns apparently 
became more or less interfused ; fnr what now met the eyes of the Scots Fusiliers, 
and at a distance of only about fifty yards from the bmw, was a single though far- 
spreading mass of the grey-coated soltliery — a mass loosened out from the effect 
of its march through dense brush-wiKxl, but stilt plainly held together as an 
organised body. 

When he judged that the moment was ripe. Colonel Walker caused his Scots 
Fusiliers to deliver a volley and charge. The Russian throng, stricken l)y fire, 
and not awaiting the bayonet, rolled back in some haste duwn the steeps, and the 
colonel was leading forward his men to press it"! retreat when on aidc-dc-cantp 
reached him with orders to stay the pursuit. . . . 

The Scots Fusiliers, after having been rc<'aili;il from their pursuit, were at 
length drawn up in their place on the left of the Grenadiers. . , . 

Against both fronts the enemy's masses were still in u condition t<t advance, 
for after their previous discomfiture they had not been pursued, and after 
forming anew, they could easily repeat their attacks. Troops able in this way to 
rally in safety after every defeat, and conscious of their great ascendant in numbers, 
did not fail to make their onsets again and again. . . . 

A column of Russian infantry was advancing ujMm the Sandbag Hattery, when 
Colonel Walker, with the rest of his battalion, fired a volley into the bulk of the 
column, and cha-jing immediately aftei^vards, drove it down the hillside, the 
enemy, this time, retreating in disorder as well as in haste. Walker, following 
and pursuing with fire, increased the confusion ; but again, as before, he was 
orertaken by an aide-de-camp with orders to stay his advance. He chafed at the 



128 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

wholesome restraint when he saw the beaten column enjoy its immunity, and re- 
form at the bottom of the hill. ... 

The column when restored to order advanced once more up to the crest, and 
ugam, as before. Colonel Walker undertook to meet it with the remains of his Scots 
tusihers. The Fusiliers delivered their Are, but the Russians, though scathed, 
ilid not turn. Walker ordered his battalion to charge. Colonel Blair, riding 
onwani before the line, was struck down mortally wounded, and Drummond, the 
adjutant (dismounted), who hud also come to the front, received a shot through 
tlie bo<ly ; but already the Scots Fusiliers had sprung forward with their bayonets 
down at the charge,' and the enemy, shunning their steel, was driven pell-mell 
down the hill. Walker, this time, was suffered to continue the pursuit as far as hil 
own judgment warranted. 

IVoni hiiimmt n/'t/ie ''riiiirit. 



SCOTLAND'S NAME AND FAME 
By Charles Mackay 

Dkar brother Scots, (rom John o' Groats, 

To Teviotdalp and Yarrow, 
And you who thrive in other lands 

Becaii-><- your own 's too narrow, 
When round the board kind faces gleam, 

And friends are blithe before us, 
Be this the toast we honour most. 

With ' Auld Lang Syne ' for chorus, — 
■ S(rotland's name ! Scotland's fame ! 

Scotland's place in story ! 
Scotland's might I Scotland's right, 

And immortal glory ! ' 

We 'II not forget the pnsent time, 

That all too quickly passes. 
Our wives and weans, and absent friends, 

Brave men, and bonny lasses, — 
But still the toast wc 'II honour mo^st, 

AVhen parting looms before us, 
And joining hands in friendsliip's bands. 

Wr raise the hearty chorus, — 
Is — * Scotland's name I Scotland's fame I 

Scotland's place in story I 
Scotland's might ! Scotland's right, 

And immortal glory I * 



CHAPTER VIII 

The Indian Mutiny 

18S7-5'J 



THE SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS 
The Story of the Ross-shire Buffs 

"■""V.'!" li""?','""? "*■,""= Seafortlis „re descended from Frasei-'s Highlanders, the 
old 78th (Highland) Heg.ment of Foot, which was raised in 1730, and disbanded 
L" V-u ,^r''^7 first iMttalion, raised by the Karl of Seaforth in 1778, as the 
Sealorth (Highland) Kegiment of Foot, was rcgimcntetl in 1780 as the 72nd 
(Jllghland) Regiment of Foot, anil became in 182.3 the 72nd (Duke of Albany's 
Own Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. The 2nd battalion had been disbanded 
with the 1st in 1763, but came into separate existence again in 1793 as the 78th 
(llighlaiulers) Regiment of Foot, and was commonly known as the Ross-shire 
Buffs binee 18S1 the two battalions have shared the title of the Seaforth 
Highlanders. 

The old 72iid was made up so largely of men of the name of Macrae that it 
got the nltemative nicknames of ■ The Wild .Macraes ' and ' The Regiment of the 
Macraes Fr«m one of its mottoes, the Gaelic Cuidiclin RMi (' Help to the King ') 
It was also dubbed ' The King's Men.' The Scaforths have played a great part in 
the wars of the British Knipirc during the last century and a half, and in the 
number of its battle honours stamls almost equal with the Black Watch These 
are some of the more important of the campaigns and actions in which this 
distmgiiished regiment has been engaged : 



Luuisbourg. 175S. 
Quebec. 1751). 
India, 1780-97. 
Carnatic. 1780. 
.Mysore. 178.1. 
Cuddatorc. 17H.'t. 
Bangalore. 1701. 
Scringapatam. 170-'. 
Pondieherry, 179:t. 
Handers, 1794-3. 
Ouildermalsen, 179J. 
Quiberon, 1793. 
.\hmcdnuggar. IHOa. 
.Vssave. 18i>.'I. 
Maida. 1800. 



Cajic of Good Hope, I Koti. 
Egypt. 1«()7. 
Ilosulla. 1807. 
Java, 1811. 
Xethcrlands. 1814-1. V 
.Vntwerp, 1814. 
South Africa, isa.'*. 
Kerteh. I8S4, 
Sevastopol, 185.). 
Pcisia, 1836-7. 
Indian Mutiny, 1857-8. 
Koosh-ab, 1857. 
Cawnporc, 1837. 
Lueknow. 1837. 
India, 1838. 



Peiwar Kotal. I87.S. 
ChanLsiuh. 1879. 
-Mglianistan, 1878-80. 
Kabul, 1879. 
Kandahar. 1880. 
Kg>-pt. 1882. 
Kassassin, 1882. 
Tcl-cl-Kcbir, 1882. 
Cliitral, 1805. 
Atbara. 1808. 
Khartoum. 1809. 
South Afriia. 1890-190-.'. 
Magersfontcin. 1900. 
Paardeberg. 1900. 
Thabanchu, 1900. 
127 



128 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



THE BLACK WATCH AT BAREILLY 

TUE Sikhs and our light company advanced in skirmishing order when somr 

iven to eight hundred n.atehlock-nun opcu.d fire on tl,em and all at onee a 

,ost furious eharge „ as „>ade l,y . body ol' about tl.ree Inrndm and s.x^y « MU 

i;l,&zis who rushed out, shouting, ■ BumiMA .' Allalt! Allah! U.lnl ""»• 

Si S'i.r™s e ose by, and ealled out, • i;ha.is, Oh&z.is 1 Close up the ranks ! 

Davone them as they come on.' However, they n.elined to our kit and only a 

fc„- eame ..To the 93rd, and those were mostly bayoneted by the hght eon.pany 

hieh wa^ extended in front of the line. The main tody rusi.ed o,. the eenire 

of he «nd : but OS soon as he saw them eha.,ge their d.reet.o.., b.r Col... galloped 

on shotting out, 'Close up, 12nd I Hayonet them as they eorae o,. Uut 

thit w™ not so csily done. The Gh&/.is eharged w.th bhrnllury w.th the. 

ound shieUs on their left arms, their bodies bent low, wav...g the.r tulwars over 

he heads, throwing then.selves under the bayonets, and cutting ■" '"^ -n™^ 

eg Col.,..-, 'anieron, of the I'ind, was pulled from h.s horse by a 4. , » bo 

eined u,, a-.d seized him bv the colh.r while be was engnge.1 w.th another on the 

opTolte'sUe; b..t his life" was saved by Colour-Sergeant G"f ""•"';<';, '^^^^ 

one of the eneu.y's tulw4rs, and rusb..iR to the colonel s ossistanee cut olf the 

Gh&^'s lead t;c,Kr..l \Va pole was also pulled off his horse and reee.ved two 

tw„rd-cu s but was rescued by the bayonets of the 4'ind. The struggle wa^ 

tort but every one of the Ghfcis was killed. None attcnpted to escape ; they 

had evWently eo.nc on to kill or be killed, a..d a hu,.dred and tlurty-three lay .n one 

circle right in front of the colours of the 42nil. 

From Forl>e. Mil.liell- llrnanuienri, itflk^ drtat MuMS. 



' BRING ON THE TARTAN I ' 

We advanced thro..gh the village and came in front of the Seeundrab&gh, when a 
li^e^us fire was opened on us fro.,, the loopholed wall and from the w...dows 
and tot roof of a two-storied b..ildi,.g in the centre of tte g;.rdcn. . . . The 
tunj&bis dashe.1 over the n.ud wall shuuth.g the war-cry of the b.kbs . le.l b> 
tireii two European officers, who were both shot down before they had gone a few 
TOids This st^ggere.1 the Sikhs a..d they halted. As soon as S.r Col.n s..w them 
wave;, he turned^l. Colonel Ewart, who was in eo,o.na..d of the seven eoo.parnes 
of the93M (Colonel Leith-Hay being in co...n.and of the assau ), and s,..d, Colo..el 
Ewart t.rhg on the tartan-let ray own lads at them.' Uefore (he eo,.,n,a.,d 
«,uH be repeated or the buglers h..d tin.e to sound the advance the whole seven 
™mpa^eOike one man, leaped over the wall with such a yell of pent-,.p rage as 
VhTnever heard before ..or since. It was m.t a cheer but a eonce..tr,.ted yell o 
rage and ferocity that m,.de the echoes r...g again, and ,t m..st have stn.ek terror 
"to the defcders, for they actually ceased flring, and we e.,.. d see then through 
he breach rushing from the outside wall to take shelter in the two-stor.ed bu.lding 
n the centre of the ganlen, the gate and doors of which they f'"" Jf '';-:;<^;,^ «;" 
I must not on.it to pay a tribute of respect to the men.ory of 1 .pe-M,,,or John 
M"LtHl"wl.o with seven pipers, the other three be.ng w.th the.r eo.npan.es attaek- 
mg the barracks, stn.ek'np the Highland Charge, caled by soo.e T be Ha,.gh 
of Crom.lale,' and by others ' On wi' the Tartan '-the famous d.:.rge of the Great 
Mon tr^ e when he led his Highlanders so often to v.etory. When all was over 



\^J. 



L3I1 



K-V 



^ f 




THE INDIAN MUTINY 129 

and Sii Colin compliincntol the pipe-major on the wuy he had played, John said, 
' I thought the boys would fecht better wi' the national music to cheer them.' 

>'r«m FortiK. Mitrtiell'i Itrminuiruem tifllir firmt Muhnti. 

IV 

ON THE ROAD TO CAWNPORE 
By W. H. Fitchett 

IUtelock had about the tiniest force that ever set luilh to the tusit of savins a" 
empire. It never was able to put on the actual battlifuld 1300 men. There 
were 76 men of the Hoynl Artillery; U>s than 400 of the Madras Fusiliers; less 
than 800 of the TStb Highlanders ; 4n5 men of the Ith aiul lOO ot the Stllj, with 
430 Sikhs of somewhat doubtful loyalty ; ami M native irregular horse, whose 
disloyalty was not in the least doubtful. Ibiveloek's reliable eavalrv consisted 
of 20 volunteers, amateurs mostly, under Barrow. .Measured against the scale of 
modem armies, Havelock's force seems little more than a corporal's guard. But 
the fighting value of this little army was not to be measured by counting its files. 
' Better soldiers,' soys Archibald Forbes, ' have never trod this eartli.' They 
commenced their march from Allahabad or .July 7 ; they marched, and fought, 
and conquered under the intolerable heat of an Indian midsummer, and against 
overwhelming o<lds ; until when, on September IB— httle more than eight weeks 
afterwards— Outram and Ilavelock crossed the Ganges in their advance on 
Lucknow, only 250 of Havelock's ' Ironsides ' were left to take part in that 
advance. In the whole history of the world, men liavi seldom dared, and endured, 
and achieved more than did Havelock's column in the gallant but vain struggle 
to relieve Cawnpore. 

Maude commanded its tiny battery ; Hamilton led the Highlanders ; Stirling 
the 04th ; the gallant ill-fated Kennud, the Fusiliers. Stuart Beatson was Have- 
lock's assistant adjutant-general; Fraser Tytler was his assistant quart< rniastcr- 
general. Of the Highlanders— the Ross-shire Buffs— Forbes sav^, ' It was a 
remarkable regiment. Scottish to the backbone ; Highland to fli core of its 
heart. Its ranks were filled with Mackenzies, Macdonalds, Tulloclis, Maenubs, 
Rosses, Gunns, and Maekays. The Christian name of half the grenadier eom|iany 
was Donald. It could glow with the Highland fervour ; it coulil be sullen with the 
Highland doumcss ; and, it may be added, it could charge with the stem and 
irresistible valour of the north.' 

When the httle force began its march for Cawnpore, the soil was swampy with 
the first furious showers of the rainy season, and in the intervals of the rain the 
skies were white with the glare of an Indian sun in July. ' For the first three days,' 
says Maude, ' they waded in a sea of slush, knee-deep now, and now breast-high, 
while the flood of tropical rain beat down from overhead. As fir to right and left 
as eyecould pierce extended one vast morass.' After these tin lays' toil through 
rain and mud, the rains vanished ; the sky above them bccai. like white flame, 
and, till they reached Cawnpore, Havelock's troops had to march and fight under a 
sun that was wellnigh as deadly as the enemy's bullets. 

On July Jl Havelock marched fifteen miles under the intolerable heat to 
Awapore. Camping for a few hours, he started again at midnight, picked up 
Renaud's men while the stars were yet glittering in the heaven, pushed steadily 
on, and at seven o'clock, after a march of sixteen miles, camped at Belinda, four 
miles out of Futtehpore. The men had outmarched the tents and baggage, and 
were almost exhausted. They had fallen out and were scattered under the trees, 
' some rubbing melted fat on their blistered feet, others coohng their chafes in the 



180 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

pools; many too dead-bcatcn to do anything but lie itilL' It wai Sunday 
morning. 

Suddenly there broke above the groups of tired loldiery the roar of cannon. 
Grape-shot swept over the camp. Over the crest and down the opposite ilopei 
rode, with shouts and brandished tulw&rs. a huge mass of rebel cavalry. It was a 
genuine surprise I But the bugles rang out shrilly over the scattered clusters of 
Havelock's men. They fell irstantly into formation ; skirmishers ran to the 
front, and the enemy's cavalry came to an abrupt halt. It was a surprise for 
them too. They had expected to sec only Renaud's composite force — a mere 
handful ; what they beheld instead was Havelock's steady and workmanlike 
front. 

Havelock did not attack imm>^iately. His cool judgment warned him that 
his over-wearied soldiers needed rtst before being flung into the fight, and orders 
were given for the men to lie down in the rank. Presently the rebel cavalry 
wheeled osiJe, and revealed a long front of infantry, with batteries of artillery ; 
and the rebel general, finding the British motionless, actually began a movement 
to turn their fiank. 

Then Havelock struck, and struck swiftly and hard. Maude's battery was 
sent forward. He took his pieces at a run to within two hundred yards of iini 
enemy's front, wheeled round and opened fire. The British infantry, covered by a 
spray of skirmishers armed with Enfield rifles, swept steadily forward. The rebel 
general, conspicuous on a gorgeously adorned elephant, was busy directing the 
movements of his force ; and Maude tells the story of how Stuart Beatson, who 
stood near his guns, asked him to ' knock over that chap on the elephant.* * I 
dismounted,' says Maude, ' and laid the gun myself, a 9-pounder, at a ** line of 
metal " (700 yards) range, and my first clear shot went in under the beast's tail 
and came out at his chest, rolling It over and giving its rider a bad foil.* 

Its rider, as it happened, was Tantia Topee, the Nana's general ; and had that 
0-pound ball struck him, instead of his elephant, it might have saved the lives of 
many of the women and children in Cawn))ore. 

Meanwhile, the 64th and the Highlanden> in one resolute charge had swept 
over the rebel guns. Renaud, with his Fusiliers, had crumpled up their flank, 
and the Nana's troops, a torrent of fugitives, were in full flight to Futtehpore, The 
battle was practically won in ten minutes, all the rebel guns being captured — so 
fierce and swift was the British advance. 

The rebel Sepoys knew the fighting quality of the sahibs ; but now they found 
a quite new fierceness in it. Havelock's soldiers were on fire to avenge a thousand 
murders. And, flying fast, as Trevelyan puts it, the Nana's troops ' told everj'- 
where that the sahibs had come back in strange guise; some draped like women, 
to remind them ^/hat manner if wrong they were sworn to requite; others, 
conspicuous by tall blue caps, w.io hit their mark without being seen to fire * — the 
native description of the Enfield rifle, with which the Madras Fusiliers were armed. 
The fight at Futtehpore is memorable as being the *irst occasion on which 
British troops and the rebel Sepoys met in open battl he Nana had shortly 

before issued a proclamation announcing that the Britisi i '■ all been destroyed 
and sent to hell by the pious and sagacious troops who wei ^ rm to their religion ' ; 
and. a. no trace of them was left, it became the duty of all the subjects of the 
Government to rejoice at the delightful intelligence.' But Futtehpore showed 
that * all the yellow-faced and narrow-minded people * had not been ' sent to hell.' 
They had reappeared, indeed, with uncomfortable energy, and a disagreeable 
determination to dispatch every Sepoy they could capture somewhere in that 
direction. 



THE INDIAN MUTINY 



great rtrcngth in frent of a village cfll«l aII t„eMw. ^^' ''[■"" "P " 
pore. Re,«ud led hi. Fusiliers 'u^Jht^tZ'imJiy I ° '"!''? '"""' "' ^awn- 
bayonet charge, but the ga a"t Sr of th. • w^/ ' ""^ T!^'^ " "'"■ ' '""■"» 
m the charge. Ulaude's g^M ^3.^ the ^1.™ •'" i' ' """"""y '""»''«1. 
HigW.„dersand.hee4thw^,?.r'»,::l„^'o;;.S;<,;rflrf'^' """ "'»" "» 

rain,, known a, PandTNudd«^tV.to^ hrir""" '^"''l'''*'' "'"> ««'■'' 
guanied by a 21-pound gun, a sToound o^^nH *! """^ "" """ = " «" 
fiavclock quickly^devel^^ hh pTn of Xck Zt,' '*'"^ l"'" "' '"'"""y- 

c%rtfe^tdr^fei'S^'t- r"^^^ 

^tiSer{^;sS5SSS-?^P-te 

Shattered the parapet of the bridoe Lt th.^h "^^^ '"'''.""'y- The explosion 

Fusiliers, their tayonet, sp^k "„g ^en^efuSr* Th%" m' T"^' """" "" 

"PP""-, The bridge wa, carried, *theX taken the JliS'''" 'k"™'^ '" 
the rebel centre pierced and broken and th. rl^' «b«' gunners bayon. ted, 

with infinite dust and noise. taame«t„m!,rtf ""'^ '"'" ™'P' ""thw .rd> 
The British cnmn^l r ,.1, ■ Tf "?■"" "f P-'mc-stricken flight. 

mornin'gl'^r.h'eTt^^s^'rkhng'tUVv': ^Tf ^^ "■'« "''^i-k in the 
the camp with its white iSit, Have™k foZi ," h ' ""''^ '"^ '"°°" """"ng 
learned there were some two hund^^ J^ 5 '"'^n?"- «■= '"W them he had 

^d'^r?^!?' '"' -"^v„rof'Sslr of''Sun'e''"^^™.^^i!!n'i''V^ """"""' 
and the little ones,' he said, ' in the oowrr „f th„ 1 ' . '"'' "' °"' """"e" 
answered with a shout, and? withoj^ wE» ?o, tt, ,!.'"'? ">«>mate.' The men 
right • and took the road ^ '" "" """^ of eommand, went ' four, 

-^ onheZt'h liSp".r/S; heat' '"^eV^, 'T'^ '"» ««"" Pant«g 
were wholly unprepared for a summer ^ImS ^'«^''"^'" ^^"'"^ most; they 
h«^ woollen Sou1.1et, inte'dTfrw?nTerr-'but"tT'°','''\l!^ *"'""8 ">« 
blood sustained them. Every now and „™,n ^ "j Ji ^"^ ""bbom northern 

Nat^artriiWtdSiF"^^^^^^^^ 

by. attack upon the Nana', posSn H™ mulS th^!.^"''.'^ "'"™' °' ™ " 
of a company of the Fusilier anTtl,. "«"'»<> the enemy's front w th the fire 
sabres, wMe with Id, whole^o,^ h \- "If ""'' "' Barrow's twenty voluntcM 

Nana'J flank."'tt.^o:kthI°™ riskrht Sri 

strike a daring blow for ^ictoiy **'^ ^"^ ""' communications to 

hpiS^^rd^'^rtlTe^S^^^r're'SSi^ntXt.'fZrii^ \-'" ««>ve, they 
Boys. Ch.er,'.nd the .ou„d^lde«;?e'"n;:„aTcgthrmlrZ.'j;^V.^^ti:^^^^^^ 



J32 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

„, .aded fury. The ^poy, ■'^"t.fJ'il^'tot.^'SXf o%l«ioc\^^^ 

"""xhi G^eUo U^ was still on fl«. Th. officers could hardly res^"™ their men 
till they were roughly formed. In -"'her mc'n^.t the ^ 1'^^^^^™;^^'^, 

Jh"r1uns dra^nfp in its front. f>f^J^^:-J^^t:^\^!mLe. shoulder to 

r«ro:!f.ir:rh^; f epn^£^t^ 

blackened lines men ««7^,^t"™'>''"R '"" J^f^i e^Xh »^^^ 

■"""^e battle seemed won, and Havelock. re-forming his column mov^ stead.ly 
forJari But Nana was playing his last card, and hu, KC""^^^' ',^^^"3 
desperate courage. They made a 'h.^ .^'-"^f "^de^-'^^Xn eS side 
within a short distance of Cawnpore ■'«" • ,^^^* P^T^'^ i„f"ntry. a solid mass, 

""CSocf .Tweii hi, men to fling themselves panting on the ground for . 



^E5E1 



s^ss: 




sasQ 



THE INDIAN MUTINY iss 

few minutes; then, rijin(j to the fmnl, and turning hi> bnik to the cncmy'l 
gun; fo u In face the men. he cried in hia keen, high-pitcheti vi.ice, ' The longer 
vou look nt it, men, Ihe lesi you will like it I The brigmle will udvanoe— left 
battalion leading.' 

The left battalion win the 84th. Major Stirling promptly hnnighl fnrwald 
hii leading glei, mid Hiivelock'« »on and nidede-canip gnlloped down, iiiul, riding 
beside Stirling, ihan.l iv, h him the leadership of the charge— u ciriunntanie for 
which the 61th, as a mjttler of fact, sriirccly fnrgiive him, as they wanted no better 
leadership thiin that of their own ninjor. There was less of rfon and dash about 
this cluirge than in the earlier charges of the day ; but in steady valour it was 
unsurpasKcd, . . . 

VVh. n tl: steady but shot-lormriitcd line of the Otth founJ ilsilf so iicnr the 
battery 'I ,it ihrough the whirling smoke llioy could see the toiling , ,in c rs and 
the gleam of .Sepoy bayonets beyond them, then the Uritish soliliirs n, . tin ir 
leap. Willi n shout thiy charged on and over the guns ami Ihroii).' I., linis 
beliii ul, a: I N'nna Sahibs force wis ullirly and fiimlly crushed. Iluvclock had 
nnh u sibre to launch at the flying fiw ; but liis tired infimlrv. »lio had walked 
twiHlv niles. and fought, wilhout pause for four hi.urs. kepl'up the pursuit till 
Hie outer .l^e . f {'■ wniKT ■ uis reached. Then Ilaveloek halted them; and, 
piling anil. . ':■!■ r\!i . ,,, ,i wldicrs dropped in sections where lliev stood, falling 
aslcei- on til' '■■tic ^li'iitui, eiircless of food or tents. 

Fr,.iii T'il,-^ ofti.^ lti.iui» Milinif. 



SIR COLIN CAMPBELL BEFORE LUCKNOW 
By Forbes Mitchell 

The 98id formci llie exlrcc e li ft of the line in q%art- ; ■Jibtui..c column, in full 
Highhind costun'. ^, ivith featiicr .lonnety and rf.-.r': wiv i <; ph; i. s, a solid nuiss of 
brawny-limbed niei. I have ntxer seen a iir :ri;!-tiii..;i,u vegimcnt tlian the 
98rd looked that day, and I vai, and still u pn.,!.' U> !?.i • 'omied one of its 
units. 

The old chief rode along the line, eom.i:".!'^;;. !.: :■ \: ■ r: i,t, halting ■ 
addressing a short speech to each corjis as h ' I IMC ri ■ I'l . eg of the 'an 
were eagerly turned towards Sir Colin and si 'J . . • . ■. . ,!, the n , re- 
marking among thcmsilves tliiit none of the oi' . - e .. .. ■ u : . ii i ini a ■".•'( 
cheer, but had taken w'l.itcvii he had said to tin, ■ .: " •■ •■ ,.! ice. At ,ust 
be approached us. Wc were called to attention, and : •• .: . loe column, so that 
every man might hear what was said. HTien Sir I'oli.i luJe up. he appeared to 
have a worn and Imggard expression on hLs face ; but he was received with such a 
cheer, or rather shout of welcome, as made the echoes ring from the Aluiiiliagh 
and the surrounding woods. His wnnkied brow at once became smooth, and his 
wearied-Iooking features broke into a smile, as he acknowledged the cheer by a 
hearty salute, and addressed us almost exactly as follows. I stixxl near him and 
heard every word. ' Ninety-third I when I'took leave of you in Portsmouth, 
I never thought I should see you again. I expected the bugle, or maybe the 
b*gpipes, to sound a call for me to go somewhere else long before you would be 
likely to return to our dearly loveii home. But another commander has decreed 
it otherwise, and here I am pi-ppiired to lead you tlirough another campaign. And 
I must tell you, my lads, there is work of diHiculty and danger before us— harder 
work and greater dangers than any we encountered in the Crimea. But I trust to 
you to overcome the difficulties and to brave the dangers. The eyes of the people 



184 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

^t hoinc-I may «y the eyes of Europe and of the whole of Chrirt«udom-«re upon 
1-^1 we S relieve our countrymer., women and chUdren now rfiut up m tt« 
SiWency oTLucknow. The live, at stake are "»' ™«'y "'^^'f"'S!'^^: 
St well be expected to cut themselves out, or to die sword m hand. We have 
S tsc" helple-women and children £™m a '»«' "''"tl'-"/"'''- ^-^ ^S^ 
m«t the enemy, you must remember that he is well armed and weU P™videdwith 
^'nffon, a^ that he can play «t long bowls a. well a, you <=»». «'P~Wly 
S behind loopholed walls. So when we make an atUck you must come to 

3C« ™..?.r. as quickly us possible; ken> weU together, and use the Uyonet. 

RememL that the cowarily Sepoys, who are eager to murder w"™""-! c^dx«., 

cannot look a European soldier in the face when .t u accompamrf with coW rteel. 

Ninety-third I you are my own lads ; I rely on you to do the work 1 

A voice from the ranks called out : • Ay. ay, Sir Cohn, ye ken "'.,»°d we ken 

you i we Ml bring the women and children out o' Lucknow or die w. you m tte 

attempt !■ and the whole regiment burst into another nngmg cheer, which wa. 

token up Ly the whole line. ^.^^^ R.„i„i„^. V(». OrM. JH-ii.,. 



VI 

SOME HEROES OF LUCKNOW 
By D. C. Parry 

The mutineers ru.,lied into the square ami began murdering the wounded. 

wTth Surrcon Home were Swanson of the 78th C«Pt«m Becher. 40th Natave 
Infaniry three wounded men, and nine soldiers, the remnant of the escort m yet 
unhurt, ind their struggle for ' ' and Uie Uvcs of those poor fellows out m the 

"'"Thrfgot Ifa'Cu^t^ugh an open door in the arch, and for half an hour 
one maniept the yelhng crowd at bay. while the others shouted in chorus to 
«n«Lp the rebels think they were more numerous. ... , . . .. 

SurLeon Homewas thionly unwounded ofHcer in the house, and his time was 
dividedrtw«n doming the other, and taking his f™ t" «- ■ «-'^"; * ""J" 
w„ Zted at each window and three in the doorway, and through a bullet-hole 
Tn thVshutter the surgeon saw a rebel creep *'thm three yaris of him 

II. nromutlv killed him with his revolver, and Private Hollowell. of the Itoss 

. Je Bu?s P k^ off another very neatly, after which there was a long pau«. 

But suddenly there came a .lull rumble from the square that brought them 

"' Thc'rumble ^lUuX -oWcd itself, not into a fleldpiece, which would have 
finishS ttem but a large screen on wheels with which the rebels closed up the 
SS,r,Vhutt™g the besieged up in a trap, as they hoped, to be burned out by 
•■•ThrhrerulhtTe^rfmlVled in in choking volum«, a^d «« h«t 
became unbearable ; but there was another door opemng on to the square, and 
through that they resolved to make a last dash. „i,.__i 

Ta "ing up three of their number who were the most badly hurt they charged 
out «.d m Je for a shed ten yards away on the north side ; b'" ."'""g' t" tdU 
toe wounded alone were struck again, all three subsequently dying, "M' 'h« 
co^M reached the shed unhurt, though more than five hundred of the lur- 
prised rebels are said to have fired at them as they ran. 

Panting, they counted their numbers in that new retreat, and there were 



THE INDIAN MUTINY 



laa 



only six left who could bear amis, the other four being unable to do more than 
keep a look-out at the loopholes which riddled the shed's side. . . . 

By placing a wounded man at each embrasure to give the alarm, they pre- 
vented any serious casualty, but an awful thing occumd which froze the very 
blood in their veins. 

When in the house at the archway their rifles had to some extent protected 
the miserable wounded still lying in their dhooUes in the square, but now they 
were left powerless, and the Sepoys, stealing up to the farther side of each palan- 
quin, began slowly to murder them with knives and bayoneUi, even burning some 
alive. 

The screams were heartrending ; men called in agonising voices for help ; 
but the hideous work went on until the ground reeked like the floor of a slaughter- 
house. . . . 

Now came a fresh peril to the surgeon and his men in the shed, for, too craven 
to attack in front where the rifles of M'Manus and Hollowell and Home's 
revolver were waiting at the loopholes, a trampling overhead told them that the 
enemy were breaking in the roof to fire down u{>on them. 

Though the muzzles of the mutineers' muskets were within four feet of them, 
none were seriously wounded, and as the little garrison could tell by the stamping 
where the rebels were, many a Sepoy rolled off into the square, howling with pain, 
or fell heavily and lay motionless where he fell. 

Still the handful found it too hot to stand, and they broke a hole into the 
courtyard, from which, when darkness came to their aid, Si^rgeon Home and one 
of the men crept to a large mosque thirty yards away, into which the doctor 
climbed by getting on to his comrade's shoulders. 

The mosque was empty, and returning to the men who had remained on guard, 
they beckoned to the others to follow. 

There was some hesitation, and the Sepoys on the roof, detecting Home, 
opened fire again, but thouf^h the two had to return post haste, they brought 
with them a chatty of fresh water, which proved a veritable godsend. ... 

The water gave them all a little gleam of hope, and posting sentries at various 
parts of the shed, they prepared to pass the night of horrors, with the babble of 
several who were delirious in their cars, and the catlike tread of tlie murderous 
scoundrels above them. 

More than one false alarm disturbed the silent hours j but the Sepoys even- 
tually left the roof, and Lucknow seemed to be sleeping. 

One man proposed to run out and attempt to escape, and two others offered 
to join him, but the rest declined to leave the wounded ; and about two o'clock in 
the morning they heard the sound of heavy firing not far off. 

Madly they shouted with what voice was left to them, thinking it was a relit! ; 
but the firing died away again, and bitter disappointment followed. ... 

Hope then died out ; most of them cared little whether they lived or died, 
until, soon after dawn . . . more firing was heard, and Private Regan shouted, 
' Boys, them 's our own chaps ! ' 

* Cheer together, men 1 * exclaimed Surgeon Home, as they distinguished the 
well-known ring of the Enfield rifles ; and they cheered together— a cheer with 
more than one sob in it — but a cheer that was answered by another and another 
ai our fellows charged into that ghastly * Dhoolie Square,* and swept it of its rebel 
garrison, the rescued handful also firing their remaining shots as they rushed out 
to join their deliverers. 

The 98rd Highlanders won no less than seven Crosses in and about Lucknow. . . . 



186 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



In the fury and rush Private Mackay took a colour, not without a hard tussle 
for it ; Grant killed five of the Sepoys in defence of an officer who had got posses- 
sion of that or another ensign, for the account is vague ; Munro, a colour-sergeant, 
rescued a wounded officer and carried him out, being severely wounded in doing so. 
and stil] they had not finished in the nooks and comers of that charnel-house — not 
until they left two thousand dead to be gathered in a pile to pollute the air for 
days, as we learn from one who was present. 

All four won the Cross, and their comrade Paton founded his claim when he 
reconnoitred the neighbouring Shahnujjif under fire, and found the hole through 
which they poured with their fierce slogan. On the same day Captain Stewart 
led straight for the guns which commanded the mess-house, took them, and was 
elected by his brother officers for the little bronze trinket. 

But all these heroes pale before one other wielder of the basket-hilted claymore, 
the late mighty M'Bean, as unassuming in manner as he was irresistible in war, 
although not by any means a giant. 

Nearer and nearer the British troops had drawn to the doomed stronghold of the 
mutineers ; kites had actually been seen flying high up in the sky, while our guns 
Ixmmed loudly ; but there came a moment when the self-satisfled rascals had no 
time to think of amusements, and one of those moments was when the 08rd stood 
at ease near the Begum Bagh Palace, waiting, in a remarkable silence, to repeat 
their Secundrabagh experience. . . . 

When the word was given, a curious angry cry rose from the ranks, rather a 
snarl than a cheer, and almost immediately the tartan kilts were battling in the 
breach. * Then was Adjutant M'Bean observed, hewing right and left ; tremendous 
was his onslaught, and before he sheathed his sword the blood of eleven Sepoys 
encrusted it, all slain single-handed.' 

Some time afterwards, nt .i regimental parade, William M'Bean stood forward, 
and General Sir R. Garrutt pinned the Cross on his breast with the words : 'This 
Cross has been awarded to you for the conspicuous gallantry you displayed at the 
assault of the enemy's position at Lucknow, on which occasion you killed eleven of 
the enemy, by whom you were surrounded ; and a good day's work it was, sir.' 

' Tutts,' said M'Bean, in his simplicity, forgetting altogether where he was ; 
' it didna tak me twenty minutes.' 

He had been un Inveniess-shire ploughman before he enlisted, and one anecdote 
of him is worth recording. 

A bullying non-com. haa made himself so objectionable that another private 
suggested to M^Bean that he should get him in a quiet corner and punch his head. 

' Tutts, men,' was the reply, ' 'twadna do at a* ; I am going to command this 
regiment before I leave it, and 'twad be a bad start to thrash the drill corporal.' 
He kept his word, passing through every rank with honour to himself and the 08rd. 

From Parry't V.C 

vn 

NOTE ON THE SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS 

The 98rd was no ordinary regiment. They were then the most Scotch of all the 
Highland regiments ; in brief, they were a military Highland parish, minister and 
elders complete. The elders were selected from among the men of all ranks — 
two sergeants, two corporals, and two privates ; and I believe it was the only 
regiment in the army which had a regular service of comnnmion-plate ; and in 
time of peace the Holy Communion, according to the Church of Scotland, wai 
administered by the regimental chaplain twice a year. 

From Forb«« Mitchell'i Rtminitrtneei «/(*# Orraf itulivy. 



THE INDIAN MUTINY 



18T 



VIII 

THE STORMING OF LUCKNOW 
By W. H. Fitchett 

On the morning of the 9th Outram's giuis opened on the first line of the Sepoy 
defences, that to which the canal served as h wet ditch, with (ire that swept it 
from flank to flank. Cam))br]l wan pouring the lire of PcrTs fftms upon tlie 
Martinere, which served as a sort of outwork to the long nmal runipart, and nt 
two o'clock the Illdhland rcjjimcnts — the 42nd U-a(iin<:. and the l»3rd in support — 
were launched on tlie enemy's position. Tlie men of the HUrd were too impatient 
to be content with 'supporting' the 42nd, and the two regiments raced down 
the slope side by side. Karthworks, trendies, rifle-pits were IcHixd or clambered 
over, and almost in a moment the Sepoys were in wild ilifrht iieross the canrii. 
The Highlanders, with the 4th Punjaub Rifles, followed Tlirm cnscrly, and broke 
through the enemy's first line. 

Outram's first battery, as we have said, was sweepinj; this line with a cruel 
flank of fire. The Sepoys had been driven from their guns in the batteries that 
abutted on the river, and they seemed to be deserteil. Adrian Hope's men were 
attacking, at that moment, the farther or southern eiul of the line ; and Butler, 
of the Ist Bengal Fusiliers, with four privates, ran down to the bank of the river 
and tried to attract the attention of the British left, sonic third of a mile distant ; 
but in vain. The river was sixty yards wide, the current ran swiftly, the farther 
bank was held by S -poy batteries ; and though no Sepoy could be seen, yet it 
might well be that scores were crouching under its shelter. Butler, however, 
with the ready daring of youth, threw off his coat and boots, scrambled down 
the river bank, plunged into the stream, and swam across it. lie climbed up 
the farther bank, mounted the parapet of the abandoned work, and standing 
there, waved his anns to the distant Highlander'. It was not a verj- heroic 
figure 1 His wet uniform clung to his limbs, the water running down hair ond 
face. The Sepoys nigh at hand opened a sharp fire upon him. But still that 
damp figure stood erect and cool, showing clear against the sky-line. 

Butler was seen from the British left, and the meaning of his gestures under- 
stood ; but a staff officer, with more punctiliousness than common sense, objected 
to the troops moving along the line till orders had been received to that efect. 
So a brief delay occurred. Still that damp figure stood aloft, shot at from niaiiy 
points, but vehemently signalling. Now the Highlanders and Sikhs came eagerly 
on, and Butler, having handed over to them the battery which, wet and unharmed, 
he had captured, scrambled down into the river, and swam back to rejoin his 
regiment. It was a gallant feat, and the Victoria Cross, which rewarded it, was 
well earned. 

That night the British were content with holding the enemy's first line. On 
the 10th Campbell, who, for all his hot Scottish temper, was the wariest and most 
deliberate of generals, was content with pushing Outram's batteries still farther 
up the north bank, so as to command the mess-house and the Begum's Palace. 
On the left, the building known as Bank's House was battered with artillery and 
carried. The two blades of the scissors, in a word, had been thrust far up into 
the city, and now they were to be closed. Betwixt the positions held to the 
right and to the left, stood the great mass of buildings known as the Begum 
Kothe, the Begum's Palace. This was strongly held, and the fight which carried 
it was the must stubborn and bloody in the whole operations of the siege. 

The guns played fiercely upon it for hours ; by the middle of the afternoon 



188 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



a slight breach had been effected, and it waa raolTcd to aaiault. Forbe* 
Hitchell lays that the men of the Mid were flniihing their dinners when they 
noticed a stir among the itaff ofBcen. The brigadien were putting their heads 
together. Suddenly the order was given for Uie Mrd to fall in. ' This was 
quietly done, the officers taking their places, the men tightening their belu, 
and pressing their bonnets flrmly on their heads, loosening the ammu ni tion in 
their pouches, and seeing that the springs of their bayonets held tight.' A few 
seconds were spent in these grim preparations, there came the sharp word of 
command that stiffened the whole regiment into an attitude of silent eagemeas 
— the Begum's Palace was to be rushed. 

It was a block of buildings of vast size and strength. The breach was little 
more than a scratch in the wall of the gaUway, which it needed the activity of a 
goat to cLmb, and which only British soldiers, daringly led, would have under- 
taken to assault in the teeth of a numerous enemy. And there were nearly Bve 
tliousand Sepoys within that tangle of courts I The storming party conaisted 
of the 98rd and the 4th Punjaub Rifles, led by Adrian Hope. The 98rd led, the 
Punjaubees were in support, and the rush was fierce and daring. It is said that 
the adjutant of the 98rd, M'Bean, cut down with his own sword no less than 
eleven of the enemy, in forcing his way through the breach ; and he won the 
Victoria Cross by his performance. He was an Inverness ploughman when he 
enlisted in the ODrd, and he rose through all its ranks until he commanded the 
regiment. 

Captain H'Donald was shot dead while leading his men. His senior lieu- 
tenant took the company on, until the charging crowd was stopped by a ditch 
eighteen feet wide, and from twelve to fourteen feet deep. The stormers leaped, 
with hardly a pause, into the ditch, but it seemed impossible to climb up the 
farther bank. Wood, of the grenadier company, however, clambered on to the 
shoulders of a tall private, and, claymore in hand, mounted the farther side. 
The spectacle of a Highland bonnet and menacing claymore making its appear- 
ance above the ditch, proved too much for the Sepoys. They fled, and Wood 
pulled up man after man by the muzzle of his rifle — the rifles, it may be men- 
tioned as an interesting detail, were all loaded, aijd on full cock 1 Highlanders 
and Punjaubees, racing side by side, had now broken into the great palace. Every 
doorway was barred and loopholed, and the Sepoys fought desperately ; but 
the Highlanders, with Uie Punjaubees in generous rivalry, broke through barrier 
after barrier, till they reached the inner square, filled with a mass of Sepoys. 
' The word,' Forbes Mitchell says, was ' Keep well together, men, and use the 
bayonet,' and that order was diligently obeyed. The combat raged for over two 
hours, the pipe-major of the 98rd blowing his pipes shrilly during the whole 
tine. * I knew,' he said afterwards, * our boys would fight all the better while 
the ' heard the bagpipes.' When the main fight was over, in the inner court of 
the Begum's Palace, alone, over 860 of the enemy lay dead. Colin Campbell 
himself described it as ' the sternest struggle which occurred during the siege.' 

The most gallant, but ill-fated soldier, Adrian Hope, personally led one of 
the storming parties. It is said that he got in thiougb a window, up to which 
he was lifted, and through which he was pushed by his men. He was sent head- 
long and sprawling upon a group of Sepoys in the dark itiom inside. That 
apparition of the huge, red-headed Celt tumbling upon them, sword and pistol 
in hand, was too much for the Sepoys, and they fled without striking a blow. 

From r»lfi/thf Inrliun Jfu/tny. 



■soi^i^ssmMi^sssiMa ■ 



THE INDIAN MUTINY 



!•» 



THE PIPES OF LUCKNOW 
ByJ.CWhittier 



Pipes of th« misty moorlands. 

Voice of the glens and hills. 
The droning of the torrents. 

The treble of the rills I 
Not the brmes of broom and heather. 

Nor the mountains dark with rain, 
Nor maiden bower, nor border tower. 

Have heard your sweetest strain I 

Dear to the lowland reaper 

And plaided mountaineer, — 
To the cottage and Uie castle 

The Scottish pipes are dear, — 
Sweet sounds the ancient pibroch 

O'er mountain, loch, and glade ; 
But the sweetest of all music 

The Pipes at Lucknow played. 

Day by day the Indian tiger 
Louder yelled and nearer crept ; 

Round and round the jungle-serpent 
Near and nearer circles swept. 

* Pray for rescue, wives and mothers, — 

Pray to-day,' the soldier said ; 

* To'morrow, death *s between us 

And the wrong and sbame we dread.* 

0, they listc^ned, looked, and waited. 
Till their hope became despair ; 

And the sobs of low bewailing 
Filled the pauses of their prayer. 

Then up spake a Scottish maiden. 
With her car unto the ground : 

* Dinna ye hear it T — dinna ye hear it t 

The Pipes of Havelock sound I ' 

Hushed the wounded man his groaning ; 

Hushed the wife her little ones ; 
Alone they heard the ('rum-roll 

Aiul the roar of Sepoy guns. 
But to sounds of home and childhood 

The Highland ear was true ;— 
As hcT mother's cradle-crooning 

The mountain pipes she knew. 



140 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Like the march of loundles!! music 

Through the vision of the seer, 
More of feeling thnn of hearing, 

Of the heart than of the ear. 
She knew the droning pibioch. 

She knew the Campbell's call : 
' Hark I hear ye no' MucGregor's,— 

The grandest c' them all ! ' 

O, they listened, dumb and breathless. 

And they caught the sound at last ; 
Faint and far beyond the Giwmilee 

Rose and tell the pipers' blast I 
Then a burst of wild thanksgiving 

Mingled woman's voice and man's : 
' Cod be pmiscil I— the march i)f llavelock I 

The piping of the clans I * 

Louder, nearer, fierce as vengeance, 

Sharp and shrill as swords at strife. 
Came the wild MacGregor's clan-call 

Stinging all the air to life. 
But when the far-off dust-cloud 

To plaidcil legions grew. 
Full tenderly and blithesomcly 

The pipes of rescue blew I 

Round the silver dmiies of I.ucknow, 

Moslem mosque unti Pagan shrine. 
Breathed the iiir to Uritnns dearest. 

The air of Auld L;iiig Syne. 
O'er the cruel roll of war-driims 

Rose that sweet and homelike stRun ; 
And the tartan clove the turhun. 

As the Goomlee clciivp* the plain. 

Dear to the ctmi-land reaper. 

And plnided mountaineer, — 
To the citttage imd the cjistle. 

The piper's .soni; is ilmr. 
Sweet sounds the Gaelic pibroch 

O'er mountain, glen, and glade ; 
But the sweetest of nil music 

The Pipes of I.ucknow played. 



A SURGEON OF THE SEAFORTHS 

•Si'RGEON Joseph Jee was selected by his brother officers for the Victoria Crow. 
On September 'iS, 1857, the 78tli Highlanders had been left behind to protect 
llip passage of the Char Bngli Bralge. The ri.. my, seeing their isolated position, 
gulhcred round them from evcrv i|uartrr, occupying all the neighbouring build- 
ings. From the tops of these came a perfect hail of musket-bullets, while two 



>FTT?:3KStr 



T??A^ 




if » 

u 5 



H -3 



THE INDIAN MUTINY 



141 



heavy guns were rnfilading the regiment with deadly accuracy. Ordered not 
to tnoTe till every Imtlock had crossed the bridge, the regiment lur a long time 
remained hiJted. At length, becoming desperate, they charged the guns, dashing 
up the street with a loud cheer, led by their adjutant, whose hone had been khot 
under liim. They were received by a volley, and men dropped in numbers ; 
but the survivors persevered, reached the guns, and after a short, sharp struggle, 
captured them. Dr. Jee contrived, by great pcrsnniil exertions, in getting the 
wounded wh>> had been hit in the charge carried off on thv harks of their comrades, 
till he had «ucci.vde(l in collecting the dhooly •bearers wtiu had fli-d. He h said 
to have exposed himself in the most devoted manner. 

* Later on, while trying to reach the Residency with the wounded under his 
charge, he was obliged to throw himself into the Moti Melml, where he remained 
besieged the whoh- of the following night and morning.* 

The official account soys that ho rci>eatcdly exjMwed himself to a heavy fire 
in proceeding to dress the wounded men who fell while serving a 24'i)Ounder 
in a most exposed situation. He eventually succeeded in taking many nf the 
wounded, through a cross-fire of ordnance and murlittry, s«fcly into the Resi- 
dency, by a river bank, although repeatedly warned not to make the perilous 
attempt. 

From Ofi.iui nifx-n. 



XI 

THE FLAG OF THE REGIMENT 

Tlir adJrw of Uin i-Uri'llemy, Sir llufih Hoti\ ('i,mmiiniirr-in-''hi'-f in Iniiin, tin i-rrnfitlini/ tttw cviuurt 
l<i thf i2tid Itoyal liujhiuwirTM nt Hiirri .y, «ji tl,r Ul J'lnifiri/ IWJl. 

' 42nd Hiom^NDEBa, 

' I do not ask you to defend the colours I have presented to you this day. 
It would be superfluous : you have defended them for nearly a hundred and fifty 
years with the best blood of Seotliind. I ilo n<)t usk you to curry these colours 
to the front should you again he eallid into the field ; you have borne them 
round the world with success. But I do ask tlie ulliccrN and soldiers of this 
gallant and devoted regiment not to t'orpt, because they are of oneient date, 
but to treasure in their mei-;* ms ilie rccolhetion of the brillinnt deeds of arms 
of their forefathers and kinsmcu, the scenes of which are inscribed on these colours. 
There is not a name on them which is not a study ; there is not n name on them 
which is not connected with the most im[>ortant events «■.■ A'>rld s history, 

or with the pages of the military annals of Kngland. 

'The soldiers of the i'Jnd eutmot liave a better or ;n'"".- ■ is!rirtiv history 
than their regimental records. They tell how, a liundr.'d y.ai- ; . o, the 42i'd 
won the honoured name of '" Royal " at Tieonderoga in America, 1 : ii;, altlmn^" 
only one battalion, 047 killed and wounded; how the 4i;;..? !'n. -,,■.{ the " '". 
Heckle " in Flanders ; how Abercroml)y and Moore in I'-gypt tki.'. .. P:aiii, ''vin 
in the arms of victory, thanked with parting' breath the 42nd, ^.ell miy; :. ' ■ 
heroes do so I The fields of honour on which they were exiiiriiii; were stuv, d 
with the dead and wounded soldiers of the 42nd. 

'The 42nd enjoys the greatest distinction to which British re 'mti;: : ran 
aspire. They have been led and commanded by the Rrcat Master in \\\i:. i.'ie 
Duke of Wellington. Look at your colours : their badges will ttil you how uiivix 
— and this distinction is the more to be valutd because his Grace, so .ioldier-i'^— 
and just was he, never would sanction a regiment's wearing a bodge if the battle 



14S SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

in which they had hecn engaged — no matter how bravely they nuy have fought 
in it — waa not only an important one but a victory. 

' In the Crimea* in the late campaign in tliia country, the 4Snd again did 
excellent lervice under my very gallant and di»tinguiabed predeceMor, Lord 
Clyde. The lait entry in the regimental recordi ihowi that the ipirit of the 
BUek Watch of 1720 was the lame in ISSO, when No. a company of the 4aDd, 
aided only by a company of the Kumaon levy, four guns, and a squadron of 
irregukr cavalry, under Sir Robert Walpole, beat back, after several hours' 
obstinate Bghting. and with severe loss, two thousand rebels of all arms, and 
gained the day. Lord Clyde bestowed the highest i raise on the company that 
a general can do — his lordship thanked them for their valour and their discipline. 

' I am sincerely obliged to Lieutcnant-ColonrI Priestly for having, un the part 
of the 42nd Highlanders, requested me to present them with their new colours. 
It is an honour and a favour which I liighly prize, the more so because 1 am of 
Highland origin and have worn for many years tlie tartan of another regiment 
which does undying honour to Scotland— the l>2nd llighlanden. 

' I have chosen this day— New Year's Day— for the presentation of colours, 
because on New Year's Day in 1783 the colours were given to the 42nd, under 
which they won their red plume. Besides, New Year's Day ail over the world, 
particularly in Scotland, is a happy day. Heaven grant that it may be a fortunate 
one for this regiment.* 



CHAPTER IX 

Frontier Campaigns in India, and Native 
Wars in Africa and Egypt 

1852-1808 

THE GORDON HIGHLANDERS 
The Story of the Regiment 

Amkt from KgimenUI hi»torie», whkh are not to written as to make much 
•ppeal to the general reader, the only itgimeiits in the British Amiy that have 
tad the grtiit sti.nes of lh(ir pait movingly and dramatically narrated are the 
Black Watch and the Gordon Highlanders. In his Lfgendt of Ihe Black Watch 
•nd m some of his novels, James Grant has clothed the records of tliat imllant 
corps with the glamour of romance that of right belongs to it— for there is nothing 
more ronuintic then the truth, when it falls into hands that can re-endow it with 
life. Uant dealt with the Gordons in The Romance o/ IFiii-— indeed, no regiment 
taai had more histories written round it. It has been elaborately dealt with by 
Lieut.-Col Greenhill Gardync i and by Mr. J. M. Bulloch in Territorial Soldiering, 
The Cay Gordom, and in divers articles and miscellaneous publications. More- 
over, the Gordons are fortunate in a succinct hisUiry of their achievements in 
Mr. James Milne's The Gordon IlighUmderi. 

The two battalions of the Gordon Highlanders were raised in Scotland as two 
lepurate regunents ; the Ist, under Sir Robert Abeicromby, as the rsih Regiment 
of Foot, in 17S8 ; the 2nd by the famous House of Gordon, as the lOOth (Gordon 
Highlanders) lUgiment of Foot, in 1794. The 1st, thrice disbanded or dispersed 
foi- garrison service and then re-fomied, varied its name to the 73th (Prince of 
Wales s) Regiment; the 7Sth (Highland) Regiment, otherwise Abercromby's 
Highlanders, to the plain 7Sth Regiment of Foot ; and then, in 1802, to the 7Sth 
(iitirlingshu-c) Regiment. Meanwhile, after four years as the 100th, the 2nd 
batUlion became the familiar 92nd (Highland) Regiment of Foot in 1798 • in 
1881. the 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment; and in 1881 both batUl'ions 
were joined under the name they have continued to make glorious m our recent 
wars— the Gordon Highlanders. When the 7Sth, which wore trews, was thus 
merged into the 92nd, which wore the kilt, some wag of the regunent wrote this 
epiUph, which b still to be found in Sa Maison Gardens, near Florence Barracks 
Malta : 

Here lies the poor old Seventy-fiftli, 
But, under liod'a protection, 

Thry 'II rise kgajn in kilt and hose, 
A glorious resurrection ! 

For by the transrormstion poHcr 
Of PjirlianientsrT Uwii, 

We go to bed the Seventy-fifth 
And rise the Ninety-twa't ! 



144 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

The following list of their principal campaigns and battles says 
be said here in pniise of the Gordons : 



til that need 



n,lk-Isle. 1701. 
Portugal, 1"62. 
America. 177H-H3. 
India, 1791-1806. 
Scringapatam, 1792. 
Malabar an<l Goa, 1795-7. 
Mysort', 1799. 
Seringapatam, 1709. 
Crabbendum, 1799. 
UergLn, 1799. 
Ef,Tnont-op-2t'e, 1709. 
Quiberon, 1799. 
Mandora, I KOI. 
Egypt, 1801. 
AU-xandria. ItSUI. 
Cnpenhagtri, 1.SU7. 
Peninsula, 1H08-14. 
Corunna, 1809. 



Flushing, 1809. 
Fuintrsd'Onow. 1811. 
ArTdyodosMolinos, 1811. 
Abiiaraj, 1812. 
Vittoria, 1813. 
Maya, 1813. 
Pyrenees, 1813. 
Nive, 1818. 
Ortlii-s, 1814. 
Qualrc Bras, IHI.?. 
Wiittrl'jo, 1815. 
N.'thtrlands, 1815. 
Smith Africa, l.sy5. 
Indian Mutinv, 1^,17-8. 
D.lhi, 1857. 
Agra, 1857. 
Cawnporc, 1857. 
LiK'know, 1858. 



Afgliaiiisliin, 1878-80. 
Charasiah, 1879. 
Kabul, 1879. 
Kandaluir. 1880. 
S'liith Afrii-a, 1881. 
Egypt, 18H2-4. 
'IVI-.l-Kcbir. 1882. 
Nile. 1884-3. 
El 'I\b, 1884. 
Tainai, 1884. 
Chitral, 1895. 
Tindi, 1897-8. 
South Africa, 1S99-1902. 
Miigtrsfontcin, 1900. 
Ca;sar's Camp, 1900. 
\Vagi,^)n Hill, 1900. 
Paardebcrg, 1900. 
Thabanc'lui, 1900. 



HOW THE ARGYLLS AND THE H.L.I. WENT DOWN ON 

' THE BIRKENHEAD ' 
By G. L, Goff 

On the 7th of January 1852, the iron paddle troopship Birkenhead, of 1100 tons 
and 550 horse-power, commanded by Master Commander Hubert Salmond, 
s.iilcd from the coast of Cork, bound fur the Cape of Good Hope, witli detacli- 
ments I'roin tlic depots «f ten regiments, all under command of Lieui-cnant-Colone] 
Seton, of the 74th Highlanders, Altogether tlicrc were on board about C31 
persons, including a crew of 132, the rest being soldiers with their wives and 
children. Of the soldiers, a delaehment under Captain Wright belonged to tlie 
91st. Tlie Birkenhead made a fair passage out, and reached Simon's Hay, Cape 
of Good Hope, on the 23rd of February, when Captain Sahuond was ordered to 
proceed eastward immediately, and land the troops at Algoa Bay and Buffalo 
River. The Birkenhead accordingly sailed again about six o'clock on the evening 
of the 25th, the night be-ng almost perfectly calm, the sea smooth, and the stars 
out. Men as usual were told off to keep a look-out, and a leadsman was stationed 
on the paddle-box next the land, which was at a distance of about three miles on 
the port side. Shortly before two o'clock on the morning of the 20tli, when all 
who were not on duty were sleeping peacefully below, the leadsman got soundings 
in twelve or thirteen fathoms. Ere he had time to get another cast of the lead, 
the Birkenhead was suddenly and rudely arrested in her course : she had struck 
on a sunken rock surrounded by deep water, and was firmly fixed upon its jagged 
points. The water immediately rushed into the forepart of the ship, and drowned 
many soldiers who were sleeping,' on the lower deck. . . . 

Captain Salmond ... at once appeared on deck with the other naval and 
military officers. The captain ordered the engine to be stopped, the small bower 
anchor to be let go, the paddle-box boats to be got out, and the quarter-boats 




■J 5 g 



-3 5'- 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT U5 

up his mind what it was tl c dut" of b L. , ' ,■",'/' "■"''™' '"■-i'''tion made 

the eircumstances. Ho impress d u ,o„ t te XZ'- "h '"''"*" '" ''" "'"'" 
'ng sdcnee and discipline among the men ll thf f '"i T"'''">' o'' l«»"v- 
"P on both side, of the quarter dc"k the .n.nn ""'"v' "" '*"''"'" '<> <l™« 

inspection. A party was told uffto «„ k c mn^'^"* "'.'/ "'""" '" '""'"R" "" 
■■> lowering the boats, and another to throw M^'"' ,""''" '" "''"-^ ""^ ^oilors 
one did as he was directed ■ si.',r„„t ,r . ''"'" '""''"■'' overboard. ' Everv 
orders, and had them etriedrt a7, "he m:f I"'' "'%'"^'.' ' "" -"-ed th^ii 
to the bottom ; there was only this diflerenee tl . ? '"'^""^'"S instead of goiiig 
conducted with so little noise aild e™fusio„~ ""'' '"' "">' ^'''•"I'^tic.ll 

^n« the water mil. i„ voS ^ tl! t : f ^^^^l— - ^ -;^ ^ 

drawn, seeing the women and children suMv „L^d^ ^".""r^' "'"' '"' ''"•'•■■'' 
captain had provided for them. Th"s dutv 'Z . T? '" ," "" '^""" «'"<-''■ ""^ 
was ordered to he off about a hunded and fi?fv''',''*'r '"''*''''■ "'«' "'= "■"^■■ 
ship In about ten minutes after she fir,?rue/:;''^'T "" '"'"'"^ ''"'''"S 
mast, the mast and the funnel falling over t'n.f . '" '"" "' ""= 'o"" 
and throwing into the water those U,7 '"= ''"'l-oard side, crushing manv 

boat , but the me.^ ke^t the ' p :c« °tZ°„h"''''''™"r'''F '" '"^" "'"= I'a<Mrbo^x 
had been in the servic^ only a ^^^0^ "Zfd '".'""' *"•= "■"■= ''«'» »l><> 
women and children had been put! onW two sn,„^lT„ f "" ™"" '"'" '"'"'••'■ "'<^ 
having been stove in by the fallingSerr^ h^ "'=".«°' °" "" "'» «'■">■ 
the ship had broken in two, she 1, ™n r ' ijjv to s'J^k 'r""^"'.^ ""'l''^'- "'-' 
remair • on board clustered on to tl^^on It. 1 . n"''!""'' ""'' "■»« '>''0 

le;.st -dcr. At last Capta™ Salmo^ Tc ein Ah f"'.!! '' """"^ "' '"""'"» «'< 
advise all who could swiia to iunTn nv/1 "., ^'."""""8 '"'"•' "^""W be done. 
Colonel Seton told the m n aX^thlV^'^'J^ T """"'iiT '^' ''™'^- ^ut 
the boats and .end the women and chMrentrihe 7 »""''' .*"= '"" '" '»"■"? 
them to keep their places, and ?hey obeveS Th. B-V°"?'' 5" "'"''"'^ '"''"^d 
sinking. The office™ shoik hai^ds a^dTal I ^if ™*^'«' "a^ now rapidly 
after which the ship again broke in troabathe """^ ?"r"- ^mediktely 
wl. had bravely stuci to their pos^r^^LtlitSt^rt^^c rill^k^nrecirS 

tnuZ-r'^m' trslldtrof^iL^hllsfXn ' "!"' ™ ""' " "^ - 
shore, but few ever reached it • most of The^ » '' "T"? ^^'"'^ ""' f" ""= 
were devoured by the sharks o were dashedToll'th"'°l'™' ^"''""^'i-. "' 
Point Danger, or entangled in the deatWrfn of « l ° "'' '"^'^"^ '^°'^ "'" 
floated thickly near the coast ' * ^ °' ""^ '™8 arms of sea««d that 

wom"/nt chHd'was rost.'"""- '"^'^^ '""™=''- -"^ »« >«"« saved ; not a 

From ffi„„„w ft,„^. „_^,j, ,,., ^ ,,,,,,, ,,.^ ;;,i,*/.„i„,. 



'I 



140 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



III 

THE BLACK WATCH 

By Dugald Dhu 

Uiitlcii f..r \\':irirln(i Day, mVX 



Hail, >;iillant rei^inicnt I Freiceadiin Dubh I 

Whenever Albion needs tliiiie nid 
' Ave ready ! ' fi»r whatever foe 

Sliidl dure to meet the black brigade I 
Witness disiistrous Fontenoy, 

When all seemed lost, who brought us through ? 
Who siived (lefeiit ? secured retreat ? 

And bore the brunt ?— The Forty-Two I 

So, at Corunna's grand retreat, 

When, far outnumbered by the foe, 
The patriot Moore made glorious halt. 

Like setting sun in fiery glow : 
Before us foamed the rolliTig sea, 

Behind, the carrion eagles iiew ; 
Hut Scothmd's ' Watch ' proved Gallia's match 

And won the game by Forty-Two I 

The last time Fmnce stood British fire. 

The Watch gained glory at its cost, 
At Quatre Brus and Hugomont 

T'lree dreadful days they kept their post ; 
Ten hundred there who formed in square 

Before the close a handful grew ; 
The little pr -lanx never flinehed 

Till Boney ran from Waterloo I 

The Forty-Second never dies, 

It hath a regimental soul ; 
Fond Scotia, weej)ing, filled the blanks 

Which Quatre Bnis left in its roll. 
At Alma, at Sevastaptxil, 

At Lueknow waved its bonnets blue ! 
Its dark green tartan who but knows ? 

What lieart but warms to Forty-Two ? 

But wliile we glory in the corps, 

We 'II mind their martial brethren too : 
The Ninety-Second, Seventy-Ninth, 

And Seventy-First— all Waterloo I 
The Seventy-Second, Seventy-Fourth, 

The Ninety-Tliird— all tried and true ! 
Tiie Seventy-Eighth, real ' men of Ross ' : 

Come, count tlieir honours, Forty-Two I 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT 

Kiilhl liclile ri-Kiiiicnls i.r the (jiici ii. 

GikI (jrant they liint' support her eiuwn ; 
Sliiiuldcr Ici slioulder, Iliclandiiuii, 

Ufiitcii rivals in rciHAVti I 
We 'll wre.itlie tlie rose witli licatli that blows 

Wlierc barley -rijrs yield mountain dew. 
And pledge the Celt, in trews or kilt, 

Whenee Secilland lira Its her Forty-Two 1 



147 



COLONEL M'LEOD AT KOOMASSEF 
By Viscount Wolselcy 

J;''',j 'l';";,,''™";" ").'"■'■•"''';« Il"-""8l. U.e n,asses of ll.e enemy that erowded the 

" ' If ?^ i^- "J '""'• "■'"' """■■■ t'""""t "l^""-'. "■• umkr a better op 

moredeter,n.ne,l ea.ler than Colonel .M'l.cod, were ever sen upon sueh a is'fo" 
Ka.t s Runs raked the road with u heavv shell fire, whilst v, llev after v lev of 
nu.sketry „,ust have .lain hnn.lreds, and tl„,s hel ,e,l to ope a p th f. t| „« 
sp lendK H.shlanders. The onlers I p.ve Colonel 'jrLeo.l «^ e to r e^.r „^ 
flank attneks a, mueh a. possible, and to push forward strait-ht for Koomassee 
forth fj"' \T'^'"ll^ '" "'I""' distinfTuishe.! Seottish Rentleman sally sudde.dy 
r rth from the v.llaRc at the head of his Imtorie IliRhlanders, the.r pipes aying 
tl e old warhke mus,e of Seotland, all ranks knowiuR full Well that eone what 
nuRht they must sleep that night at Koomassee or die on the road to it. O an bus 
cades many were encountered and eaeh taken with a rush ; for what were sueh 
obstaeles to men bke tijose of the Blaek Wateh 1 They were for the first moment 

but nothmg could stop them. The Ashantees seemed at last to realise this S 
confusion.'.^'" '""' """' '"' " "'™^'" "» *'->■ "«' "' ■■" Jireeti^s ^wM 
Just before I entered the city Sir A. Alison ha,l drawn up the troops on a 
w,de open place u, the city where he received n,e w.th a genen I salute AU 

ranks felt they had done a brilliant day's work, and for our veto y I ^m'sure 
numy fervent thanks went up to God that night. 

From Tlir Stnrit of it JoA/icj-V life 

V 

A COLOUR-SERGEANT OF THE SEAFORTHS 
By D. C. Parry 

T'o''hn'''A/''r'"''^' "^'f'u " ^'''■""''" ^''■"^' "»^ SMaMy won by Colour-Sergeant 

I icut'enant Cn'ro"".';! r'^" '"",' 'i""" ?! °'"' ""^'^^ ^"'^'"'' ™''" "'= command of 
!; unf ? .?fi , i'^",''"""'' •••^'JO'-Milkinson, who, moving towards Kekwai, en- 
Officers a'n 1 ''"tn f """'l-V /.eld by the enemy, at Uo„,poassi. 0th June {Z. 
terrd.K thinned^ fa;=t under the heavy fire, and when the force had been 

himsc ■ l^t h„d 1 ,' T'' ^"^""'' '"'" '^'■"■""'^'>' »-<>""'l'J. Major Wilkinson, 
a^r^nii ' ''"'"'r' ™ '■'■*"•'"«• ""^ »^n """i """ims being out of action 

ammunition runnnjg short, and the enemy's fire as hot as ever • but, to q ote 
&.r James Wdleoeks's dispatch, 'Colour-Sergeant Mackenzie came up to lirn 



148 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



and voluiitoiTcJ to carry the stockiult- willi the bayonet, if his own company (the 
Yomlia Coinjiiiiiy, 1st \Vtst Arrican Frontier Force) was placed at his disitosut. 
Wilkinson at once nniereti up the cornpiiny, which was in the rear of the colunui, 
and on the arrival ol' tlie first two sietions, without hesitation Muckv'nzie chari:i d 
at tticir head, followed splendidly by his t>wn men and all others in the vicinit\, 
their otficers, of course, Icadinji them. The enemy did not wait the rush, but 
fled in eonfusion, and never rallied, and it is perliiips not too much to suy a disaster 
to our ;irms was thus averted, for a n-Hrt iiient uiidi-r the eireuinstauees nii;ilit 
have endiil in panic. For this act of 4li>tiri^MUshcd bravery I eunsidiT Cult'ur- 
Seryeant Miu-keiizte is di--LTvin<f of llic hijjlirst reward a soldier liiii nrcive, and 
am lUiikin;^ a reconiiuiii i:ition aceurdin^ly.' 

FiMiii Ik'- r.''. 



VI 

HOW SIR GEORGE WPIITK WON HIS V.C. 
By J. Cmnb 

At Charasiuh the eneniy in immense stren^'th was first met, and the brave Gordon 
Hij^hlunders had their share of stern combat. The ■ '"ghan tribesmen are liardy 
mountaineers, trained from their infancy to hardy exercises and the arts of war. 
They are brave to recklessness, stronj,' and athletic, and fou^jlit with a tenacity 
and ferocity that prceluded .ill ideas of quarter being asked or given — fought till 
their eyes glazed and tliel.' hands refused to lil't a knife or pull a trigger. In charge 
of an improvised |>os.t as SLiiior ollieer |>resent was .Mnjor U. Stewart White, of the 
92nd. Moving his men from under cover. White saw the hills to his right lined 
with the enemy in many buttalions. Ht? directed the big guns to play upon the 
hills, and then went forward with his kilted heroes. Up to this time the enemy 
had st(»od firmly against the Britisli lire, and the Ilighlunders felt that to drive 
him from his position would require an elfort of no light kind. Up they went 
from one ste;p ledge to anotbir, clambering, toiling, but ever nearing the stubboi n 
foe, and eiieouraged by the conduct of White, who went on with the leading files. 
Suddenly the Highlanders found a large number of the enemy straight in thtir 
front, outnumbering them by nearly twenty to one. White's men were utterly 
exhausted by the climbing, and could hardly go forward, but that officer, seeing 
that immediate action was necessary, took a man's riile from his hand, and ad- 
vancing right towards the enemy, shot dead their leader. As the Afghans hesi- 
tated in dismay at this daring act and its fatal result, the Highlanders raised a 
loud shout and d;ished forward, ilriving the Afghans down the hill, and crowning 
it themselves wi i a ringing cheer. For his cool, daring deed Major Stewart 
White was awarded the V.C, which he hail most worthily won. 

While the 92nd men were giving so good an account of themselves at one part 
of the field, at another the gallant 72nd were leailin(» the van of a small force 
operating under General Baker. The position Baker was storming was led uj> to 
by rugged and precipitous paths, up which the men toiled painfully but lesolut. y. 
When they had been engaged for a cou|)lc of hours witli doubtful success, the 
fortunes of the day were turned in their favour by a co-oi)crative movement 
of the 92nd, who, with pipes playing and colours flying, appeared rushing up the 
hill on the enemy's flank, and drove i.im from his vantage ground. In vhe end, 
after twelve hours' hard fighting, ti Afghans were driven from all their posts, 
their guns were captured, and the battle of Charasiah was won, with a loss to the 
British force that was comparatively trilling. 

From The Iliijhiand Un>)ade. 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGWT 



149 



VII 

AN APPEAL TO CTiSAR 

liy Ian Madaren 

Tiii.v liiid llic rij'ht 1„ ,)icii|iy their old l.onip till M.irtinTiuis, Imt .Tmn lin.l hruun 
> Int. wundcrinK tliro.icli tlio empty ' lioiisi'S ' nnd l,r lin^ ever the eoM„„„ Irinl. 



■nee "ill 
sac 



tne 

ie nt 



. .? '■'''"',"•, '"'I' '*• •'"''" = "'^' Alrnielily ninde n ivorniin .iiflennt lr„n, n man. 

m ti,ere II I,,- n„e peaee l„r n.e till ,v,. I„ t „' Durnl.rm-. Ma «ark I.ere 'J 

Uenished. nn it s no hk. Iianie ..iiy niair. A' .v,.|, the flittn,' were „«er „• you 
an me were sell I, d whar «c 'll .rid ii.ir days ' 

Mnrnl.rae had lound n lilll,- ,,1.,.,. ..n.r Kilu,„n,mie that would leave him 
w ,1 hm reaeh ol I,,, k„ k. « l,„l, !„■ ha,l loved nt n ^real eest. n„d his old m i,dd,ours 
lo whom he was knit witli new lies. 

'The NVonI ean eome onywlarc tae the hert, nn' the nngel o' His I'resv.,,, 
ny,. he wi ns, Jean, l,„t there 's nae plaee whar the Kvnngel 'ill ev,r soond 
hweet ns in tlie Free Kirk o' l)Munl..elity. 

T. •„",'' '" "'"'"I "'' "' '■'"- "■' "'■ '■■'■ "'■''• ""■' "■•■ "'"■ fl"'!"!" ninee n week. 
J J ill dne lis ijiide, wninnian, tne ct n hniMKhak line Nelherlon nn.l Donald 
Menzies, ni, I,ael, an liinisel', tho„trh he he a slifl ehiel. Forhve the Auld Kirk 
l"h<, lor n dinna deny, .lean. aill.T a' Ihat 's happened, that it 'ill he ol, „v,„it tne 
miet them eominjr wast, wi' l)riini-lieiij;h nl their hen.l. Ma he't's w 
B hody m I he Ideii, and a' ken they 'II no' loi,;et us, .l.an, in oor hit li 
Kndrummie. 

One Thursday nllernonn-the nitling was to he on Mondnv— Ilumhrne eame 
upon Jean ni the garden, dij..f;ins up plants and ,.aefcinR them i, nderlv with wide 
ni:.r(rins (tf their native enrUi. 

' A_cndna leave them John, nn' Hay 'II mak oor new pnird.n mnir linme- 
hke. The pinks are enllm s n set n,a~er, au' I he fii, hsias tne, nn' Jennnie earried 
the enn and watered them tlinl simmer nloii tie dei'd. When I'eter Hohertson 
WTs wiirnin us no' tae meddle wi' ony lixture lor f<ar o' the faelor, n' nskit him 

r .""... -.1' '?' ""' '"■ ""'''• " '■'" "' ''"' l''-""'f 'I'"" "'"■-el', they niielit be 

hi led. Glide kens n' did, ev, ry nne, thoii;rli it 's no' nioiiv we enn tnk. But 

preserve s, wlin s yon t ' 

It was not nee.iliil to nsk, for indi-ed <inlv one man in the parish eoiild walk 

with si: I, grave nnd stately di^.nil>-, nnd thnl heenusc his father nnd .-rnnd lather 

na'( lieeit naiish ministers hel'ore him. 

■This is rael neehiirly, doetor. nn' like vers, I' tae eome np nfore we left the 

aul, plaee \e'ie weleome nt liuriihrae ns yir father wes in ma father's day. 

1 e heard that we re llillin' on Monday ? ' 

' You 're not nwny yet. Diirnhrae, 'ynu 're not nwny vet ; it 's not so easv to 
turn out n nnimtoehty man as our Kurdish laetor thought: we're a slilT fo" 
nnd our roots grip fast. He was to rule this parish, nnd he was to do ns he rileased 
wit 1 honest men ; we 'II sir who eomes off l.est hrfore the dnv is done,' nnd the 
doetor stniek his stiek, the stiek of olliee with the p.Iden land, on the prnvel in 
triumph. • -i ou vc just eome in time, Mrs. Hnxtir '-for Jean had heen pnttinff 
hirsell in order— for I want to pive ycai a hit of ndviee. Do not lift niiv ninri 
ol your p ants— It's bad for their growth ; and I rather think you '11 have to 
pat them baek. 

Jean came close to Hiirnhrae's side, and wntelicd tlic c^oetor without hrcath- 
ms while he placed the stiek against a bush, nnd put on his evc-glasses with 
deliberation, and opened out a telegram and rend aloud :— ' Paris.— Your letter 



ISO 



SCOTLAND FOR LVIiR 



fouiul mr ut Inst ; k'uvc Lnii<)oii for lioiiu- Tliiirstliiy luomiii;,' ; tell Uurnbrac to 
meet lae in Muirtuwii on Fritluy. — Kii.tPiNUiE.* 

' My letter wfiit to Kj^ypt uiul niisst-il him, hut hotter iute thon never, Burii- 
hrue. . . , Thut 's u won lert'ul plant you have there, Mrs, ]t;ixter,' urid he tunieit 
aside to stutly u hydrati^eu Jeiin had set out in the .sun ; Tor witli all liis pouipt^ms 
and autoerulic ways, the doctor was a tjentlenum uC the old sehoitl, 

\VI n he departed and Jean hail .settled down, llumhiae thought it wise to 
modei'aie her joy lest it should end in liitter disa|>p«>intnient. 

' TliL' doctor lies dune hi:i pairt, and it vves kind o' him tae eonu' up hinisel' tae 
tell us. Ye didna see Ids luce uil'ter lie read the niessuye, i)ut it wis wi)rlh seein'. 
There 's no' a Mionder hurt in the Ulen. A' kent this tiling wudnu hae huiipemd 
gin his Ltirdslii|> lied heen at Imnie, uti' a 'in thinkin' he wud due his best lae 
repair it. Maybe lie 'II f^lc 's the (irst ehuncc o' a vacant lairm, hut a' doot \:c 
Uiuur; leave Uuri.'>rae ; they say 'at it 's us gud: as let tae a Nellieraird man.' 

' Dinna s:iy that, John, I'or it 's no' aiiitho *''<iriu, it '^ liurnhrae a' want, 
A 'II be walihin' the niornia's evening when ye eoinc up the mad, an' u '11 see ye 
turnin* the eorn^T. Ve *ll wave yir airni tae me <{in a' be richt, an' Jeannie's 
Qoo'rrs 'ill be Imek !'i their beds 'il'ore ye be hame,' 

When '*urnbrae appeared Ht liiKlnuiunie station next morning, Drunilochly, 
who happened to be tli' le in I'oree on their last 'I.iirtown visit bdnre harvest, 
c mpossed him with obscrv.mees, putting liini in the corner seat, and emphasising 
his territorial {Usi;iiiation. 

' Thut wes mielity news aliout the s'Tgesnt, Hiirnljnie,' luirari Jamie Soutar ; 
* it spiled u nieht's sleep tae me readin' liuo .le stude ower the colonel and kee)iiL 
the Afghan:) at bay till the regiment rallied. Wes 't four or sax he foeht single- 
handed ? ' 

' lie barely mentioned the niaitler in Iiis letters, but his eajitain wrote tUi. the 
gudewife, wliie.i wes ra'.'t thoehtfu' ; he made it sax, an' he said the regiment wes 
prood o' Sandii'.' For un instant Burnhrae drew himself up in his corner, and 
then he added, * lint it 's no' for iiis father tae be speakin' this wy. Sandic did 
naeth-ng but hi- duty.' 

'For doonneht leeir.',* said Jamie meditatively, 'a' never kent the marra 
(equui '■' ti.ae London papers ; they made oot that Sandie wes a hero, and we 
cleam d ilic Muirtown book-stall lest Friday a week. A' never saw the Kildrumniie 
train in sic spcerits ; it 's uwfu' lioo country I'ouk are deceived," 

' Pigpie Walker cam up on Monday ' (Uilloeks seemed to be addressing some 
person above IJiirnbrae's head), ' and he wes tellin' nie they hed a by-ordimir' 
«ermon i'lae the student. " A' wished U\irnbrue hcd been there," Piggie said ; 
" he wes boond tae be lifted. He 'II sune hae a kirk, yon lad, an' a qude anc." 
Piggie 's a body, but he 's coonted the best jidge o' scrniop . in Kildrummie.* 

Drumsheugh alone did not join in those kindly eff' nts, b it struck out a manner 
of his own, chuckling twice withuiit relevancy, and onct growing so red that 
Hillocks ran over his family history to estin^ute the risk of s\ ' seizure,' 

* Is that you, Uurnbrae ? Come in, man ; come in. It 's a pleasure to sec 
a Drumtochty face 'gain after those foreign fellows,' and Lord Kilspindie gripped 
his tenant's hand in the factor's olfice. ' Sit down and give me all your news. 
There will be no speaking to Mrs. Baxter now after tliis exploit of the ser- 
geant's ! When I read it on my way home I was as proud as if he had been niy 
own son. It was a gallant deed, and well deserves llie Cross, He 'II be getting 
his commission some day. Lieutenant Baxter I That will stir the Glen, ch ? 
But what is this I hear of your leaving Burnbrae ? 1 don't like losijig old 
tenants, and I thon";ht vou wrndd be Hie last to Hit.' 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA. AND liCWT lai 

' DiH the factor not tell y\m, my l,uril — ' 

' I 'vc only M-en him fur live iiunult>, tid he Miid it had nothing to do witli 
rent ; it wan some religions notion or other. Is thiit so t ' 

'The fuinn is worth thirty pund miiir rent, nn' u' uml hac puid wixty ruthc 
than leuve my uuld hunie; but Ihi- l'iu-ti,r ., .U- it ii h dcclinn tac yit- up nm kiik. 

'Well, Bun^bme, I never th.'UKlit you would Knvc I. It iri<- for u nmtUr .,( 
kirks. Could you n()t luive stretched ii pouil foruuld Uwn syne t ' and i;il<piiidic 
looked hard at the old num. 

' Mtt Lonl, there 's naething u' wudn.i hac dune to stay in IJundmie but this 
ftC thing. Ye hue been a (fudc lantllonl tae mc, i\s the auld Karl v,vs tae ni;i 
father, ur' it 'ill never be the wunc tiic nicujjain on i.nitlu'rcstalc ; but yc inaiiiiTi.i 
ask me ta guug burk on ma c«)i) science.' 

The tea-s came to Burnbrue's eys, and lie rose tn his fiet. 

' A' thocht,' he said, ' when yir nicssnjje cam, that maybe yc heil unithcr niital 
than yir factor, and wud semi me bark tae Jean \m' i-iide Iicws in ma vu»,V . 
Gin it be yir wull that wc Hit, a 'II mnk nar miur enmplfitiit, an' there's 
nae bitterness in ma hert. Duta'wud like ye lac kin Ihal it 'ill be a sair pairtin'. 
For twa hundred years an' nniir there's been a llaxtir iit IJurnbrac atat a 
Hay at Kilspindic ; ane wes juist a vv.>rkiti' farmer, an' tlie itlur u beltwi earl. 
but (fude freends an' faithfu' j nn', ma Lord, Uurnbrae wes as dear lac oor i'ouK 
as the cuiitlo wes tae yours. A' mind fiat lUy the Vi-,e<ani* earn o' nuc an' we 
gnithered tue wush him weel, that u' ; iw the pictures ,' tlie anid Hays on yir 
walls, an' thocht hoo niony were Ihc ties that buiul \c t!ir yir hamc. VVe haena 
pictures mtr gv ,den treasures, but there 's an anid* eha>r "at i>or tircside, an* u' 
saw nirt grancifather in it when a' wes a Iiahlie at the sehnlc, an' a' miral him 
tellin' me that his grandfr.ther bed sat in it li. n,' iifure. It 'h no' worth muckle, 
an' it's been often mended, but, a, 'II no' like 'ai see il carried o<.t frae Il.irnbrae. 
There is a Bible, tae, that hcs ?ome doon, father tae son, frae liiW), and ilku 
Baxter hes written his name in it, an' " farmer at Biirnbrae." but it 'ill no' be 
dune again, for oor race 'ill be awn frae Burnbrae fui ever. Be patiii ' wT mc, 
ma Lord, for it *s the lest time we 're like tae meet, an' there \ anitln <- thing a' 
want tae say, for it 's heavy on nia hert. When the factor told me w ilun this 
verra room that we maun leave, he spoke o' i-ie as if a' betllx-en a law .'■ss nmn, 
an' it cut me mair than ony ithcr word. Ma L(.rd, it s no' the mm th ' ftmr 
their God that 'ill brak '■he laws, an' a' ken nae Baxter that wes ither than -■' 
loyal man tae his king and country. Ma mule ehairgcd wi' the Scots t_.rpvs at 
Waterloo, and a' mind him telHn', when a' wes u wee laddie, hoo the Iliel^^.ders 
cried oot, "Scotland for ever," as they passed. A* lurdna tell ye aboot \u,i 
brither, for he wes killed vy yir side afore Sebastn[n.l, and the letter ye sent tae 
Burnbrae is keepit in that Bible for a heritage. A 'II mention naethiig either - 
ir.. ain laddie, for ye 've said mair than wud be riclit for me, but we c*-.<>iit it hart' 
thatwhtn oor laddie hes shed his bhale like an honest man for his Qu-?cn, hi 
a'dd fatluT and mither sud be driven frae the haine llicir fnrbear-. lied for seevtt, 
generations.* 

Lord Kilspindie rose to his feet at the mention of Sebaslopol, and now went 
jver to the window as one who wished to hitle his laec. 

* Dinna be angry with me, ma Lord, n<jr think a 'ni boastin', but a' cuthia 
thole that ye sud think me a lawbreaker, w ha cared nuitlier for kirk nor common- 
weal ' ; and still his lordship did not move. 

* It gaes tae ma hert that we sud pcirt in onger, on' if a 've said mair than a' 
c'ich*, it ves in soirow, for a 'II never forget hoo lang ma fouk hac lived on yir 
la, i, ai.d hoo gude ye hne been tae mc,' and Burnbnte turned to the door. 




15« SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

* V..I1 "iv the iliillust limn in all DniniUH-hty,' crlci KiKi)i:nlic', wheeling round 
—(one niij-lit Imvc lumutl . . . Lut tlu.c is iih.nitl)-' juni the tniest. Diii 
y.Hi think tlmtu Hiiy wnuM Itt « Uaxtir «.) for nil tho kirlts that ever wore built ? 
Vi)U supiM.std that I wimtcti ynii to pi.iy the knave lor your farm, and thi§ was 
the news yoii wore to carry home I.. .Kan ? It 'h too hail of yon, Uurnhrac.' 

* Ma Lonl, u' . , . ye ken * 

' It 'j* all ritiltt, and I 'm only ji.kiii^ ; and the play was carricti on a bit ton 
lonR for h-ilh nl' us, but I wanU-d to htar your own mind upon thin matter.' and 
Kilspindie cntlcd tor the furtor. 

' 1« the Ihirrilirae lease drawn np ? ' 

' It is, lit an a<lvanfc of sixty |i.junds, and I 've (jot a nmn who will sign :t, 
and says he will ^ive no trouljlt ali,..jt kirks; in fact, he 'II just do . . . ah . . . 
well, whatever we tt-ll liiiri.' 

•Quit*.' so; nii.^t sati>fact..ry sort of man. Then you'll reduce the rent to 
the old ftj^urc, and put in the name of John Uaxtcr, und let it be for the longest 
p^TicMl we ever jjivc on the tslatc' 

' Hut, Lord KiKpiiidic . . . I . . . did you know * 

' Do as I cnniniaiid you without another word,' and his Lordship was fearful 
to behold. ' Unun tht lei.so liele in ten tiiirmles, find pl.ire it in Mr. Itaxter's 
hands. What I 've j^ot to say to you will keep till Hltcrwanls. 

* Sit down, old friend, sit down ... it was my blame. ... I oujjht to be 
horsc-whipped. . . . Drink a little water. Vou 're better now ? ... I 'II go 
and see that fellow has no trieks in tlie c«jnditions.' Dul he heard Itunibrae say 
one word to hitnself, nnd it was * Jean.* 

'There arc mony tliinys a' wud like tac say, ma Lord.' said Ui;r?ibrac before 
he left, * but a full liert lUMk'i n:w wnrds. Gin liftinx a dark clond aff (he life o* 
a family an' filliu' twa nuld fouk wi* j<'y 'ill ^ie ony nmn peace, ye 'II .slecj> soond 
this nicht in yir eislic. Wh-cn ye p^isv liclow Burnlirae on yir way to the Lod^e 
and sec the smoke curlin' np through tiie trees, ye 'II ken a family 'a hvin' there 
that bless yir name, und will mention it in their prayers.' 

The first man Jiurnbrae met when he came out with the Icai^" in his pocket 
wa-j Dnimsheuj;h, whose business that particular day had kept him wandering 
up and down the street for nearly an hour. 

* Kerp 's a', Biinibrap. is tlmt you ? a' thocht ye were dune wi' that oflitC 
noo. It 's a pair market the diiy ; the dealers are ^^ettiii' the fut cattle for iiae- 
thing.' Hut Drumslieugh's manner had lost its calm finish. 

'A 'ye something tac tell,' said liurnbrae, 'an* yc sud be the first lae hear it. 
Lord Kilspindie 'shame a^'ain, nnd lies settled mc and mine in thcanid place for a 
tack that 'ill luist nm days and deseend tae ma son uiflcr mc. This lies been a 
shairp trial, antl there were times a' wes feared ma faith micht fail ; but it '» ower 
noo, and there's twa men .Jean an* me 'ill remember wi' gr;i tit iide till we dee; ane 
is Doctor D.ividvm aii' (lie ither is ycrsel'. Ye hncht ns through atween ye.' 

'Come awa this mccnut tae the "Kilspimiie Airms," ' nnd Drumslieugh 
seized Buriibrae. * A' ken ye wunna taste, but a 'II dae it for ye ; and yc 'II eat, 
at ony rali^,' and Dr uusheugh, who was sufiposed to dine in secret places at not 
ni'.re than a shillin :. ordered a dinner fit for Lord Kilspindie. He did his best 
to get full value 1 r his money, but before and after, and between the courses, 
he let himself go at large. 

* Ane-atid-twenty year nt a hundred and auehty pund I man, ye *]1 have 
cneuch tae stock a fairm for Jamie and furnish the student's manse I His Lord- 
sliip wes lang o' comin' hame, but, ma certes, he 's pit things richt when he did 
come, -t 's naething '.hort o' handsome, an' worthy o' the Earl. 



CAMPAIONS IN INDIA, AFUICA, AM) KGYl'T isa 

' Ml- 1 * rcsiimi-tl Driinishi'iiKli, * u' licti luiilliinj.' tm- lUit- «i'l it wcs ihc 
d'K'tot's letter 'tit tiid the business; Iicre's tJie his lu-nltli. vir Mn!ii-vfitcr 

cliirie yet? The liic-l.T trif<( lae rniik lichl n' him (lint (iny, ' sp:ik iis If he 
wes Hh'ine nMnnly in Dniiiil. . iily. II<' IliitaUiir.l the minister tjir hi. U<< ; a' 
ht;ini hirn. the upsetlin', ill-iniuihrri-d urattli. " Dinnn he ejist diKm," s;ij,i the 
(loetnr 1 rnc iM)lsiile; "ye hevna seen the end n' tliin Kfime." Tlic nmn 
hve 'lit Clin beiit the dnetnr nhtii his l.irse is up, im' a' never sjiw him wie 
I'osc'd iilnre. 

'Whiir's the fuetor lunt ? ' hursl out Dnifushenc'i nfresh. 'Man, n* wiid 
h •■ hked tac see him when he hmcht in the lease. " J wes hire hefnre ye, and 
i :II he here nil'ter \ c," sail! the .L.tinr. * II et.nie tme; a' jfii- Hie liirlnr " 
h illi, ni>' amtltcr we. k. It '.s wn .h drir hue, hut iliim,! spare il. This , 

iiii' an urdiriitr' day. A' wish we mitc at ■ .1 ndit.ti,' 

Dniin^heii^'li restrained himscir till tlu ..Hikitji train hml r,ii!v ^'..ne— fnr 
he k?uw hrtl.T than to ant ieijr,!.; i,n tteeasiuii— and then he t'-' hired I)ni:a- 
toehl y ripiiiid him. 

* S'eh.-ar.l I hat tlie fieh r <.n!,.r d lliinihn.o tae leave his kirk >• "I. it 'ill he 
fl V hjlf or lie meddle wi' luiitlier man; an' Ihinihrae \us tiie he tmii'cl not »' 
hi, I'airm— it \ the I'aetnr, a 'm jial^'in', an' n<i' niirnhr.ic, 'at "ill need lae seek n 
I file; an' the fiuN •■ wmltiii die u Ita^e fur lil'teeii year-he's hed tae mak jt 
i'"i f.T iinc-atid-twenty ; an' he wuilna tak a raek-nnt n' siixl\ pii:Ht increase 
t.H' let Hurnhrae bide in liis hunse. v.n* his I,nnlship 'ill no' lak a ['n-niiy mnirthan 
Die ■ lid rent. That 's ma news, I'.iik, an' it 's Ihe hc^t a 've heard i'lir monv u 



d 



.!s with IJiirnhrae, In. in \, thertf.n tf> I'ctcf Hmce, 
Jler I'riiifie of Kildnimmie tn rejuiee with them ; hut 



?n they all shn,.k Ii . 
a: i: then they eatlcil in an i 
Hurnhra'' eouM uuly say — 

' Thank ye, frecnds. frac ma hcrl ; ye 'vcheen t/iah nrcburs tac me and mine' 
' ' ' vielory,' >;iid Jamie Si'iitar, ' hut a' can see drawl)aekv.' 



' It 's been a mieh 
'Ay. ay ?' wliic! 
' Naelmdy 'ill he t 
space of a j,'cnera,. 



■- a i'-v.u t[ iiiiiuirv with 
tac t.i! a l.^e or j.lay a 



IIiIIm< 
.(m 



Iriek in DriUidt^Iity for 



Simla, I assumed corn- 
There was no rct'irn tn show the 
iiul the tninps at Kandahar 
1,000 native Soldiers, 



VTII 

FIGHTIiNG AT KANDAHAR 

By Lord Roberts 

Xui: 1st SepU'inher. in accnrdanee with ia-striiclinns fn 

niand f)f the army in soiithem Ai'fihanislan. 

siveiijjth or etimpusiiinn nf tJcneral I'liaxic's ci 

v'A h.ld jiiAvann)unled in ruund numl.or^ ti)38()0 Urifi .h and 

uilh 3K j.Min,s. 

An hour before daybreak the wlmlc of the troops were under onus, and at 
li A.M. I explained to Clenerals Prinirose and K' -is and the i llieers commanding 
brii.;adrs the plan of openilioiis. Hnetly. il was to threaten the enemy's left (the 
li:.')U Wali Kutal) ami to attack in ft.ree by the villiipe of I'ir raimal. . . . 

The vilhtue was carried with the utiiios't gallantry, llijThhuiders and Gurkhas 
jiUvays friendly rivals in the race for pUry, by turns ontst. ipping eaeli other in 
tlicir cHorts to be first witliin its walls. Tlic eiicmy .sullenly i d slowly withdrew, 
u (s'oodly number of ghost's remaining to the ver>' last to receive a bayonet charge 
of the 92nd. . . . 



154 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



In the 2nd Brigade the 72nd Highlanders and the 2nd Sikhs bore the bnint 
of the fighting ; they were the leading battalion, and frequently had to fix bayonets 
to carry different positions or to check the desperate rushes of the Afghans. 

After continued and severe fighting both leading brigades emerged at the 
point of the hill close to Pir Paimal, and, wheeling to their right, they piessed 
rapidly on, sweeping the enemy through the thickly wood^ gardens which 
covered the western slopes, until noon, when f^he whole of Pir Paimal was in our 
possession. . . . 

Having become assured of General Ross's complete success, and seeing that 
there was nuw no necessity for detaining Macgregor's (the 8rd) brigade to meet a 
counter-attack, we pushed on with it to join Ross, who, however, knowing how 
thoroughly he could depend upon his troops, without waiting to be reinforced, 
followed up the retreating foe, until he reached an entrenched position at the other 
side of the Baba Wali Kotal, where .he Afghans made another most determined 
stand. Ghazia in large numbers fluckevi to this spot from tlie rear, while the guns 
on the kotal were turned round and brought to bear on our men, already exposed 
to a heavy artillery fire from behind the entrenched camp. 

It now became necessary to take this position by storm, and recognising the 
fact with true soldierly instinct. Major White, who was leading the advanced 
companies of the 92nd, called upon the men for just one charge more ' to close the 
business.* Tlie battery of screw guns had been shelling the position, and, under 
cover of its fire and supported by a portion of the 2nd Gurkhas and 28rd Pioneers, 
the Highlanders, responding with alacrity to their leader's call, dashed forward 
and drove the enemy from their entrenchments at the ji rit of the bayonet. 

Major White was the first to reach '.he guns, being closely followed by Sepoy 
Inderbri Lama, who, placing his rifie upon one of them, exclaimed, ' Captured in 
the name of the 2n.i ^Prince of Wales' Own) Gurkhas I ' . . . 

The enemy was now absolutely routed. 

I'rom i'orty-one Years in India. 
IX 

TAKHT-I-SHAH 

By Lord Roberts 

The first thing now to be done was to endeavour to drive the Afghans from 
the crest of the Takht-i-Shah. ... It was a most formidable position to attack. 
The slopes leading up to it were covered with huge masses of jagged rock, inter- 
sected by perpend'cular cliffs, and its natural great strength was increased by 
breastworks, and stockades thrown up at different points. . . . 

Large bodies of the enemy were moving up the slope of the ridge from the 
villages near Beni Hissar. To check this movement and prevent the already very 
difficult Afi^Iian position being still further strengthened, Major White, who was 
in command of the leading portion of the attacking party, turned and made for 
the nearest point on the ridge. It was now a race between the Highlanders and 
the Afghans as to who should gain the crest of the ridge first. The artillery came 
into action at a range of twelve hundred yards, and under cover of their fire the 
92nd, lupportcd by the Guides, rushed up the steep slopes. They were met by a 
furious onslaught, and a desperate conflict took place. The leading officer, 
Lieutenant Forbes, a lad of great promise, was killed, and Colour-Sergeant 
Drummond fell by his side. For a moment even the brave Highlanders were 
staggered by tlie numbers and fury of their antagonists, but only for a moment. 
Lieutenant Dick Cunynghame sprang forward to cheer them on, and confidence 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT 1S5 

was restored With a wild shout the Highlanders threw themselves on the 
Afghans, and quieliiy succeeded in driving them down tlie further side of the 
ndge. 

From t'oH'j'tiiie i'l'iirv ift hitlia. 



TEL-EL- KEBIR 
Byy.CronA 

On tlie niglit of the 12th of September the British army was five miles distant 
from Tel-el-Kebrr. Then Sir Garnet Wolseley gave the crucial order. The arniv 
was at 1 A.M. to march in the darkness of the night right up to the trenches of 
the enemy without firmg a shot, then carry them by storm the moment they were 
reached. ... ' 

tt '"'u' British bugles rang out, and with lusty cheers the HiglJanders broke into 
the charge. Without a moment's pause or hesitation,' writes General Hamlev, 
the ranks sprang forward in steady array. Their distance from the blazing line 
of entrenchment was judged to be about a hundred and fifty yards. On tluit 
interval nearly two hundred men went down, the 74th on the left losing five 
officers and sixty men before it got to the ditch. This obstacle was six feet wide 
and four deep, and leyond was a parapet of four feet high." 

' On "'« "Slit of the Brigade,' continues Alison, ' the advance of the Black 
VVatch was arrested, in order to detach some companies against a strong redoubt, 
the artillery from which was now in the breaking light playing heavily on General 
Graham's brigade and our own advancing guns. So earnest were the Egyptian 
gunnera here that they were actually bayoneted after the redoubt had been 
entered from the rear whilst still working their pieces. Thus it came about that, 
from both the flank battalions of the brigade being delayed, the charge straight 
to their front of the Gordon and Cameron Highlanders in the centre caused these 
to become the apex of a wedge thrust into the enemy's line. The advance of these 
battalions was stoutly opposed by the Egyptians of the Jst or Guard regiment, 
who tell back sullenly before them, and our men also suffered heavily from a severe 
flank fire from an inner line of works. Here one of those cheeks occurred to 
which troops are always liable in a stiff flght, and a small portion of our line, 
reeling beneath the flank Are, for a moment fell back. It was then a goodly siclit 
to see how nobly Sir Edward Hamley, my division leader, threw himself amongst 
the men and .-midst a very storm of shot led them back to the front. Here, too, 
I must do justice to the Egyptian soldiers. I never saw men fight more steadilv 
Retiring up a line of works which we had taken in flank, they rallied at every 
re-entering angle, at every battery, at every redoubt, and renewed the light, 
iour or five times we had to close upon them with the bayonet, and I saw these 
men fighting hard when their oflicers were flying. At this time it was a noble 
sight to see the Gordon and Cameron Highlanders, now mingled together in 
the confusion of the fight, their young oflicers leading with waving swords, thrir 
pipes screaming, and that proud smile on the lips and that bright gleam in the 
eyes of the men which you see only in the hour of successful battle. At length 
the summit of the gentle slope we were ascending was reached, and we looked 
down upon the camp of Arab! lying defenceless before us." 

With the characteristic modesty of a true soldier, General Alison notices the 
heroism of another, but takes no thought of his own. While he dwells with 
pleasure on the ' goodly sight ' of General Hamley leading the men to the front 
m the thick of the fight, it is left to General Ilamlcv to tell how his Brigadier 



156 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



behaved, and how in the front line, along with the colonel of llic "lllh, was Sir 
Archibald Alison on foot. Brave leaders these of brave men — fit soldiers to lead 
to victory the Highland Brigade I 

The performances of the Seaforthlliglibmlcrsl-andjiittachod to General Herbert 
Mncpherson's Brigade have not fallen within the scope of onr narrative of the 
Work of the Highland Brigade. Yet the 72nd did good work in the campaign. 
They were the hardened heroes who had done the march from Cabal to Candahar, 
and had little more than landed from the East when two hundred of them advanced 
and engaged the enemy at Chalouffe. Their dash anil coolness carried the day ; 
the place was captured, the enemy was routed, leaving over a hundretl dead and 
wounded, and the waters of the Sweet Water Canal were allowed to flow. The 
rc^nment continued its advance with the Indian coi;tingent, performing its full 
sh ire of the hard toil and harassing duties. In the final dash on the enemy at 
T<l-el-Kcbir it charged with all the fiery enthusiasm which had marked" the 
conduct of the ' Albany's ' at the Peiwar Kotal, Cabul and Candahar, and, ably 
leil by Macpherson, was soon swiftly following the fleeing rebels. 

From Thp llliihtiml llnfii'le. 

XI 

THE BLACK WATCH AT TAMAI 

'i !ir. hiiltif ul' XiiniJii . , . jirovod one (.1" tlic niu^t tryiii*,' enfiarrtinciits in which 
n Uritish force liud ever eiiHiiKC*!. On the morning of the 13th of March, 1884, 
tlie British troops marclicd out from Buker's zarebu in double square, the Second 
Jlrigiide, under General Davie, beinp eoinposcd of the 42nd Hii^liliinders and 
tijth regiment, guns beinj; in front itnd tlie Marines in the rear. This square 
ndvanced firinjj against the enemy who were evidently in strong force in front, 
and occupying,' ground well suited' to itirnnl cover and" concealment. At length 
the crowd of Arabs in front thickened, and they began to rush upon the square, 
tlie right fliink of which was skirted by a deep nullah. The 42nd first half- 
baltalion were ordered to char^'e, and as thry did so straight ahead, and met 
w!;ere the enemy was strongest, a wild ycMiiig suddenly arose from the nullah 
on the right, and hordes of Arabs were seen suddenly springing up from their 
cc ucealment, and rushing furiously against the flank, now unfortuniitely opened 
by the charging movement in front. On crowtled the Arabs, and the tiank and 
front opened a furiou.s fire to cheek their wikl advance, lint it was futile. Sud- 
denly a confused roar rose above the din of eoiifhct, and it took but a glance 
from onlookers to see that something was sadly wrong. The wild Hndeudowas 
had reached the square, and were forcing it back. The open gap in the forma- 
tion had been discovered by the enemy, and llicy liad got inside, slnshiug and 
Bitearing with all their fury. The fighting grew des[)erate. British officers and 
men saw the disaster tliat was facing them, and strove their utmost to retrieve 
the day. But the blue-jackets, driven back, lost their guns, and the front and 
right flar.k of the square were beginning to press on the rear ranks. Inside, every 
m.mof whatever rank and profession joined in the fight. There was no stampede, 
no rout. The 65th and the Highlanders were falling back, but they were fighting 
every inch of the way, and every man conquered or died with his face to his 
s:-vftge foe. A correspondent, who had been in Baker's ill-fated square at 
KI Teb, thought he saw the same picture again presented to his eye, but he recog- 
nised the difference. Instead of faltering, cringing Egyptians fleeing before the 
naked howHng Arabs, here were vaUant British soldiers, fighting for honour and 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT 157 

country bearing themselves proudly in the dire conflict ; and with passions 
thorouRlily n.uscd and the battle fervour bounding in their veins, they buHeted 
with flst and foot, and struck with butt and steel the desperate fanatics 
who crawled and dodged, leaped and yelled, and slashed in and around the 
square. . . , 

At length the grand example of our ofllcers and the heroic determination of 
the men checked the fearful o.,slauKht. The tide of the movement turned. 
Shoulder to shoulder the 42nd and U«th stood fu-iu, then advanced against the 
enemy slowly at fu-st, then quickly as they felt the triumph of conquest rekindle 
within their breasts. Then their wild cheers rose on the air above the roar of 
musketry ; the crisis had passed, the HadencloWiis wire bcaldi. 

i-'rom J. Cromlt'a 7/it lliyliiund llrijjude. 

Peitate Thomas Edwards, of the 42nd Hoyal Highlanders, was on transport 
duty at the battle of Taniai, in charge of two mules loaded with Catling amniUMi- 
tion for the left half battery ; and when at No. 1 gun, with Lieutenant Alinack 
and a bluejacket, the ' Fuzzy Wuzzies' made a rush and surrounded them 

VVeanng the well-known kilt of the brave ' Black Watch ' witli their familiar 
red hackle in his felt helmet, he saw the sailor fall under his gun with a spear in 
his stomach, and at the same time the Bcrce Soudanese came at him, and were 
promptly spitted on his bayonet. 

Lieutenant Almack, sword and revolver in hand, charged another sava"e 
and ran hini through, but ere he could disengage, a tremendous cut nearly severed 
his right arm, and he reeled up against the guns. 

Edwards loaded and shot the Soudanese, but before he could interpose to 
save hiin three more leaped upon the helpless naval oflicer and speared him, 
his revolver dangling empty from the lanyard that fastened it to his wrist. 

Edwards received a wound on tlie back of his right hand when lunging at a 
native ; but one man against a score could do little, and seeing that Mr. Almack"s 
case was hopeless, he retired with his mules, loading and flruig repeatedly on the 
enemy to keep them back. 

_ He did what he could, and was fortunate in being able to save the amniuni- 
hon, owing his life entirely to a cool head and flne nerve, as never in any war had 
British troops a more desperate and fearless cncniv to contend with than in the 
pnrched-up, thirsty, horrible Soudan. 

riuiii 1). f. Farry'ti The I'.C. 

XII 

KHARTOUM 

By C. G. D. Roberts 

Set in the fierce red desert for a sword. 
Drawn and deep driven implacably 1 The tide 
Of scorching sand that chafes thy landward side 
Stormjng thy palms ; and past thy front out-poured 
The Nile's vast dread and wonder I Late there roared 
(Uliile far off paused the long war, long definl) 
Mad tumult thro' thy streets ; and Gordon died. 
Slaughtered amid the yelling rebel horde 1 
Yet spite of shame and wrathful tears, Khartoum, 
We owe thee certain thanks, for thou hast shown 
How still the one a thousand crowds outweighs— 



158 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Still one man's mood sways millions — one man's doom 
Smites nations — and our burning spirits own 
Not sordid these nor unheruic davs I 



THS KING'S OWN SCOTTISH BORDERERS AT CHITRAL 
By J. Cromb 

While the Sikhs were toiling manfully up the slopes, the Gordons, along with 
thL Scottish Borderers, worked up the centre of the pass. The order for the main 
assault was given, and the (Jordons, branching off to the ri^ht, began the ascent. 
Slowly but surely tlay made their way up the tortuous ar:d steep hillsides. The 
Pathan contested every stip and many a gallant Gordon bit the dust before the 
crest was reached. Bullets splashed the mud on every side of them, but the 
Highlanders stuck manfully to their task, only stoppmg now and then to haul 
each other up a more than usually precipitous part of the hill. The first to 
reach the top of the ridge was Lieutenant Watt of the Gordons. He was set 
upon by half a dozen Pathans. Two of them went down under his revolver ; 
and then as his men had not yet reached the last ridge he jumped down until a 
fuller rush could be made. Lieutenant Watt had his shoulder-strap carried away 
by a bullci, which first ptissed through the brain of a corporal. 

A foothold was at last gained on the summit, and the Gordons and the 
Borderers soon cleared the defenders out at the point of the bayonet. The worst 
of the fighting was now ov.i, and these two regiments bivouacked on the ground 
they had so gallantly won, while the Bedfords and Dogras drove the enemy across 
the ridge behind Malakand into the Swat valley beyond Khand. 

Frnm The Ui<jhland Drigndp, 
XIV 

PIPER FINDLATER AT DARGAI 

By D. C. Parry 

It was close upon 2.80 when the final attempt was made, and it was preceded 

by an incident which recalls the old days when the commanding officer, removing 

his hat, harangued his men before going in. 

After a message had been heliograplied for a concentrated fire of guns on the 
peak, Lieutenant-Colonel Mathias, a gallant Welshman, turned to the regiment, 
and in words now historic, said, ' Gordon Highlanders, the General has ordered 
that position to Le taken at all costs — the Gordons will t ';e it 1 * 

Then Major Macbean sprang out of cover at the head of his company, and 
with a yell the Gordons swarmed from the protecting ridge into the zone of fire. 

Led by Colonel Mathias, with Macbean on his right and Lieutenant A. F. 
Gordon on his left — with the pipes skirling the ' Cock of the North ' — the irresistible 
mass of waving kilts and white helmets swept on for the first rush. 

A murderous hail tore up the dust in the hollow ; Macbean went down, but 
cheered his men on as they passed by him. 

Piper Findiater fell, shot through both feet, but, struggling into ,i sitting 
posture, continued to play, like more than one Scottish piper in the brave 
Peninsular days. 

The first rush was followed by a second, officers leading, and then by a third, 
and in forty minutes they had done the business with a roll of three officers and 
tliirty men either killed or wounded. 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT 1S9 

A« the leading companies breasted the steep zig-zag patli, the troops on the 
other side of the basin followed in support, and the enemy, terrified at all this 
valour, scuttled down the opposite slopes of the lull, leaving little for the British 
bayonet to accomplish when it gained the . m t I 

But many brave deeds had been done mean-.vhile, among them that of Private 
Ijawson, who under heavy Are carried Lieutenant Dingwall out of danger, and 
then ran back to pick up Private Macmillan, receiving two wounds himself 

It was pt first reported that Pijicr Jlilne had been the hero of Dargai— Milne 
was shot through the bagpipes in the Chitral campaign-but the official gaiette 
settled the matter by awarding the V.C. to Piper G. Findlater, No. 2591. and for 
several months he was probably one of the most talked-of men in the British Isles 

His pluck was undoubted, and fine was the example he set j moreover his act 
was of so dramatic a nature as to win the approval of every one with an eye to 
effect, and when, at Nctley Hospital, her Majesty rather than allow her wounded 
soldier to stand, rose in her wheeled chair to pin the Cross on his breast, his 
triumph was complete. 

I remember how he was cheered to the echo when, at the Military Tournament 
he entered the arena, with the grey-coated pipers of the Gordons, a stout, short- 
necked man with a suggestive double limp that told of Dargai wounds but barely 



From Tht V.C. 



XV 

DARGAI RIDGE 

By Theodore Goodridge Roberts 

Thank God, I have in my laggard blood 

The vim of the Englishman, 
Which is second to none from North to South, 

Save the fire of the Scottish clan— 
Suve the blood of the lads who died 

On the rocky mountain-side, 
And went to the hell of the heated guns 

As a lover goes to his bride. 

The Gurkhas laughed at the whining balls— 

And they were of alien race, 
And the English drave at the smoking rocks 

And their subalterns set the p.^ce. 
Oh, the blood of the lads who fell 

When the valley lay in a I '' ; 
Thank G(.d, that the men i. East and West 

Cheer at the talc they teli. 

The Gurkhas jay in the slaughfer-plaee. 

Save a few that had battled through— 
Their brown brave faces raised to the steep 

Where the flags if the marksman flew — 
Their great souls cheering still 

(Souls that no ball could kill) 
Unto the cars of the few who crouched 

Under the crooked hill. 



uo 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

The English went as maids to a dance 

Or hounds to the huntsman's call. 
And the English lay in the valley-lap 

And smeared their blood on the wall. 
Ob, the blood that knows no shame 

And the valour clear of blame, 
Thank God that the world is f^ about 

With the gold of an English name. 

Then the men of the Gordon Highlanders 

With their bagpipes shrilling free — 
The lads of the heather pasture -side. 

The lads of the unclad knee. 
Charged— wh-. -e their friends lay dead — 

Over the green and red 
To the cry of the regimental pipes 

And the flip of the killing lead. 

They passed the level of sprawling shapes 

And the valley of reeking death, 
They struck the rocks of the mountain-pass 

Where the smoke blew up like breath. 
Little they thought of fame 

Or the lifting of a name ; 
They only thought of the mountain-crest 

And the circle of spitting flame. 

Thank God, I find in my lagging blood. 

Deep down, the fire of a man. 
And the heart that shakes with a mad delight 

At the name of a Highland clan, 
At the name oi the lods who died 

On the rocl'y mountain-side, 
And went to the hell of the heated guns 

As a lover goes to his bride. 



XVI 

IHI?: SEAFORTHS AND CAMERONS AT ATBARA 
By G. W, Steevens 

The bugle sang out the advance. The pipes screamed battle, and the line started 
forward, like a ruler dra^i-n over the tussock-broken sand. Up a low ridge they 
moved forward : when would the Dervishes fire ? The Camerons were to open 
from the top of the ridge, only three himdred yards short of the zariba. . , . Now 
the line crested the ridge— and men knelt down. * Volley-firing by sections '— 
and crash it came. . . . The line knelt very firm, and aimed very steady, and 
crash, crash, crash they answered it. . . . 

Bugle again, and up and on . . . the line of khaki and purple tartan never 
bent nor swaved. . . . The officers at its head strode self-coutainedly— they 
might have been on the hill after red-deer only from their locked faces turned 
unswervingly towards the bullets could you see that they knew and had despised 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND tGYPT m 

the dungera. And the unkempt, unshaven Tomniiis, whci in camp hthuviil liltl.- 
enough hke Covenanters or Ironsides, were now quite transformed. It wu> not 
so difficult to go on— the pipes picked you up and carried you on— but it was 
diffleult not to hurry ; yet whtMicr they aimed or advanced tliey did it onlcrly, 
gravely, without speaking. The bullets had whispered to raw youngsters in one 
breath the secret of all the glories of the British army. . . 

Now they were moving, always without hurry, down a gravellv incline. Three 
men went down without a cry at the very foot of the Union Jack, and c;ily one 
got to his feet again ; the Hag shook itself and still blazed splendidly. Next a 
supremi'.y furious gust of bullets, and suddenly the line stood last. Before it 
was a loose low hedge of dry camel-thorn -the zariba, the redoubtable zariba. . . . 
Just half a dozen tugs, and the impossible zariba was a gap anil a scattered henii 
of brushwood. Beyond is a low stockade and trenches j but what of that ' 
Over and in I Hurrah, hurrah, hurrah I 

Now the inside suddenly sprang to lif,\ Out of the earth came dusty, black, 
half-naked shapes, running, running and turning to shoot, but running away. 
And in a second the inside was a wild confusion of IliKlilanders, purple tartan 
and black-green, too, for '.he Seaforths had brought their perfect column through 
the teeth of the Hre, and were charging in at the yap. Inside that zariba was 
the most astounding labyrinth ever seen out of a nightmare. , . . There was no 
plan or system in il, only mere confusion of stumbling-block and pitfall. ... It 
took some company-leading ... but the otB.ers were equal to it : each pieked 
his line am', ran it, and if a lew of his company were lost— kneeling by green-faced 
comrades cr vaguely bayoneting alonf> with a couple of chance companions— 
they kept the mass centred on the work in hand. 

For now began the killing. Bullet and bayonet and butt, the whirlwind of 
Highlanders swept over. AnJ by this time the Lincolns were in on the right, and 
the Maxims, galloping right up to the stockade, had withered the left, and the 
Warwicks, the enemy's cavalry definitely gone, were vollcving off the 1 'acks as 
your beard comes off under a keen razor. Farther pnd farther they cLared the 
ground— cleared it of everything hke a living man, for it was left carpeted thick 
enough with dead. Here was a trench ; bayonet that man. Here a little straw 
tuki I warily round to the door, and then a volley. Now in column through this 
opening in the bushes ; then into line ; and drop those desperately firing shadows 
among the dry stems beyond. For the running blacks— poor heroes— still flred, 
t hough every second they fired less and ran more. And on, on the British stumbled 
and slew, till siuldenly there was unbroken blue overhead, and a clear drop under- 
foot. The river I And across the trickle of water the quarter-mile of dry sand- 
bed was a fly-paper with scrambling spots of black. The pursuers thronged the 
bank in double line, and in two minutes the paper was still black-spotted, only 
the spots scrambled no more. ' Now that,' panted the most pessimistic senior 
captain in the brigade — ' Now I call that a very good fiiht.' 

From li'fift Kit'-kfwr tt k'li '-turn. 



THE RECORD OF THE GORDONS 

By Thomas F. G. Coates 

SxYLEr regimental!;- t'... .y..nd Highlanders, it is as ' Tne Gordons ' that they 

arc popularly known both to the army and to the public. There have always 

beer, a family of Gordons in Scotland. They have marked many a brilliant 

paje of history, and have been notable especially in the district around Aberdeen 



163 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



fur several centuries. Not least anioiii^^t their dee«U is the esUblislunent of this 
fine regiment. It was ' kiucd into xistcnce ' «t the close of the eighteenth 
century by the then Duchess of Gordon (n4e Jane Maxwell), wife of the fourth 
duke. Of the duke, Mr. James Milne, in lus interesting book about the regiment — 
The Gordon IlighlaruUrt : Being the itory oftheae lionnie Fightera, remarli : * He 
was the " Cock o' the North," but (wrhaps the Duchess, with her romping spirit, 
pot infrequently played the tune.' 

In their early years the regiment served in Ireland, in Spain, Corsica. Elba, 
and in Holland. They had quiet times in the beginning of their career. Greater 
activity followed. They had a brush with the French at £gmnut-op-Zee, where 
they gave proof of the mettle of which they were made, and scored their flnt 
victory. 

Next they had a turn in Egypt and greatly distinguished themselves, and 
lessened their numbers. At Alexandria they played a conspicuous part, and 
considerably aided Sir Ralph Abercromby to defeat the French ui»d r Mensu on 
March 21, 1801. They enga'jed in the operations against Cor>enhagen, and it 
January 1809 were performing valiant deeds in the Peninsu'a. The regiment 
took part in the battle of Corunna, where the British army, some 15,000 strong, 
under the command of Sir John Moore was attacked by more than 20,000 French. 
They fought one of the hottest engagements of that severe conflict, and they won. 
The casualties amongst the British troops were heavy in that engagement, but 
Ihtii enemy's loss was far greater. The British army gained a notable victory, 
and the Gordon Highlanders did their part in the winning of it. This was the 
battle in which Sir John Moore was killed, h^^ving been badly woundsd by a shell. 
He died in the hour of victory. 

The Gordons were at Torres Vedras in tht following year, and throughout 
the Peninsular wars they maintained a disthiguislied reputation, engaging in 
many severe struggles, and earning by their deeds the warm eulogies of the Duke 
of WeUington. 

At Almarez the Gorilcns did heroic deeds. They were at the great engagement 
of Vittoria. There the Duke of Wellington, on June 21, 1818, beat the French 
army commanded by Joseph Buonaparte, King of Spain, and Marshal Jourdan. 
The men engaged on either side were about 60,000. The battle raged long and 
furiously. The British won a magnificent victory, but they <ost 500 oflicers and 
men killed, and nearly SOOO wounded. And the Gordon Highlanders suffered 
severely. Marshal Jourdan lost all his guns and ammunition, and his marshal's 
baton to boot, and the Gordon Highlanders helped him to that loss. They were 
told at Maza, Mr. Milne relates, that the strain of their fine work had been so 
severe that they must be dead beat, and would nut be able to take part in the 
charge. Weary they were with hard fighting, but the Gordons went into the 
charge nevertheless, and into the front of it, and another British victory was 
won. The story of St. Pierre is a repetition of this. The Gordon Highlanders 
were very much in it, and success came again. 

So the story runs on. Where the fight v,'as iiottest they desired to be, and they 
often had their desire fully satisfied. Wherever liicy fought they added honours 
to their name. Time after time in that memorable Peninsular campaign were 
ths Gordon Highlanders as hard at work as any of the service, always fighting 
well and bravely, following one briUiant piece of work with another, and so on 
till the great day of Waterloo in ^jlgium, when Wellington fought and finally 
defeated the great Napoleon. 

In the Waterloo fight there were engaged on the one side the French army 
of 72,000 men and 246 guns under Napoleon. The Duke of WeUington pitted 



CAMPAIGNS IN INDIA, AFRICA, AND EGYPT loa 

Z„.r ^ *^Jf' ?,' ";' DucliM. of Gordon of the kiun. .nd ColonH Cameron 
of the Gordon H.ghlanden w.. one of tho«e ,.re«nt at h, . I«d, ih 'i bLll T^^ 
wo. on June IS 1814. Quatre Bras earae' the next diy It wa, there Jf. 

ofWellington to n.ive against the French hne. Th'! duke's an>wer wL. .trik n. 

Have patience,' «.,d he, • yo-i '11 have plenty of work hv a^d h J '^;. h '• 

patience! The duke knew well how kee*^ f„r\h.Zht thoL t^n Jw;,^!™ 

M7«r.te';r::t'"th: Zom t" "•^r'-' "^ "-^ wh™ thrti:ra"me ToTi" 

^rtt^t^ete^y't.^g^ittn'b^r^rtli'.^'.rve^t^^^^^^^ 

trt'tt\^"i''1,\f r"'^"'' '^'^-"° "°t^^^^^^^^ 

It thrir. " H'*"'"-"™ '""1 I^rformed their t«k and knew that thiday 

.h-'^L^'''.''^j*t' ^°"'™ Highlanders were on the left of the British line and 
.tn,^. "A''"' ^".""'""S '"' "O'-l' "hilst Na,K.leon wa. having h touih«t 
■tnigglc. At a critical moment in the fortunes of the day the Gordoni had thrir 
onged-for order,. Galloping up to them Sir Denis Pack brSughrthe ord r rom 
the duke, and he conveyed the message in these terms, ' Mnd yl»m^n,\'n^r- 

Frr'Jh'S"''''^ of the Highlanders had amazed, and in a degree shaken the 
Jrench column, which thus proved ill able to reocl a bold «ttA..k ltZ.1 .i 
driving of a small solid body'^into a loose ma^s.^^^A ?he mome'nTup cl nled Z 

UniL f '"'*'•"'; " ^^\^" " ™™ between the horsemen aSd th High! 
landers. In some instances the latter clung to the stirnm leathers nf .h .„V.!,. 
he better to get d-p i,,t„ . fight which bLme IZT " Scotrand fSr eve" " 
rose the cry at that perfect feat of arms, and we still hear -t 

You have saved the day, Highlanders," Sir Denis Pack declared " but vou 
must return to your position-there is more work to be done." ' " 

of iJT^^c^'n "' '"'*'"' P''''"'' ^ «'°"°"' P'" '" 'he crushing and final defeat 

wei^rttX:^cd!'^s^b:'e^;;:„'?^Thfyrw%r^^ 

LT- ,?'('°?^P"'J," "" I""'™" MuUnT, buTh e ^1° he'y^didToTgem; 
fighting they desired. Plenty was to come, however, and it came with the Afihi^ 
th^ r^"" '^ 1°"^°" Hiehlanders went, and this time ™ "he™ wis a™ 
them. A«am our hero was with them at that dread Majuba dav in SoSh 

the hardest fate for a soldier to endure. The 91ind subscqu.=ntly absorbed the 7Sth 



164 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



and til caiiu' t III' 'iiiil buttiiliitii (iunlmi llifjlil.itnlirs. Tlivy Krvrd with dutinction in 
Egypt u((Aii<^' Arubi, unit tlity were thr lu tuik or Dar^fti. which they took while 
thrir wnumlod piprrt, including Findlutrr, pinycd the ' C'lK'k u' the North.* it wm 
there tlmt Culoiu-I Mathian, on OctotH-r 'JU, lHt>7, addressed them in a brief Hiirech 
which shows the way the coTiimuiulers of the Uordun Highlandrn have alwayi 
known the spirit of their nun :— ■ 

* Men ut' Lhi' Gordon lli){hhinden» : 

' The uenirtil \\ii> ordered that position to lie tukcn ut uny cuxt. 

' The liordon Hi;ihlunc|ers will tukc it I ' 

All the worltl knows how the fainoiis n '^inicnt performed the task. It was uf 
them that the lute Sir William Loekliurt rtinurketl in eonneetjun with tliiit ^reat 
achievement : ' When I ({uve iirdcr<t for the tukitifi uf Dar^iii by the Gordon High- 
landers, it wuH Huid to mr that I miKht us well attempt tu take an army up into 
the clouds. Wherever Seotsinen (jo, however, w* nlways mnna^e to do very 
well.' 

l-'rum Hnt'ir Mnrdniiiihl ; or thi- I'niitif uho bfcarnt ii Omrral. 






iii¥^m 




CHAPTER X 

South Africa 

1881-1901 
I 

THE QUEEN'S OWN CAMERON HIGHLANDERS 
The Story oj the Regiment 

The (Ja.uerons «cre raised in 1793 by Sir Ala,, tai„iroi, ,,r J-:,rach, «ho liad 
fought as n volunteer „, a Driti.h cavalry corps iluri,,^- the Anieriean War 
of Independence. He drew the first reertiit.s fro,n a„,„n^" the ,nen,ber.s of his 
r.„ ■ h'" '"7"'^»»-*"'''. '""' (sut-eeeding to the n„„,l,cr of a reciment that had 
.een disbanded some nine years before) the Regiment ca.„c i„l„ bdng as the 79th 
H,ghland-Caniero,na,i Volunteers), changing its name lo tlie rull, (Cameron 

nltnd^r B '"'*■ /" '*r i "'" ^•'-"^d as the 71.th (QueenVs Own (■a,",™;" 

Oueen's n>t' ^=8""«" = J! '"'; <l'''™rdi„g its nun.ber, has hern known as the 

Queen s Own Cameron H.gl,landers since 1881. Until r«t„l vcars it had only 

one Hcgular battalion. " - 

The principal campaigns und battles of the Cameroiis include ■ 

Flanders, 1704-3. ~ - 

Nimeguen, 1794. 

Egmont-op-Zec, 1799. 

Quiberoii, 1800. 

Vigo, 1800. 

Cadiz, 1800. 

Mandora, 1801. 

Egj'pt, 1801. 

Alexandi-ia, 1801. 

Copenhagen, 1807. 

Peninsula, 1808-14. 

Corunna, 1809. 

Flushing, 1809. 



Cadiz, 1810. 
J'uentcs d'Oiiori), 1811. 
Salamanca, 1812. 
Burgos, 1812. 
Pyrenees, 181.3. 
Nivelle, 1818. 
Xivc, 1818. 
Toulouse, 181 +. 
Qaatre Bras, 1815. 
Waterloo, 1813. 
Netherlands, ISIj. 
Crimea, 1854-C. 
Alma, 1854. 



Dalaclava, 1834. 
.Sevastopol, 1853. 
Indian Mutiny, l.SjS, 
I.ucknow, 1858. 
Asliank'e, 1871. 
i:svpl, 1882. 
Tcl-el-Kebir, 1882. 
N'ilo, 1884-5. 
Atbara, 1898. 
Khartoum, 1899. 
.South Africa, 1899-1902, 



imond Hill, 1900. 



II 

THE PRINCESS LOUISE'S (ARGYLL AND SUTHERI \XD 

HIGHLANDERS) 
The Story oJ the Regiment 

The Argylls u,id Sutherlands were originally two more distinctively separate 
corps than the two battalions of most regiments have been. The Argyll' were 
raised at btir ing by the Duke of Argyll, as the 9811, (Arpvllshire llishlanders) 
Regunent of loot, in 1794 ; were re-numbered the 91st in 179(i ; and in 1809 re- 
linquished their distinctive title ami were known liv li.e ri,i„iber onlv At the 
same tune the Highl.ind dress was temporarily abandoncil, i„ deference to an 
omcial notion that it discouraged recruiting. In 1821 the regiment became the 



166 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



Olst (ArgylUhire) Regiment of Foot; in 1864, the 91st (Argyllshire) Highlanders; 
and in 1872 the Olst (Princess Louise's Argyllshire) Highlanders. 

The Sutherlands were raised in 1800 by the Eurl of Sutherland, and gazetted 
as the 98rd Highlanders ; varying this title in 1861 to the 98rd (Sutherland 
Highlanders) ; and in 1881 the two regiments were united under their present 
name, as the 1st and 2nd battalions of the Princess Louise's (Argyll and 
Sutherland Highlanders), the following being the principal campaigns and battles 
in which one or both of them have fought : 



America, 1779- 83. 
Guiana, 1706. 

Cape of Good Hope, 1S06. 
Peninsula, 1808-1-*. 
Roloia, 1808. 
Vimitra, 1808. 
Corunna, 1800. 
Flushing, 1800. 
Talavera, 1809. 
Pyrenees, 18 IS 
Nivclle, 1818. 
Nive, 1818. 
Orthes. 1814. 



Toulouse, 1814. 
Bayonnc, 1814. 
Netheriands, 1814-13. 
Bergen -op- Zoom, 1814. 
Antwerp, 1814. 
New Orleans, 1815. 
Canada, 1838. 
South Africa, 184G-7. 
South Africa, 1851-3. 
Crimea, 1834-6. 
Alma, 18M. 
Balaclava. 1834. 
Kcrtch, 1854. 



Yenikale, 1854. 
Sevastopol, 1855. 
Indian Mutiny, 1857-8. 
Lucknow, 1857. 
Kohitcund, 1858. 
South Africa, 1879. 
South Africa, 1809-1902. 
Elondslaagte, 1899. 
Modder River, 1899, 
Magcrefontein, 1890. 
Paardeberg, 1900. 
Thubanchu, 1900. 



MAJUBA HILL (i88i) 
By Mark Lovell 

The Gordons were attached to Sir Evelyn Wood's column, about a hundred and 
fifty being present on the fatal occasion of Majuba Hill. Here Majors Hay and 
Singleton, with Lieutenants Hector Macdonald, Ian Hamilton, and Ian Afac- 
donald, behaved with signal courage and devotion to duty in the whirlwind 
of destruction that enveloped the devoted band of seven hundred. Longer than 
appeared possible they held their own against the hail of bullets that fell amongst 
them ; then officers, revolver in hand, tried in vain to check the rout that seemed 
to be imminent, whilst above the sound of gun-shots, the hoarse cries of pain, and 
the triumphant shouts of the foe. Major Hay's calm and cheery voice was heard, 
* Men of the Ninety-Second, don't forget your bayonets I ' 

The exhortation was not unheeded. Again and again the Boers, with fierce 
and exultant shouts, swarmed up the side of the hill, and made furious attempts 
to carry it at a rush, but each time were driven back by the bayonets, many of 
wliich were dyed with blood. Then came the end. The Times report stated 
that * the handful of Highlanders were the last to leave the hill, and remained 
there throwing down stones on the Boers and receiving them at the point of the 
bayonet.' 

The end of that terrible struggle found Hector Macdonald a prisoner in 
the hands of the enemy. He had been captured fighting, and had only sub- 
mitted to superior force. One of the Boers who approached to receive the 
submission of the heroic British remnant which still remained imscathed 
was attracted by the sporran of the stalwart Highlander, and snatched at it. 
Still holding insult worse than death, the young lieutenant struck down his ill- 
mannered foe. Death for the desperate prisoner seemed at this crisis to be 
certain, but the kind fortune which had hitherto protected the almost recklessly 



SOUTH AFRICA 



167 



brave young Scotsman did not desert him in this his gravest and worst extremity. 
Upon a second Boer arriving to dispatch the lieutenant with his rifle, the first one 
generously interposed, forgiving the blow that had laid him prostrate, and saying, 
' No, he is a brave man, too good to kill. Let him live I ' 



From fi/fliling Mm; 



THE GORDONS AT ELANDSLAAGTE 
By G. W. Steevens 

Elandslaaote is a little village and railway station seventeen miles north-east of 
Ladysmith, and ... on all grounds it was desirable to smash Elandslaagte. . . . 

About half-past two we turned and beheld the columns coming up behind us. 
The aist Field Battery, the 5th Lancers, the Nutiil Mounted Volunteers on the 
road ; the other half of the Devons and half the Gjrdon Highlanders on their 
tisins— total, with what we had, say something short of three thousand men and 
eighteen guns. It was battle. 

The trains drew up and vomited khaki into the meadow . . . then a masa 
of khaki topping a dark foundation— the kilts of the Highlanders. . . . 

The attack was to be made on their front and their left flank — along the hog- 
back of the big kopje. The Devons on our left formed for the front attack ; the 
Manchesters met on the right, the Gordons edged out to the extreme rightwaid 
base, with the long, long boulder-freckled face above them. The guns flung 
shrapnel across the valley ; the watchful cavahy were in leash, stminmg towards 
the enemy's flanks. It was about a quarter to five, and it seemed curiously dark 
for the time of day. 

No wonder — for as the men moved forward before the enemy the heaven? 
were opened. From the eastern sky swept a sheer sheet of rain. With the first 
swabbing drops horses turned their heads away, trembling, and no whip or 
spur could bring them up to it. It drove through mackintoshes as if they were 
blotting-paper. The air was filled with hissing, underfoot you could see solid 
earth melting into mud, and mud flowing away in water. It blotted out hill 
and dale and enemy in one grey curtain of swooping water. Yon would have 
said that the hea . is had opened to drown the wrath of men. And thro' it the 
gims still thundered and the khaki columns pushed doggedly on. 

Tie infantry came along the boulders aitd began to open out. The supports 
and reserves followed up. And then, in a twinkling, on the stone-pitted hill- 
face burst loose that other storm — the storm of lead, of blood, of death. In a 
twinkling the first line were Hqwit behind rocks firing fast, and the bullets came 
flicking round them. Men stopped and started, staggered and dropped limply 
as if the string were cut that held them upright. The line pushed on ; the 
supports and reserves followed up. A colonel fell, shot in the arm ; the regi- 
ment pushed on. 

They came to a rocky ridge about twenty feet high. They clung to cover, 
firing. Then rose, and were among the shell bullets again. A major was left 
at the bottom of that ridge, with his pipe in his mouth and a Mauser bullet 
through his leg ; his company pushed on. Down again, fire again, up again, 
and on 1 

Another ridge won and passed — and only a more hellish hail of bullets beyond 
it. More men down, more men pushed into the firing line — more death-piping 
bullets than ever. The air was a sieve of them ; they beat on the boulders like 
a million hammers ; they tore the turf like a harrow. 



l«8 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Another ridge crowned, another welcoming, whistling gust of perdition, more 
men down, more pushed into the firing line. Half the offlcen were down ; the 
men puffed and stumbled on. Another ridge— God I would this cursed hill 
never end t It was sown with bleeding and dead behind j it was edged with 
•tingmg fire before. God I Would it never end ? On, and get to the end of 
It 1 And now it was surely the end. The merry bugles rang out like cock-crow 
on a fine mornmg. The pipes shrieked of blood and the lust of glorious death. 
tix bayonets I Staff offlcera rushed shouting from the rear, unploring, cajoling, 
cursmg, slammmg every man who could move into the line. Line— but it was 
a line no longer. It was a surging wave of men— Devons and Gordons, MancheL*er 
and Light Horse all mixed inextricably; subalterns, commanding reciments, 
soldiers yelling advice, officers firing carbines, stumbling, leaping, kiUing; falline 
all drunk with battle, shoving through hell to the throat of the enemy. And 
there beneath our feet was the Boer camp and the last Boers galloping out of it 
There also— thank Heaven, thank Heaven I— were squadrons of Lancers and 
Dragoon Guards storming in among them shouting, spearing, stamping them 
mto the ground. Cease fire I r o i- b 

It was over— twelve hours of march, of reconnaissance, of waiting, of pre- 
P??",'?"'..*"° ^" *" •">"' "' «''*«''. But half an hour crammed with the life 
of half a lifetime. 

From Ca/h j to Ladygiitith. 

V 

TWO HEROES OF ELANDSLAAGTE 
By D. C. Parry 

Veey gallant was the action of Captain Meiklejohn at Elandslaagte, when so 
heavy a fire was poured upon the advance that the Gordons began to waver. 

Then, in the true old Scottish spirit, Meiklejohn sprang forward, and calling 
on the men to follow him, led them on in an irresistible rush that ended in the 
capture of the kopje. 

Unhappily the captain went down almost at the start of it, with four wounds, 
and an empty sleeve afterwards showed how the good right arm had to come off 
almost at the shoulder. . . . 

Very fine was the heroism of Sergeant-Jiajor Robertson at the same battle 
a sta wart Scot from Dumfries, who led rush after rush of the Gordons when the 
Highlanders and the Manchesters charged down through the lightning and the 
gloom ; when the Boers so shamefully abused the use of the white flag, and oaid 
for it with their lives. '^ 

He afterwards led a small party to the capture of the enemy's camp, and stuck 
to the position manfully, receiving two dang<:rous wounds. 

From Tit V.C. 



THE BLACK DAY OF MAGERSFONTEIN 

By Sir George Doughf 

It was rather more than half an hour after midnight when the Highland Brigade 

moved off. The story of its advance on Magersfontein has been told too often 

to require detailed recapitulation. From the first the luck was against it. The 

weather, which had before been unfavourable, had now grown worse : a thuider- 

storm broke, and a conti uous Hownpour of ram descended. This was accom- 



SOUTH AFRICA lag 

panied by pitchy darkneis. The Brigade advanced in the only forniation which 
under the given conditions was possible— that of nuiss of quarter r .1 »_ 
oomp'-y behind company in close order. Even so, and with thf lonal 

pteca_tion of guide-ropes, the preservation of the formation was di. At, and 
many men became detached from their companies. What materially added to 
the difficulty of the advance was the nature of the ground—encumbered with 
boulders, overgrown with prickly brush, and now reduced by the rain to mud 
Agam, the compasses held by Major Benson, R.A., the stall officer who acted 
as Wauchope's guide, were repeatedly falsified by the electricity in the air. 
the uonstone roclts, the proximity of the rifles. All this caused delay, of which 
there is dear proof that Wauchope realised the danger. Under the circum- 
stances the wonder is that the Brigade should have succeeded in reaching its 
destination. Before storting Wauchope had explained his plan to his sta« and 
rommandmg olBcers. It was briefly as follows:— To approach Magersfontein 
Hill and deploy under cover of darkness, and, lying down, to wait tiU there should 
be light enough to advance. Wauchope's intention then was to 'envelope' 
the hill, getting well round the eastern side of it— the Black Watch being on the 
right, thi Seaforths in the centre, the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders on 
the left, and each of these battalions having ultimately two companies in front 
two in support, and four in reserve. The Highland Light Infantry was to be 
kept back to act as a general reserve. This pUin, as things turned out, the delay 
above referred to must of itself have sufficed to modify. 

The bearings given at starting had been forty-flve degrees for one thousand 
yards, and then thirty-two degrees on to Magersfontein HiU. When the column 
had been for over three hours on the march, an occasional lightning-flash showed 
the outhne of Magersfontein Hill looming indistinctly ahead. But with the 
expenence of Tel-el-Kebir probably present to his mind, the general decided to 
gain a few more yards before deploying. It must be remembered that he was 
stUl more than seven hundred yards from the foot of the hiU, and that the exist- 
ence of the trenches which ran out into the plain before it were entirely unknown 
to him. At this juncture a further delay was occasioned by the impingement of 
the leading battalion, the Black Watcj, on a particularly dense mass of bush, 
whilst in order to get the entire column clear of this obstacle a further advance 
was necessary. Then Wauchope gave the order to deploy. And in doing so 
he presumably recognised that the leading of Major Benson— admirable as, when 
all things are considered, it must be allowed to have been— bad conducted him 
somewhat to the west of the ' salient ' of Magersfontein, the point at which he 
had aimed. For instead of, as previously arranged, directing that both the 
Seaforths and Argylls should deploy to the left of the Black Watoh, he now 
ordered that one of these battalions should deploy on either side of the leading 
battalion. By this means he sought to correct a deviation which, as it turned out, 
was to have serious results— though these could not have been foreseen— for it 
led the column right on to the strongest part of the Boer trenches. 

There are various stories current as to the means by which the Boers were 
im 'rmed that the British were approaching. It is said, for instance, that the 
wo nng of c Ught from the left of the column gave the necessary warning. By 
whom it was waved, or how the waver escaped detection, is not stated. Other 
stories speak of a signal by lanterns from a farmhouse near the point of departure, 
and of a sentry posted in front of the trenches. By some means or another there 
could be Uttle difficulty about m;.,ung the intimation, and it is known that through- 
out the night the Boer olBcers were active in the trenches keeping their men on 
the alert to meet the expected advance. 



170 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

The deployment was proceeding, and had reached the leading companies 
of the Argyll and .'' ' erlond Highlanders — so that in a few minutes more 
the whole Brigade would have been ready for the attack— when, without warning, 
from the trenches in front, to right and left, and from the hillside above, a con- 
verging fire was poured in by the enemy. The surprise was complete, the Brigade 
was cauglit at a terrible disadvantage. It has been stated elsewhere that the 
one redieniiiig feature in the circumstances was that the Boers had not fully 
realised the closeness of their enemies, and hence much of their fire went too high. 
This was, however, scorccly the cose ; much of the aiming was of deadly precision, 
whilst numerous bullets also struck the ground in front of the leading battalions. 
Instantly grosping what had taken place, the General gave the word to charge. But 
the intensity of the fire made an advance impossible. The leading battalions, how- 
ever, eoniplcted the deployment as if on parade, the only confu.liin which occurred 
being due to some of the companies becoming entangled in a barbed wire fence. 

When the Are broke out Wauchope was standing a little in advance of the 
coluum. with Major Benson who had acted as his guide. Captain Cumming-Bruce 
of the Black Watch, who had been assisting Benson, and one of his own A.D.C.'s, 
his kinsman. Lieutenant A. G. Wauchope, of the some regiment. With the same 
calmness which had characterised him on parade that afternoon, he now advanced 
stroight ohead, and then a little to the left. The bullets were flying thick and 
fast, anil as he advanced he half turned to Lieutenant Wauchope and repeated 
twice the words, ' This is fighting." The object of his present movement was to 
reconnoitre the Boer |iosition. Before him, to his riglit front, there was a con- 
siderable gap in the line of fire — this being tlie point at which Captain MacFarlan 
of the Black Watch succeeded later in passing the enemy's lines. Quickly seizing 
this fact, the General turned to hIsA.D.C.and said, ' A.G., do you go back and bring 
up reinforcements to the right of A company." To prevent mistakes the young 
officer repeated the order, and then hastened back to execute it. On his return 
to the front, of the three figures he had left there but one remained standing. 
Wauchope had been shot by two bullets, of which one entered the groin, the other 
furrowing the temple. When his body was found next day by Captain Rennie 
of the Black Watch, the legs were slightly gathered up, as would be caused by 
the muscular contraction following the wound in the groin. This would appear 
to indicate that death had been swift if not instantaneous. 

A story, which is believed by the rank and file tliroughout both battalions of 
his old regiment, though the writer has sought in vajn for evidence on which to 
base it, would assign to his dying moments the words, ' Don"t blame me for this, 
lads ! " It will be seen that this speech is capable of widely different interpreta- 
tions, according as the emphasis is laid on the second or third word of the sentence. 
For, by emphasising the ' me," what is otherwise a mere reference to the proverbial 
fortune of war assumes the character of a reflection on some other person or 
persons. In the nature of things there is nothing unlikely in Wauchope"s having 
used these words in the first sense, though, as I have said, beyond the vaguest 
hearsay, there is no evidence that he did so use them. That he would have used 
them^ in the second sense is to all who knew liim incredible. 

Tlius, at the head of l>i» troops, in the performance of his duty, died one of the 
bravest and truest soldiers, one of the most perfect characters, and one of the 
best-loved men of his time. He perished in the moment of disaster, but for that 
disaster he was in no sense or degree responsible. A wcllnigh impossible task- 
one which partook, indeed, of the nature of a forlorn hope— had been set him, 
and against this his better judgment had protested. But, having received his 
orders, he loyally did his best to carry them out. . . . 



SOUTH AFRICA 171 

To describe jr. detail the bottle wliich followed Ihi- Gontral's iliath iI.hs not 
fall mtbin the scope of this book. Suflicc it to say that his last ordir was i.romptlv 
obeyed— such olDcers of the Black Watch as had not been placed /.«« ,;.■ combat 
doubUng forward their men to the right of the companies already ixt.ii.h d. 
where they were joined by the Seaforth Uighlandcrs. Thence, in the face ,.1' a 
dead';- fire, they pushed forward, surmounting obstacles which bad been i.luced in 
tJieir way, so that, within twenty minutes of the first surprise, several liundnd 
[■'cn of the two battalions had made their way into the ga|i which had been espie.l 
by Wauchope on the right of the Boer central trench, and in this manner hnd 
reached the foot of the hill. One little party under Captain .MacFurlan of tb.' 
Block \Vutch rushed stroight up; another party pcnitrotcd to tlie reverse si.ir 
ond began to ascend there. So, for a time, it looked as if the fortime of Otter- 
burn were about to be renewed, and 'a dead man would win the field.' But di ;lli 
hao been too prompt for that— Wauchope's controlling mind, which, had he been 
spared for half an hour longer, mi(,'lit well have guided his men to victory, was 
too sorely missed j and despite the noblest gallantry disphived by the HIhI.- 
landers, the temporary advantage had to be foregone. Manv there must have 
been in those earlier stages of the fight who looked anxiously "for their loved and 
trusted leader. Loter on it was reported that he had been carried wounded to 
the rear. After that the heat and burden of the day were still to be endured— 
when, through many hours of thirst and famishing, exposed to burning sun and 
murderous nfle-flre ... the troops still clung with heroic tenacitv to their position. 
But for ourselves the story is alreadv told. On the Tuesdav the General', 
body was discovered by his faithful aide-de-camp. Captain J. G. ■Hennie, within 
two hundred yards of the Boer trenches, and that night, amid the mourning nf 
a host, was solemnly interred. An eye-witness thus describes the ceremony : 

Last night we buried poor General Wauchope, his Brigade giving hini fare- 
well honours. I shall never forget the scene. The body, wrapped in o soldier's 
blanket, was laid on a stretcher borne by four Highlanders of the Black Wafcli. 
Pipers from ever>' regiment solemnly preceded it, playing a lament- in front of 
them the firing party with arms reversed, and behind hundreds more, voluntarv 
mouniers, marching unarmed. 

'The procession passed close to the hospital, and quite a number of men, 
with one arm hanging limp by their side, raised the other to salute ns it passed. 
. ^'"= service was taken by " Padre " Robertson, chaplain to the Highland 
Brigade. At its close the sun was setting in the glorious beauty for which this 
country is famous, ond we left ' Andy ' Wauchope, as most of his Brigade had 
learned to call him, where he will lie peacefully enough when the tide of wiir 
has surged over his head. 

' I have never met a man of whom it could be more truly said, "Everyone 
who knew him loved him." ' 



Kroni Lit'i' a/' Mtiji}r-ft 



•III ti'iJiirlii}/^, 



CAPTAIN TOWSE OF THE GORDONS 
By D. C. Parry 

The first man gazetted for the war was Captain Towse of the Gonlons, and a 
gallont and pathetic story is his. . . . 

After seeing service at Chitral, and on the Punjab frontier, he found himself 
m the havoc of Magcrsfontein, where so many of the Highland Brigade bit the 
dust. 



"2 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

In that terril):c same qui piul lie tried to carry LieutenanlCili.ncI Downman, 
wlio had been mortally wounded, to a place of safely; and when he failed to d(. 
thw, he supported luin until tolour-SerKeujit Nelson .r,d I..nec-Corporal Hodjrson 
came to his help. ** 

His second net of bravery was at Mount Thaba, where he took up a position 
lar away from any s |i|K,rt with twelve men, the enemy, about ISO in number 
niakiuK an attempt to .seize the same plateau, and gettiuK within a hundred yards 
ol the little party licfore they were noticed. 

Some of Iheni came to within forty yards and summoned him to surrender 
Uut surreialcring was a thing never to the taste of the • Gi.y Gotxlons,' and, 
heading his men in a charge, he drove the foe back. 

Then, taking what cover they could. Captain Towsc and Iris handful opened 
lire, and with such effect that, though the enemy numbered more than twelve to 
one, tliey held the position, at fearful cost, however, to the gallant captain 

.\ bullet destroyed the sight of both eves, and in the very prime of lusty 
nil nhood— he was only thiity-si.^i at the time— he was left with the long, dark 
years before him, illumined only by the memory of duty nobly done. 
... ■'^'"' *'"'y "' "'"' ^™'' yii'Ids no more touching incident than that of the 
blind Highlniid oflieer, led into the presence of his aged sovereign, in whose 
service he had lost tlio most precious of all God's gifts, to receive tlie Cross from 
licr own hand, the tears coursing down her elieelis the while. 

Kmtii Uf r.''. 

VIII 

CiESAR'S CAMP 

By Sir A. Conan Doyle 

(.■.Es,\tt's fAMi' was garrisoned by one sturdy regiment, the Manchestcrs, aided 
by a Colt automatic gun. . . . Three companies of the Gordons had been left 
mar Cicsar's Camp, and those, under Captiiiu Carnegie, threw themselves into the 
struggle. Four other companies of Gordons came in support from the town, 
losing upon the way llieir splendid Colonel, Dick Cunynghame, who was killed by 
a chance shot at three thousand yards, on that his first appearance since he had 
recovered from his wounds at Elandslaagte. . . . Two companies of the COth 
Rilles and a small body of the ubiquitou.i Gordons happened to be upon the 
hill and threw themselves into the fray, but they were unable to turn the 
tide. Of thirty-three Gordons under Lieutenant' MaeNaughton thirty were 
wounded. As ,iur men retired under the shelter of the northern slope they 
were reinforced by another hundred and fifty Gordons under the stalwart Miller- 
\\allnutt. . . . 

There has been no better fighting in our time than that upon Waggon Hill 
on that January morning. . . . Through the long dav the fight maintained its 
equilibrium along the summit of the ridge, swaying a little that wav or this, but 
never amounting to a repulse of the stormers or to a rout of the defenders. 
At four o'clock a huge bank of clouds wnich had towered upwards unheeded by 
tlic struggling men burst suddenly into a terrific thunderstorm. . . . Upon the 
bullet-swept hill the long fringes of fighting men took no more heed of the elements 
than would two bulldogs who have each other by the throat. Up the greasv 
hillside, foul with mud and with blood, came the Boer reserves, and up the northern 
slope ciimc our own reserve, the Devon Regiment, fit representatives of that 
virile county. Admirably led by Park, their gallant Colonel, the Devons swept 



mki^m 



\B¥3m 




SOUTH AFRICA m 

llic Itocrs liiforc tliirii. anil the RilUs, Gonlorw, aiul I.inlit llorsr i.jiiuHl in Ihf 
Willi churifc wliich llniilly citvirod llic riilifi'. . . . 

Tht clu-irs of viitciry as thi' Dcv<un »»i|)t IIk^ riilj(c Imil hiarti iiid the ».ary 
men upon Ciesar's (juni. to n siuiiliir i-rfort. .Mnnohe^lirs, C.onlims, anil Riflis 
Bldi-il liy the lire of two Imtlerics. eleuriil the lun«-llel.iile.l position. Wet. eohl, 
weary, nnil withont fooil lor twintv-six houn, the Ijiilrait^hil Tonmiiis slooil 
yellinu anil waviiiK, uniiil the litter of ilyiiiK ami ilcail. . . 

The Krini test of the casualty relurn'» shows that it was lo the linperial I.itjlit 
Hurse . . . ihc Mancliestcn, the Uonlons, the Dcvons, anil the anil nillc Ilriiraile 
that the honours of the ilav are ilue. 



THE HIGHLAND BRIGADE AT KOODOOSBERG 
By Sir .4. Conan Doyle 

In oriler to ilmw the Uoer attention away from the thunderbolt which was obout 
to fall n|ioii their left llank, a strong demonstration ending in a brisk action w;ri 
made early ii: February U|K)n the extreme .■■:;ht of Cmnje's position. The force, 
consisting of the Highland Brigade, two squadrons of the 8th Lancers, No. 7 
Company Uoyal Engineers, and the 02nd Unttcrv, was under the eonmiand of 
the famous Hector Mncilonuld. ... 

The four regiments which coni|)oscd the infantry of the force— the Uluck 
Watch, the Argyll ond Sutherlands, the Scaforths, and the Highland Light 
Infantry— left I.,oid Methucn's camp on Satunlay, Febnmry d, and halted at 
Fra.ser's Drift, p,issing on next day to Koodoosberg. The day was very hot and 
the goiiig very heavy, and many men fell out, some never to return. The drift 
(or ford) was fimnd, however, to be undefended, and was seized by Miieilonald, 
who, after pitchi,-.g camp on the south side of the river, sent out strong parties 
across the drift to seize and entrench the Koodoosberg and some adjacent kopjes 
which, lying some three-quarters of a mile to the north-west of the drift, fonncd 
the key of the position. A few Boer scouts were seen hurrying with the news 
of bis coming to the head laager. 

The effect of these messages was evident by Tuesday (February tl), when the 
Boers were seen to be assembling upon the north bank. Bj next morning they 
were there in co]\siderable numbers, and began an attack upon a crest held by 
the .Seaforths. Macdonald threw two companies of the Blaek Watch and two 
of the Highland Light Infantry into the fight. The Boers made -xccllent practice 
with a 7-pounder mountain gun, and their rifle lire, cons dering the goi d 
cover which our men had, was very deadly. Poor Tail of the Black Wateh, 
good sportsman and gallant soldier, with one wound hanlly haded upon his 
persim, was hit again. ' They 've got me this tune,' were his dying words. Blair 
of the Seaforths had his carotid cut by a shrapnel bullet, and lay for hours while 
the men of his company took turns to squeeze the artery. But our artillery 
silenced the Boer gun, and our infantry easily held their artillery. ... It was 
on the 9th that the brigade returned ; on the ICth they were congratulated by 
Lord lloberts in person. 

From TfiK 'irtfit Hler Wur. 



171 



SCOTLAND FOR EX'ER 



WHEN FIGHTING MAC WAS WOUNDED 

By Thomas F. G. Coates 

(General MACunHAi^ reached Ca|>c Town ttom India in the third week in 
Junuary, and {irooeedcd at once t(> Moddcr Uiver. He had bi-en there little more 
than a week when, with the Highland I)rit<adt', the 0th Lancers, and a battery of 
Held artillery, he left Lord Methuin's camp and proceeded to Kuod<M)sl>erg Drift, 
fourteen miles to the west. 

At A.M. on 7th February the enemy established guns on the north end of 
Koodiiosberg and shelled the breastworks which Macdonald was conntructinfi to 
protect the drift. 

On the right bank of the river, holding the south rnd of Kooduotiberg, were 
the Black Watch, half battalion Scnfortli, one compa.ty of Highland Light 
Infantry, and four giinn of the 62ml '■'icUl Battery. At the drift were seven 
companies of the Highland Light Infantry. On the left bank were the Argyll 
and Sutherland HiglUandcrs, the remainder tf the Seaforths, and two gims, the 
!)th Lancers observing both flanks. 

After firing shrapnel for some time, the enemy made a determined effort to 
ilrive the Highlanders off Koodoiwbcrg. Reinforcements of three companies 
Highland Light Infantry and four companies Seaforths were sent up in succession, 
and the position was succi-ssfuUy maintained, firing going on till dark. 

Meanwhile, nt Mucdonald's request, General Babington had been dispatched 
from Modder River at 11.80 a.m. on the 7th with his own regiment, cavalry, ond 
two batteries Horse Artillcr>'. Marching by the right bank, he thnutincd thu 
north of KoodfKisberg, while on the left bank the »th Lancers, supported by two 
guns and two companies Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, drove the enemy 
back to Painter's Drift. 

The enemy were forced to evacuate the position, which, however, they made 
desperate efforts to retain. Heavy gunn '<: '\ •^\ Med X\\ii PHtish force, hut our 
artillery silenced those guns. It was only aftci a day's lighting, in whieli the 
Hiffhlandcrs greatly distinguished themselves, that the enemy were forced to retire. 

The position gained by Muedoimld was important. His movement was the 
more valuable as it diverted the attention of the Boers from the general plans of 
Lord Robert:s. Much astonishment was caused in this country when, almost 
immediately afterwards. Lord Methuen ord.^red the withdrawal of General Mac- 
donald's force from Koodoosbcrg, ' under instructions from headquarters,' as the 
telegrams from the front announced. ' The movement, which was only a recon- 
naissance, had a most excellent effect.' The retirement from the position wa* 
carried out after a desultory skirmish in perfect order, and the withdrawal was 
described as being effected * in a workmanlike manner.* 

General Macdonald, returning from this successful reconnaissance, was to 
take part in that great and skilful operation which led to the surrender of the 
Boer general, Cronje, and upwards of four thousand of his men. Lord Roberts* 
plans were carefully hidden and most skilfully and unexpectedly carried out. 
He succeeded in practically surrounding General Cronje's force. From the camp 
on the Modder River on February 16th a great cloud of dust was seen. It was 
the beginning of a movement, the object of which was to outwit Lord Roberts. 
It was Bobs ' who djil the outwitting. General Knox's brigade was immediately 
ordered out with two field batteries. The Boers held a strong position, and kept 
it in the hope that their transport would get through. General Macdonald and 



SOUTH AFRICA 173 

tilt HigliUnU Brigad.. mmc.\ out la cul u(f the rrtirat by th. main driri. to the 
Mpo. "* '" ""'' ''*' """" "' ••" """ «'"'"« ""' "-rough 

Thr general movement, however, >ueee«le>l, and Maeilnnahl at,! i„irt of his 
force .cro.. to the K.uth of the r.v.r. ami General tr.,„je wa, h?„ ,« KTLy 
A temble e«,no„«le ,.f wh.eh the Highland Brigade git the f.,;; iK-neflt. w« 

The engagement h-u. of a very .evcre nature, and it was one ngarding whieh 
th. foreign expertn who wtnessed il-and the foreign expirl. were at all time" 
na<«t ent>e„l-pa,d, in the me.,„ge, they .ent home ?o thdr g..«rnme,.K a h?gl 
nbute to the .trategical art of Lord Kobcrt, and Ix>rd Kitehener. Th, i'luiX 
«rg battle began on Saturday, Febru«r>- 17th. On the previou, Thur.'lay we 
eti th.T.! '""'"' "'"■ ,"■' ","" '•■•"-guard at Klip ^raal, and it w.,s the,, 
hefSrl M„ ir Vn T T T"^"^ d<^l'erate cBorU to get through to Bloemfontu.i 
liefore their line of retreat was cut oil. Our infantry held the enemy in cheek 
i,nt,l our re,nforeement» arrived. General, Kitehener and French >ui>senuen"y 
Drift. "■ ""' '""*' '''■"•""''^'' '°"""'» "'" river in the direet,o„ of I'anrdcberg 

The^Hi„h11n,r Z"'!," ""' ''"'"! ',"!'• '"'"'^'^"•'l I'y "'<■ l"Kh banks and dongas, 
ihe Highland Brigade sup|„,rted by the Gloucester,, West Hidings, OxfoTd., 
and Buffs received orders to advance and clear the river bank of the enemv 

varii'.'^f thlfR**"' "'"' t '''"'i ''"' "' """" " ""•>• «■"<■ »'""" » thousand 
jords of the Boers, a murderous fire was [loured in upon thera 

II -^"Ll'? "'" advancing unon a naturally strong position, one in whieh the 

Uuer. were comparatively safe, lor the natural advantages of the country afforded 

tliem excellent protection from our Are. Our men, on the other hand had to 

advance across open land, where there was no cover 

On the open veldt they made flne marks for the Boer snipers 

A special correspondent of a daily newspaper thus describes whnt followed • 

rhere was only the open veldt, os devoid of cover as the palm of ones hand and 
f i^ 1,";' "J"' •?■!« road in England. At the first fusillade our men faltered 
.^fJt^lL'' "''"rt -I'jtance then quickly grasping the situation and reaUsing 
V liat was expected of them, down they went flat on thiir stomnchs, and, witfi 

le help of their bayonets, soon contrived to throw up sufflcieiit eurth to afford 
t .e-j some protection. Under a withering fire they remained in this position 

he whole day flnng vo leys into the river banks, and thus keeping the enemy's 
nrtilh."""' "'"'"' ^'""''' Snilth-Dorrien «ot round on their left with a battery of 

General Mocdonuld was leadiiiB the Highland Brigade to the nttnek when he 
was struck below the knee-cap by a Mauser bullet, whieh went nmn.l behind the 

H?e's»H"J^" iTi M ^/.r""''' "l^'"^"^ '"'' '"■'°" ""^ ''V- " ""■" P'-«trated 
ti he „,?t „f ?h m ">■=/<■"""'» '■"■■^'■- To his great regret he wa» compelled 
afteraards ' "'".■"nder of that engagement and for some time 

Fighting under great dimculties, the result of the Highland Brigade's advance 
was accomplished .lunng the day. Lord Roberts reached the scene of the opera- 
tions on the Sunday, and on the Monday evening the Boers were driven across 
the river. Cronje then sent u request (v. jn armistice lor twenty-four hours, and 
^t was expected that he would at on. s rrcnder. He determined, howew, to 



176 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Tlic next few days were taken up in desultory firing, the British troops gradu- 
ally, but surely, encircling the enemy, and getting close enough to strike the final 
blow. 

After a prolonged period of feverish artivity and no httle anxiety, the end 
came, and Cronje surrendered with his entire ^-miy. This great victory, which 
General .Macdonald had helped to bring about, came on the anniversary of Majuba 
Day, and caused the greatest satisfaction. It must have been u source of peculiar 
gratification to General Macd maid, who had never forgotten that day long ago in 
1S81 when ho had to surrender to the Boers on Majuba Hill. 

From llfclor MiicdomiM. 



XI 

BATTLE OF PAARDEPLATZ (8th September 1900) 

' Those Royal Scots are devils to go\' 

Tins proved to be the last stand of Botha's main army. Hamilton's 'orce on 
the right, BuUer's army on the left and in reserve, Smith-Dorrien dispt i his 
brigade as follows : 

First line, Royal Scots (right). Royal Irish (left). Second line, Gordon 
Highlanders. 

The battalion extended (less B Company detached as escort to 5-inch gun) at 
a distance of 6500 yards from the enemy's position. Most of the enemy's shells 
burst on impact, and did no harm. Each company in column of sections extended 
to about ten paces, six companies formed firing line and supports, two companies 
reserve ; thus, at the start, there were twelve lines at distances of 200 to 400 yards ; 
these were reduced to lit lines, on the two reserve companies being sent to 
prolong it. The country was much broken, the surface covered with larpe 
stones and rocks, and at times the slopes were very steep. At 1600 yards from 
the enemy's sangars the battalion came to a ravine 1000 feet deep, 400 yards wide, 
the bottom was thickly wooded, and along its centre ran a swift river, fordable 
only in places, the side nearest our approach was a sheer precipice, except for 
two narrow guUies. Each captain led his company down these and across the 
ravine ; their original position became much altered, and many men became 
detached ; these were collected by Major Bodd and Captain Moir (Adjt.) and 
formed by them into a party. The rapidity with which the battalion crossed 
this formidable obstacle drew the following remark from Sir Redvers BuUer to 
General Smith-Dorrien : 

* By Jove I those Royal Scots are devils to go.' 

On reaching the top of the further side of the ravine, the battalion was about 
1200 yards from the enemy's sangars. The interval was flat, open, not any cover 
whatever. The companies opened a heavy fire, and, noticing the artillery had 
range and were enfilading the enemy's trenches, they commenced to advance 
across the open. The left found a little cover near a small house, and pushed 
on rapidly, reached dead ground close to the Boer sangars, and charged ; the Boers 
fled. The infantry in the meantime constantly pushed forward to envelop, and 
the whole of the enemy's line gave way. The battalion was reorganised quickly, 
and followed in pursuit, but a dense fog fell on the mountain, and the advance 
had to be stopped. The features of the action were the rapid advance of the 
Royal Scots, and the support afforded the infantry by the artillery. It was 
undoubtedly owing to this that the battalion, in its advance across the last 1200 
yards, escaped casualties. The Boers mi.st have fired at random, fearing the 



SOUTH AFRICA 177 

enO^ding shells. Six Hedvcrs Duller, in orders that night, especially mentioned 
the battalion for its conduct in the action. The following officers were mentioned 
in despatches : Major VV. Douglas, Major Budi, Captain and Adjutant A. J. G. 
Moir. 

From IHan/ ofSf.rvicel nfthe lit Ilultalim tht Roi/at &ott during the Doer War. 

XII 

THE ROYAL SCOTS AT BERMONDSEY 

-1 ■ 7 A.M. the column moved and marched on Uitkomst < >vered by mounted 
.ifantry; the left of this screen was attacked by a hundrrd Boers, and two 
jompanies of the battalion were sent to their support. ... It found Uitkomst 
evacuated ; forty Boers now opened fire on our right. In front was Bermondsey, 
and suspecting the enemy to be in position there, after leaving two Runs and two 
hundred Royal Scots on Uitkomst, with orders to send on all availalile infantry OS 
it came up, Douglas pushed on with one and a half companies M.I., two guns, 
and hve and a halt companies Royal Scots. One compiiny M.I. was sent to cover 
tlic right flank, half a company covered the front. The Bermondsey position 
consisted of a hill, the top of which was covered with large rocks ; the enemy's 
left rested on a precipice ; immediately in front of his position was a deep gully 
m front of which a line of rocks jutted out at right angles to the enemy's front. 
Ill these advanced rocks, which lay on the right of the column's line of ndvnnee, 
Boers were concealed, and they did not disclose themselves until the M.I. 
scouts were within a few yards of them, when they opened a hot fire from their 
main and advanced position ; the two companies of the battalion forming an 
advanced guard pushed on. 

The field guns came into action at 1600 yards, whilst the machine gun of the 
battalion was brought to a position where it could enfilade the line of advanced 
rocks ; it was chiefly due to the machine gun that the enemy left his advanced 
position. The two companies established themselves in a good fire position, 
with the gully between them and the enemy, whose positicju was 1400 yards from 
them. Douglas then sent 2nd Lieutenant Dalmahoy with E Company to turn 
the Boer right. In spite of the difficult ground, he ettectrd this in a very able, 
gallant way, and the Boers hastily retired. Lieutenant Dalmahoy, who had been 
joined by Captain and Adjutant Moir, on his own initiative pushed on after the 
retreating Boers, and the whole column, which had now been reinforced by the 
pom-pom, and a halt battalion of the King's Royal Rifles, pressed forward. The 
men of E Company displayed great gallantry by the cool way in which they 
advanced through the rocks under a brisk fire. Thcv followed along a narrow 
ridge which led to another kopje, Boschock, the two being connected with a 
nek. The ground on this nek was flat and quite open, either side was precipitous. 
The firing hne lay down in the open just short of the nek and about 420 yards from 
the enemy. The two had entrenching ' implements ' amongst them, and, by 
passing these to each other, each man managed to scrape a small mound in front 
of him. The pom-pom came into action at 1600 yards, the field guns at 2000 
yards, and the Boers retired into the Komati Valley. Captain Moir was wounded 
in four places, 2iid Lieutenant Dalmahoy in two, Private Shcddon was killed 
«r«o '™''' M^JIillan was wounded. Lieutenant Price, Lance-Corporals M'GiU, 
M'.Millan and Fox, and Private Adams showed conspicuous courage, and risked 
their lives to save others. Corporal Paul, who, ai:ter the officers were wounded, 
showed coolness and judgment in command of the firing line, was promoted 
Sergeant by Lord Kitchener. Lieutenant Price was recommended for the Victoria 

N 



178 SCOTLAND FOR EVER 

Cross, the other two ofTicers and the Lance-Corporals were mentioned in dispatches, 
... Colonel D-juglas received the following telegram from Sir Bindon BtnoU's 
Chief Staff Officer ; ' The Major-General congratulates you on your success." 

From Diary o/the S'^rricet ofthf \*t Batlalwn Jloyal Srola 
during the Hurr War. 

XIII 

IN PRAISE OF THE ROYAL SCOTS 

General Sir Ian Hamilton issued the following orders on l;,t October 1900 : — 
' Before leaving Komatipoort for the Rustenburg district, Ger-^ral Ian Hamilton 
wishes to congratulate his force on the fine work which has been performed by 
them since they marched out of Belfast on the 8rd of September 1900. During 
this period they have driven the enemy out of his most formidable selected posi- 
tions — first, on the main Lydenburg road, where *hey bad barred the progress of 
the Natal Army ; and secondly, on the heights overlooking Lydenburg its' f. 
They have also encountered and overcome every sort of natural obstacle, ajui 
have carried the British flag tiirough tracts of waterless bush, and over ranges 
of lofty mountains to the most remote frontier of the enemy. AH this has been 
done with so much spirit and so cheerfully, as to excite the general officer com- 
manding's greatest admiration, who will take the first opportunity of informing 
Lord Roberts of the splendid work done by all ranks under his conunand.' 



THE SCOTTISH YEOMANRY AT BOTHAVILLE 

By Trooper A. S. Orr 

Veby early on the morning of 6th November [1900] we were all astir, expecting, 
however, only a lonjr march. ... A grand surprise awaited our troops. Behind 
a farm, on the top (.in gentle rise, lay the whole of De Wet's force, numbering about 
a thousand men, with guns and a large convoy. . . . A volley from Major Leam's 
menroused them all to action. . . . 

Our gunners, when the shooting began, galloped up to within four hundred 
yards of the Boers, and at once came under a heavy fire. Two gims unlimbered 
behind tlie main farm building, which had been seized and was still held by n few 
men of the advance guard, and the other gun galloped off to the left. Colonel 
Le Gallais and his staff, with Major Ross, rode up to view the situation from the 
farm. Entering the house. Major Ross went to a window overlooking the Boer 
position, where he offered a splendid target to the Boers. A volley from them 
shattered the glass and woodwork, and the gallant Major fell severely wounded. 
Colonel Le Gallais entering a few seconds later met with the same fate. . . . 

The Boers now attacked with great vigour. Some crept forward among the 
grass to short range, while others, moving abouc on their horses, galloped in here 
and there to find a weak spot. The ground was so flat that go«i shooting was 
difficult, and it allowed the Boers to get closer with impunity. The situation 
was fast becoming serious. Our numbers were so small in comparison with 
the Boers that we could not be very sparing with our fire, and the ammimition 
was running dangerously short. . . . 

About half-past eight, to our great relief, an orderly turned up with 1200 
rounds of amniunition in bis food-bag, and half an hour later Knox and De 



SOUTH AFRICA 179 

Lisle arrived on the scene with reinforcements. With their help the Boers were 
driven from the flnnlcs, nnd those at the farm surrounded. Preparations were 
made fur a bayonet clmr(!e, but at 10.30 the white flag weut up. Not a man 
•stirred till the Boers came out and laid down their arms; then great cheering all 
round the la.lgarajmounccd that the surrender had talicn place. . . . 

Great praise was given to all the units of Le Gallais's force engaged tl. ,t day, 
and many individual men got special mention. Amongst them was our grand 
old doctor (Surgeon-JIajor Naismith, D.S.O.), who seemed to bear a charmed life 
while attending to the wounded at the farm. We gave him three cheers when 
we heard of it at Kroonstnd, and he showed himself then, as always, rcadv w ith 
a neat speech. ' Thank you, my lads, thank you 1 ' he said ; ' I am proud of it 
for the honour to your company, for the honour to the Scottish Yeomanry.' 

iiceltit/i Veomonry in Sotilh Africa. 



SCOTLAND : THE WORLD MOTHER 
By Wiljred Campbell 

I3y crii^' ami luncly moor she stands, 

Slutherof half the world's great men, 
And kens them far by sea-wraeked lands 

Or Orient jungle or Western fen. 

And far f)nt 'mid the mad turmoil. 

Or where the desert places keep 
Their lonely hush, her children toil. 

Or, wrapt in wide-world honour, sleep. 



Whose sonps are first to heart and tongue 
Wherever Scotsmen greet together 

And, far out alien scenes among, 
Go mad at the glint of a sprig of 
heather. 



IJy Effypt's simds or Western wave, 
Slie kens her latest heroes rest, 

With Scotland's honour o'er each grave. 
And Britain's flag above each breast. 

And some at home — her mother love 
Kt'cps crooning wind-songs o'er their 
graves, 

Where Arthur's eastle looms above, 
Or Strathy storms or Solway raves ; 

Or Lomond unto Nevis bends 

In olden love of elouds and dew ; 

Where Trossachs unto Stirling sends 
Greetings that build the years anew. 

Out where the miles of heather sweep, 
Her dust of legend in his breast, 

'Neath aged Dryburgh's aisle and keep 
Her wizard Walter takes his rest. 

And her loved ploughman, he of Ayr, 
More loved tlian any singer loved 

By heart of man amid those rare 
High souls the world hath tried and 
proved ; 



And he, her latest wayward child, 

Ilcr Ixjuis of the magic pen. 
Who sleeps by tropic crater piled. 

Far, far, alas, from misted glen ; 
^\'bo loved her, knew her, drew her so. 

Beyond all common poet's whim; — 
In dreams the whaups are calling low. 

In sooth her heart is woe for him. 
And tlicy, her warriors, greater none 

K'er drew the blade of daring forth, 
IF r Colin under Indian sun, 

Her Donald of the fighting north. 

Or he, her greatest hero, he 

Who sleeps somewhere by Nilus' sands. 
Grave Gordon, mightiest of those free 

Great captains of her fighting bands. 

Yea, these and myriad myriads more. 
Who stormed the fort or ploughed 
the main. 

To free the wave or win the shore, 
She calls m vain, she calls in vain. 

Brave sons of her, far severed wide 
By purpling peak and reeling foam ; 

From western ridge or Orient side. 
She calls them home, she calls them 
home. 



SCOTLAND FOR EVER 



180 

And far, from eost to western sea, 
The answering woid comes back tc 
her: 
' Our hands were slack, our hopes yae 
free. 
We answered to the blood astir ; 

' The lite by kelpie loch wns dull. 

The homeward slothful work wasdonc. 
We followed where the world was full. 
To dree the weird our fates had 
spun. 
' We built the brig, we reared the town. 
We spanned the earth with lightning 
gleam, , 

We ploughed, we f lught, 'mirt smile and 
frown. 
Where all the world's four corners 
teem. 
' But under all the surge of life. 

The mad race-ftght for mastery. 
Though foremost in the surgent strife. 
Our hearts went back, went back to 
thee.' 
For the Scotsman's speech is wise and 
slow, . 

And the Scotsman's thought is hard 
to ken. 
But through all the yearnings of men 
that go. 
His heart is the heart of the northern 
glen. 
His song is the ^ng of the windy moor, 
And the humming pipes of the squirl- 
ing din. 
And his love is the love of the shieling 
door, . 

And the smell of the smoking peat 
within. 



And nohap how much of the alien bloo.l 

Ij crossed with the strain that holds 

him fast, , 

'Mid the world's great ill and the world s 

great good 

He yearns to the Mother of men at last. 

For there 's something strong and some- 
thing true 
In the wind where the sprig of heather 
is blown. 
And something great in the blood so blue 
That makes him stand like a man alone. 

Yea, give him the road and loose him free. 
He sets his teeth to the fiercest blast. 
For there 's never a toil in a far countne 
But a Scotsman tackles it hard and 
fast. 
He builds their commerce, he sings their 
songs. 
He weaves their creeds with an iron 
twist, . 

And, making of laws or righting of 
wrongs. 
He grinds it all as theSeotsman s grist. 

Yea there by crag and moor she stands. 
This Mother of half a world's great 

And "out' of the heart of her haunted 
lands 
She calls her children home again. 

And, over the glens and the wild sea 
floors. 
She peers so still as she counts her 
cost, - 

With the whaups low-ealling over the 
moors : , L n. 

Woe, woe, for the great ones she hath 
lost 1 ' 



,.d IUu.lr.Uoni by H.».t Sto.. .».' So«, I.m., l»M<"r